1984 Tour de France
The 1984 Tour de France was the 71st edition of the Tour de France, run over 4,021 km (2,499 mi) in 23 stages and a prologue, from 29 June to 22 July.
Route of the 1984 Tour de France
|Dates||29 June – 22 July|
|Stages||23 + Prologue|
|Distance||4,021 km (2,499 mi)|
|Winning time||112h 03' 40"|
The race was dominated by the Renault team, who won the team classification and ten stages: Renault's French rider Laurent Fignon won his second consecutive Tour, beating former teammate Bernard Hinault by over 10 minutes. Hinault was pursuing his fifth Tour victory after having sat out the 1983 Tour because of injuries. Also that year, Fignon's team-mate Greg LeMond became the first American rider to finish in the top three and stand on the podium, and he also took the young rider classification. Belgian cyclist Frank Hoste won the points classification, and British Robert Millar won the mountains classification. The race consisted of 23 stages, totaling 4,020 kilometers (2,500 mi).
- 1 Teams
- 2 Route and stages
- 3 Race overview
- 4 Classification leadership
- 5 Final standings
- 6 References
- 7 Bibliography
- 8 External links
There was room for 18 teams in the 1984 Tour de France; in early 1984, there were 17 candidate teams. Although the Tour organisation approached AVP–Viditel and Metauromobili, an 18th team was not added. The 1984 Tour started with 170 cyclists, divided into 17 teams of 10 cyclists.
The teams entering the race were:
Route and stagesEdit
The 1984 Tour de France started on 29 June, and had one rest day, in Grenoble.
|P||29 June||Montreuil to Noisy-le-Sec||5 km (3.1 mi)||Individual time trial||Bernard Hinault (FRA)|
|1||30 June||Bondy to Saint-Denis||149 km (93 mi)||Plain stage||Frank Hoste (BEL)|
|2||1 July||Bobigny to Louvroil||249 km (155 mi)||Plain stage||Marc Madiot (FRA)|
|3||2 July||Louvroil to Valenciennes||51 km (32 mi)||Team time trial||Renault–Elf|
|4||2 July||Valenciennes to Béthune||83 km (52 mi)||Plain stage||Ferdi Van Den Haute (BEL)|
|5||3 July||Béthune to Cergy-Pontoise||207 km (129 mi)||Plain stage||Paulo Ferreira (POR)|
|6||4 July||Cergy-Pontoise to Alençon||202 km (126 mi)||Plain stage||Frank Hoste (BEL)|
|7||5 July||Alençon to Le Mans||67 km (42 mi)||Individual time trial||Laurent Fignon (FRA)|
|8||6 July||Le Mans to Nantes||192 km (119 mi)||Plain stage||Pascal Jules (FRA)|
|9||7 July||Nantes to Bordeaux||338 km (210 mi)||Plain stage||Jan Raas (NED)|
|10||8 July||Langon to Pau||198 km (123 mi)||Plain stage||Eric Vanderaerden (BEL)|
|11||9 July||Pau to Guzet-Neige||227 km (141 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Robert Millar (GBR)|
|12||10 July||Saint-Girons to Blagnac||111 km (69 mi)||Plain stage||Pascal Poisson (FRA)|
|13||11 July||Blagnac to Rodez||220 km (140 mi)||Plain stage||Pierre-Henri Menthéour (FRA)|
|14||12 July||Rodez to Domaine du Rouret||228 km (142 mi)||Hilly stage||Fons De Wolf (BEL)|
|15||13 July||Domaine du Rouret to Grenoble||241 km (150 mi)||Hilly stage||Frédéric Vichot (FRA)|
|14 July||Grenoble||Rest day|
|16||15 July||Les Échelles to La Ruchère||22 km (14 mi)||Individual time trial||Laurent Fignon (FRA)|
|17||16 July||Grenoble to Alpe d'Huez||151 km (94 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Luis Herrera (COL)|
|18||17 July||Le Bourg-d'Oisans to La Plagne||185 km (115 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Laurent Fignon (FRA)|
|19||18 July||La Plagne to Morzine||186 km (116 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Ángel Arroyo (ESP)|
|20||19 July||Morzine to Crans-Montana (Switzerland)||141 km (88 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Laurent Fignon (FRA)|
|21||20 July||Crans-Montana (Switzerland) to Villefranche-sur-Saône||320 km (200 mi)||Hilly stage||Frank Hoste (BEL)|
|22||21 July||Villié-Morgon to Villefranche-sur-Saône||51 km (32 mi)||Individual time trial||Laurent Fignon (FRA)|
|23||22 July||Pantin to Paris (Champs-Élysées)||197 km (122 mi)||Hilly stage||Eric Vanderaerden (BEL)|
|Total||4,021 km (2,499 mi)|
The 1984 Tour de France was a battle between reigning champion Fignon and his former team captain Hinault. Questions had been raised about the strength of Fignon's 1983 win due to Hinault's absence and Pascal Simon's withdrawal after breaking his shoulder whilst wearing the yellow jersey. Hinault won the prologue, but Fignon won back time when his team won the team time trial in stage three. After a large escape in the fifth stage, Fignon's teammate Vincent Barteau was leading the race. In the seventh stage, Fignon won the time trial, beating Hinault by 49 seconds. Barteau was still leading the race, and remained the leader after the Pyrenées.
Stage 9 in this Tour was notable because it was 338 km long. This was the longest stage included in the race since the 1967 Tour de France and there has not been a stage longer than this since 1984. The last time a Tour stage was over 300 km was during the 1990 edition, the last time a stage was longer than 250 km was during the 2000 Tour and the last time a stage approached 250 km was in 2013 when there was a stage that was 243 km long which was not even a flat stage, but rather a stage that included Mont Ventoux. Stage 9 was won by Jan Raas and this would be the 10th and final stage win of his impressive career. The riders were on their bikes for nearly ten straight hours during this stage.
In the sixteenth stage, Fignon again beat Hinault in a time trial, this time winning 33 seconds. In the seventeenth stage, Hinault attacked five times on the penultimate climb, but every time Fignon was able to get back. Then, Fignon left Hinault behind, and won almost three more minutes on Hinault. Barteau was so far behind in this stage, that Fignon became the new leader. Fignon won three more stages, for a total of five that year, and won the Tour with a ten-minute margin. With his air of indifference in interviews and his crushing dominance, he was hailed as France's newest superstar.
There were several classifications in the 1984 Tour de France, six of them awarding jerseys to their leaders. The most important was the general classification, calculated by adding each cyclist's finishing times on each stage. The cyclist with the least accumulated time was the race leader, identified by the yellow jersey; the winner of this classification is considered the winner of the Tour.
Additionally, there was a points classification, where cyclists were given points for finishing among the best in a stage finish, or in intermediate sprints. The cyclist with the most points lead the classification, and was identified with a green jersey.
There was also a mountains classification. The organisation had categorised some climbs as either hors catégorie, first, second, third, or fourth-category; points for this classification were won by the first cyclists that reached the top of these climbs first, with more points available for the higher-categorised climbs. The cyclist with the most points lead the classification, and wore a white jersey with red polka dots.
Another classification was the young rider classification. This was decided the same way as the general classification, but only riders that rode the Tour for the first time were eligible, and the leader wore a white jersey.
Before the 1984 Tour, the intermediate sprints classification did not have a jersey. In the 1984 Tour, the organisers gave the leader of the classification a red jersey to wear. This classification had similar rules as the points classification, but only points were awarded on intermediate sprints.
For the team classification, the times of the best three cyclists per team on each stage were added; the leading team was the team with the lowest total time. The riders in the team that led this classification were identified by yellow caps. There was also a team points classification. Cyclists received points according to their finishing position on each stage, with the first rider receiving one point. The first three finishers of each team had their points combined, and the team with the fewest points led the classification. The riders of the team leading this classification wore green caps.
In addition, there was a combativity award, in which a jury composed of journalists gave points after certain stages to the cyclist they considered most combative. The split stages each had a combined winner. At the conclusion of the Tour, Bernard Hinault won the overall super-combativity award, also decided by journalists. The Souvenir Henri Desgrange was given to the first rider to pass the memorial to Tour founder Henri Desgrange near the summit of the Col du Galibier. This prize was won by Francisco Rodríguez Maldonado during stage 18.
- In stage 1, Laurent Fignon wore the green jersey, because Bernard Hinault already wore the yellow jersey.
- In stage 2, Harald Maier wore the polka dot jersey, because Ludo Peeters already wore the yellow jersey.
- In stage 4, Allan Peiper wore the white jersey, because Jacques Hanegraaf already wore the yellow jersey.
- In stages 6 – 11, Paulo Ferreira wore the white jersey, because Vincent Barteau already wore the yellow jersey.
- In stages 12 – 17, Greg LeMond wore the white jersey, because Vincent Barteau already wore the yellow jersey.
|Denotes the winner of the general classification||Denotes the winner of the points classification|
|Denotes the winner of the mountains classification||Denotes the winner of the young rider classification|
|Denotes the winner of the intermediate sprints classification|
|1||Laurent Fignon (FRA)||Renault–Elf||112h 03' 40"|
|2||Bernard Hinault (FRA)||La Vie Claire||+ 10' 32"|
|3||Greg LeMond (USA)||Renault–Elf||+ 11' 46"|
|4||Robert Millar (GBR)||Peugeot–Shell–Michelin||+ 14' 42"|
|5||Sean Kelly (IRE)||Skil–Reydel–Sem–Mavic||+ 16' 35"|
|6||Ángel Arroyo (ESP)||Reynolds||+ 19' 22"|
|7||Pascal Simon (FRA)||Peugeot–Shell–Michelin||+ 21' 17"|
|8||Pedro Muñoz (ESP)||Teka||+ 26' 17"|
|9||Claude Criquielion (BEL)||Splendor–Mondial Moquettes–Marc||+ 29' 12"|
|10||Phil Anderson (AUS)||Panasonic–Raleigh||+ 29' 16"|
|1||Frank Hoste (BEL)||Europ Decor–Boule d'Or||322|
|2||Sean Kelly (IRE)||Skil–Reydel–Sem–Mavic||318|
|3||Eric Vanderaerden (BEL)||Panasonic–Raleigh||247|
|4||Leo van Vliet (NED)||Kwantum–Decosol–Yoko||173|
|5||Bernard Hinault (FRA)||La Vie Claire||146|
|6||Laurent Fignon (FRA)||Renault–Elf||143|
|7||Francis Castaing (FRA)||Peugeot–Shell–Michelin||137|
|8||Pascal Jules (FRA)||Renault–Elf||123|
|9||Jean-François Rault (FRA)||La Vie Claire||83|
|10||Jean-Philippe Vandenbrande (BEL)||Splendor–Mondial Moquettes–Marc||80|
|1||Robert Millar (GBR)||Peugeot–Shell–Michelin||284|
|2||Laurent Fignon (FRA)||Renault–Elf||212|
|3||Ángel Arroyo (ESP)||Reynolds||140|
|4||Luis Herrera (COL)||Varta–Café de Colombia||108|
|5||José Patrocinio Jiménez (COL)||Teka||92|
|6||Bernard Hinault (FRA)||La Vie Claire||89|
|7||Pascal Simon (FRA)||Peugeot–Shell–Michelin||79|
|8||Theo de Rooij (NED)||Panasonic–Raleigh||74|
|9||Greg LeMond (USA)||Renault–Elf||69|
|10||Sean Kelly (IRE)||Skil–Reydel–Sem–Mavic||65|
Young rider classificationEdit
|1||Greg LeMond (USA)||Renault–Elf||112h 15' 26"|
|2||Pedro Muñoz (ESP)||Teka||+ 14' 31"|
|3||Niki Rüttimann (SUI)||La Vie Claire||+ 19' 12"|
|4||Rafael Acevedo (COL)||Varta–Café de Colombia||+ 21' 46"|
|5||José Antonio Agudelo Gómez (COL)||Varta–Café de Colombia||+ 37' 39"|
|6||Frédéric Vichot (FRA)||Skil–Reydel–Sem–Mavic||+ 41' 32"|
|7||Luis Herrera (COL)||Varta–Café de Colombia||+ 46' 44"|
|8||Vincent Barteau (FRA)||Renault–Elf||+ 48' 16"|
|9||Gilles Mas (FRA)||Skil–Reydel–Sem–Mavic||+ 53' 52"|
|10||Jérôme Simon (FRA)||La Redoute||+ 1h 04' 47"|
Intermediate sprints classificationEdit
|1||Jacques Hanegraaf (NED)||Kwantum–Decosol–Yoko||155|
|2||Bernard Hinault (FRA)||La Vie Claire||52|
|3||Laurent Fignon (FRA)||Renault–Elf||51|
|4||Phil Anderson (AUS)||Panasonic–Raleigh||47|
|5||Sean Kelly (IRE)||Skil–Reydel–Sem–Mavic||47|
|6||Alain Bondue (FRA)||La Redoute||42|
|7||Alfons De Wolf (BEL)||Europ Decor–Boule d'Or||37|
|8||Pascal Jules (FRA)||Renault–Elf||34|
|9||Dominique Garde (FRA)||Peugeot–Shell–Michelin||34|
|10||Ludo Peeters (BEL)||Kwantum–Decosol–Yoko||32|
|1||Renault–Elf||336h 31' 16"|
|2||Skil–Reydel–Sem–Mavic||+ 46' 44"|
|3||Reynolds||+ 57' 58"|
|4||Peugeot–Shell–Michelin||+ 1h 01' 57"|
|5||La Vie Claire||+ 1h 15' 59"|
|6||Varta–Café de Colombia||+ 1h 25' 02"|
|7||Panasonic–Raleigh||+ 1h 31' 09"|
|8||Teka||+ 1h 39' 47"|
|9||Splendor–Mondial Moquettes–Marc||+ 2h 21' 37"|
|10||Cilo–Aufina–Crans–Montana||+ 2h 50' 56"|
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