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The 1982 Tour de France was the 69th edition of the Tour de France, taking place from 2 to 25 July. The total race distance was 22 stages over 3,507 km (2,179 mi). It was won by Bernard Hinault, his fourth victory so far.

1982 Tour de France
Route of the 1982 Tour de France
Route of the 1982 Tour de France
Race details
Dates2–25 July
Stages21 + Prologue, including one split stage
Distance3,507 km (2,179 mi)
Winning time92h 08' 46"
Results
Winner  Bernard Hinault (FRA) (Renault–Elf–Gitane)
  Second  Joop Zoetemelk (NED) (COOP–Mercier–Mavic)
  Third  Johan van der Velde (NED) (TI–Raleigh–Campagnolo)

Points  Sean Kelly (IRE) (Sem–France Loire–Campagnolo)
Mountains  Bernard Vallet (FRA) (La Redoute–Motobécane)
Youth  Phil Anderson (AUS) (Peugeot–Shell–Michelin)
  Combination  Bernard Hinault (FRA) (Renault–Elf–Gitane)
  Sprints  Sean Kelly (IRE) (Sem–France Loire–Campagnolo)
  Combativity  Régis Clère (FRA) (COOP–Mercier–Mavic)
  Team COOP–Mercier–Mavic
  Team points TI–Raleigh–Campagnolo
← 1981
1983 →

Contents

TeamsEdit

In response to the finish of the 1981 Tour de France, French minister of sports Edwige Avice objected to the amount of advertising in the race, and suggested the Tour to return to the national team format. The Tour organisation needed the money brought in by the sponsors, and no changes were made to the team structure.[1]

The Tour organisation decided to start with 17 teams, each with 10 cyclists, for a total of 170, a new record. Tour director Félix Lévitan suggested to reduce the number of cyclists by starting with teams of 9 cyclists, but this was rejected.[2] Teams could submit a request to join until 15 May 1982. To promote cycling in the United States of America, the American national cycling team would automatically be accepted,[2] but the American team made no request.

The teams entering the race were:[3]

Pre-race favouritesEdit

Hinault, who had won the Tour in 1978, 1979 and 1981, and left the 1980 Tour in leading position, was the clear favourite for the victory. In those other years, Hinault had won several races before the Tour, but in 1982 he had only won one major race, the 1982 Giro d'Italia. Hinault tried to be the fourth cyclist, after Fausto Coppi, Jacques Anquetil and Eddy Merckx, to win the Giro-Tour double.[4]

Notable absent was Lucien Van Impe, who was second in the 1981 Tour de France, winning the mountains classification. Since the 1969 Tour de France, Van Impe had started each edition, winning the general classification in the 1976 Tour and the mountains classification five times. Van Impe wanted to join, but his team Metauro was not invited, as the organisation considered it not strong enough to ride both the Giro and the Tour. Van Impe tried to find a team to hire him only for the 1982 Tour, but was not successful.[4]

Even though Joop Zoetemelk was 35 years old and no longer considered a favorite, he still managed to finish in second place, for the sixth time and final time.

Route and stagesEdit

The 1982 Tour de France started on 2 July, and had two rest days, in Lille and Martigues.[5]

Stage characteristics and winners[3][5][6]
Stage Date Course Distance Type Winner
P 2 July Basel (Switzerland) 7 km (4.3 mi)   Individual time trial   Bernard Hinault (FRA)
1 3 July Basel (Switzerland) to Möhlin (Switzerland) 207 km (129 mi)   Hilly stage   Ludo Peeters (BEL)
2 4 July Basel (Switzerland) to Nancy 250 km (160 mi)   Plain stage   Phil Anderson (AUS)
3 5 July Nancy to Longwy 134 km (83 mi)   Plain stage   Daniel Willems (BEL)
4 6 July Beauraing (Belgium) to Mouscron (Belgium) 219 km (136 mi)   Plain stage   Gerrie Knetemann (NED)
5 7 July Orchies to Fontaine-au-Pire 73 km (45 mi)   Team time trial Cancelled and replaced by stage 9a
6 8 July Lille 233 km (145 mi)   Plain stage   Jan Raas (NED)
9 July Lille Rest day
7 10 July Cancale to Concarneau 235 km (146 mi)   Plain stage   Pol Verschuere (BEL)
8 11 July Concarneau to Châteaulin 201 km (125 mi)   Plain stage   Frank Hoste (BEL)
9a 12 July Lorient to Plumelec 69 km (43 mi)   Team time trial  TI–Raleigh–Campagnolo
9b Plumelec to Nantes 138 km (86 mi)   Plain stage   Stefan Mutter (SUI)
10 13 July Saintes to Bordeaux 147 km (91 mi)   Plain stage   Pierre-Raymond Villemiane (FRA)
11 14 July Valence d'Agen 57 km (35 mi)   Individual time trial   Gerrie Knetemann (NED)
12 15 July Fleurance to Pau 249 km (155 mi)   Stage with mountain(s)   Sean Kelly (IRE)
13 16 July Pau to Saint-Lary-Soulan Pla d'Adet 122 km (76 mi)   Stage with mountain(s)   Beat Breu (SUI)
17 July Martigues Rest day
14 18 July Martigues 33 km (21 mi)   Individual time trial   Bernard Hinault (FRA)
15 19 July Manosque to Orcières-Merlette 208 km (129 mi)   Stage with mountain(s)   Pascal Simon (FRA)
16 20 July Orcières-Merlette to Alpe d'Huez 123 km (76 mi)   Stage with mountain(s)   Beat Breu (SUI)
17 21 July Le Bourg-d'Oisans to Morzine 251 km (156 mi)   Stage with mountain(s)   Peter Winnen (NED)
18 22 July Morzine to Saint-Priest 233 km (145 mi)   Plain stage   Adrie van Houwelingen (NED)
19 23 July Saint-Priest 48 km (30 mi)   Individual time trial   Bernard Hinault (FRA)
20 24 July Sens to Aulnay-sous-Bois 161 km (100 mi)   Plain stage   Daniel Willems (BEL)
21 25 July Fontenay-sous-Bois to Paris (Champs-Élysées) 187 km (116 mi)   Plain stage   Bernard Hinault (FRA)
Total 3,507 km (2,179 mi)[7]

Race overviewEdit

 
Bernard Hinault (pictured in 1982), winner of the general classification

After Bernard Hinault, the winner of the previous Tour and main favourite, won the prologue, seven seconds ahead of Gerrie Knetemann,[8] Belgian Ludo Peeters took the lead in the first stage, by finishing 38 seconds ahead of the peloton.[9] On the second stage however, Phil Anderson took the lead. Anderson had worn the yellow jersey in the previous year also, the first time in history that the yellow jersey was in non-European hands, but this year he would keep it longer. In the fifth stage, a team time trial was scheduled. Employees of the Usinor steel factory in Denain were blocking the road, and the race had to be canceled, while some teams were already racing. The tour organisers quickly decided to replace it by an extra stage, in the morning before stage nine.[4]

In the eighth stage, Régis Clère had escaped, and created a margin of almost thirteen minutes. The stage ended on a circuit of 6 km, where 15 laps were planned. Clère was unable to lap the rest of the field because of a flat tire, and was caught by the rest.[4] Phil Anderson remained the leader until the individual time trial in stage eleven. Then, as expected, Bernard Hinault took the lead, even though Gerrie Knetemann beat him in the time trial.[4]

Then the race got to the Pyrenées. Hinault kept his rivals in sight, and allowed other cyclists to escape. Then, in stage 14, Hinault won the time trial, and had created a margin of more than five minutes. In the alps, Hinault used the same tactics, and lost no time to his rivals. In stage sixteen, protesting farmers delayed the start of the race, but this time the race could continue, after the farmers allowed the riders to start.[1] Then, in the time trial in stage 19, Hinault won again.

Hinault was accused of riding a boring race. He responded by winning the final stage in Paris.[10]

Classification leadershipEdit

There were several classifications in the 1982 Tour de France, four of them awarding jerseys to their leaders. The most important was the general classification, calculated by adding each cyclist's finishing times on each stage. The cyclist with the least accumulated time was the race leader, identified by the yellow jersey; the winner of this classification is considered the winner of the Tour.[11]

Additionally, there was a points classification, where cyclists got points for finishing among the best in a stage finish, or in intermediate sprints. The cyclist with the most points lead the classification, and was identified with a green jersey.[11]

There was also a mountains classification. The organisation had categorized some climbs as either hors catégorie, first, second, third, or fourth-category; points for this classification were won by the first cyclists that reached the top of these climbs first, with more points available for the higher-categorized climbs. The cyclist with the most points lead the classification, and was identified with a polkadot jersey.[11]

Another classification was the young rider classification. This was decided the same way as the general classification, but only cyclists under 24 were eligible, and the leader wore a white jersey.[12]

The fifth individual classification was the intermediate sprints classification. This classification had similar rules as the points classification, but only points were awarded on intermediate sprints. In 1982, this classification had no associated jersey.[13]

For the team classification, the times of the best three cyclists per team on each stage were added; the leading team was the team with the lowest total time. The riders in the team that lead this classification were identified by yellow caps.[14] There was also a team points classification. Cyclists received points according to their finishing position on each stage, with the first rider receiving one point. The first three finishers of each team had their points combined, and the team with the fewest points led the classification. The riders of the team leading this classification wore green caps.[14]

In the 1981 Tour de France, Urs Freuler, Eddy Planckaert and Walter Planckaert had left the race before the Alps. The Tour organisers did not want this to happen again, so in 1982, cyclists were not allowed to leave the Tour without a good reason. A cyclist that left the Tour unauthorized would lose all the prize money that he won so far, receive a fine, and would not be allowed to join the next year.[2]

Classification leadership by stage[15][16]
Stage Stage winner General classification
 
Points classification
 
Mountains classification
 
Young rider classification
 
Combination classification Intermediate sprints classification Team classifications
By time By points
P Bernard Hinault Bernard Hinault Bernard Hinault Jan Raas Phil Anderson Gerrie Knetemann no award COOP–Mercier–Mavic COOP–Mercier–Mavic
1 Ludo Peeters Ludo Peeters Ludo Peeters Bernard Vallet Ludo Peeters Serge Demierre TI–Raleigh–Campagnolo TI–Raleigh–Campagnolo
2 Phil Anderson Phil Anderson Sean Kelly Phil Anderson Sean Kelly
3 Daniel Willems
4 Gerrie Knetemann
5
6 Jan Raas
7 Pol Verschuere
8 Frank Hoste
9a TI–Raleigh–Campagnolo
9b Stefan Mutter
10 Pierre-Raymond Villemiane
11 Gerrie Knetemann Bernard Hinault
12 Sean Kelly
13 Beat Breu
14 Bernard Hinault
15 Pascal Simon Bernard Vallet COOP–Mercier–Mavic
16 Beat Breu Bernard Hinault
17 Peter Winnen
18 Adrie van Houwelingen
19 Bernard Hinault
20 Daniel Willems
21 Bernard Hinault
Final Bernard Hinault Sean Kelly Bernard Vallet Phil Anderson Bernard Hinault Sean Kelly COOP–Mercier–Mavic TI–Raleigh–Campagnolo

Final standingsEdit

Legend
  Denotes the winner of the general classification   Denotes the winner of the points classification
  Denotes the winner of the mountains classification   Denotes the winner of the young rider classification

General classificationEdit

Final general classification (1–10)[3]
Rank Rider Team Time
1   Bernard Hinault (FRA)   Renault–Elf–Gitane 92h 08' 46"
2   Joop Zoetemelk (NED) COOP–Mercier–Mavic + 6' 21"
3   Johan van der Velde (NED) TI–Raleigh–Campagnolo + 8' 59"
4   Peter Winnen (NED) Capri Sonne–Campagnolo–Merckx + 9' 24"
5   Phil Anderson (AUS)   Peugeot–Shell–Michelin + 12' 16"
6   Beat Breu (SUI) Cilo–Aufina + 13' 21"
7   Daniel Willems (BEL) Sunair–Colnago–Campagnolo + 15' 33"
8   Raymond Martin (FRA) COOP–Mercier–Mavic + 15' 35"
9   Hennie Kuiper (NED) DAF Trucks–TeVe Blad + 17' 01"
10   Alberto Fernández (ESP) Teka + 17' 19"

Points classificationEdit

Final points classification (1–9)[3][17]
Rank Rider Team Points
1   Sean Kelly (IRE)   Sem–France Loire–Campagnolo 429
2   Bernard Hinault (FRA)   Renault–Elf–Gitane 152
3   Phil Anderson (AUS)   Peugeot–Shell–Michelin 149
4   Daniel Willems (BEL) Sunair–Colnago–Campagnolo 143
5   Stefan Mutter (SUI) Puch–Eorotex–Campagnolo 127
6   Pierre-Raymond Villemiane (FRA) Wolber–Spidel 123
7   Adrie van Houwelingen (NED) Vermeer Thijs 103
8   Johan van der Velde (NED) TI–Raleigh–Campagnolo 97
9   Leo van Vliet (NED) TI–Raleigh–Campagnolo 80

Mountains classificationEdit

Final mountains classification (1–6)[3][17]
Rank Rider Team Points
1   Bernard Vallet (FRA)   La Redoute–Motobécane 278
2   Jean-René Bernaudeau (FRA) Peugeot–Shell–Michelin 237
3   Beat Breu (SUI) Cilo–Aufina 205
4   Bernard Hinault (FRA)   Renault–Elf–Gitane 141
5   Peter Winnen (NED) Capri Sonne–Campagnolo–Merckx 113
6   Pascal Simon (FRA) Peugeot–Shell–Michelin 112

Young rider classificationEdit

Final young rider classification (1–4)[17]
Rank Rider Team Time
1   Phil Anderson (AUS)   Peugeot–Shell–Michelin 92h +12' 02"
2   Kim Andersen (DEN) COOP–Mercier–Mavic + 19' 41"
3   Marc Madiot (FRA) Renault–Elf–Gitane + 37' 12"
4   Gerard Veldscholten (NED) TI–Raleigh–Campagnolo + 39' 14"

Intermediate sprints classificationEdit

Final intermediate sprints classification (1–3)[18]
Rank Rider Team Points
1   Sean Kelly (IRE)   Sem–France Loire–Campagnolo 187
2   Phil Anderson (AUS)   Peugeot–Shell–Michelin 87
3   Daniel Willems (BEL) Sunair–Colnago–Campagnolo 80

Team classificationEdit

Final team classification (1–6)
Rank Team Time
1 COOP–Mercier–Mavic 377h 25' 33"
2 Renault–Elf–Gitane + 14' 01"
3 Peugeot–Shell–Michelin + 26' 46"
4 TI–Raleigh–Campagnolo + 55' 33"
5 La Redoute–Motobécane + 1h 15' 21"
6 Capri Sonne–Campagnolo–Merckx + 1h 43' 41"

AftermathEdit

Hinault's victory in 1982 is considered as the most effortless Tour victory in his career.[3][4]

During the 1982 Tour de France, the Tour organisation was impressed by the global audience that the 1982 FIFA World Cup reached, and they made plans to develop the Tour into a World Cup format, run every four years, where teams from all over the earth would compete against each other. The main part of the race would be in France, but more other countries would be visited; it was discussed to start the Tour in New York.

The 1983 Tour de France was still run in the familiar format in France, but it was open to amateur teams, although only one Colombian accepted the invitation.[19]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Boyce, Barry (2010). "Hinault joins an elite group". Cycling Revealed. Retrieved 8 October 2011.
  2. ^ a b c "Record aantal deelnemers in Tour de France". Nieuwsblad van het Noorden (in Dutch). De Krant van Toen. 13 January 1982. p. 35. Retrieved 7 October 2011.
  3. ^ a b c d e f "69ème Tour de France 1982" (in French). Mémoire du cyclisme. Archived from the original on 13 August 2012. Retrieved 26 September 2016.
  4. ^ a b c d e f McGann, Bill; McGann, Carol (2008). The story of the Tour de France: 1965-2007. Dog Ear Publishing. pp. 133–138. ISBN 1-59858-608-4. Retrieved 7 October 2011.
  5. ^ a b Augendre 2016, p. 73.
  6. ^ Zwegers, Arian. "Tour de France GC top ten". CVCCBike.com. Archived from the original on 10 June 2009. Retrieved 15 August 2011.
  7. ^ Augendre 2016, p. 110.
  8. ^ "Tour de France 1982 prologue". cyclingwebsite.net. Archived from the original on 11 October 2012. Retrieved 24 October 2008.
  9. ^ "Tour de France 1982 1st stage". cyclingwebsite.net. Archived from the original on 11 October 2012. Retrieved 24 October 2008.
  10. ^ "De saaie Tour van 1982" (in Dutch). sportgeschiedenis.nl. 2 July 2007. Archived from the original on 30 October 2008. Retrieved 24 October 2008.
  11. ^ a b c Christian, Sarah (2 July 2009). "Tour de France demystified - Evaluating success". RoadCycling.co.nz Ltd. Archived from the original on 9 February 2013. Retrieved 27 April 2012.
  12. ^ "TDF guides: White jersey". TeamSky.com. BSkyB. 22 June 2011.
  13. ^ Mark, Eddy van der. "Tour Xtra: Intermediate Sprints Classification". Chippewa Valley Cycling Club. Retrieved 27 April 2012.
  14. ^ a b Nauright & Parrish 2012, p. 455.
  15. ^ "Dag na dag" [Day to day]. Gazet van Antwerpen (in Dutch). 26 July 1982. p. 19. Archived from the original on 14 February 2019.
  16. ^ van den Akker, Pieter. "Informatie over de Tour de France van 1982" [Information about the Tour de France from 1982]. TourDeFranceStatistieken.nl (in Dutch). Archived from the original on 2 March 2019. Retrieved 2 March 2019.
  17. ^ a b c "Tour in cijfers". Leidsch dagblad (in Dutch). Regionaal archief Leiden. 26 July 1982. p. 10. Retrieved 15 February 2012.
  18. ^ "Tour de France 1982". Cycling Archives. Retrieved 28 April 2012.
  19. ^ Dauncey, Hugh; Hare, Geoff (2003). The Tour de France, 1903-2003: a century of sporting structures, meanings, and values. Routledge. p. 220. ISBN 0-7146-5362-4. Retrieved 7 October 2011.

BibliographyEdit

External linksEdit

  Media related to 1982 Tour de France at Wikimedia Commons