Carrera (cycling team)

Carrera was an Italian-based road bicycle racing team active from 1984 to 1996, named after sponsoring Italian jeans manufacturer Carrera. The team was successful in the Giro d'Italia and the Tour de France with three overall wins and several wins in the Points classification and Mountain Classifications.

Carrera
Carrera jersey.jpg
The 1987 Carrera Jeans–Vagabond jersey
Team information
UCI codeCAR
RegisteredItaly
Founded1984 (1984)
Disbanded1996
Discipline(s)Road
StatusRetired
Key personnel
General managerDavide Boifava
Team name history
1979–1983
1984–1985
1986–1990
1991
1992
1993–1996
Inoxpran
Carrera–Inoxpran
Carrera Jeans–Vagabond
Carrera Jeans–Tassoni
Carrera Jeans–Vagabond
Carrera Jeans–Tassoni

HistoryEdit

InoxpranEdit

The Inoxpran cycling team began in 1979.[1] The Inoxpran team achieved success with Italian Giovanni Battaglin who won in the period of a month and a half in 1981 two Grand Tours in with the 1981 Giro d'Italia and the 1981 Vuelta a España. Battaglin was the second rider in history to achieve this Giro-Vuelta double after Eddy Merckx who achieved the double in 1973. Roberto Visentini had been the Inoxpran team leader in 1983 when he finished second overall in the 1983 Giro d'Italia.

CarreraEdit

 
Stephen Roche riding for Carrera Jeans–Vagabond at the 1987 Giro d'Italia, a race he won

Carrera Jeans became the title sponsor in 1984 and Visentini finally won the Giro d'Italia in 1986. At the end of 1985 the team had signed Stephen Roche to perform for the team at the Tour de France. Roche had a poor season in 1986 but bounced back in 1987. When Roche won the Tour de Romandie just ahead of the 1987 Giro d'Italia, he became the number one favourite for the maglia rosa and wanted to be the team leader during the race, something that Visentini, an Italian with an Italian team and the defending champion of the event expected to be alone.[2] This inter team rivalry came to a head during the race when Roche attacked Visentini. Roche went on to win the race and then the 1987 Tour de France. This was the only time that the Carrera team would win the Tour and it would be the last time the team won the Giro d'Italia. Roche left the team at the end of 1987 but returned to the team in 1992 for his last two seasons.

In 1989, Carrera manager Davide Boifava together with Luciano Bracchi and Francesco Boifava founded Carrera Podium, a manufacturer of cycles.[3] From 1990 on, the team rode on these Carrera bikes.[4]

During this time, Claudio Chiappucci rose from being the domestique of Visentini and Roche during the 1987 Giro to the team leader. Chiappucci wore the yellow jersey as leader of the general classification during the 1990 Tour de France finishing the race second overall and famously battled Miguel Indurain in the 1992 Tour de France. Chiappucci won the Great Italian Classic Milan–San Remo for the team in 1991.

During the latter years of the team, a young Marco Pantani emerged as a contender for the Grand Tours during the 1994 season finishing on the podium in both the 1994 Giro d'Italia and the 1994 Tour de France. Pantani's success was hindered during the last two years of the Carrera team's existence. When Carrera stopped sponsoring a cycling team at the end of 1996, it was reported that manager Davide Boifava would be building a team around Marco Pantani with Mercatone Uno as the main sponsor.[5] However Davide Cassani became the manager of that new team, taking with him as directeur sportifs Giuseppe Martinelli and Alessandro Giannelli and ten of the riders from Carrera including Pantani[6] forming the Mercatone Uno team with whom Pantani would win the 1998 Tour de France and the 1998 Giro d'Italia. At the same time, Boifava started a team with Asics as the main sponsor and took with him five riders from Carrera including Claudio Chiappucci.[7]

DopingEdit

The team doctor of the Carrera cycling team, Dr. Giovanni Grazzi, worked with Professor Francesco Conconi at the University of Ferrara in 1993.[8] It was reported in the Rome-based newspaper, La Republica, in January 2000 that Conconi was involved with administering EPO to riders on the Carrera team.[9] In March 2000 the Italian Judge Franca Oliva published a report detailing the conclusions of an investigation into a number of sports doctors including Professor Conconi.[10] This official judicial investigation concluded that the riders of the Carrera team were administered EPO in 1993.[11] The riders included Stephen Roche, Claudio Chiappucci,[12] Guido Bontempi, Rolf Sørensen, Mario Chiesa, Massimo Ghirotto and Fabio Roscioli.[8]

Files seized as part of the judicial investigation allegedly detail a number of aliases for former Tour de France, Giro d'Italia winner and World Champion Stephen Roche including Rocchi, Rossi, Rocca, Roncati, Righi and Rossini.[13] In 1997, Claudio Chiappucci told prosecutor Vincenzo Scolastico that he had been using EPO since 1993, but later he recalled that statement.[14]

Major winsEdit

1979
Stage 7 Tour de Suisse, Giovanni Battaglin
  Mountains classification Tour de France, Giovanni Battaglin
Coppa Placci, Giovanni Battaglin
Coppa Agostoni, Giovanni Battaglin
1980
Zambana di Trento, Giovanni Battaglin
Stage 5 Giro d'Italia, Jørgen Marcussen
Stage 18 Giro d'Italia, Giovanni Battaglin
Coppa Placci, Giovanni Battaglin
Chignolo Po, Giovanni Battaglin
Milano–Torino, Giovanni Battaglin
Quistello Criterium, Alfredo Chinetti
1981
Stages 1 & 3 Vuelta a España, Guido Bontempi
Stage 2 Vuelta a España, Alfredo Chinetti
Stage 8b Vuelta a España, Giovanni Battaglin
  Overall Giro d'Italia, Giovanni Battaglin
Stage 1a, Guido Bontempi
Stage 19, Giovanni Battaglin
1982
Stage 6 Settimana Ciclistica Bergamasca, Bruno Leali
Stage 15 Giro d'Italia, Guido Bontempi
Coppa Placci, Alfredo Chinetti
1983
Stages 2 & 8 Giro d'Italia, Guido Bontempi
Stage 22 Giro d'Italia, Roberto Visentini
Giro del Piemonte, Guido Bontempi
1984
Gent–Wevelgem, Guido Bontempi
Prologue Giro del Trentino, Roberto Visentini
Stage 13 Giro d'Italia, Roberto Visentini
Stage 18 Giro d'Italia, Bruno Leali
Stage 21 Giro d'Italia, Guido Bontempi
Stage 1 Ruota d'Oro, Guido Bontempi
Stage 2 Ruota d'Oro, Bruno Leali
1985
  Mountains classification Tour de Romandie, Beat Breu
Overall Grabs–Voralp, Beat Breu
Stage 1, Beat Breu
Stage 9a (TTT) Tour de Suisse[N 1]
Stage 10 Tour de France, Jørgen Pedersen
Martigny–Mauvoisin, Beat Breu
Stage 5 Tour of Denmark, Guido Bontempi
Giro del Lazio, Bruno Leali
  Switzerland National Hill Climb Championships, Beat Breu
Oreno di Vimercate Cyclo-cross, Claudio Chiappucci
1986
Stage 6 Paris–Nice, Jørgen Pedersen
  Overall Critérium International, Urs Zimmermann
Stage 2, Urs Zimmermann
Giro della Provincia di Reggio Calabria, Guido Bontempi
Gent–Wevelgem, Guido Bontempi
Stage 6 Giro d'Italia, Roberto Visentini
  Overall Critérium du Dauphiné, Urs Zimmermann
Stage 5, Erich Mächler
  Overall Giro d'Italia, Roberto Visentini
  Points classification, Guido Bontempi
Stages 7, 10, 11, 17 & 20, Guido Bontempi
Stage 10 Tour de Suisse, Massimo Ghirotto
Stages 6, 22 & 23 Tour de France, Guido Bontempi
Stage 21 Tour de France, Erich Mächler
Coppa Placci, Guido Bontempi
Gouden Pijl, Guido Bontempi
Paris–Brussel, Guido Bontempi
1987
  Overall Volta a la Comunitat Valenciana, Stephen Roche
Stage 4, Stephen Roche
Stage 1 (TTT) Paris–Nice[N 2]
Stage 7b Paris–Nice, Stephen Roche
Milan–San Remo, Erich Mächler
  Overall Tour de Romandie, Stephen Roche
Stages 5a & 5b, Stephen Roche
  Overall Giro d'Italia, Stephen Roche
Prologue & Stage 13, Roberto Visentini
Stages 1b, & 22 Stephen Roche
Stage 12, Guido Bontempi
Prologue & Stage 3b Critérium du Dauphiné, Erich Mächler
Preis Vom Seetal, Erich Mächler
  Italy National Road Championships, Bruno Leali
  Overall Tour de France, Stephen Roche
Stage 2 (TTT)[N 3]
Stage 10, Stephen Roche
Kortenhoef Criterium, Stephen Roche
Linne Criterium, Guido Bontempi
Sint-Truiden Criterium, Guido Bontempi
Coppa Placci, Massimo Ghirotto
Coppa Bernocchi, Guido Bontempi
  UCI Road World Championships, Stephen Roche
Trofeo Baracchi (TTT), Bruno Leali & Massimo Ghirotto
Aalsmeer Criterium, Stephen Roche
Pernod - Super Prestige, Stephen Roche
1988
  Overall Volta a la Comunitat Valenciana, Erich Mächler
Prologue & Stage 4b, Erich Mächler
Stages 1 & 5 Settimana Siciliana, Guido Bontempi
Stages 3 & 6b Tirreno–Adriatico, Erich Mächler
E3 Prijs Vlaanderen, Guido Bontempi
Stage 1 Vuelta a España, Ettore Pastorelli
Stage 4b Tour de Romandie, Urs Zimmermann
Stages 2 & 5 Giro d'Italia, Guido Bontempi
GP Industria & Artigianato, Massimo Ghirotto
Prologue Tour de France, Guido Bontempi
Coppa Bernocchi, Guido Bontempi
1989
Stage 7 Vuelta a España, Massimo Ghirotto
Stage 2 Giro d'Italia, Acácio Da Silva
Stage 1 Tour de France, Acácio Da Silva
Coppa Placci, Claudio Chiappucci
Stage 1b GP de Sintra, Acácio Da Silva
Giro del Piemonte, Claudio Chiappucci
1990
Stage 4 Settimana Siciliana, Claudio Chiappucci
Points classification Volta a la Comunitat Valenciana, Guido Bontempi
Stages 1 & 2, Guido Bontempi
Stage 7 Paris–Nice, Claudio Chiappucci
GP Pino Cerami, Maximilian Sciandri
Overall Giro di Puglia, Guido Bontempi
Stage 1, Guido Bontempi
Stages 2, 3a, 4, 5 & 6 Vuelta a Aragón, Maximilian Sciandri
Mountains classification Giro d'Italia, Claudio Chiappucci
Stage 1a Tour de Luxembourg, Acácio Da Silva
Stage 3 Tour de Luxembourg, Bruno Bonnet
Stage 4 Tour de Luxembourg, Erich Mächler
Giro dell'Appennino, Flavio Giupponi
Stage 9 Tour de France, Massimo Ghirotto
Stage 19 Tour de France, Guido Bontempi
Geraardsbergen Criterium, Claudio Chiappucci
Critérium cycliste international de Quillan, Claudio Chiappucci
1991
Stages 2 & 4b Vuelta a Murcia, Djamolidine Abduzhaparov
Milan–San Remo, Claudio Chiappucci
Stage 1a Driedaagse van De Panne, Maximilian Sciandri
Gent–Wevelgem, Djamolidine Abduzhaparov
Stages 10 & 15 Vuelta a España, Guido Bontempi
  Points classification Giro d'Italia, Claudio Chiappucci
Stage 6, Vladimir Pulnikov
Stage 9, Massimo Ghirotto
Stage 11, Maximilian Sciandri
Stage 2 Tour de Luxembourg, Guido Bontempi
  Points classification Tour de France, Djamolidine Abduzhaparov
  Mountains classification, Claudio Chiappucci
Stages 1 & 4, Djamolidine Abduzhaparov
Stage 13, Claudio Chiappucci
Draai van de Kaai, Claudio Chiappucci
Circuito delle Mura - Città di Marostica, Claudio Chiappucci
Stage 7 Volta a Catalunya, Djamolidine Abduzhaparov
Giro del Piemonte, Djamolidine Abduzhaparov
1992
Stages 5a & 6 Volta a la Comunitat Valenciana, Djamolidine Abduzhaparov
Stage 4 Vuelta al País Vasco, Vladimir Pulnikov
Giro dell'Appennino, Claudio Chiappucci
  Points classification Vuelta a España, Djamolidine Abduzhaparov
Stages 2a, 4, 11 & 21, Djamolidine Abduzhaparov
  Mountains classification Giro d'Italia, Claudio Chiappucci
Stages 6 & 8, Guido Bontempi
  Mountains classification Tour de France, Claudio Chiappucci
Stages 5, Guido Bontempi
Stages 13, Claudio Chiappucci
Stages 16, Stephen Roche
Boxmeer, Criterium, Claudio Chiappucci
Castillon-la-Bataille, Criterium, Claudio Chiappucci
Gouden Pijl, Claudio Chiappucci
Wincanton Classic, Massimo Ghirotto
La Louvière, Claudio Chiappucci
Overall Cronostaffetta[N 4]
Stage 1b[N 5]
Sprint classification Clásico RCN : Fabio Roscioli
Stage 1, Claudio Chiappucci
Stage 4, Alessandro Giannelli
Stage 5, Vladimir Pulnikov
1993
Stage 3 Volta a la Comunitat Valenciana, Guido Bontempi
Stage 3a Driedaagse van De Panne, Rolf Sørensen
Liège–Bastogne–Liège, Rolf Sørensen
Eschborn-Frankfurt City Loop, Rolf Sørensen
Prologue & Stages 1 & 4b Tour de Romandie, Rolf Sørensen
Amsterdam Rai Derny Race, Rolf Sørensen
  Mountains classification Giro d'Italia, Claudio Chiappucci
Stage 6 , Guido Bontempi
Stage 14, Claudio Chiappucci
Stage 9 Tour de Suisse, Rolf Sørensen
Stage 12 Tour de France, Fabio Roscioli
Stage 17 Tour de France, Claudio Chiappucci
Chateau-Chinon-Ville Criterium, Stephen Roche
GP de la Ville de Lourdes, Claudio Chiappucci
Clasica San Sebastian, Claudio Chiappucci
Lamballe Criterium, Claudio Chiappucci
Coppa Bernocchi, Rolf Sørensen
Coppa Sabatini, Claudio Chiappucci
Milano–Torino, Rolf Sørensen
Giro del Piemonte, Beat Zberg
Japan Cup, Claudio Chiappucci
1994
Stage 8 Vuelta y Ruta de Mexico, Samuele Schiavina
Stage 14 Vuelta y Ruta de Mexico, Marco Artunghi
Stages 14 & 15 Giro d'Italia, Marco Pantani
Stage 20 Giro d'Italia, Vladimir Pulnikov
  Young rider classification Tour de France, Marco Pantani
Quillan, Claudio Chiappucci
  Overall Volta a Catalunya, Claudio Chiappucci
Stage 4, Claudio Chiappucci
Circuito Alzanese, Mario Traversoni
Giro del Piemonte, Nicola Miceli
Japan Cup, Claudio Chiappucci
1995
Stage 1 Tour de Romandie, Beat Zberg
  Overall Vuelta a Asturias, Beat Zberg
Stage 4, Samuele Schiavina
Stage 6, Beat Zberg
Stage 11 Giro d'Italia, Enrico Zaina
  Young rider classification Tour de France, Marco Pantani
Stages 9, 10 & 14, Marco Pantani
Klagenfurt Criterium, Claudio Chiappucci
Giro del Piemonte, Claudio Chiappucci
Overall Escalada a Montjuich, Claudio Chiappucci
Stage 1a, Claudio Chiappucci
Japan Cup, Claudio Chiappucci
1996
Berner Rundfahrt, Beat Zberg
Eschborn-Frankfurt City Loop, Beat Zberg
Stages 9 & 20 Giro d'Italia, Enrico Zaina
  Overall Tour de Suisse, Peter Luttenberger
Stage 6, Peter Luttenberger
Stage 15 Tour de France, Massimo Podenzana
Stage 5 GP Guillaume Tell, Markus Zberg

NotesEdit

  1. ^ The riders on the squad were Massimo Ghirotto, Claudio Chiappucci, Urs Zimmermann, Francesco Rossignoli, Giancarlo Perini, Beat Breu, Jørgen Pedersen, Fabio Bordonali
  2. ^ Urs Zimmermann, Claudio Chiappucci, Erich Mächler, Jørgen Pedersen, Walter Magnago, Eddy Schepers, Bruno Leali, Stephen Roche
  3. ^ Giancarlo Perini, Davide Cassani, Jørgen Pedersen, Guido Bontempi, Eddy Schepers, Stephen Roche, Massimo Ghirotto, Erich Mächler, Urs Zimmermann
  4. ^ Giancarlo Perini, Vladimir Pulnikov, Andrea Tafi, Fabio Roscioli, Alessandro Giannelli
  5. ^ Giancarlo Perini, Vladimir Pulnikov, Andrea Tafi, Fabio Roscioli, Alessandro Giannelli

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Inoxpran 1979". de wielersite.nl. Archived from the original on 2010-09-09. Retrieved 2007-11-27.
  2. ^ Stephen Roche and David Walsh (1988). The Agony and the Ecstasy: Stephen Roche's World of Cycling.
  3. ^ "Podium Project". Carrera-Podium. Archived from the original on 2007-11-29. Retrieved 2007-12-03.
  4. ^ "Mission". Carrera-Podium. Archived from the original on 2007-12-15. Retrieved 2007-12-03.
  5. ^ "News for July 19". cyclingnews.com. Retrieved 2007-09-07.
  6. ^ "Mercatone Uno". cyclingnews.com. Retrieved 2007-09-07.
  7. ^ "Asics". cyclingnews. Retrieved 2007-09-07.
  8. ^ a b "I was not involved in doping scandal:Roche". Irish Examiner. Archived from the original on 2009-07-01. Retrieved 2008-04-24.
  9. ^ "Sport: Roche denies use of E.P.O." RTE.ie. Retrieved 2008-04-11.
  10. ^ "Ufficio della procura antidoping del coni". sportpro.it. Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2007-07-20.
  11. ^ Walsh, David (2004-03-28). "Sad end to Roche's road". London: Timesonline. Retrieved 2007-07-20.
  12. ^ "Chiapucci". Archived from the original on 2016-03-03. Retrieved 2008-05-01.
  13. ^ "Roche's name again to forefront in doping investigation". rte.ie. Retrieved 2007-07-20.
  14. ^ Vrijgesproken Conconi moreel veroordeeld door Italiaanse gerecht (in Dutch) Archived 2007-09-27 at the Wayback Machine

External linksEdit

  Media related to Carrera (cycling team) at Wikimedia Commons