The 39th Edition Vuelta a España (Tour of Spain), a long-distance bicycle stage race and one of the 3 Grand Tours, was held from 17 April to 6 May 1984. It consisted of 19 stages covering a total of 3,593 km, and was won by Éric Caritoux of the Skil–Sem cycling team. It was one of the most surprising grand tour victories in cycling history as Caritoux, a virtual unknown who was part of a lineup that was thrown together at the last minute, won by the closest margin in history.

1984 Vuelta a España
Race details
Dates17 April – 6 May
Stages19 + Prologue, including 1 split stage
Distance3,593 km (2,233 mi)
Winning time90h 08' 03"
Winner  Éric Caritoux (FRA) (Skil–Sem–Mavic–Reydel)
  Second  Alberto Fernández Blanco (ESP) (Zor–Gemeaz)
  Third  Raimund Dietzen (GER) (Teka)

Points  Guido Van Calster (BEL) (Del Tongo)
Mountains  Felipe Yáñez (ESP) (Orbea)
  Youth  Edgar Corredor (COL) (Teka)
  Sprints  Jozef Lieckens (BEL) (Safir)
  Team Teka
← 1983
1985 →

Caritoux, a second year professional, had shown his climbing talent earlier that year by winning the stage up the Mont-Ventoux of the 1984 Paris–Nice but he did not enter the 1984 Vuelta a España thinking of the overall classification.

On stage 8 Roger De Vlaeminck, one of the oldest riders professionally, won the first Vuelta stage of his career which gave him a stage win in all three grand tours. Fourteen years earlier he won his first grand tour stage during the 1970 Tour de France and had won 22 Giro stages in between.[1] On the 12th stage to Lagos de Covadonga an area in Asturias which includes one of the most important climbs of the Vuelta, Caritoux finished second behind the German Raimund Dietzen. Caritoux took the leader's jersey from Pedro Delgado. Alberto Fernández was 32 seconds behind Caritoux in the general classification at that stage. Fernández had been third the year previously in the Vuelta a España and in the Giro d'Italia. On the stage 14 mountain time trial, Caritoux lost five seconds. Caritoux lost further time in the final individual time trial but still managed to finish the race with a slender lead of six seconds over Fernández, the smallest margin in the history of the Vuelta a España, and also the smallest ever seen in a Grand Tour. Fernández died later on in 1984.[2][3][4]

Teams edit

Thirteen teams were invited by the race organizers to participate in the 1984 edition of the Vuelta a España, six of which were based outside of Spain.[5] Each team sent a squad of ten riders, meaning that the race started with a peloton of 130 cyclists.[5] From the riders that began the race, 97 made it to the finish in Madrid.[6]

The teams entering the race were:[5]

Route and stages edit

Covering a total of 3,489 km (2,168 mi), it included three individual time trials, and thirteen stages with categorized climbs that awarded mountains classification points.[7][8] Two of these thirteen stages had summit finishes: stage 7, to Rassos de Peguera; and stage 12, to Lagos de Enol.[8] Another stage with a mountain-top finish was stage 14, which consisted of a climbing time trial to Monte Narasco.[8] The organizers chose to include no rest days. When compared to the previous year's race, the race was 91 km (57 mi) longer and contained the same amount of time trials, stages, and rest days.

Stage characteristics and winners[7]
Stage Date Course Distance Type Winner
P 17 April Jerez de la Frontera 6.6 km (4 mi)   Individual time trial   Francesco Moser (ITA)
1 18 April Jerez de la Frontera to Málaga 272 km (169 mi)   Stage with mountain(s)   Noël Dejonckheere (BEL)
2 19 April Málaga to Almería 202 km (126 mi)   Plain stage   Guido Van Calster (BEL)
3 20 April Mojácar to Elche 204 km (127 mi)   Plain stage   Jozef Lieckens (BEL)
4 21 April Elche to Valencia 197 km (122 mi)   Stage with mountain(s)   Noël Dejonckheere (BEL)
5 22 April Valencia to Salou 245 km (152 mi)   Plain stage   Jozef Lieckens (BEL)
6 23 April Salou to Sant Quirze del Vallès 113 km (70 mi)   Stage with mountain(s)   Michel Pollentier (BEL)
7 24 April Sant Quirze del Vallès to Rasos de Peguera 184 km (114 mi)   Stage with mountain(s)   Éric Caritoux (FRA)
8 25 April Cardona to Zaragoza 269 km (167 mi)   Stage with mountain(s)   Roger De Vlaeminck (BEL)
9 26 April Zaragoza to Soria 159 km (99 mi)   Stage with mountain(s)   Orlando Maini (ITA)
10 27 April Soria to Burgos 148 km (92 mi)   Plain stage   Palmiro Masciarelli (ITA)
11 28 April Burgos to Santander 182 km (113 mi)   Stage with mountain(s)   Francesco Moser (ITA)
12 29 April Santander to Lagos de Covadonga 199 km (124 mi)   Stage with mountain(s)   Raimund Dietzen (FRG)
13 30 April Cangas de Onís to Oviedo 170 km (106 mi)   Stage with mountain(s)   Guido Van Calster (BEL)
14 1 May Lugones to Monte Naranco 12 km (7 mi)   Individual time trial   Julián Gorospe (ESP)
15 2 May Oviedo to León 121 km (75 mi)   Stage with mountain(s)   Antonio Coll (ESP)
16 3 May León to Valladolid 138 km (86 mi)   Plain stage   Daniël Rossel (BEL)
17 4 May Valladolid to Segovia 258 km (160 mi)   Stage with mountain(s)   José Recio (ESP)
18a 5 May Segovia to Torrejón de Ardoz 145 km (90 mi)   Stage with mountain(s)   Jesus Suárez Cuevas (ESP)
18b Torrejón de Ardoz 33 km (21 mi)   Individual time trial   Julián Gorospe (ESP)
19 6 May Torrejón de Ardoz to Madrid 139 km (86 mi)   Plain stage   Noël Dejonckheere (BEL)
Total 3,593 km (2,233 mi)

Classification leadership edit

Three different jerseys were worn during the 1984 Vuelta a España. The leader of the general classification – calculated by adding the stage finish times of each rider, and allowing time bonuses for the first three finishers on mass-start stages – wore a golden jersey. This classification is the most important of the race, and its winner is considered as the winner of the Vuelta.

For the points classification, which awarded a light blue jersey to its leader, cyclists were given points for finishing a stage in the top 15; additional points could also be won in intermediate sprints. The green jersey was awarded to the mountains classification leader. In this ranking, points were won by reaching the summit of a climb ahead of other cyclists. Each climb was ranked as either first, second or third category, with more points available for higher category climbs. The leader of the mountains classification wore a green jersey.

Although no jersey was awarded, there was also one classification for the teams, in which the stage finish times of the best three cyclists per team were added; the leading team was the one with the lowest total time.

The rows in the following table correspond to the jerseys awarded after that stage was run.

Classification leadership by stage
Stage Winner General classification
Points classification
Mountains classification
Team classification
P Francesco Moser Francesco Moser Francesco Moser not awarded Reynolds
1 Noël Dejonckheere Noël Dejonckheere Angel Camarillo
2 Guido Van Calster Guido Van Calster
3 Jozef Lieckens
4 Noël Dejonckheere Noël Dejonckheere Felipe Yáñez
5 Jozef Lieckens Teka
6 Michel Pollentier
7 Éric Caritoux Pedro Delgado
8 Roger De Vlaeminck
9 Orlando Maini
10 Palmiro Masciarelli
11 Francesco Moser Guido Van Calster
12 Raimund Dietzen Éric Caritoux
13 Guido Van Calster
14 Julián Gorospe
15 Antonio Coll
16 Daniel Rossel
17 José Recio
18a Jesús Suárez Cueva
18b Julián Gorospe
19 Noël Dejonckheere
Final Éric Caritoux Guido Van Calster Felipe Yáñez Teka

Final standings edit

      Denotes the winner of the General classification       Denotes the winner of the Mountains classification
      Denotes the winner of the Points classification

General classification edit

Final general classification (1–10)[6]
Rank Name Team Time
1   Éric Caritoux (FRA)   Skil 90h 08' 03"
2   Alberto Fernández Blanco (ESP) Zor + 6"
3   Raimund Dietzen (GER) Teka + 1' 33"
4   Pedro Delgado (ESP) Reynolds + 1' 43"
5   Edgar Corredor (COL) Teka + 3' 40"
6   Julián Gorospe (ESP) Reynolds + 4' 41"
7   José Patrocinio Jiménez (COL) Teka + 7' 10"
8   Vicente Belda (ESP) Kelme + 7' 14"
9   José Recio (ESP) Kelme + 7' 21"
10   Francesco Moser (ITA) Tuc Gis + 8' 41"

Points classification edit

Final points classification (1-10)[6]
Rider Team Points
1   Guido Van Calster (BEL)   Del Tongo 204
2   Noël Dejonckheere (BEL) Teka 168
3   Jozef Lieckens (BEL) Safir 138
4   Francesco Moser (ITA) Tuc Gis 110
5   Benny Van Brabant (BEL) Tönissteiner 102
6   Jesús Suárez Cueva (ESP) Hueso 98
7   Julián Gorospe (ESP) Reynolds 96
8   Miguel Angel Iglesias (ESP) Kelme 90
9   Éric Caritoux (FRA)   Skil 88
10   Raimund Dietzen (GER) Teka 82

Mountains classification edit

Final mountains classification (1-5)[6]
Rider Team Points
1   Felipe Yáñez (ESP)   Orbea 81
2   José Luis Laguía (ESP) Reynolds 59
3   Éric Caritoux (FRA)   Skil 50
4   Vicente Belda (ESP) Kelme 49
5   Alberto Fernández Blanco (ESP) Zor 40

Team classification edit

Final team classification (1-5)[6]
Team Time
1 Teka 270h 24' 40"
2 Zor + 9' 35"
3 Reynolds + 20' 17"
4 Hueso + 23' 58"
5 Skil + 39' 25"

Intermediate sprints classification edit

Final intermediate sprints classification (1–5)[6]
Rider Team Points
1   Jozef Lieckens (BEL) Safir 39
2   Eddy Van Haerens (BEL) Safir 30
3   Mariano Bayon (ESP) Dormilon 17
4   Antonio Coll (ESP) Teka 12
5   Palmiro Masciarelli (ITA) Tuc Gis 11

Special sprints classification edit

Final special sprints classification (1–3)[6]
Rider Team Points
1   Jesús Suárez Cueva (ESP) Hueso 35
2   José Maria Caroz (ESP) Dormilon 19
3   Daniël Rossel (BEL) Tönissteiner 15
4   Jean-Claude Bagot (FRA) Skil 13
5   Antonio Coll (ESP) Teka 8

References edit

  1. ^ "Roger De Vlaemick". 8 October 2021. Archived from the original on 2020-11-11.
  2. ^ "Una "Vuelta" a la Española" [A "Return" to the Spanish] (PDF). El Mundo Deportivo (in Spanish). 17 April 1984. p. 20. Archived (PDF) from the original on 19 April 2015. Retrieved 27 May 2012.
  3. ^ "Una "Vuelta" a la Española" [A "Return" to the Spanish] (PDF). El Mundo Deportivo (in Spanish). 17 April 1984. p. 21. Archived (PDF) from the original on 19 April 2015. Retrieved 27 May 2012.
  4. ^ "Una "Vuelta" a la Española" [A "Return" to the Spanish] (PDF). El Mundo Deportivo (in Spanish). 17 April 1984. p. 22. Archived (PDF) from the original on 19 April 2015. Retrieved 27 May 2012.
  5. ^ a b c "Los 130 Encartados en la Ronda Española" [A "Return" to the Spanish] (PDF). El Mundo Deportivo (in Spanish). 15 April 1984. p. 36. Archived (PDF) from the original on 19 April 2015. Retrieved 27 May 2012.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g "Clasificaciones oficiales" [Official classifications] (PDF). El Mundo Deportivo (in Spanish). 7 May 1984. p. 41. Archived (PDF) from the original on 19 April 2015. Retrieved 27 May 2012.
  7. ^ a b "Etapas y kilometraje" [Stages and kilometers] (PDF). El Mundo Deportivo (in Spanish). 17 April 1984. p. 21. Archived (PDF) from the original on 19 April 2015. Retrieved 27 May 2012.
  8. ^ a b c "La Montaña" [The Mountains] (PDF). El Mundo Deportivo (in Spanish). 17 April 1984. p. 21. Archived (PDF) from the original on 19 April 2015. Retrieved 27 May 2012.