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Grand Tour (cycling)

  (Redirected from Grand Tours)

In road bicycle racing, a Grand Tour refers to one of the three major European professional cycling stage races: Tour de France, Giro d'Italia and Vuelta a España. Collectively they are termed the Grand Tours, and all three races are similar in format being multi-week races with daily stages. They have a special status in the UCI regulations: more points for the UCI World Tour are distributed in Grand Tours than in other races,[1] and they are the only stage races allowed to last longer than 14 days.[2]

The Tour de France is the oldest and most prestigious[1] of all three, and also the world's most famous cycling race. The Giro d'Italia is the second most important[3][4][5][6] and has occasionally been as popular as the Tour (late 1940s, 1950s, and early 1970s).

Contents

DescriptionEdit

In their current form, the Grand Tours are held over three consecutive weeks and typically include two "rest" days near the end of the first and second week. The stages are a mix of long massed start races (sometimes including mountain and hill climbs and descents; others are flat stages favoring those with a sprint finish), as well as individual and team time trials and non-competitive exhibition and rest days. Unlike most one-day races, stages in the Grand Tours are generally under 200 kilometers in length.

Controversy often surrounds which teams are invited to the event. Typically, the Union Cycliste Internationale (International Cycling Union) prefers top-rated professional teams to enter, while operators of the Grand Tours often want teams based in their country or those unlikely to cause controversy. From 2005 to 2007, organisers had to accept all ProTour teams, leaving only two wildcard teams per Tour. However, the Unibet team, a ProTour team normally guaranteed entry, was banned from the three Grand Tours due to gambling advertising laws. In 2008, following numerous doping scandals, some teams were refused entry to the Grand Tours: Astana did not compete at the 2008 Tour de France and Team Columbia did not compete at the 2008 Vuelta a España. Since 2011, under the UCI World Tour rules, all ProTour teams are guaranteed a place in all three events, and obliged to participate.

The prizes include the individual General classification, the team classification, the King of the Mountains, the points classification, and often the best young rider classification, in addition to other less known classifications. The most contested ones are the individual general classification (Maillot jaune -yellow jersey- in the Tour de France, Maglia rosa -pink jersey- in the Giro d'Italia, and Jersey rojo -red jersey- in the Vuelta a España, ; king of the mountains classification (Maillot à pois rouges -red polka dotted jersey- in the Tour, Maglia Azzurra -blue jersey- in the Giro, and Jersey de puntos azules -blue polka dotted jersey- in the Vuelta); and points classification (Maillot vert -green jersey- in the Tour, Maglia Rosso Passione -red jersey- in the Giro, and Jersey verde -green jersey- in the Vuelta). Only three riders have won all three in the same race: Eddy Merckx in the 1968 Giro d'Italia and 1969 Tour de France, Tony Rominger in the 1993 Vuelta a España and Laurent Jalabert in the 1995 Vuelta a España.[7]

It is rare for cyclists to ride all grand tours in the same year; in 2004, 474 cyclists started in at least one of the grand tours, 68 of them rode two Grand Tours and only two cyclists started in all three grand tours.[8] It is not unusual for sprinters and their leadout men, who do not expect to complete each race, to start each of the Grand Tours and aim for stage wins before the most difficult stages occur. Alessandro Petacchi and Mark Cavendish started all three Grand Tours in 2010 and 2011, respectively, as did some of their preferred support riders. For both riders in both years, only the Tour de France was ridden to its conclusion.

Over the years, 32 riders have completed all three Grand Tours in one year. Marino Lejarreta and Adam Hansen have done it four times, Bernardo Ruiz three times, Eduardo Chozas and Carlos Sastre twice each, and 27 more riders have achieved the feat once.

The only riders to have finished in the top 10 in each of the three tours during the same year are Raphaël Géminiani in 1955 and Gastone Nencini in 1957.

UCI rulesEdit

For the UCI World Tour, more points are given in grand tours than in other races; the winner of the Tour de France receives 200 points, and the winners of the Giro and Vuelta receive 170 points, while other races give 100 points at most.[1] The grand tours have a special status for the length: they are allowed to last between 15 and 23 days.[2]

Latest edition detailsEdit

Grand Tour winnersEdit

Year   Giro d'Italia (ITA)   Tour de France (FRA)   Vuelta a España (ESP)
1903 started in 1909   Maurice Garin started in 1935
1904   Henri Cornet
1905   Louis Trousselier
1906   René Pottier
1907   Lucien Petit-Breton (1/2)
1908   Lucien Petit-Breton (2/2)
1909   Luigi Ganna (ITA)   François Faber (LUX)
1910   Carlo Galetti (ITA) (1/3)   Octave Lapize (FRA)
1911   Carlo Galetti (ITA) (2/3)   Gustave Garrigou (FRA)
1912   Team Atala (ITA)
  Carlo Galetti (ITA) (3/3)
  Giovanni Micheletto (ITA)
  Eberardo Pavesi (ITA)
  Odile Defraye (BEL)
1913   Carlo Oriani (ITA)   Philippe Thys (BEL) (1/3)
1914   Alfonso Calzolari (ITA)   Philippe Thys (BEL) (2/3)
1915 Not contested Not contested
1916
1917
1918
1919   Costante Girardengo (ITA) (1/2)   Firmin Lambot (BEL) (1/2)
1920   Gaetano Belloni (ITA)   Philippe Thys (BEL) (3/3)
1921   Giovanni Brunero (ITA) (1/3)   Léon Scieur (BEL)
1922   Giovanni Brunero (ITA) (2/3)   Firmin Lambot (BEL) (2/2)
1923   Costante Girardengo (ITA) (2/2)   Henri Pélissier (FRA)
1924   Giuseppe Enrici (ITA)   Ottavio Bottecchia (ITA) (1/2)
1925   Alfredo Binda (ITA) (1/5)   Ottavio Bottecchia (ITA) (2/2)
1926   Giovanni Brunero (ITA) (3/3)   Lucien Buysse (BEL)
1927   Alfredo Binda (ITA) (2/5)   Nicolas Frantz (LUX) (1/2)
1928   Alfredo Binda (ITA) (3/5)   Nicolas Frantz (LUX) (2/2)
1929   Alfredo Binda (ITA) (4/5)   Maurice De Waele (BEL)
1930   Luigi Marchisio (ITA)   André Leducq (FRA) (1/2)
1931   Francesco Camusso (ITA)   Antonin Magne (FRA) (1/2)
1932   Antonio Pesenti (ITA)   André Leducq (FRA) (2/2)
1933   Alfredo Binda (ITA) (5/5)   Georges Speicher (FRA)
1934   Learco Guerra (ITA)   Antonin Magne (FRA) (2/2)
1935   Vasco Bergamaschi (ITA)   Romain Maes (BEL)   Gustaaf Deloor (BEL) (1/2)
1936   Gino Bartali (ITA) (1/5)   Sylvère Maes (BEL) (1/2)   Gustaaf Deloor (BEL) (2/2)
1937   Gino Bartali (ITA) (2/5)   Roger Lapébie (FRA) Not contested
1938   Giovanni Valetti (ITA) (1/2)   Gino Bartali (ITA) (3/5)
1939   Giovanni Valetti (ITA) (2/2)   Sylvère Maes (BEL) (2/2)
1940   Fausto Coppi (ITA) (1/7) Not contested
1941 Not contested   Julián Berrendero (ESP) (1/2)
1942   Julián Berrendero (ESP) (2/2)
1943 Not contested
1944
1945   Delio Rodríguez (ESP)
1946   Gino Bartali (ITA) (4/5)   Dalmacio Langarica (ESP)
1947   Fausto Coppi (ITA) (2/7)   Jean Robic (FRA)   Edward Van Dijck (BEL)
1948   Fiorenzo Magni (ITA) (1/3)   Gino Bartali (ITA) (5/5)   Bernardo Ruiz (ESP)
1949   Fausto Coppi (ITA) (3/7)   Fausto Coppi (ITA) (4/7) Not contested
1950   Hugo Koblet (SUI) (1/2)   Ferdinand Kübler (SUI)   Emilio Rodríguez (ESP)
1951   Fiorenzo Magni (ITA) (2/3)   Hugo Koblet (SUI) (2/2) Not contested
1952   Fausto Coppi (ITA) (5/7)   Fausto Coppi (ITA) (6/7)
1953   Fausto Coppi (ITA) (7/7)   Louison Bobet (FRA) (1/3)
1954   Carlo Clerici (SUI)   Louison Bobet (FRA) (2/3)
1955   Fiorenzo Magni (ITA) (3/3)   Louison Bobet (FRA) (3/3)   Jean Dotto (FRA)
1956   Charly Gaul (LUX) (1/3)   Roger Walkowiak (FRA)   Angelo Conterno (ITA)
1957   Gastone Nencini (ITA)   Jacques Anquetil (FRA) (1/8)   Jesús Loroño (ESP)
1958   Ercole Baldini (ITA)   Charly Gaul (LUX) (2/3)   Jean Stablinski (FRA)
1959   Charly Gaul (LUX) (3/3)   Federico Bahamontes (ESP)   Antonio Suárez (ESP)
1960   Jacques Anquetil (FRA) (2/8)   Gastone Nencini (ITA)   Frans De Mulder (BEL)
1961   Arnaldo Pambianco (ITA)   Jacques Anquetil (FRA) (3/8)   Angelino Soler (ESP)
1962   Franco Balmamion (ITA) (1/2)   Jacques Anquetil (FRA) (4/8)   Rudi Altig (GER)
1963   Franco Balmamion (ITA) (2/2)   Jacques Anquetil (FRA) (5/8)   Jacques Anquetil (FRA) (6/8)
1964   Jacques Anquetil (FRA) (7/8)   Jacques Anquetil (FRA) (8/8)   Raymond Poulidor (FRA)
1965   Vittorio Adorni (ITA)   Felice Gimondi (ITA) (1/5)   Rolf Wolfshohl (GER)
1966   Gianni Motta (ITA)   Lucien Aimar (FRA)   Francisco Gabica (ESP)
1967   Felice Gimondi (ITA) (2/5)   Roger Pingeon (FRA) (1/2)   Jan Janssen (NED) (1/2)
1968   Eddy Merckx (BEL) (1/11)   Jan Janssen (NED) (2/2)   Felice Gimondi (ITA) (3/5)
1969   Felice Gimondi (ITA) (4/5)   Eddy Merckx (BEL) (2/11)   Roger Pingeon (FRA) (2/2)
1970   Eddy Merckx (BEL) (3/11)   Eddy Merckx (BEL) (4/11)   Luis Ocaña (ESP) (1/2)
1971   Gösta Pettersson (SWE)   Eddy Merckx (BEL) (5/11)   Ferdinand Bracke (BEL)
1972   Eddy Merckx (BEL) (6/11)   Eddy Merckx (BEL) (7/11)   José Manuel Fuente (ESP) (1/2)
1973   Eddy Merckx (BEL) (9/11)   Luis Ocaña (ESP) (2/2)   Eddy Merckx (BEL) (8/11)
1974   Eddy Merckx (BEL) (10/11)   Eddy Merckx (BEL) (11/11)   José Manuel Fuente (ESP) (2/2)
1975   Fausto Bertoglio (ITA)   Bernard Thévenet (FRA) (1/2)   Agustín Tamames (ESP)
1976   Felice Gimondi (ITA) (5/5)   Lucien Van Impe (BEL)   José Pesarrodona (ESP)
1977   Michel Pollentier (BEL)   Bernard Thévenet (FRA) (2/2)   Freddy Maertens (BEL)
1978   Johan De Muynck (BEL)   Bernard Hinault (FRA) (2/10)   Bernard Hinault (FRA) (1/10)
1979   Giuseppe Saronni (ITA) (1/2)   Bernard Hinault (FRA) (3/10)   Joop Zoetemelk (NED) (1/2)
1980   Bernard Hinault (FRA) (4/10)   Joop Zoetemelk (NED) (2/2)   Faustino Rupérez (ESP)
1981   Giovanni Battaglin (ITA) (2/2)   Bernard Hinault (FRA) (5/10)   Giovanni Battaglin (ITA) (1/2)
1982   Bernard Hinault (FRA) (6/10)   Bernard Hinault (FRA) (7/10)   Marino Lejarreta (ESP)
1983   Giuseppe Saronni (ITA) (2/2)   Laurent Fignon (FRA) (1/3)   Bernard Hinault (FRA) (8/10)
1984   Francesco Moser (ITA)   Laurent Fignon (FRA) (2/3)   Éric Caritoux (FRA)
1985   Bernard Hinault (FRA) (9/10)   Bernard Hinault (FRA) (10/10)   Pedro Delgado (ESP) (1/3)
1986   Roberto Visentini (ITA)   Greg LeMond (USA) (1/3)   Álvaro Pino (ESP)
1987   Stephen Roche (IRL) (1/2)   Stephen Roche (IRL) (2/2)   Luis Herrera (COL)
1988   Andrew Hampsten (USA)   Pedro Delgado (ESP) (2/3)   Sean Kelly (IRL)
1989   Laurent Fignon (FRA) (3/3)   Greg LeMond (USA) (2/3)   Pedro Delgado (ESP) (3/3)
1990   Gianni Bugno (ITA)   Greg LeMond (USA) (3/3)   Marco Giovannetti (ITA)
1991   Franco Chioccioli (ITA)   Miguel Indurain (ESP) (1/7)   Melchor Mauri (ESP)
1992   Miguel Indurain (ESP) (2/7)   Miguel Indurain (ESP) (3/7)   Tony Rominger (SUI) (1/4)
1993   Miguel Indurain (ESP) (4/7)   Miguel Indurain (ESP) (5/7)   Tony Rominger (SUI) (2/4)
1994   Eugeni Berzin (RUS)   Miguel Indurain (ESP) (6/7)   Tony Rominger (SUI) (3/4)
1995   Tony Rominger (SUI) (4/4)   Miguel Indurain (ESP) (7/7)   Laurent Jalabert (FRA)
1996   Pavel Tonkov (RUS)   Bjarne Riis (DEN)   Alex Zülle (SUI) (1/2)
1997   Ivan Gotti (ITA) (1/2)   Jan Ullrich (GER) (1/2)   Alex Zülle (SUI) (2/2)
1998   Marco Pantani (ITA) (1/2)   Marco Pantani (ITA) (2/2)   Abraham Olano (ESP)
1999   Ivan Gotti (ITA) (2/2)   Lance Armstrong (USA) (1/7)[A]   Jan Ullrich (GER) (2/2)
2000   Stefano Garzelli (ITA)   Lance Armstrong (USA) (2/7)[A]   Roberto Heras (ESP) (1/4)
2001   Gilberto Simoni (ITA) (1/2)   Lance Armstrong (USA) (3/7)[A]   Ángel Casero (ESP)
2002   Paolo Savoldelli (ITA) (1/2)   Lance Armstrong (USA) (4/7)[A]   Aitor González (ESP)
2003   Gilberto Simoni (ITA) (2/2)   Lance Armstrong (USA) (5/7)[A]   Roberto Heras (ESP) (2/4)
2004   Damiano Cunego (ITA)   Lance Armstrong (USA) (6/7)[A]   Roberto Heras (ESP) (3/4)
2005   Paolo Savoldelli (ITA) (2/2)   Lance Armstrong (USA) (7/7)[A]   Roberto Heras (ESP) (4/4)
2006   Ivan Basso (ITA) (1/2)   Óscar Pereiro (ESP)   Alexander Vinokourov (KAZ)
2007   Danilo Di Luca (ITA)   Alberto Contador (ESP) (1/7)   Denis Menchov (RUS) (1/2)
2008   Alberto Contador (ESP) (2/7)   Carlos Sastre (ESP)   Alberto Contador (ESP) (3/7)
2009   Denis Menchov (RUS) (2/2)   Alberto Contador (ESP) (4/7)   Alejandro Valverde (ESP)
2010   Ivan Basso (ITA) (2/2)   Andy Schleck (LUX)   Vincenzo Nibali (ITA) (1/4)
2011   Michele Scarponi (ITA)   Cadel Evans (AUS)   Juan José Cobo (ESP)
2012   Ryder Hesjedal (CAN)   Bradley Wiggins (GBR)   Alberto Contador (ESP) (5/7)
2013   Vincenzo Nibali (ITA) (2/4)   Chris Froome (GBR) (1/3)   Chris Horner (USA)
2014   Nairo Quintana (COL) (1/2)   Vincenzo Nibali (ITA) (3/4)   Alberto Contador (ESP) (6/7)
2015   Alberto Contador (ESP) (7/7)   Chris Froome (GBR) (2/3)   Fabio Aru (ITA)
2016   Vincenzo Nibali (ITA) (4/4)   Chris Froome (GBR) (3/3)   Nairo Quintana (COL) (2/2)

A. a b c d e f g Lance Armstrong was declared winner of seven consecutive tours from 1999 to 2005. However, in October 2012, he was stripped of all titles by the UCI due to his use of performance-enhancing drugs. Organizers of the Tour de France announced that the winner's slot would remain empty in the record books, rather than transfer the win to the second-place finishers each year. However, in October 2014, the Tour de France resumed listing Armstrong as a previous winner of the tour, but with his name crossed out.[9]

StatisticsEdit

Most Grand Tour wins per riderEdit

Rank Name Total wins Tour de France Giro d'Italia Vuelta a España
1   Merckx, EddyEddy Merckx (BEL) 11 5 (1969, 1970, 1971, 1972, 1974) 5 (1968, 1970, 1972, 1973, 1974) 1 (1973)
2   Hinault, BernardBernard Hinault (FRA) 10 5 (1978, 1979, 1981, 1982, 1985) 3 (1980, 1982, 1985) 2 (1978, 1983)
3   Anquetil, JacquesJacques Anquetil (FRA) 8 5 (1957, 1961, 1962, 1963, 1964) 2 (1960, 1964) 1 (1963)
4   Contador, AlbertoAlberto Contador (ESP) 7 2 (2007, 2009) 2 (2008, 2015) 3 (2008, 2012, 2014)
  Coppi, FaustoFausto Coppi (ITA) 7 2 (1949, 1952) 5 (1940, 1947, 1949, 1952, 1953) 0
  Indurain, MiguelMiguel Indurain (ESP) 7 5 (1991, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995) 2 (1992, 1993) 0
7   Bartali, GinoGino Bartali (ITA) 5 2 (1938, 1948) 3 (1936, 1937, 1946) 0
  Binda, AlfredoAlfredo Binda (ITA) 5 0 5 (1925, 1927, 1928, 1929, 1933) 0
  Gimondi, FeliceFelice Gimondi (ITA) 5 1 (1965) 3 (1967, 1969, 1976) 1 (1968)
10   Heras, RobertoRoberto Heras (ESP) 4 0 0 4 (2000, 2003, 2004, 2005)
  Nibali, VincenzoVincenzo Nibali (ITA) 4 1 (2014) 2 (2013, 2016) 1 (2010)
  Rominger, TonyTony Rominger (SUI) 4 0 1 (1995) 3 (1992, 1993, 1994)
  • Active riders marked in bold.

Winners by countryEdit

Grand Tour general classification winners by country
Country Giro Tour Vuelta Total
  Italy 69 10 6 85
  France 6 36 9 51
  Spain 4 12 33 49
  Belgium 7 18 7 32
   Switzerland 3 2 5 10
  Luxembourg 2 5 0 7
  United States 1 3 1 5
  Netherlands 0 2 2 4
  Germany 0 1 3 4
  Russia 3 0 1 4
  Great Britain 0 4 0 4
  Colombia 1 0 2 3
  Ireland 1 1 1 3
  Sweden 1 0 0 1
  Canada 1 0 0 1
  Australia 0 1 0 1
  Denmark 0 1 0 1
  Kazakhstan 0 0 1 1

Winners of all three Grand ToursEdit

Six cyclists have won all three of the Grand Tours during their career:[10]

Winners of three or more consecutive Grand ToursEdit

Winners of three Grand Tours in a yearEdit

No cyclist has ever won all three Grand Tour events in the same year.

Winners of two Grand Tours in a yearEdit

Nine riders have achieved a double by winning two grand tours in the same year.

Seven cyclists have won the Tour and the Giro in the same year:[10]

The Tour/Vuelta double has been achieved by two cyclists:[10]

The Giro/Vuelta double has been achieved by three cyclists:[10]

Of the above nine, Pantani, Roche and Battaglin's doubles were their only Grand Tour victories in their careers. Only two cyclists have placed in the top ten at all three Grand Tours in the same year: Raphaël Géminiani in 1955 and Gastone Nencini in 1957.

Most Mountain JerseysEdit

Rank Name Total Wins Tour de France Giro d'Italia Vuelta a España
1   Federico Bahamontes (ESP) 9 6 (1954, 1958, 1959, 1962, 1963, 1964) 1 (1956) 2 (1957, 1958)
  Gino Bartali (ITA) 9 2 (1938, 1948) 7 (1935, 1936, 1937, 1939, 1940, 1946, 1947) 0
3   Lucien Van Impe (BEL) 8 6 (1971, 1972, 1975, 1977, 1981, 1983) 2 (1982, 1983) 0
4   Richard Virenque (FRA) 7 7 (1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1999, 2003, 2004) 0 0

The Tour/Giro/Vuelta triple has been achieved by two riders –   Federico Bahamontes (ESP) and   Luis Herrera (COL).

Most Points JerseysEdit

Rank Name Total Wins Tour de France Giro d'Italia Vuelta a España
1   Erik Zabel (GER) 9 6 (1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001) 0 3 (2002, 2003, 2004)
2   Sean Kelly (IRL) 8 4 (1982, 1983, 1985, 1989) 0 4 (1980, 1985, 1986, 1988)
3   Laurent Jalabert (FRA) 7 2 (1992, 1995) 1 (1999) 4 (1994, 1995, 1996, 1997)
4   Eddy Merckx (BEL) 6 3 (1969, 1971, 1972) 2 (1968, 1973) 1 (1973)

The Tour/Giro/Vuelta triple has been achieved by five riders –   Djamolidine Abdoujaparov (UZB),   Mark Cavendish (GBR),   Laurent Jalabert (FRA),   Eddy Merckx (BEL) and   Alessandro Petacchi (ITA).

Most Young Rider JerseysEdit

Rank Name Total Wins Tour de France Giro d'Italia
1   Andy Schleck (LUX) 4 3 (2008, 2009, 2010) 1 (2007)
2   Nairo Quintana (COL) 3 2 (2013, 2015) 1 (2014)
  Jan Ullrich (GER) 3 3 (1996, 1997, 1998) 0

The Tour/Giro double has been achieved by two riders –   Nairo Quintana (COL) and   Andy Schleck (LUX).

Most Grand Tour stage winsEdit

Cyclists whose names are in bold are still active.[11] This list is complete up to and including the 2017 Giro d'Italia.

Rank Name Country Tour De France
stage wins[12]
Giro d'Italia
stage wins
Vuelta a España
stage wins
Grand Tour
stage wins
1 Eddy Merckx   Belgium 34 24 6 64
2 Mario Cipollini   Italy 12 42 3 57
3 Mark Cavendish   United Kingdom 30 15 3 48
Alessandro Petacchi   Italy 6 22 20 48
5 Alfredo Binda   Italy 2 41 0 43
6 Bernard Hinault   France 28 6 7 41
7 Learco Guerra   Italy 8 31 0 39
Delio Rodríguez   Spain 0 0 39 39
9 Rik Van Looy   Belgium 7 12 18 37
10 Freddy Maertens   Belgium 15 7 13 35
11 Fausto Coppi   Italy 9 22 0 31
12 Costante Girardengo   Italy 0 30 0 30
13 Gino Bartali   Italy 12 17 0 29
14 Marino Basso   Italy 6 15 6 27
Francesco Moser   Italy 2 23 2 27
16 Guido Bontempi   Italy 6 16 4 26
Raffaele Di Paco   Italy 11 15 0 26
Miguel Poblet   Spain 3 20 3 26
19 Franco Bitossi   Italy 4 21 0 25
Laurent Jalabert   France 4 3 18 25
André Leducq   France 25 0 0 25
Rik Van Steenbergen   Belgium 4 15 6 25
23 Roger De Vlaeminck   Belgium 1 22 1 24
Robbie McEwen   Australia 12 12 0 24
Giuseppe Saronni   Italy 0 24 0 24
26 André Darrigade   France 22 1 0 23
27 Jacques Anquetil   France 16 5 1 22
Jean Paul van Poppel   Netherlands 9 4 9 22
André Greipel   Germany 11 7 4 22
30 Charly Gaul   Luxembourg 10 11 0 21
Sean Kelly   Ireland 5 0 16 21

Three cyclists have won stages in all three of the Grand Tours in the same year:[13]

Grand Tour finishersEdit

Only 33 riders have finished all three Grand Tours in one season. Adam Hansen has done this five times, Marino Lejarreta four times and Bernardo Ruiz achieved it in three different years, while Eduardo Chozas and Carlos Sastre have completed the accomplishment twice.[14][15]

The rider with most participations on Grand Tours is Matteo Tosatto with 34 (12 Tours, 13 Giros and 9 Vueltas). The rider who has finished most Grand Tours is also Matteo Tosatto, with 29 (12 Tours, 12 Giros and 5 Vueltas). Adam Hansen has finished the most consecutive Grand Tours: 16 tours from 2011 Vuelta a España till 2016 Vuelta a España.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "UCI Cycling regulations". p. 56. Retrieved 2012-07-20. 
  2. ^ a b "UCI Cycling regulations". p. 41. Archived from the original on 2011-06-23. Retrieved 2012-07-20. 
  3. ^ The Tour, the Giro and the Road World Cycling Championship make up the Triple Crown of Cycling.
  4. ^ An American in Italy cyclingnews.com, May 5, 2009
  5. ^ Million dollar, baby! cyclingnews.com, January 12, 2007
  6. ^ Vuelta a España A-Z cyclingnews.com, September 7, 2008
  7. ^ "Tony Rominger". Cycling Hall of Fame.com. 1961-03-27. Retrieved 2012-07-20. 
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