1990 Giro d'Italia

The 1990 Giro d'Italia was the 73rd edition of the Giro d'Italia, one of cycling's Grand Tours. The Giro started off in Bari on May 18 with a 13 km (8.1 mi) individual time trial. The race came to a close with a mass-start stage that began and ended in Milan on June 6. Twenty-two teams entered the race, which was won by the Italian Gianni Bugno of the Château d'Ax-Salotti team.[1] Second and third respectively were the Frenchman Charly Mottet and the Italian rider, Marco Giovannetti. Bugno wore the pink jersey as leader in the general classification from the first to the last stage (before him, only Girardengo in 1919, Binda in 1927 and Merckx in 1973 achieved the same).

1990 Giro d'Italia
Race details
Dates18 May — 6 June
StagesProl. + 19
Distance3,450 km (2,144 mi)
Winning time91h 51' 06"
Winner  Gianni Bugno (ITA) (Château d'Ax-Salotti)
  Second  Charly Mottet (FRA) (RMO)
  Third  Marco Giovannetti (ITA) (Seur)

Points  Gianni Bugno (ITA) (Château d'Ax-Salotti)
Mountains  Claudio Chiappucci (ITA) (Carrera Jeans–Vagabond)
Youth  Vladimir Poulnikov (URS) (Alfa Lum-BFB Bruciatori)
  Sprints  Alessio Di Basco (ITA) (Gis Gelati-Benotto)
Intergiro  Phil Anderson (AUS) (TVM)
  Team ONCE
← 1989
1991 →

In addition to the general classification, Gianni Bugno also won the points classification. In the race's other classifications, Vladimir Poulnikov of the Alfa Lum-BFB Bruciatori team completed the Giro as the best neo-professional in the general classification, finishing in fourth place overall; Carrera Jeans–Vagabond rider Claudio Chiappucci won the mountains classification, and TVM rider Phil Anderson won the intergiro classification. ONCE finished as the winners of the Trofeo Fast Team classification, ranking each of the twenty-two teams contesting the race by lowest cumulative time.


Twenty-two teams were invited by the race organizers to participate in the 1990 edition of the Giro d'Italia, ten of which were based outside of Italy.[2] The starting riders came from a total of 20 different countries.[2] Each team sent a squad of nine riders, which meant that the race started with a peloton of 198 cyclists.[3] From the riders that began the race, 163 made it to the finish in Milan.

The teams entering the race were:[3][4]

Pre-race favoritesEdit

Reigning champion Laurent Fignon returned to defend his title and was seen as a favorite to win.[2][5] Marco Giovanetti who won the Vuelta a España a few weeks prior was seen as a contender.[5] He was seen as one of the better Italian riders with a chance to win the overall, while it was noted that it would be difficult to win the Giro and Vuelta in the same season as only two riders – Eddy Merckx (1973) and Giovanni Battaglin (1981) – had accomplished that prior.[2] Gianni Bugno entered the race, but was viewed as not a threat to win the race because he was more of a classics rider.[2] Charly Mottet due to his recent victory in the Tour de Romandie also received consideration as a favorite.[5][2] For the 1990 season, Mottet altered his normal schedule to include the Giro d'Italia and not ride the Critérium du Dauphiné Libéré.[2] Other riders that received attention as contenders were Steven Rooks, Urs Zimmermann, and Gert-Jan Theunisse.[2][6] Rooks and Theunisse were expected to make their presence known in the final week of racing.[2][6] Reigning world road race champion Greg LeMond entered the race in poor form.[2][6]

Former winner Stephen Roche and Pedro Delgado chose not to participate in the Giro in favor of racing the Tour de France.[7][8] Moreno Argentin and Maurizio Fondriest did not participate either.[2]

Route and stagesEdit

Mount Vesuvius hosted the end of the 190 km (118 mi) third stage that began in Sala Consilina.

The route for the 1990 edition of the Giro d'Italia was revealed to the public on television by head organizer Vincenzo Torriani on 16 December 1989 in Milan.[9][10][11] In order to avoid overlap with the World Cup held in Italy, the race was moved forward a week and two stages were removed.[12] It contained three time trial events, all of which were individual.[2] There were eleven stages containing categorized climbs, of which four had summit finishes: stage 3, to Mount Vesuvius;[13] stage 7, to Vallombrosa;[14] stage 16, to Passo Pordoi;[15] and stage 17, to Aprica.[16] Another stage with a mountain-top finish was stage 19, which consisted of a climbing time trial to Sacro Monte di Varese.[17] The organizers chose to not include any rest days. When compared to the previous year's race, the race was 336 km 32 km (20 mi) longer, contained the same amount of rest days, and one less individual time trial. In addition, this race contained the same number of half stages, one, as the year before. The event traveled into the neighboring Austria when the race reached the Dolomites, specifically into Klagenfurt.[2]

The route was found to be balanced with five summit finishes and three time trials, while the difficult parts had adequate rest in between.[7][2] There were thought to be chances for puncheurs and traditional sprinters.[2]

Stage characteristics and winners[18][19]
Stage Date Course Distance Type Winner
1 18 May Bari to Bari 13 km (8 mi)   Individual time trial   Gianni Bugno (ITA)
2 19 May Bari to Sala Consilina 239 km (149 mi)   Stage with mountain(s)   Giovanni Fidanza (ITA)
3 20 May Sala Consilina to Mount Vesuvius 190 km (118 mi)   Stage with mountain(s)   Eduardo Chozas (ESP)
4a 21 May Ercolano to Nola 31 km (19 mi)   Plain stage   Stefano Allocchio (ITA)
4b Nola to Sora 164 km (102 mi)   Plain stage   Phil Anderson (AUS)
5 22 May Sora to Teramo 233 km (145 mi)   Stage with mountain(s)   Fabrizio Convalle (ITA)
6 23 May Teramo to Fabriano 200 km (124 mi)   Stage with mountain(s)   Luca Gelfi (ITA)
7 24 May Fabriano to Vallombrosa 197 km (122 mi)   Stage with mountain(s)   Gianni Bugno (ITA)
8 25 May Reggello to Marina di Pietrasanta 188 km (117 mi)   Plain stage   Stefano Allocchio (ITA)
9 26 May La Spezia to Langhirano 176 km (109 mi)   Stage with mountain(s)   Vladimir Poulnikov (URS)
10 27 May Grinzane Cavour to Cuneo 68 km (42 mi)   Individual time trial   Luca Gelfi (ITA)
11 28 May Cuneo to Lodi 241 km (150 mi)   Plain stage   Adriano Baffi (ITA)
12 29 May Brescia to Baselga di Pinè 193 km (120 mi)   Stage with mountain(s)   Éric Boyer (FRA)
13 30 May Baselga di Pinè to Udine 224 km (139 mi)   Plain stage   Mario Cipollini (ITA)
14 31 May Klagenfurt (Austria) to Klagenfurt (Austria) 164 km (102 mi)   Stage with mountain(s)   Allan Peiper (AUS)
15 1 June Velden am Wörther See (Austria) to Dobbiaco 226 km (140 mi)   Stage with mountain(s)   Éric Boyer (FRA)
16 2 June Dobbiaco to Passo Pordoi 171 km (106 mi)   Stage with mountain(s)   Charly Mottet (FRA)
17 3 June Moena to Aprica 223 km (139 mi)   Stage with mountain(s)   Leonardo Sierra (VEN)
18 4 June Aprica to Gallarate 180 km (112 mi)   Plain stage   Adriano Baffi (ITA)
19 5 June Gallarate to Sacro Monte di Varese 39 km (24 mi)   Individual time trial   Gianni Bugno (ITA)
20 6 June Milan to Milan 90 km (56 mi)   Plain stage   Mario Cipollini (ITA)
Total 3,450 km (2,144 mi)

Classification LeadershipEdit

Five different jerseys were worn during the 1990 Giro d'Italia. The leader of the general classification – calculated by adding the stage finish times of each rider, and allowing time bonuses for the first three finishers on mass-start stages – wore a pink jersey. This classification is the most important of the race, and its winner is considered as the winner of the Giro.[20]

The Pordoi Pass was the Cima Coppi for the 1991 running of the Giro d'Italia.

For the points classification, which awarded a purple (or cyclamen) jersey to its leader, cyclists were given points for finishing a stage in the top 15; additional points could also be won in intermediate sprints. The green jersey was awarded to the mountains classification leader. In this ranking, points were won by reaching the summit of a climb ahead of other cyclists. Each climb was ranked as either first, second or third category, with more points available for higher category climbs. The Cima Coppi, the race's highest point of elevation, awarded more points than the other first category climbs.[20] The Cima Coppi for this Giro was the Passo Pordoi. It was crossed twice by the riders, for the first climbing of the mountain, Italian Maurizio Vandelli was the first over the climb, while Charly Mottet was first over the second passing. The white jersey was worn by the leader of young rider classification, a ranking decided the same way as the general classification, but considering only neo-professional cyclists (in their first three years of professional racing).

The intergiro classification was marked by a blue jersey.[20] The calculation for the intergiro is similar to that of the general classification, in each stage there is a midway point that the riders pass through a point and where their time is stopped. As the race goes on, their times compiled and the person with the lowest time is the leader of the intergiro classification and wears the blue jersey.[20] Although no jersey was awarded, there was also one classification for the teams, in which the stage finish times of the best three cyclists per team were added; the leading team was the one with the lowest total time.[20]

The rows in the following table correspond to the jerseys awarded after that stage was run.

Classification leadership by stage
Stage Winner General classification
Points classification
Mountains classification
Young rider classification
Team classification
1 Gianni Bugno Gianni Bugno Gianni Bugno not awarded Joachim Halupczok Diana-Colnago-Animex
2 Giovanni Fidanza Giovanni Fidanza Claudio Chiappucci Castorama
3 Eduardo Chozas Gianni Bugno Eduardo Chozas Daniel Steiger
4a Stefano Allocchio Giovanni Fidanza
4b Phil Anderson
5 Fabrizio Convalle Claudio Chiappucci & Eduardo Chozas Carrera Jeans–Vagabond
6 Luca Gelfi Phil Anderson
7 Gianni Bugno Gianni Bugno Claudio Chiappucci
8 Stefano Allocchio Giovanni Fidanza
9 Vladimir Poulnikov Joachim Halupczok
10 Luca Gelfi Gianni Bugno Diana-Colnago-Animex
11 Adriano Baffi Phil Anderson
12 Éric Boyer Carrera Jeans–Vagabond
13 Mario Cipollini
14 Alan Peiper
15 Éric Boyer
16 Charly Mottet Vladimir Poulnikov ONCE
17 Leonardo Sierra Gianni Bugno
18 Adriano Baffi Phil Anderson
19 Gianni Bugno Gianni Bugno
20 Mario Cipollini
Final Gianni Bugno Gianni Bugno Claudio Chiappucci Vladimir Poulnikov ONCE

Final standingsEdit

      Denotes the winner of the General classification       Denotes the winner of the Mountains classification
      Denotes the winner of the Points classification       Denotes the winner of the Young rider classification
      Denotes the winner of the Intergiro classification

General classificationEdit

Final general classification (1–10)
Rank Name Team Time
1   Gianni Bugno (ITA)     Château d'Ax-Salotti 91h 51' 04"
2   Charly Mottet (FRA) RMO + 6' 33"
3   Marco Giovannetti (ITA) Seur + 9' 01"
4   Vladimir Poulnikov (URS)   Alfa Lum-BFB Bruciatori + 12' 19"
5   Federico Echave (ESP) CLAS-Cajastur + 12' 25"
6   Franco Chioccioli (ITA) Del Tongo-Rex + 12' 36"
7   Marino Lejarreta (ESP) ONCE + 14' 31"
8   Piotr Ugrumov (URS) Alfa Lum-BFB Bruciatori + 17' 02"
9   Massimiliano Lelli (ITA) Ariostea + 17' 14"
10   Leonardo Sierra (VEN) Selle Italia-Eurocar + 19' 12"

Points classificationEdit

Final points classification (1-5)[21]
Rider Team Points
1   Gianni Bugno (ITA)     Château d'Ax-Salotti 195
2   Phil Anderson (AUS)   TVM 176
  Mario Cipollini (ITA) Del Tongo-Rex
4   Giovanni Fidanza (ITA) Château d'Ax-Salotti 167
5   Adriano Baffi (ITA) Ariostea 118

Mountains classificationEdit

Final mountains classification (1-5)[21]
Rider Team Points
1   Claudio Chiappucci (ITA)   Carrera Jeans–Vagabond 74
2   Maurizio Vandelli (ITA) Gis Gelati-Benotto 56
3   Gianni Bugno (ITA)     Château d'Ax-Salotti 48
4   Eduardo Chozas (ESP) ONCE 47
5   Phil Anderson (AUS)   TVM 34

Young rider classificationEdit

Final young rider classification (1-5)[21]
Rider Team Time
1   Vladimir Poulnikov (URS)   Alfa Lum-BFB Bruciatori 92h 03' 27"
2   Piotr Ugrumov (URS) Alfa Lum-BFB Bruciatori + 4' 43"
3   Massimiliano Lelli (ITA) Ariostea + 4' 55"
4   Leonardo Sierra (VEN) Selle Italia-Eurocar + 6' 53"
5   Enrico Zaina (ITA) Carrera Jeans–Vagabond + 18' 10"

Intergiro classificationEdit

Final intergiro classification (1-5)[21]
Rider Team Time
1   Phil Anderson (AUS)   TVM 47h 56' 08"
2   Massimo Ghirotto (ITA) Carrera Jeans–Vagabond + 39"
3   Luca Gelfi (ITA) Del Tongo-Rex + 3' 33"
4   Werner Stutz (SUI) Frank + 4' 22"
5   Gianni Bugno (ITA)     Château d'Ax-Salotti + 5' 08"

Combativity classificationEdit

Final combativity classification (1-5)[21]
Rider Team Points
1   Stefano Giuliani (ITA) Jolly Componibili-Club 88 75
2   Maarten Ducrot (NED) TVM 39
3   Massimo Podenzana (ITA) Italbonifica–Navigare 32
4   Gianni Bugno (ITA)     Château d'Ax-Salotti 26
5   Masatoshi Ichikawa (JPN) Frank-Monte Tamaro 26

Intermediate sprints classificationEdit

Final intermediate sprints classification (1–5)[21]
Rider Team Points
1   Alessio Di Basco (ITA) Gis Gelati-Benotto 39
2   Danilo Gioia (ITA) Gis Gelati-Benotto 31
3   Stefano Giuliani (ITA) Jolly Componibili-Club 88 25
4   Marcel Wüst (FRG) RMO 18
5   Gianni Bugno (ITA)     Château d'Ax-Salotti 15

Traguardo Italia '90 classificationEdit

Final traguardo Italia '90 classification (1-5)[21]
Rider Team Points
1   Fabrizio Convalle (ITA) Amore & Vita-Fanini 18
2   Roberto Pelliconi (ITA) Amore & Vita-Fanini 10
3   Marco Lietti (ITA) Ariostea 8
4   Roberto Pagnin (ITA) Malvor-Sidi 7
5   Claudio Chiappucci (ITA)   Carrera Jeans–Vagabond 5

Traguardi Fiat Uno classificationEdit

Final traguardi Fiat Uno classification (1-5)[21]
Rider Team Points
1   Gianni Bugno (ITA)     Château d'Ax-Salotti 18
2   Stefano Giuliani (ITA) Jolly Componibili-Club 88 18
3   Phil Anderson (AUS)   TVM 10
4   Éric Boyer (FRA) Z–Tomasso 8
5   Eduardo Chozas (ESP) ONCE 8

Team classificationEdit

Final team classification (1-5)[21]
Team Time
1 ONCE 276h 33' 04"
2 Carrera Jeans–Vagabond + 3' 57"
3 Del Tongo-Rex + 7' 39"
4 Alfa Lum-BFB Bruciatori + 16' 48"
5 Ariostea + 28' 54"



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