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Points classification in the Giro d'Italia

The points classification in the Giro d'Italia is one of the secondary classifications in the Giro d'Italia. It is determined by points awarded for placings in the daily stages, regardless of time gaps. From 1967 to 1969 the leader wore a red jersey but in 1970 it was changed to mauve, and named the maglia ciclamino (from Italian: mauve jersey), the name of the colour in Italian being derived from the alpine flower the cyclamen. The red jersey was re-introduced in 2010, as the maglia rosso passione.[1] However, in April 2017 RCS Sport, the organisers of the Giro, announced that the maglia ciclamino would be revived for the 2017 Giro d'Italia.[2]

Cyclamen jersey
Mark Cavendish 2013 Giro.jpg
SportRoad cycling
CompetitionGiro d'Italia
Given forMost consistent finisher
Local nameMaglia ciclamino ‹See Tfd›(in Italian)
History
First award1966
Editions54 (as of 2019)
First winner Gianni Motta (ITA)
Most wins Francesco Moser (ITA)
 Giuseppe Saronni (ITA)
(4 wins)
Most recent Pascal Ackermann (GER)

Contents

HistoryEdit

The first points classification in the Giro was used in 1958, called Trofeo A. Carli. The first rider in each stage was given 15 points, down to one point for the fifteenth rider. There was no jersey associated, and the next year it was not used again.

The ranking points system was reintroduced in 1966,[3] when there was no associated jersey, while for the two subsequent editions a red jersey was awarded to the leader of the classification. From 1969 to 2009, the jersey was mauve, but often referred to as cyclamen.

Points are given to riders who finish among the first in a stage, independent of the time difference. There are also points given to the first cyclists to reach the intermediate sprints. There is an intermediate sprints competition, with names changing from year to year, (Intergiro, Expo Milano 2015, Traguardo Volante), which used to give a blue jersey to its leader.

Among the winners of the points classification are Mario Cipollini (three times), Alessandro Petacchi and in 2006 the future world champion Paolo Bettini.

At the other grand tours, the Tour de France and the Vuelta a España, there are also points classifications; the points classification in the Tour de France rewards a green jersey to its leader, as does the points classification in the Vuelta a España.

Current rulesEdit

From 2009 to 2013, the winner of each stage receives 25 points, independent of the type of stage (unlike the better known points classification in the Tour de France, where winning a mountain stage gives fewer points than winning flat stage). The next cyclist receives 20 points, the next ones 16, 14, 12, 10, 9, 8, 7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, until the fifteenth cyclist who receives one point. Every stage (excluding time trials) also has an intermediate sprint. The first to cross that sprint receives 8 points, the next one 6 points, the next ones 4, 3, 2, until the sixth cyclist who receives one point.

In 2014 this was changed so that there are three levels of stages, each with its own point classification scheme. The first level, presumably the flat stages, will award points to 20 riders on a scale from 50 to 1 point. Level two stages will award points to the top 15 riders on a scale of 25 to 1 and level three stages will award points to the top 10 riders on a scale of 15 to 1 point. Points at intermediate sprints will follow a similar scale.[4]

If two or more cyclists have the same number of points, the ranking is determined by the most number of stage victories, followed by the most number of intermediate sprint victories, followed by the lowest time in the general classification.[5]

WinnersEdit

Key
  Winner won general classification in the same year
* Winner won King of the Mountains classification in the same year
  Winner won general and King of the Mountains classification in the same year
  • The "Year" column refers to the year the competition was held, and wikilinks to the article about that season.
  • The "Stages" column refers to the number of stages in the race, counting half stages as two and prologues as one.
  • The "Stage wins" column refers to the number of stage wins the winner had during the race.
  • The "Margin" column refers to the margin of time or points by which the winner defeated the runner-up.
Giro d'Italia points classification winners[6]
Year Country Cyclist Sponsor/team Stages Stage wins Points Margin
1966   Italy Gianni Motta  Molteni 22 2 490 170
1967   Italy Dino Zandegù Salvarani 23 2 200 22
1968   Belgium Eddy Merckx  Faema 23 4 198 60
1969   Italy Franco Bitossi Filotex 24 1 182 16
1970   Italy Franco Bitossi Filotex 20 3 252 11
1971   Italy Marino Basso Ferretti 22 3 181 33
1972   Belgium Roger De Vlaeminck Dreher 23 4 264 120
1973   Belgium Eddy Merckx  Molteni 21 6 237 21
1974   Belgium Roger De Vlaeminck Brooklyn 24 0 265 56
1975   Belgium Roger De Vlaeminck Brooklyn 23 6 346 187
1976   Italy Francesco Moser Sanson 24 3 272 123
1977   Italy Francesco Moser Sanson 27 0 225 40
1978   Italy Francesco Moser Sanson 22 4 231 30
1979   Italy Giuseppe Saronni  Scic–Bottecchia 20 3 275 1
1980   Italy Giuseppe Saronni Gis Gelati 23 7 301 86
1981   Italy Giuseppe Saronni Gis Gelati 24 3 215 82
1982   Italy Francesco Moser Famcucine 23 2 247 40
1983   Italy Giuseppe Saronni  Del Tongo–Colnago 24 3 223 74
1984    Switzerland Urs Freuler Atala 23 4 178 6
1985   Netherlands Johan van der Velde Vini Ricordi 24 0 195 25
1986   Italy Guido Bontempi Carrera Jeans–Vagabond 23 5 167 19
1987   Netherlands Johan van der Velde Gis Gelati 24 2 175 4
1988   Netherlands Johan van der Velde Gis Gelati 23 0 154 23
1989   Italy Giovanni Fidanza Château d'Ax 23 0 172 33
1990   Italy Gianni Bugno  Château d'Ax 21 3 195 19
1991   Italy Claudio Chiappucci Carrera Jeans–Tassoni 22 0 283 44
1992   Italy Mario Cipollini GB–MG Maglificio 22 4 236 28
1993   Italy Adriano Baffi Mercatone Uno–Zucchini–Medeghini 21 3 228 41
1994   Uzbekistan Djamolidine Abdoujaparov Team Polti–Vaporetto 23 1 202 20
1995    Switzerland Tony Rominger  Mapei–GB–Latexco 22 4 205 52
1996   Italy Fabrizio Guidi Scrigno–Blue Storm 22 0 235 85
1997   Italy Mario Cipollini Scrigno–Gaerne 22 5 202 56
1998   Italy Mariano Piccoli Brescialat-Liquigas 23 0 194 36
1999   France Laurent Jalabert ONCE 22 3 175 5
2000   Russia Dimitri Konyshev Fassa Bortolo 22 1 159 40
2001   Italy Massimo Strazzer Mobilvetta Design 22 0 177 19
2002   Italy Mario Cipollini Acqua & Sapone 21 6 184 18
2003   Italy Gilberto Simoni  Saeco Macchine per Caffè 21 3 154 17
2004   Italy Alessandro Petacchi Fassa Bortolo 21 8 250 97
2005   Italy Paolo Bettini Quick-Step–Innergetic 21 1 162 8
2006   Italy Paolo Bettini Quick-Step–Innergetic 21 1 169 9
2007 1 21
2008   Italy Daniele Bennati Liquigas 21 3 189 51
2009   Russia Denis Menchov 2 Rabobank 21 2 144 11
2010   Australia Cadel Evans BMC Racing Team 21 1 150 22
2011   Italy Michele Scarponi 3 Lampre–ISD 21 0 122 6
2012   Spain Joaquim Rodríguez Team Katusha 21 2 139 1
2013   United Kingdom Mark Cavendish Omega Pharma–Quick-Step 21 5 158 30
2014   France Nacer Bouhanni FDJ.fr 21 3 291 26
2015   Italy Giacomo Nizzolo Trek Factory Racing 21 0 181 33
2016   Italy Giacomo Nizzolo Trek–Segafredo 21 0 185 33
2017   Colombia Fernando Gaviria Quick-Step Floors 21 4 325 133
2018   Italy Elia Viviani Quick-Step Floors 21 4 341 59
2019   Germany Pascal Ackermann Bora–Hansgrohe 21 2 226 13

Multiple winnersEdit

As of 2019, 9 cyclists have won the Points classification in the Giro d'Italia more than once.

Multiple winners of the Giro d'Italia points classification
Cyclist Total Years
  Francesco Moser (ITA) 4 1976, 1977, 1978, 1982
  Giuseppe Saronni (ITA) 4 1979, 1980, 1981, 1983
  Mario Cipollini (ITA) 3 1992, 1997, 2002
  Roger De Vlaeminck (BEL) 3 1972, 1974, 1975
  Johan van der Velde (NED) 3 1985, 1987, 1988
  Paolo Bettini (ITA) 2 2005, 2006
  Franco Bitossi (ITA) 2 1969, 1970
  Eddy Merckx (BEL) 2 1968, 1973
  Giacomo Nizzolo (ITA) 2 2015, 2016

By nationalityEdit

Riders from twelve different countries have won the Points classification in the Giro d'Italia.

Giro d'Italia points classification winners by nationality
Country No. of winning cyclists No. of wins
  Italy 23 33
  Belgium 2 5
  Netherlands 1 3
  France 2 2
  Russia 2 2
   Switzerland 2 2
  Australia 1 1
  Colombia 1 1
  Spain 1 1
  United Kingdom 1 1
  Uzbekistan 1 1
  Germany 1 1

NotesEdit

  1. The original winner was Alessandro Petacchi, who was stripped of his results from the 2007 Giro after a positive test for elevated levels of salbutamol.
  2. Awarded after the disqualification (due to doping) of apparent winner Danilo Di Luca
  3. Awarded after the disqualification of apparent winner Alberto Contador

Azzurri d'Italia classificationEdit

The Azzurri d'Italia classification (English: 'Azure or Sky Blue Italy) is an award in the Giro d'Italia in which points are awarded to the top three stage finishers (4, 2 and 1 point). It is similar to the standard points classification for which the leader and final winner are awarded the red jersey but no jersey is awarded for this classification, only a cash prize to the overall winner. For the 2007 Giro d'Italia, the Azzurri d'Italia winner won 5,000.[7]

Past winnersEdit

Rider Team
2001   Mario Cipollini (ITA) Saeco Macchine per Caffè
2002   Mario Cipollini (ITA) Acqua e Sapone–Cantina Tollo
2003   Gilberto Simoni (ITA) Saeco Macchine per Caffè
2004   Alessandro Petacchi (ITA) Fassa Bortolo
2005   Alessandro Petacchi (ITA) Fassa Bortolo
2006   Ivan Basso (ITA) Team CSC
2007 No race due to disqualification1
2008   Daniele Bennati (ITA) Liquigas
2009   Stefano Garzelli (ITA) Acqua & Sapone–Caffè Mokambo
2010   Vincenzo Nibali (ITA) Liquigas–Doimo
2011   José Rujano2 (VEN) Androni Giocattoli
2012   Mark Cavendish (GBR) Team Sky
2013   Mark Cavendish (GBR) Omega Pharma–Quick-Step
2014   Nacer Bouhanni (FRA) FDJ.fr
2015   Mikel Landa (ESP) Astana

NoteEdit

  1. The original winner was Alessandro Petacchi, who was stripped of his results from the 2007 Giro after a positive test for elevated levels of salbutamol.
  2. Awarded after the disqualification of apparent winner Alberto Contador.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "2010 Giro Jersey Presented In Florence". Cyclingnews.com. Retrieved 2012-07-19.
  2. ^ "Giro d'Italia revives Ciclamino jersey for points classification - News shorts". cyclingnews.com. 18 April 2017. Retrieved 18 April 2017.
  3. ^ "Regolamento" [Regulation]. Corriere dello Sport (in Italian). 19 May 1966. p. 9. Archived from the original on 23 December 2014. Retrieved 7 July 2013.
  4. ^ Stephen Farrand (9 April 2014). "Giro d'Italia tweaks time bonuses and points". Cyclingnews. Retrieved 13 May 2014.
  5. ^ Laura Weislo (13 May 2008). "Giro d'Italia classifications demystified". Cyclingnews. Retrieved 7 October 2009.
  6. ^ "www.cyclingnews.com presents the 91st Giro d'Italia". Autobus.cyclingnews.com. 2008-06-01. Retrieved 2012-07-19.
  7. ^ Cyclingnews.com: Giro classifications 2007

External linksEdit