1970 Giro d'Italia

The 1970 Giro d'Italia was the 53rd edition of the Giro d'Italia, one of cycling's Grand Tours. The 3,292-kilometre (2,046 mi) race consisted of 20 stages, starting in San Pellegrino Terme on 18 May and finishing Bolzano on 7 June. There was one time trial stage and a single rest day. Eddy Merckx of the Faemino team won the overall general classification, his second victory. Italians Felice Gimondi (Salvarani) placed second, 3 min and 14 s slower than Merckx, and Martin Van Den Bossche (Molteni) was third, nearly five minutes behind Merckx.[1]

1970 Giro d'Italia
Race details
Dates18 May - 7 June
Stages20
Distance3,292 km (2,046 mi)
Winning time90h 08' 47"
Results
Winner  Eddy Merckx (BEL) (Faemino)
  Second  Felice Gimondi (ITA) (Salvarani)
  Third  Martin Van Den Bossche (BEL) (Molteni)

Points  Franco Bitossi (ITA) (Filotex)
  Mountains  Martin Van Den Bossche (BEL) (Molteni)
  Team Faemino
← 1969
1971 →

TeamsEdit

A total of 13 teams were invited to participate in the 1970 Giro d'Italia.[2] Each team sent a squad of ten riders, so the Giro began with a peloton of 130 cyclists.[2] Out of the 130 riders that started this edition of the Giro d'Italia, a total of 97 riders made it to the finish in Bolzano.[3]

The teams that took part in the race were:[2][4]

  • Cosatto
  • Dreher
  • Faemino
  • Ferretti
  • Filotex
  • G.B.C.
  • Germanvox
  • La Casera
  • Magniflex

Pre-race favoritesEdit

The starting peloton did feature the previous year's winner Felice Gimondi (Salvarani).[3] Despite an initial unwillingness to participate relating to his expulsion the year before, Eddy Merckx chose to enter the race after the race organizers agreed to send all doping controls to Rome rather than conduct them in a van that moved with the race.[5] Merckx entered as the primary favorite to win the race.[6][7][8][9][10] He entered the race having already won several races that season including: Paris–Nice, Paris–Roubaix, and La Flèche Wallonne, among others.[3] Le Confédéré felt that Merckx's greatest challenge would come not from Italian riders, but the Belgian Walter Godefroot (Salvarani).[10] Godefroot was thought to be the leader for the Salvarani team as Gimondi entered the race in poor form.[10] Gianni Motta was absent from the race as he was recovering from a knee operation earlier in the season.[10]

Route and stagesEdit

The route was revealed on 31 March 1970 by race director Vincenzo Torriani.[11] The race covered 3,311 km (2,057 mi) across twenty stages and one rest day.[10] Compared to the previous edition, the 1970 edition was shorter and included only four stages longer than 200 km (124 mi) with stage 14 being the longest at 218 km (135 mi).[10] In April, the route was announced to have nineteen categorized climbs that awarded points towards the mountains classification,[12] while the final route included seven more categorized climbs.[13] In total, 25.6 km (16 mi) were climbed.[11]

San Pellegrino Terme hosted the race's start and then it traveled west, visiting the Alps before turning south and then east towards Treviso.[3] A transfer then occured to Terracina and the race moved north along the coast.[3] The race made its way to the Dolomites for three stages before finishing in Bolzano.[3] The route did not visit Milan for the first time in race history.[3]

The route featured less transition stages than in previous years, which was thought to allow for more action in the race.[10]

Stage characteristics and results[3][14][15]
Stage Date Course Distance Type Winner
1 18 May San Pellegrino Terme to Biandronno 115 km (71 mi)   Plain stage   Franco Bitossi (ITA)
2 19 May Comerio to Saint-Vincent 164 km (102 mi)   Stage with mountain(s)   Eddy Merckx (BEL)
3 20 May Saint-Vincent to Aosta 162 km (101 mi)   Stage with mountain(s)   Franco Bitossi (ITA)
4 21 May Saint-Vincent to Lodi 205 km (127 mi)   Plain stage   Marino Basso (ITA)
5 22 May Lodi to Zingonia [it] 155 km (96 mi)   Plain stage   Patrick Sercu (BEL)
6 23 May Zingonia to Malcesine 212 km (132 mi)   Stage with mountain(s)   Enrico Paolini (ITA)
7 24 May Malcesine to Brentonico 130 km (81 mi)   Stage with mountain(s)   Eddy Merckx (BEL)
8 25 May Rovereto to Bassano del Grappa 130 km (81 mi)   Stage with mountain(s)   Walter Godefroot (BEL)
9 26 May Bassano del Grappa to Treviso 56 km (35 mi)   Individual time trial   Eddy Merckx (BEL)
27 May Rest day
10 28 May Terracina to Rivisondoli 172 km (107 mi)   Stage with mountain(s)   Italo Zilioli (ITA)
11 29 May Rivisondoli to Francavilla al Mare 180 km (112 mi)   Stage with mountain(s)   Michele Dancelli (ITA)
12 30 May Francavilla al Mare to Loreto 175 km (109 mi)   Stage with mountain(s)   Miguel María Lasa (ESP)
13 31 May Loreto to Faenza 188 km (117 mi)   Plain stage   Michele Dancelli (ITA)
14 1 June Faenza to Casciana Terme 218 km (135 mi)   Plain stage   Michele Dancelli (ITA)
15 2 June Casciana Terme to Mirandola 215 km (134 mi)   Stage with mountain(s)   Marino Basso (ITA)
16 3 June Mirandola to Lido di Jesolo 195 km (121 mi)   Plain stage   Dino Zandegù (ITA)
17 4 June Lido di Jesolo to Arta Terme 165 km (103 mi)   Stage with mountain(s)   Franco Bitossi (ITA)
18 5 June Arta Terme to Marmolada 180 km (112 mi)   Stage with mountain(s)   Michele Dancelli (ITA)
19 6 June Rocca Pietore to Dobbiaco 120 km (75 mi)   Stage with mountain(s)   Franco Bitossi (ITA)
20 7 June Dobbiaco to Bolzano 155 km (96 mi)   Stage with mountain(s)   Luciano Armani (ITA)
Total 3,292 km (2,046 mi)

Classification leadershipEdit

Two different jerseys were worn during the 1970 Giro d'Italia. The leader of the general classification – calculated by adding the stage finish times of each rider – wore a pink jersey. This classification is the most important of the race, and its winner is considered as the winner of the Giro.[16]

For the points classification, which awarded a cyclamen jersey to its leader,[17] cyclists were given points for finishing a stage in the top 15.[18] Before the start of the 1970, Termozeta replaced Dreher Brewery as the sponsor of the points classification and so the color of the leader's jersey changed from red to cyclamen.[19] The mountains classification leader. The climbs were ranked in first and second categories, the former awarded 50, 30, and 20 points while the latter awarded 30, 20, and 10 points.[20] In this ranking, points were won by reaching the summit of a climb ahead of other cyclists.[20] In addition there was the Cima Coppi, the Passo Pordoi, which was the highest mountain crossed in this edition of the race, which gave 200, 100, 80, 70, and 50 points to the first five riders summit the climb.[21] The first rider over the Passo Pordoi was Luciano Armani.[20][21] Although no jersey was awarded, there was also one classification for the teams, in which the stage finish times of the best three cyclists per team were added; the leading team was the one with the lowest total time.[16]

Classification leadership by stage
Stage Winner General classification
 
Points classification
 
Mountains classification Team classification
1 Franco Bitossi Franco Bitossi Franco Bitossi not awarded ?
2 Eddy Merckx
3 Franco Bitossi Italo Zilioli
4 Marino Basso
5 Patrick Sercu
6 Enrico Paolini Martin Van Den Bossche
7 Eddy Merckx Eddy Merckx Eddy Merckx
8 Walter Godefroot
9 Eddy Merckx
10 Italo Zilioli Martin Van Den Bossche
11 Michele Dancelli
12 Miguel María Lasa
13 Michele Dancelli
14 Michele Dancelli Michele Dancelli
15 Marino Basso
16 Dino Zandegù
17 Franco Bitossi Franco Bitossi Faemino
18 Michele Dancelli Michele Dancelli Italo Zilioli
19 Franco Bitossi Franco Bitossi Martin Van Den Bossche
20 Luciano Armani
Final Eddy Merckx Franco Bitossi Martin Van Den Bossche Faemino

Final standingsEdit

Legend
      Denotes the winner of the General classification       Denotes the winner of the Points classification

General classificationEdit

Final general classification (1–10)[3][20][21]
Rank Name Team Time
1   Eddy Merckx (BEL)   Faemino 90h 08' 47"
2   Felice Gimondi (ITA) Salvarani + 3' 14"
3   Martin Van Den Bossche (BEL) Molteni + 4' 59"
4   Michele Dancelli (ITA) Molteni + 7' 07"
5   Italo Zilioli (ITA) Faemino + 8' 14"
6   Gösta Pettersson (SWE) Ferretti + 9' 20"
7   Franco Bitossi (ITA)   Filotex + 13' 10"
8   Miguel María Lasa (ESP) La Casera + 19' 25"
9   Ole Ritter (DEN) Germanvox + 21' 17"
10   Vittorio Adorni (ITA) Scic + 21' 29"

Mountains classificationEdit

Final mountains classification (1–10)[20][21]
Name Team Points
1   Martin Van Den Bossche (BEL) Molteni 460
2   Italo Zilioli (ITA) Faemino 420
3   Luciano Armani (ITA) Scic 300
4   Eddy Merckx (BEL)   Faemino 210
5   Michele Dancelli (ITA) Molteni 190
6   Franco Bitossi (ITA)   Filotex 100
7   Felice Gimondi (ITA) Salvarani 70
  Enrico Maggioni (ITA) Feretti
9   Giancarlo Polidori (ITA) Scic 60
10   Miguel María Lasa (ESP) La Casera 50

Points classificationEdit

Final points classification (1–10)[20]
Name Team Points
1   Franco Bitossi (ITA)   Filotex 252
2   Michele Dancelli (ITA) Molteni 241
3   Eddy Merckx (BEL)   Faemino 193
4   Martin Van Den Bossche (BEL) Molteni 185
5   Felice Gimondi (ITA) Salvarani 112
6   Italo Zilioli (ITA) Faemino 97
7   Walter Godefroot (ITA) Salvarani
8   Ole Ritter (DEN) Germanvox
9   Patrick Sercu (BEL) Dreher 95
10   Miguel María Lasa (ESP) La Casera 94

Traguardi tricolori classificationEdit

Final traguardi tricolori classification (1–10)[22]
Name Team Points
1   Giancarlo Polidori (ITA) Scic 130?
2   oberto Ballini (ITA) Dreher 80
3   Georges Vandenberghe (BEL) Faemino 70
4   Luigi Sgarbozza (ITA) Dreher 60
5   Michele Dancelli (ITA) Molteni 60

Teams classificationEdit

Final team classification (1–10)[20]
Team Points
1 Faemino 5830
2 Molteni 5350
3 Filotex 3890
4 Salvarani 3380
5 Scic 3140
6 Germanvox 2390
7 Ferretti 2080
8 Dreher 2020
9 La Casera 1840
10 Sagit 1200

ReferencesEdit

CitationsEdit

  1. ^ Gino Sala (8 June 1970). "Un trionfo ipotecato fin dal 24 aprile" [A triumph mortgaged since April 24th] (PDF). l'Unità (in Italian). PCI. p. 9. Archived (PDF) from the original on 10 October 2019. Retrieved 22 June 2018.
  2. ^ a b c "Gli iscritti" [Subscribers]. Corriere dello Sport (in Italian). 18 May 1970. p. 12. Archived from the original on 31 December 2014. Retrieved 7 July 2013.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i Bill and Carol McGann. "1970 Giro d'Italia". Bike Race Info. Dog Ear Publishing. Archived from the original on 27 February 2014. Retrieved 2012-07-10.
  4. ^ "Tredici Squadre: 130 Concorrenti" [Thirteen Teams: 130 Competitors] (PDF). l'Unità (in Italian). PCI. 18 May 1970. p. 5. Archived (PDF) from the original on 10 October 2019. Retrieved 22 June 2018.
  5. ^ Fotheringham 2013, p. 141.
  6. ^ "Hanno firmato i loro pronostici" [They have signed their predictions] (PDF). l'Unità (in Italian). PCI. 15 May 1970. p. 8. Archived (PDF) from the original on 10 October 2019. Retrieved 22 June 2018.
  7. ^ "<<Gimondi e la prima punta, giocheremo tutte le nostre carte>>" [<< Gimondi and the first point, we will play all our cards >>] (PDF). l'Unità (in Italian). PCI. 15 May 1970. p. 10. Archived (PDF) from the original on 10 October 2019. Retrieved 22 June 2018.
  8. ^ "Dancelli capitano di una vivace brillante pattuglia" [Dancelli, captain of a lively bright patrol] (PDF). l'Unità (in Italian). PCI. 15 May 1970. p. 11. Archived (PDF) from the original on 10 October 2019. Retrieved 22 June 2018.
  9. ^ "Gosta Pettersson e Simonetti sono gli uomini da classifica" [Gosta Pettersson e Simonetti sono gli uomini da classifica] (PDF). l'Unità (in Italian). PCI. 15 May 1970. p. 12. Archived (PDF) from the original on 10 October 2019. Retrieved 22 June 2018.
  10. ^ a b c d e f g "53e Tour d'Italie: Le depart sera donne lundi" [53rd Tour of Italy: The start will be given on Monday] (PDF). Le Confédéré (in French). 16 May 1970. p. 5. Archived from the original (PDF) on 31 May 2020 – via RERO.
  11. ^ a b Gino Sala (1 April 1970). "Questo il <<Giro>>" [This is the <<Giro>>] (PDF). l'Unità (in Italian). PCI. p. 11. Archived from the original (PDF) on 28 April 2019. Retrieved 22 June 2018.
  12. ^ "Le Montagne" [The Mountains] (PDF). l'Unità (in Italian). PCI. 1 April 1970. p. 11. Archived from the original (PDF) on 28 April 2019. Retrieved 22 June 2018.
  13. ^ "Sono ventisei le montagne" [There are twenty-six mountains] (PDF). l'Unità (in Italian). PCI. 15 May 1970. p. 7. Archived (PDF) from the original on 10 October 2019. Retrieved 22 June 2018.
  14. ^ "I 20 Giorni Di Corsa" [20 Days of Travel] (PDF). l'Unità (in Italian). PCI. 15 May 1970. p. 9. Archived (PDF) from the original on 10 October 2019. Retrieved 22 June 2018.
  15. ^ "Recital di Merckx oppure una vella sfida?" [Merckx Recital or Challenge?] (PDF). l'Unità (in Italian). PCI. 15 May 1970. p. 7. Archived (PDF) from the original on 10 October 2019. Retrieved 22 June 2018.
  16. ^ a b Laura Weislo (13 May 2008). "Giro d'Italia classifications demystified". Cycling News. Future Publishing Limited. Archived from the original on 17 June 2014. Retrieved 13 July 2013.
  17. ^ "Trofeo Dreher Forte" [Dreher Forte Trophy]. Corriere dello Sport (in Italian). 20 May 1969. p. 4. Archived from the original on 28 December 2014. Retrieved 7 July 2013.
  18. ^ "Regolamento" [Regulation]. Corriere dello Sport (in Italian). 19 May 1966. p. 9. Archived from the original on 23 December 2014. Retrieved 7 July 2013.
  19. ^ "1970". Giro d'Italia. La Gazzetta dello Sport. 2017. Archived from the original on 1 July 2017. Retrieved 13 June 2017.
  20. ^ a b c d e f g "La "Rosa" In Cifre" [The "Rose" In Figures]. Corriere dello Sport (in Italian). 8 June 1970. p. 12. Archived from the original on 23 December 2014. Retrieved 7 July 2013.
  21. ^ a b c d "Merckx Rubrico Su Previsto Triunfo" [Merckx Rubric Your Intended Triumph] (PDF) (in Spanish). El Mundo Deportivo. 8 June 1970. p. 30. Archived (PDF) from the original on 29 January 2019. Retrieved 27 May 2012.
  22. ^ "Ordine d'arrivo e classifiche" [Arrival order and classifications] (PDF). l'Unità (in Italian). PCI. 8 June 1970. p. 9. Archived (PDF) from the original on 10 October 2019. Retrieved 22 June 2018.

BibliographyEdit