Tour de Pologne

The Tour de Pologne (Polish: Wyścig Dookoła Polski, English: Tour of Poland, official abbreviation TdP,) is an annual, professional men's multiple-stage bicycle race primarily held in Poland. It consists of seven or eight stages and is usually around 1,200 km in length. The race was first held in 1928 and is considered the oldest and most important bicycle race in Poland.

Tour de Pologne
Tour de Pologne logo.svg
Race details
DateAugust
RegionPoland
English nameTour of Poland
Local name(s)Wyścig Dookoła Polski
(in Polish)
DisciplineRoad race
CompetitionUCI World Tour
TypeRace stage
OrganiserLang Team Sp. z o.o.
Race directorCzesław Lang
Web sitetourdepologne.pl Edit this at Wikidata
History
First edition1928; 94 years ago (1928)
Editions79 (as of 2022)
First winner Feliks Więcek (POL)
Most wins Dariusz Baranowski (POL)
 Andrzej Mierzejewski (POL)
 Marian Więckowski (POL)
(3 wins each)
Most recent Ethan Hayter (GBR)
Józef Stefański wins the first stage of the 1929 edition of the race.
The peloton in the 2004 Tour de Pologne.
Ondřej Sosenka was the winner of the race in 2004.
2019 Tour de Pologne stage 2 peloton finish in Katowice.
Start of the third stage of 2021 Tour de Pologne
Dariusz Baranowski the winner of the 1991, 1992, 1993 TdP.

Until 1952 the race was held sporadically, but since then it has been an annual race. Until early 1993 the race was open to amateur cyclists only and most of its winners came from Poland. Since 2009, the race has been taking place between July and August.[1]

The international cycling association, the Union Cycliste Internationale (UCI), made TdP part of the UCI ProTour in 2005, and part of the UCI World Tour, cycling's highest level of professional men's races, in 2009. In 2016, the three-stage women's competition Tour de Pologne kobiet was organised one day after the last men's stage.[2] Three riders, Dariusz Baranowski, Andrzej Mierzejewski and Marian Więckowski, share the record of most wins, with three each.[3]

HistoryEdit

BeginningsEdit

The initial concept of the TdP's multi-stage format was modeled after the popular Tour de France. The proposal for organizing the event was submitted jointly by the Warsaw Cycling Society and the Przegląd Sportowy sports newspaper published in Kraków. Thanks to their initiative, a Wyścig Dookoła Polski (Race Around Poland, the original name of the TdP) was held in the summer of 1928. The historic first edition of the race took place from 7–11 September 1928. 71 cyclists rode almost 1,500 km — the winner was Felix Więcek from the Bydgoszcz Cycling Club. The honorary patrons of the race included President of the Second Polish Republic Ignacy Mościcki while the President of the Honorary Committee was Marshal Józef Piłsudski.[4][5]

Until the outbreak of World War II, the TdP took place four times, two of which — in the years 1937 and 1939 - were won by the "Tiger of the Roads" - Bolesław Napierała.[6]

The early races differed significantly from today's. The stages were much longer (often a distance of 300 km), and riders repeatedly caught flat tires on stone-chipped roads, and made stops at local restaurants.

Post-WWIIEdit

After the war, the idea of a cycling competition around Poland was reborn. In 1947, thanks to the cooperation of the Polish Cycling Association, the publishing house Czytelnik and a group of journalists, the race was reactivated after an 8-year break. The winner after just four stages and only 606 km (the shortest route in the history of the TdP) was Stanislaw Grzelak.[7] Until 1993 it was not possible for the organizers of TdP to achieve an adequate rank for their event. This was due to the official stance of the authorities and the favoring of a different cycling event — the Peace Race. Noteworthy moments from that time period: triumphs of foreign cyclists — Francesco Locatelli (1949), Roger Diercken (1960), José Viejo (1972) and André Delcroix (from 1974); the longest edition of the race - 2,311 km and 13 stages (in 1953); and the hat-trick of victories of Marian Wieckowski (1954–56), matched only by Dariusz Baranowski (1991–93).[8]

In 1993, Czesław Lang, the 1980 Summer Olympics cycling road race silver medalist and the winner of the 1980 TdP, took over the function of TdP Director. Thanks to his persistent efforts, the TdP is now a UCI World Ranking event.[9]

In 1997, during the UCI congress in San Sebastian, TdP advanced to the professional category of 2.4, and was classified as a "National Race" (the first of its kind in Central and Eastern European countries).

At the 1999 UCI Road World Championships, the UCI Technical Commission promoted the race to Class 2.3. On 12 October 2001 the Tour was promoted to category 2.2.[10]

Since 2005Edit

In the 2005 decision of the UCI, the TdP was included in the elite of cycling events — the UCI ProTour.[11] The composition of the sample were three Grand Tours: Giro d'Italia, Tour de France, Vuelta a España, classic World Cup, staged races 2.HC category (i.e. Paris–Nice, Tour de Suisse), the classics 1.HC (i.e. La Flèche Wallonne - The Walloon Arrow) and the TdP, which was advanced by 2 categories to 2HC.

Over several years, the activities of Polish precursor of professional law enforcement — Czeslaw Lang, Kolarska amateur event, known in the mainly communist countries, has been transformed into a well-organized professional race. This resulted in the groups with the top names of professional cycling such as Danilo Di Luca (ProTour winner 2005), Laurent Brochard (professional world champion from 1997), Óscar Freire (world champion 1999, 2001 and 2004), Romāns Vainšteins (world champion from 2000), Viatcheslav Ekimov (Olympic Champion of 2000), Gianluca Bortolami (World Cup winner 1994), Erik Dekker (World Cup winner 2001), Stefano Garzelli (winner of 2000 Giro d'Italia), Vincenzo Nibali (winner of 2014 Tour de France, 2013 Giro d'Italia, 2016 Giro d'Italia and 2010 Vuelta a España), Jonas Vingegaard (winner of 2022 Tour de France) as well as cyclists like Mark Cavendish, Cadel Evans, Fabio Aru, Baden Cooke, Daniele Bennati, Richard Carapaz, Matej Mohorič, Simon Yates, Jakob Fuglsang, Dan Martin, Thibaut Pinot, Bradley Wiggins (winner of 2012 Tour de France), André Greipel, Remco Evenepoel (winner of 2022 Vuelta a España) and Peter Sagan.

Tour de Pologne received the title of "Best Sport Event of the Year" on six occasions in the Przegląd Sportowy polls in 1995, 1996, 2004, 2008, 2011 and 2015.[12]

The Czech Republic, Italy and Slovakia are the three countries which have hosted stages or part of a stage of Tour de Pologne: (Český Těšín in 2010, 2011 and 2012, Trentino South Tirol in 2013 and Štrbské Pleso in 2014).[13][14][15][16]

List of winnersEdit

Year Country Rider Team
1928   Poland Feliks Więcek Bydgoski Klub Kolarzy
1929   Poland Józef Stefański AKS Warszawa
1933   Poland Jerzy Lipiński Skoda Warszawa
1937   Poland Bolesław Napierała Polska II
1939   Poland Bolesław Napierała Syrena Warszawa
1947   Poland Stanisław Grzelak Tramwajarz Łódź
1948   Poland Wacław Wójcik Polska I
1949   Italy Francesco Locatelli Italy
1952   Poland Wacław Wójcik CWKS Warszawa
1953   Poland Mieczysław Wilczewski Unia Chorzów
1954   Poland Marian Więckowski CWKS Warszawa
1955   Poland Marian Więckowski CWKS Warszawa
1956   Poland Marian Więckowski CWKS Legia Warszawa
1957   Poland Henryk Kowalski Lechia Gdańsk
1958   Poland Bogusław Fornalczyk LZS Myszków
1959   Poland Wiesław Podobas CWKS Warszawa
1960   Belgium Roger Diercken Belgium
1961   Poland Henryk Kowalski Lechia Gdańsk
1962   Poland Jan Kudra Społem Łódź
1963   Poland Stanisław Gazda Start Bielsko
1964   Poland Rajmund Zieliński LZS Nowogard
1965   Poland Józef Beker LZS Mokrzeszów
1966   Poland Józef Gawliczek LZS II
1967   Poland Andrzej Bławdzin LZS Mazowsze
1968   Poland Jan Kudra Społem Łódź
1969   Poland Wojciech Matusiak Arkonia Szczecin
1970   Poland Jan Stachura Unia Oświęcim
1971   Poland Stanisław Szozda CWKS Legia Warszawa
1972   Spain José Luis Viejo Spain
1973   Poland Lucjan Lis Górnik Radzionków
1974   Belgium André Delcroix Belgium
1975   Poland Tadeusz Mytnik Flota Gdynia
1976   Poland Janusz Kowalski Polska
1977   Poland Lechosław Michalak Polska II
1978   Poland Jan Brzeźny Polska I
1979   Poland Henryk Charucki Metalowiec
1980   Poland Czesław Lang Polska I
1981   Poland Jan Brzeźny Polska I
1982   Poland Andrzej Mierzejewski Polska
1983   Poland Tadeusz Krawczyk Polska I
1984   Poland Andrzej Mierzejewski Polska
1985   Poland Marek Leśniewski Polska
1986   Poland Marek Kulas Polska
1987   Poland Zbigniew Piątek Polska
1988   Poland Andrzej Mierzejewski LZS I
1989   Poland Marek Wrona JZS Jelcz Oława
1990   Poland Mieczysław Karłowicz JZS Jelcz
1991   Poland Dariusz Baranowski OZKol Wałbrzych
1992   Poland Dariusz Baranowski Soia – Górnik
1993   Poland Dariusz Baranowski Pekaes Lang Rover Legia
1994   Poland Maurizio Fondriest Lampre Panaria Animex
1995   Poland Zbigniew Spruch Lampre Panaria Animex
1996   Russia Viatcheslav Djavanian Roslotto ZG
1997    Switzerland Rolf Järmann Casino – Géant
1998   Russia Serguei Ivanov TVM–Farm Frites
1999   Poland Tomasz Brożyna Mróz
2000   Poland Piotr Przydział Mat–Ceresit–CCC
2001   Czech Republic Ondřej Sosenka Ceresit–CCC–Mat
2002   France Laurent Brochard Jean Delatour
2003   Poland Cezary Zamana Action Nvidia–Mróz
2004   Czech Republic Ondřej Sosenka Acqua & Sapone
2005   Luxembourg Kim Kirchen Fassa Bortolo
2006   Germany Stefan Schumacher Gerolsteiner
2007   Belgium Johan Vansummeren Predictor–Lotto
2008   Germany Jens Voigt CSC–Saxo Bank
2009   Italy Alessandro Ballan Lampre–NGC
2010   Ireland Daniel Martin Garmin–Transitions
2011   Slovakia Peter Sagan Liquigas–Cannondale
2012   Italy Moreno Moser Liquigas–Cannondale
2013   Netherlands Pieter Weening Orica–GreenEDGE
2014   Poland Rafał Majka Tinkoff–Saxo
2015   Spain Ion Izagirre Movistar Team
2016   Belgium Tim Wellens Lotto–Soudal
2017   Belgium Dylan Teuns BMC Racing Team
2018   Poland Michał Kwiatkowski Team Sky
2019   Russia Pavel Sivakov Team Ineos
2020   Belgium Remco Evenepoel Deceuninck–Quick-Step
2021   Portugal João Almeida Deceuninck–Quick-Step
2022   United Kingdom Ethan Hayter Ineos Grenadiers

Multiple winnersEdit

Wins Rider Editions
3   Dariusz Baranowski (POL) 1991, 1992, 1993
  Andrzej Mierzejewski (POL) 1982, 1984, 1988
  Marian Więckowski (POL) 1954, 1955, 1956
2   Jan Brzeźny (POL) 1978, 1981
  Henryk Kowalski (POL) 1957, 1961
  Jan Kudra (POL) 1962, 1968
  Bolesław Napierała (POL) 1937, 1939
  Ondřej Sosenka (CZE) 2001, 2004
  Wacław Wójcik (POL) 1948, 1952

Winners by countryEdit

# Country Victories
1   Poland 52
2   Belgium 6
3   Italy 4
4   Russia 3
5   Czech Republic 2
  Germany 2
  Spain 2
7   Ireland 1
  France 1
  Luxembourg 1
  Netherlands 1
  Portugal 1
  Slovenia 1
   Switzerland 1
  United Kingdom 1

AccidentsEdit

Throughout the history of Tour de Pologne, two fatal accidents involving riders participating in the race occurred:

Records and triviaEdit

  • The longest race was the 10th edition of Tour de Pologne which consisted of 13 stages and had the total length of 2311 km while the shortest race was the 6th edition which consisted of 4 stages and had the total length of 606 km.[21][22]
  • In 2014, Jonas van Genechten set the record for the fastest speed (80 kph) attained when crossing the finishing line during the fourth stage of the race in Katowice.[23]
  • Ryszard Szurkowski, one of the most successful Polish cyclists, participated in the race between 1968 and 1984 and won a total of 15 stages but never managed to triumph in the general classification.[24]
  • There are four types of jerseys worn during the race: yellow jersey is worn by the leader of the general classification, pink jersey is worn by the leader of the mountains classification, white jersey is worn by the leader of sprints classification and navy blue jersey is worn by the leader of the active rider classification.[25]
  • Each year, around 3.5 million spectators gather along the route of Tour de Pologne to watch the race.[26]
  • The race is broadcast to over 100 countries in 20 language versions.[27]
  • On the last day of the race, amateurs can take part in Tour de Pologne Amatorów, a special race open to everyone which is organized along the same route where professional riders compete.[28]
  • Only two riders in the history of the race (Józef Stefański in 1929 and Bolesław Napierała in 1937) completed the whole race wearing the yellow jersey.[29]
  • The smallest time difference on the finishing line was 0:00:02 between Jon Izagirre and Bart De Clercq in 2015 and between Dylan Teuns and Rafał Majka in 2017.[30]
  • Two winners of Tour de Pologne have also won the UCI Road World Championships: Michał Kwiatkowski (2014)[31] and Peter Sagan (2015, 2016, 2017).[32]

See alsoEdit

External linksEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Tour de Pologne – ponad 90 lat na rowerze!" (in Polish). Retrieved 30 July 2022.
  2. ^ "Tour de Pologne Women 2016" (in Polish). Retrieved 30 July 2022.
  3. ^ "Winners". Retrieved 30 July 2022.
  4. ^ "History". Retrieved 1 August 2022.
  5. ^ "History". Retrieved 30 July 2022.
  6. ^ "Historia TDP – początki wyścigu" (in Polish). Retrieved 30 July 2022.
  7. ^ "Pedal power: the history of the Tour de Pologne". Retrieved 30 July 2022.
  8. ^ "Winners". Retrieved 30 July 2022.
  9. ^ "About me". Retrieved 30 July 2022.
  10. ^ "Tour de Pologne" (in Polish). Retrieved 30 July 2022.
  11. ^ "TOUR DE POLOGNE ENDORSES UCI'S WORLDTOUR REFORM". Retrieved 30 July 2022.
  12. ^ "Tour de Pologne Imprezą Roku w Plebiscycie "Przeglądu Sportowego" i TVP" (in Polish). Retrieved 30 July 2022.
  13. ^ "Trasa Tour de Pologne wiedzie przez Czechy" (in Polish). Retrieved 30 July 2022.
  14. ^ "Jubileuszowy Tour de Pologne rozpocznie się... we Włoszech" (in Polish). Retrieved 30 July 2022.
  15. ^ "Tour of Poland to start in Trentino, Italy in 2013". Retrieved 30 July 2022.
  16. ^ "Tour de Pologne: triumf Rafała Majki na Słowacji [5. ETAP - RELACJA]" (in Polish). Retrieved 30 July 2022.
  17. ^ "Historia: Tragiczna śmierć Myszaka w Tour de Pologne (1967)" (in Polish). Retrieved 30 July 2022.
  18. ^ "Bjorg Lambrecht: Belgian cyclist dies following crash during the Tour de Pologne". Retrieved 30 July 2022.
  19. ^ "Bjorg Lambrecht's death caused by internal hemorrhage". Retrieved 30 July 2022.
  20. ^ "Belgian cyclist Bjorg Lambrecht, 22, dies after crashing during race". Retrieved 30 July 2022.
  21. ^ "Tour de Pologne w liczbach" (in Polish). Retrieved 30 July 2022.
  22. ^ "Tour de Pologne – rekordy" (in Polish). Retrieved 30 July 2022.
  23. ^ "Ciekawostki na 90-lecie Tour de Pologne" (in Polish). Retrieved 30 July 2022.
  24. ^ "Tour de Pologne w liczbach" (in Polish). Retrieved 30 July 2022.
  25. ^ "Tour de Pologne w liczbach" (in Polish). Retrieved 30 July 2022.
  26. ^ "Tour de Pologne w liczbach" (in Polish). Retrieved 30 July 2022.
  27. ^ "Tour de Pologne w liczbach" (in Polish). Retrieved 30 July 2022.
  28. ^ "Tour de Pologne w liczbach" (in Polish). Retrieved 30 July 2022.
  29. ^ "Tour de Pologne – rekordy" (in Polish). Retrieved 30 July 2022.
  30. ^ "Tour de Pologne – rekordy" (in Polish). Retrieved 30 July 2022.
  31. ^ "History". Retrieved 1 August 2022.
  32. ^ "Peter Sagan's triple: Three years on top of the world". Retrieved 1 August 2022.