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The 1993 Tour de France was the 80th edition of the Tour de France, taking place from 3 to 25 July. It consisted of 20 stages, over a distance of 3,714 km (2,308 mi).

1993 Tour de France
Route of the 1993 Tour de France
Route of the 1993 Tour de France
Race details
Dates3–25 July
Stages20 + Prologue
Distance3,714 km (2,308 mi)
Winning time95h 57' 09"
Results
Winner  Miguel Indurain (ESP) (Banesto)
  Second  Tony Rominger (SUI) (CLAS–Cajastur)
  Third  Zenon Jaskuła (POL) (GB–MG Maglificio)

Points  Djamolidine Abdoujaparov (UZB) (Lampre–Polti)
Mountains  Tony Rominger (SUI) (CLAS–Cajastur)
  Youth  Antonio Martín (ESP) (Amaya Seguros)
  Combativity  Massimo Ghirotto (ITA) (ZG Mobili)
  Team Carrera Jeans–Tassoni
← 1992
1994 →

The winner of the previous two years, Miguel Indurain, successfully defended his title. The points classification was won by Djamolidine Abdoujaparov, while the mountains classification was won by Tony Rominger.

Contents

TeamsEdit

The organisers of the Tour, Amaury Sport Organisation (ASO), felt that it was no longer safe to have 198 cyclists in the race, as more and more traffic islands had been made, so the total number of teams was reduced from 22 to 20,[1] composing of 9 cyclists.[2] The first 14 teams were selected in May 1993, based on the FICP ranking.[3] In June 1993, six additional wildcards were given; one of which was given to a combination of two teams, Chazal–Vetta–MBK and Subaru.[4] The Subaru team did not want to be part of a mixed team, so Chazal was allowed to send a full team.[5]

The teams entering the race were:

Qualified teams

Invited teams

Pre-race favouritesEdit

The defending champion Miguel Indurain was the big favourite, having won the 1993 Giro d'Italia earlier that year.[6]

Route and stagesEdit

The route was unveiled in October 1992. Most team directors expected it to be more difficult than the 1992 Tour de France.[1]

Stage characteristics and winners[2][7][8]
Stage Date Course Distance Type Winner
P 3 July Le Puy du Fou 6.8 km (4.2 mi)   Individual time trial   Miguel Indurain (ESP)
1 4 July Luçon to Les Sables-d'Olonne 215.0 km (133.6 mi)   Plain stage   Mario Cipollini (ITA)
2 5 July Les Sables-d'Olonne to Vannes 227.5 km (141.4 mi)   Plain stage   Wilfried Nelissen (BEL)
3 6 July Vannes to Dinard 189.5 km (117.7 mi)   Plain stage   Djamolidine Abdoujaparov (UZB)
4 7 July Dinard to Avranches 81.0 km (50.3 mi)   Team time trial  GB–MG Maglificio
5 8 July Avranches to Évreux 225.5 km (140.1 mi)   Plain stage   Jesper Skibby (DEN)
6 9 July Évreux to Amiens 158.0 km (98.2 mi)   Plain stage   Johan Bruyneel (BEL)
7 10 July Péronne to Châlons-sur-Marne 199.0 km (123.7 mi)   Plain stage   Bjarne Riis (DEN)
8 11 July Châlons-sur-Marne to Verdun 184.5 km (114.6 mi)   Plain stage   Lance Armstrong (USA)
9 12 July Lac de Madine 59.0 km (36.7 mi)   Individual time trial   Miguel Indurain (ESP)
13 July Villard-de-Lans Rest day
10 14 July Villard-de-Lans to Serre Chevalier 203.0 km (126.1 mi)   Stage with mountain(s)   Toni Rominger (SUI)
11 15 July Serre Chevalier to Isola 2000 179.0 km (111.2 mi)   Stage with mountain(s)   Toni Rominger (SUI)
12 16 July Isola to Marseille 286.5 km (178.0 mi)   Plain stage   Fabio Roscioli (ITA)
13 17 July Marseille to Montpellier 181.5 km (112.8 mi)   Plain stage   Olaf Ludwig (GER)
14 18 July Montpellier to Perpignan 223.0 km (138.6 mi)   Plain stage   Pascal Lino (FRA)
15 19 July Perpignan to Pal 231.5 km (143.8 mi)   Stage with mountain(s)   Oliverio Rincón (COL)
20 July Andorra Rest day
16 21 July Andorra to Saint-Lary-Soulan Pla d'Adet 230.0 km (142.9 mi)   Stage with mountain(s)   Zenon Jaskuła (POL)
17 22 July Tarbes to Pau 190.0 km (118.1 mi)   Stage with mountain(s)   Claudio Chiappucci (ITA)
18 23 July Orthez to Bordeaux 199.5 km (124.0 mi)   Plain stage   Djamolidine Abdoujaparov (UZB)
19 24 July Brétigny-sur-Orge to Montlhéry 48.0 km (29.8 mi)   Individual time trial   Toni Rominger (SUI)
20 25 July Viry-Châtillon to Paris (Champs-Élysées) 196.5 km (122.1 mi)   Plain stage   Djamolidine Abdoujaparov (UZB)
Total 3,714 km (2,308 mi)[9]

Race overviewEdit

 
The group containing Miguel Indurain, wearing the yellow jersey as leader of the general classification, on the Col du Galibier in stage ten
 
Miguel Indurain in the penultimate stage's individual time trial

The 1993 Tour started in the same way as the 1992 Tour: Indurain won, with Alex Zülle in second place.[6] The next stages were flat, and all finished in mass sprints. After the second stage, sprinter Wilfried Nelissen had collected enough time bonuses to become leader in the general classification.[6]

The team time trial in stage four was the first stage with significant effects on the general classification. Banesto (Indurain's team) came in seventh, losing more than one minute, but the biggest loser was Tony Rominger, whose Clas team lost more than three minutes.[6]

The contenders for the overall victory saved their energy in the next few stages, and cyclists who would not be a threat in the mountains were allowed to break away, with only the sprinters' teams trying to get them back. The sixth stage was run with an average speed of almost 49.5 kilometres per hour (30.8 mph), at that moment the fastest mass-start stage in the Tour.[6]

In the ninth stage, an individual time trial, the general classification changed. Indurain was a lot faster than the other cyclists, winning the stage with a margin of more than two minutes, and became the new leader in the general classification.[6]

The next stages were in the Alps. Tony Rominger attacked, trying to win back time. Although he was able to win the stage, Indurain had followed him closely, so Rominger did not win back any time. Other pre-race favourites lost considerable time this stage and were no longer in contention, such as Claudio Chiappucci, who lost more than eight minutes.[6]

In the eleventh stage, Rominger tried it again. But again, Indurain stayed with him. Rominger won the stage again, but the margin to Indurain stayed the same. Rominger did jump to the fourth place in the general classification, because Erik Breukink lost almost ten minutes.[6]

The next three stages were relatively flat, and the top of the general classification stayed the same. In the fifteenth stage, Pyrenean climbs were included. The stage was won by Oliverio Rincón, the only survivor of an early breakaway. Behind him, Rominger again tried to get away from Indurain, but was unable to do so.[6]

In the sixteenth stage, again in the Pyreneés, Rominger was finally able to get away from Indurain, but the margin was only three seconds. The seventeenth stage was the last stage with serious climbs, so the last realistic opportunity to win back time on Indurain, but this did not happen, so it seemed certain that Indurain would become the winner.[6]

The rest of the podium was determined in the individual time trial in stage 19. It was won by Rominger, with Indurain in second place. Rominger thus climbed to the second place in the general classification.

Classification leadershipEdit

There were several classifications in the 1993 Tour de France.[10] The most important was the general classification, calculated by adding each cyclist's finishing times on each stage. The cyclist with the least accumulated time was the race leader, identified by the yellow jersey; the winner of this classification is considered the winner of the Tour.[11]

Additionally, there was a points classification, which awarded a green jersey. In the points classification, cyclists got points for finishing among the best in a stage finish, or in intermediate sprints. The cyclist with the most points lead the classification, and was identified with a green jersey.[12]

There was also a mountains classification. The organisation had categorised some climbs as either hors catégorie, first, second, third, or fourth-category; points for this classification were won by the first cyclists that reached the top of these climbs first, with more points available for the higher-categorised climbs. The cyclist with the most points lead the classification, and wore a white jersey with red polka dots.[13]

The fourth individual classification was the young rider classification, which was not marked by a jersey. This was decided the same way as the general classification, but only riders under 26 years were eligible.[14]

For the team classification, the times of the best three cyclists per team on each stage were added; the leading team was the team with the lowest total time.[15]

For the combativity award classification, a jury gave points after each stage to the cyclists they considered most combative. The cyclist with the most votes in all stages lead the classification.[15] The fair-play award was given to Gianni Bugno.[2]

Classification leadership by stage[16][17]
Stage Winner General classification
 
Points classification
 
Mountains classification
 
Young rider classification[n 1] Team classification Combativity
Award Classification
P Miguel Indurain Miguel Indurain Miguel Indurain François Simon Alex Zülle ONCE no award
1 Mario Cipollini Mario Cipollini Massimo Ghirotto Massimo Ghirotto
2 Wilfried Nelissen Wilfried Nelissen Wilfried Nelissen Wilfried Nelissen Ján Svorada Ján Svorada
3 Djamolidine Abdoujaparov Laurent Desbiens Laurent Desbiens Laurent Desbiens
4 GB–MG Maglificio Mario Cipollini no award
5 Jesper Skibby Wilfried Nelissen Davide Cassani Bjarne Riis
6 Johan Bruyneel Mario Cipollini Jacky Durand
7 Bjarne Riis Johan Museeuw Mario Cipollini Bjarne Riis Motorola Bjarne Riis Bjarne Riis
8 Lance Armstrong Davide Cassani Pascal Lance
9 Miguel Indurain Miguel Indurain Alex Zülle ONCE no award
10 Tony Rominger Tony Rominger
11 Tony Rominger Djamolidine Abdoujaparov Tony Rominger Oliverio Rincón Ariostea Davide Cassani
12 Fabio Roscioli Carrera Jeans–Tassoni Fabio Roscioli
13 Olaf Ludwig Jacky Durand
14 Pascal Lino Giancarlo Perini
15 Oliverio Rincón Richard Virenque
16 Zenon Jaskuła Antonio Martín Claudio Chiappucci
17 Claudio Chiappucci Claudio Chiappucci
18 Djamolidine Abdoujaparov Michel Vermote Massimo Ghirotto
19 Tony Rominger no award
20 Djamolidine Abdoujaparov Rolf Sørensen
Final Miguel Indurain Djamolidine Abdoujaparov Tony Rominger Antonio Martín Carrera Jeans–Tassoni Massimo Ghirotto

Final standingsEdit

Legend
  Denotes the winner of the general classification   Denotes the winner of the points classification
  Denotes the winner of the mountains classification

General classificationEdit

Final general classification (1–10)[2]
Rank Rider Team Time
1   Miguel Indurain (ESP)   Banesto 95h 57' 09"
2   Toni Rominger (SUI)   CLAS–Cajastur + 4' 59"
3   Zenon Jaskuła (POL) GB–MG Maglificio + 5' 48"
4   Alvaro Mejia (COL) Motorola + 7' 29"
5   Bjarne Riis (DEN) Ariostea + 16' 26"
6   Claudio Chiappucci (ITA) Carrera Jeans–Tassoni + 17' 18"
7   Johan Bruyneel (BEL) ONCE + 18' 04"
8   Andrew Hampsten (USA) Motorola + 20' 14"
9   Pedro Delgado (ESP) Banesto + 23' 57"
10   Vladimir Poulnikov (RUS) Carrera Jeans–Tassoni + 25' 29"

Points classificationEdit

Final points classification (1–10)[2]
Rank Rider Team Points
1   Djamolidine Abduzhaparov (UZB)   Lampre–Polti 298
2   Johan Museeuw (BEL) GB–MG Maglificio 157
3   Maximilian Sciandri (GBR) Motorola 153
4   François Simon (FRA) Castorama 149
5   Christophe Capelle (FRA) GAN 147
6   Frédéric Moncassin (FRA) WordPerfect–Colnago–Decca 145
7   Miguel Indurain (ESP)   Banesto 136
8   Bjarne Riis (DEN) Ariostea 133
9   Toni Rominger (SUI)   CLAS–Cajastur 126
10   Stefano Colagè (ITA) ZG Mobili 120

Mountains classificationEdit

Final mountains classification (1–10)[2]
Rank Rider Team Points
1   Toni Rominger (SUI)   CLAS–Cajastur 449
2   Claudio Chiappucci (ITA) Carrera Jeans–Tassoni 301
3   Oliviero Rincón (COL) Amaya Seguros 286
4   Miguel Indurain (ESP)   Banesto 239
5   Richard Virenque (FRA) Festina–Lotus 191
6   Alvaro Mejia (COL) Motorola 187
7   Davide Cassani (ITA) Ariostea 155
8   Zenon Jaskuła (POL) GB–MG Maglificio 153
9   Leonardo Sierra (VEN) ZG Mobili 136
10   Bjarne Riis (DEN) Ariostea 113

Young rider classificationEdit

Final young rider classification (1–10)[2]
Rank Rider Team Time
1   Antonio Martín (ESP) Amaya Seguros 96h 27' 00"
2   Oliviero Rincón (COL) Amaya Seguros + 3' 28"
3   Richard Virenque (FRA) Festina–Lotus + 8' 21"
4   Fernando Escartín (ESP) CLAS–Cajastur + 23' 18"
5   Bo Hamburger (DEN) TVM–Bison Kit + 23' 51"
6   Leonardo Sierra (VEN) ZG Mobili + 31' 44"
7   Dimitri Zhdanov (RUS) Novemail–Histor–Laser Computer + 45' 26"
8   Alex Zülle (SUI) ONCE + 49' 07"
9   Laurent Brochard (FRA) Castorama + 50' 26"
10   Eddy Bouwmans (NED) Novemail–Histor–Laser Computer + 53' 21"

Team classificationEdit

Final team classification (1–10)[2]
Rank Team Time
1 Carrera Jeans–Tassoni 288h 09' 5322
2 Ariostea + 47' 40"
3 CLAS–Cajastur + 48' 49"
4 Festina–Lotus + 1h 08' 42"
5 Banesto + 1h 08' 57"
6 GB–MG Maglificio + 1h 13' 59"
7 Motorola + 1h 27' 22"
8 ZG Mobili + 1h 35' 03"
9 Amaya Seguros + 1h 48' 48"
10 ONCE + 1h 51' 12"

Combativity classificationEdit

Final combativity classification (1–3)[2]
Rank Rider Team Points
1   Massimo Ghirotto (ITA) ZG Mobili 34
2   Bjarne Riis (DEN) Ariostea 25
3   Jacky Durand (FRA) Castorama 23

NotesEdit

  1. ^ A white jersey was not awarded to the leader of the young rider classification between 1989 and 1999.[14]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Abt, Samuel (30 October 1992). "Tour de France Has Rocky Road Ready For Riders in 1993". New York Times. Archived from the original on 15 September 2016. Retrieved 14 February 2017.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i "80ème Tour de France 1993" (in French). Mémoire du cyclisme. Archived from the original on 21 June 2012. Retrieved 26 September 2016.
  3. ^ "Les premières équipes pour le Tour" (in French). Le Soir. 19 May 1993. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 3 April 2013.
  4. ^ Deblander, Bruno (16 June 1993). "Sept maillots pour completer le generique du Tour de France 1993; Six invitations et une fusion" (in French). Le Soir. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 3 April 2013.
  5. ^ Abt, Samuel (17 June 1993). "Angry U.S. Bike Team Says 'No' To Sharing Tour de France Slot". New York Times. Archived from the original on 15 September 2016. Retrieved 3 April 2013.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j McGann & McGann 2008, pp. 211–216.
  7. ^ Augendre 2016, p. 84.
  8. ^ Zwegers, Arian. "Tour de France GC top ten". CVCC. Archived from the original on 16 May 2008. Retrieved 15 August 2011.
  9. ^ Augendre 2016, p. 110.
  10. ^ Nauright & Parrish 2012, pp. 452–455.
  11. ^ Nauright & Parrish 2012, pp. 452–453.
  12. ^ Nauright & Parrish 2012, pp. 453–454.
  13. ^ Nauright & Parrish 2012, p. 454.
  14. ^ a b Nauright & Parrish 2012, pp. 454–455.
  15. ^ a b Nauright & Parrish 2012, p. 455.
  16. ^ "Tour de France 1993 – Leaders overview". ProCyclingStats. Archived from the original on 16 February 2019. Retrieved 16 February 2019.
  17. ^ van den Akker, Pieter. "Informatie over de Tour de France van 1993" [Information about the Tour de France from 1993]. TourDeFranceStatistieken.nl (in Dutch). Archived from the original on 2 March 2019. Retrieved 2 March 2019.

BibliographyEdit

Further readingEdit

External linksEdit

  Media related to 1993 Tour de France at Wikimedia Commons