Brétigny-sur-Orge

Brétigny-sur-Orge (French pronunciation: [bʁetiɲi syʁ ɔʁʒ] (About this soundlisten), literally Brétigny on Orge) is a commune in the southern suburbs of Paris, France, 26.7 km (16.6 mi) from the city center.

Brétigny-sur-Orge
The residential zone of La Fontaine and the castle eponymous at the bottom.
The residential zone of La Fontaine and the castle eponymous at the bottom.
Coat of arms of Brétigny-sur-Orge
Coat of arms
Location (in red) within Paris inner and outer suburbs
Location (in red) within Paris inner and outer suburbs
Location of Brétigny-sur-Orge
Brétigny-sur-Orge is located in France
Brétigny-sur-Orge
Brétigny-sur-Orge
Location (in red) within Paris inner and outer suburbs
Brétigny-sur-Orge is located in Île-de-France (region)
Brétigny-sur-Orge
Brétigny-sur-Orge
Brétigny-sur-Orge (Île-de-France (region))
Coordinates: 48°36′41″N 2°18′21″E / 48.6114°N 2.3059°E / 48.6114; 2.3059Coordinates: 48°36′41″N 2°18′21″E / 48.6114°N 2.3059°E / 48.6114; 2.3059
CountryFrance
RegionÎle-de-France
DepartmentEssonne
ArrondissementPalaiseau
CantonBrétigny-sur-Orge
IntercommunalityCA Cœur d'Essonne
Government
 • Mayor (2020–2026) Nicolas Méary[1]
Area
1
14.56 km2 (5.62 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2018)[2]
26,878
 • Density1,800/km2 (4,800/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
91103 /91220
Elevation41–97 m (135–318 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Origin of the city nameEdit

The name of the settlement is attested as Britiniacum in 1146, as Bretigniacum in 1548, and subsequently[when?] as Breteigny.

The origins of Brétigny start in the era of Roman Gaul. The etymology comes from the Latin britiniacum, which means "property of the Breton". The name certifies that this territory was during that period dedicated to a Breton, coming from (Great) Britain, during the period of Briton migration (6th century). Brétigny afterwards belonged to the royal estate of the Merovingian kings (from the 5th century until the 8th century).

At the time of the creation of the commune, the city name was spelled without any accent. This accent was added in 1801, and the name of the river ("on Orge") was added in 1898.

TransportEdit

It is served by Brétigny station on Paris RER line C.

On 12 July 2013 an intercity train derailed shortly after 17.00, killing at least 6 people.[3][4]

PeopleEdit

Inhabitants of Brétigny-sur-Orge are known as Brétignolais.

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1793 700—    
1800 725+0.50%
1806 789+1.42%
1821 792+0.03%
1831 781−0.14%
1836 729−1.37%
1841 808+2.08%
1846 830+0.54%
1851 829−0.02%
1856 868+0.92%
1861 943+1.67%
1866 1,015+1.48%
1872 1,093+1.24%
1876 983−2.62%
1881 1,065+1.62%
1886 1,180+2.07%
1891 1,160−0.34%
1896 1,134−0.45%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901 1,251+1.98%
1906 1,329+1.22%
1911 1,438+1.59%
1921 2,205+4.37%
1926 2,640+3.67%
1931 3,076+3.10%
1936 3,300+1.42%
1946 3,673+1.08%
1954 4,759+3.29%
1962 6,830+4.62%
1968 12,688+10.87%
1975 19,572+6.39%
1982 18,662−0.68%
1990 19,671+0.66%
1999 21,650+1.07%
2007 22,837+0.67%
2012 25,214+2.00%
2017 26,528+1.02%
Source: EHESS[5] and INSEE (1968-2017)[6]

Notable Brétignolais include:

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Répertoire national des élus: les maires". data.gouv.fr, Plateforme ouverte des données publiques françaises (in French). 2 December 2020. Retrieved 11 December 2020.
  2. ^ "Populations légales 2018". INSEE. 28 December 2020.
  3. ^ > Par Frédéric Frangeul avec AFP <!. "Un train déraille à Brétigny-sur-Orge". Europe1.fr. Archived from the original on 2013-07-15. Retrieved 2013-07-14.
  4. ^ "Deadly French train crash at Bretigny-sur-Orge". BBC News. 2013-07-12. Retrieved 12 July 2013.
  5. ^ Des villages de Cassini aux communes d'aujourd'hui: Commune data sheet Brétigny-sur-Orge, EHESS. (in French)
  6. ^ Population en historique depuis 1968, INSEE

External linksEdit