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Milan–San Remo (in Italian Milano-Sanremo), also called "The Spring classic" or "La Classicissima", is an annual cycling race between Milan and Sanremo, in Northwest Italy. With a distance of 298 km (~185.2 miles) it is the longest professional one-day race in modern cycling. It is the first major classic race of the season, usually held on the third Saturday of March. The first edition was held in 1907.[1]

Milan–San Remo
2018 Milan–San Remo
Milan–San Remo logo.svg
Date Mid-March
Region Northwest Italy
English name Milan–San Remo
Local name(s) Milano–Sanremo (in Italian)
Nickname(s) The Spring classic (in English)
La Classicissima di primavera (in Italian)
Discipline Road
Competition UCI World Tour
Type One-day cycling race
Organiser RCS Sport
Race director Mauro Vegni
First edition 1907 (1907)
Editions 109 (as of 2018)
First winner  Lucien Petit-Breton (FRA)
Most wins  Eddy Merckx (BEL) (7 wins)
Most recent  Vincenzo Nibali (ITA)

Today it is one of the five Monuments of cycling.[2] It was the opening race of the UCI Road World Cup series until the series was replaced by the UCI ProTour in 2005 and the World Tour in 2011.

The most successful rider with seven victories is Belgian Eddy Merckx.[3] Italian Costante Girardengo achieved 11 podium finishes in the interwar period, winning the race six times. In modern times, German Erik Zabel and Spaniard Óscar Freire have recorded four and three wins respectively.

Milan–San Remo is considered a sprinters classic because of its mainly flat course,[2] whereas the other Italian Monument race, the Giro di Lombardia, held in autumn, is considered a climbers classic.[4]

From 1999 to 2005, a women's race, the Primavera Rosa, was organized alongside the men's but at a shorter distance.[5]

Contents

HistoryEdit

The pioneering daysEdit

The idea of a bike race between Milan and Sanremo originated from the Unione Sportiva Sanremese.[1] A first amateur race was held on 2 and 3 April 1906 over two stages (Milan–Acqui Terme and Acqui Terme–Sanremo);[6] albeit with little success. Milanese journalist Tullo Morgagni, who had launched the Tour of Lombardy in 1905, put forth the idea of organizing a professional cycling race in a single day over the course. He proposed the project to Eugenio Costamagna, the director of the popular sports newspaper Gazzetta dello Sport, who took on the organization.[1]

 
Lucien Petit-Breton won Milan–San Remo's first running in 1907.

On 14 April 1907 the first official edition of Milan–San Remo was held. The start was at the Conca Fallata inn of Milan at 5 a.m. Sixty riders registered, but only 33 took the start. The inaugural contest was especially hard as it was affected by exceptionally cold weather. It was won by Frenchman Lucien Petit-Breton, who completed the 286 kilometers (177 miles) in an average speed of 26.206 km/h (16.5 mph).[1] Only 14 riders finished.

The race was a commercial success and attracted some of the best riders of European cycling, prompting the Gazzetta dello Sport to organize a second edition in 1908, won by Belgium's Cyrille Van Hauwaert. The first Italian winner of Milan–San Remo was Luigi Ganna who won in 1909 by an hour over Frenchman Emile Georget.

In 1910 the Primavera gained eternal fame and a place in cycling legend because of the extreme weather conditions.[1] Riders needed to take refuge in the houses along the roads because a severe snowstorm scourged the peloton.[7] Just four out of 63 riders finished the race. Frenchman Eugène Christophe won, even though he thought he had taken a wrong road and did not realize he was the first to reach Sanremo. Christophe finished the race in 12 hours and 24 minutes, making it the slowest edition ever. Giovanni Cocchi finished second at 1h 17 minutes from the winner.[8]

La ClassicissimaEdit

 
Costante Girardengo being honored for his win in the 1923 Milan–San Remo.

After the pioneering days of the race, began the era of Costante Girardengo, who connected his name indelibly to the classic. From 1917 to 1928 Girardengo had a record 11 podium finishes, six times as winner. Subsequent years were marked by the rivalry between Learco Guerra and Alfredo Binda, whose emulation caused them to lose several certain victories. A similar rivalry was the one in the 1940s with the mythical years of Fausto Coppi and Gino Bartali, whose duels were the subject of intense coverage and resulted in epic races.

Milan–San Remo was at the peak of its popularity and the Italian press started to coin the untranslatable term La Classicissima, the greatest of all classics.[2] From 1935 to 1953 the race was run every year on 19 March, the feast of patron Saint Joseph, hence the press in predominantly Catholic Italy gave it its other nickname, la Gara di San Giuseppe (Saint Joseph's Race). In 1949 the race finished for the first time on the iconic Via Roma, a busy shopping street in the heart of Sanremo.

As from the 1950s the race was mainly won by Belgian and Spanish sprinters, and after 1953, Italian riders could not seal a victory for 17 years.[6] In 1960 race director Vincenzo Torriani added the climb of the Poggio, just before the arrival in Sanremo.[1] The intent was to make the race finale harder, but the decision did not have the aspired effect and the streak of non-Italian victories continued.

In 1966 began the legendary era of Eddy Merckx, who achieved an unsurpassed record of seven victories.[3] Seven wins is also the record number of victories by a rider in a single classic to date. After the Cannibal's streak no rider could dominate Milan–San Remo again until 1997,[9] when German Erik Zabel began a series of four victories and two second places.[3][10]

The Sprinters ClassicEdit

 
Italian Sprinter Alessandro Petacchi winning the 2005 Milan–San Remo in a group sprint on the Via Roma.

In 1990 Italian Gianni Bugno set a race record of 6h 25 m 06 seconds to win by 4 seconds over Rolf Gölz, averaging 45.8 kmh (28.45 mph). Another memorable running was the one in 1992, when Seán Kelly caught Moreno Argentin in the descent of the Poggio and beat the Italian in a two-man sprint.[3] It was Kelly's penultimate career win. In between Erik Zabel's wins, Andrei Tchmil won the 1999 contest, after he launched a decisive attack under the one-kilometer banner and narrowly stayed ahead of the sprinting peloton, with Zabel coming in second place.[11]

In 2004 Zabel could have won a fifth time, but lost to Óscar Freire only because he lifted his arms to celebrate and stopped pedalling too early.[3][12] Freire would go on to secure a total of three Primavera wins in later years.[13] In 2008 the finish was moved to a different location for the first time in 59 years, due to road works on the Via Roma. Swiss Fabian Cancellara was the first winner on the Lungomare Italo Calvino, after an ultimate solo attack in the streets of San Remo.[14]

In 2009 the 100th edition of Milan–San Remo was held, won by British sprinter Mark Cavendish on his first attempt.[15] Cavendish beat Australian Heinrich Haussler in a millimeter sprint.[16]

 
Michał Kwiatkowski won the 2017 contest in a three-man sprint with Peter Sagan and Julian Alaphilippe.

The race of 2013 was affected by abysmal weather conditions from start to finish. Heavy snowfall and below-zero temperatures forced organizers to shorten the race by 52 kilometres (32 miles) eliminating two key climbs – the Passo del Turchino and Le Manie – and arranging a bus transfer for the race to begin a second time.[17] The race was won by German Gerald Ciolek who outsprinted Peter Sagan and Fabian Cancellara.[18]

In 2015 race director Mauro Vegni decided to move the finish back to the Via Roma after seven years on the seaside, stating the change would be for 2015 and beyond.[19] German John Degenkolb won the race ahead of previous winner Alexander Kristoff.[20] The 2016 race was won by French sprinter Arnaud Démare in a bunch sprint, but Démare was accused after the race of having used the tow of his teamcar to rejoin the pack on the Cipressa climb.[21] Démare rebuffed these allegations, stating that the race commissioners were right behind him and would have disqualified him had he done something illegal.[22][N 1]

In 2017 Michał Kwiatkowski became the first Polish winner of Milan–San Remo in a three-up sprint finish with world champion Peter Sagan and Julian Alaphilippe after the trio broke clear on the race's final climb – the Poggio di San Remo.[24]

RouteEdit

Present courseEdit

 
Route of the 2011 edition

Upon its inception, Milan–San Remo was conceived as a straightforward line from Milan, the industrial heart of Northern Italy, to San Remo, the fashionable seaside resort on the Italian Riviera with its trademark Belle Epoque villas. The race starts on the Piazza del Duomo in the heart of Milan and immediately heads to the southwest, over the plains of Lombardy and Piedmont, along the cities of Pavia, Voghera, Tortona, Novi Ligure and Ovada. As the race enters Liguria, the peloton addresses the Passo del Turchino, the first climb of the day, after 140 km.[25][26]

After the descent of the Turchino the race reaches the Ligurian Sea in Voltri at halfway point. From here the course follows the Aurelia highway to the west,[25] with its spectacular and typical scenery along the Ligurian Coast. The race crosses the towns of Arenzano, Varazze, Savona, Finale Ligure, Pietra Ligure, Loano, Borghetto Santo Spirito, Ceriale and Albenga, followed by the seaside resorts along the Riviera dei Fiori (Alassio, Andora, Diano Marina and Imperia). Between Alassio and Imperia, three short hills along the coast are included: the Capo Mele, Capo Cervo and Capo Berta.[27] In San Lorenzo al Mare the course turns inwards to the Cipressa, the next climb, with its top at 22 km from the finish. After the towns of Santo Stefano al Mare and Arma di Taggia comes the last and most famous climb, the Poggio di Sanremo, in fact a suburb of San Remo, built upon a hill along the sea.

From the top of the Poggio, 5.4 km from the finish, the course heads down via a fast and curvy descent towards the center of San Remo where the race traditionally finishes on the Via Roma, the city's illustrious shopping street.[25][27]

Race characteristicsEdit

Being the longest professional one-day race, Milan–San Remo is an unusual test of endurance early in the season.[25][28] It is often won not by the fastest sprinter, but by the strongest and best prepared rider with a strong sprint finish. The Cipressa and Poggio have foiled many sprinters who could not stay with the front group.

 
Profile of the 2015 edition

In the early years the only significant difficulty was the Passo del Turchino, which was often a pivotal site of the race – but when cycling became more professional, the climb was not demanding enough and too far from the finish to be decisive. In 1960 the Poggio, a 4 km climb just a few kilometres before the finish, was introduced. In 1982 the Cipressa, near Imperia was added.[1] The other hills are the Capo Mele, Capo Cervo and Capo Berta. From 2008 to 2014 the organizers added the climb of Le Manie as well, between the Turchino and the Capi.[6] The Turchino and Le Manie are longer climbs, meant to cause a first selection in the peloton, while the Capi, Cipressa and Poggio are rather short, inviting attackers to distance the peloton.

In recent years there has rarely been a big selection in the latter stages of the race. Many sprinters are able to keep up with the main peloton on the climbs, and therefore the race most often ends in a group sprint. Nonetheless, the location of the Poggio close to the finish has often meant that riders' position on top of the Poggio is crucial in order to win the race.[29]

Despite its flat course and long finishing straight, sprinters' teams have been foiled from time to time by a determined attack on the last hills. Good examples include Laurent Jalabert and Maurizio Fondriest escaping in 1995 and staying ahead to the finish.[30] In 2003, Paolo Bettini attacked with Luca Paolini and Mirko Celestino to stay ahead. In 2012 Vincenzo Nibali and Fabian Cancellara attacked on the Poggio, followed by Australian Simon Gerrans who outsprinted them at the finish.[31] In 2018 Nibali attacked on the final bends of the Poggio, resisting the return of the group to win by a small margin.

Proposed changesEdit

Milan–San Remo has had little significant course changes since its first edition, and organizers have made it a matter of honour to stay true to the original intent.[6]

 
View on Pompeiana, a proposed new site for Milan–San Remo

The last change to the course was the inclusion of Le Manie, in 2008. In September 2013, organiser RCS Sport announced the race would include the Pompeiana climb between the Cipressa and Poggio.[32] To keep the race at a reasonable distance, it would exclude Le Manie. The Pompeiana, named after the village the road passes, climbs five kilometres with a 13% maximum gradient, and would therefore be the most difficult climb in the race finale.[6]

The proposed route was reversed just weeks before the race in March 2014, when the Pompeiana had been damaged by recent landslides, making it too dangerous for a cycling race to pass.[33] Hence the race was re-routed and made more traditional and sprinter-friendly. This led to a number of sprinters, who had earlier ruled themselves out due to the addition of the extra climb, including Mark Cavendish, declaring their interest in riding again.[34]

In 2015, the climb of Le Manie was cut from the race, and neither was the Pompeiana included in the trajectory. With this pre-2008 route, race organizers stated they want to respect the race's traditional course.[35]

WinnersEdit

Rider Team
1907   Petit-Breton, LucienLucien Petit-Breton (FRA) Peugeot–Wolber
1908   Hauwaert, Cyrille vanCyrille van Hauwaert (BEL) Alcyon–Dunlop
1909   Ganna, LuigiLuigi Ganna (ITA) Atala–Dunlop
1910   Christophe, EugeneEugène Christophe (FRA) Alcyon–Dunlop
1911   Garrigou, GustaveGustave Garrigou (FRA) Alcyon–Dunlop
1912   Pelissier, HenriHenri Pélissier (FRA) Alcyon–Dunlop
1913   Defraye, OdileOdile Defraye (BEL) Alcyon–Soly
1914   Agostoni, UgoUgo Agostoni (ITA) Bianchi–Dei
1915   Corlaita, EzioEzio Corlaita (ITA) Dei
1916 No race due to World War I
1917   Belloni, GaetanoGaetano Belloni (ITA) Bianchi
1918   Girardengo, CostanteCostante Girardengo (ITA) Bianchi
1919   Gremo, AngeloAngelo Gremo (ITA) Stucchi–Dunlop
1920   Belloni, GaetanoGaetano Belloni (ITA) Bianchi
1921   Girardengo, CostanteCostante Girardengo (ITA) Stucchi–Pirelli
1922   Brunero, GiovanniGiovanni Brunero (ITA) Legnano–Pirelli
1923   Girardengo, CostanteCostante Girardengo (ITA) Maino
1924   Linari, PietroPietro Linari (ITA) Legnano–Pirelli
1925   Girardengo, CostanteCostante Girardengo (ITA) Wolsit–Pirelli
1926   Girardengo, CostanteCostante Girardengo (ITA) Wolsit–Pirelli
1927   Chesi, PietroPietro Chesi (ITA) Ives-Pirelli
1928   Girardengo, CostanteCostante Girardengo (ITA) Maino–Dunlop
1929   Binda, AlfredoAlfredo Binda (ITA) Legnano–Torpedo
1930   Mara, MicheleMichele Mara (ITA) Bianchi
1931   Binda, AlfredoAlfredo Binda (ITA) Legnano–Hutchinson
1932   Bovet, AlfredoAlfredo Bovet (ITA) Bianchi
1933   Guerra, LearcoLearco Guerra (ITA) Maino–Clément
1934   Demuysere, JefJef Demuysere (BEL) Genial Lucifer–Hutchinson
1935   Olmo, GiuseppeGiuseppe Olmo (ITA) Bianchi
1936   Varetto, AngeloAngelo Varetto (ITA) Gloria
1937   Del Cancia, CesareCesare Del Cancia (ITA) Ganna
1938   Olmo, GiuseppeGiuseppe Olmo (ITA) Bianchi
1939   Bartali, GinoGino Bartali (ITA) Legnano
1940   Bartali, GinoGino Bartali (ITA) Legnano
1941   Favalli, PierinoPierino Favalli (ITA) Legnano
1942   Leoni, AdolfoAdolfo Leoni (ITA) Bianchi
1943   Cinelli, CinoCino Cinelli (ITA) Bianchi
1944 No race due to World War II
1945 No race due to World War II
1946   Coppi, FaustoFausto Coppi (ITA) Bianchi
1947   Bartali, GinoGino Bartali (ITA) Legnano–Pirelli
1948   Coppi, FaustoFausto Coppi (ITA) Bianchi
1949   Coppi, FaustoFausto Coppi (ITA) Bianchi–Ursus
1950   Bartali, GinoGino Bartali (ITA) Bartali–Gardiol
1951   Bobet, LouisonLouison Bobet (FRA) Stella
1952   Petrucci, LorettoLoretto Petrucci (ITA) Bianchi–Pirelli
1953   Petrucci, LorettoLoretto Petrucci (ITA) Bianchi–Pirelli
1954   Steenbergen, Rik VanRik Van Steenbergen (BEL) Mercier–BP–Hutchinson
1955   Derijcke, GermainGermain Derijcke (BEL) Alcyon–Dunlop
1956   Bruyne, Fred DeFred De Bruyne (BEL) Mercier–BP–Hutchinson
1957   Poblet, MiguelMiguel Poblet (ESP) Ignis–Doniselli
1958   Looy, Rik VanRik Van Looy (BEL) Faema–Guerra
1959   Poblet, MiguelMiguel Poblet (ESP) Ignis–Frejus
1960   Privat, ReneRené Privat (FRA) Mercier–BP–Hutchinson
1961   Poulidor, RaymondRaymond Poulidor (FRA) Mercier–BP–Hutchinson
1962   Daems, EmileEmile Daems (BEL) Philco
1963   Groussard, JosephJoseph Groussard (FRA) Pelforth–Sauvage–Lejeune
1964   Simpson, TomTom Simpson (GBR) Peugeot–BP–Englebert
1965   Hartog, Arie denArie den Hartog (NED) Ford France–Gitane
1966   Merckx, EddyEddy Merckx (BEL) Peugeot–Dunlop
1967   Merckx, EddyEddy Merckx (BEL) Peugeot–BP–Michelin
1968   Altig, RudiRudi Altig (GER) Salvarani
1969   Merckx, EddyEddy Merckx (BEL) Faema
1970   Dancelli, MicheleMichele Dancelli (ITA) Molteni
1971   Merckx, EddyEddy Merckx (BEL) Molteni
1972   Merckx, EddyEddy Merckx (BEL) Molteni
1973   De Vlaeminck, RogerRoger De Vlaeminck (BEL) Brooklyn
1974   Gimondi, FeliceFelice Gimondi (ITA) Bianchi–Campagnolo
1975   Merckx, EddyEddy Merckx (BEL) Molteni–RYC
1976   Merckx, EddyEddy Merckx (BEL) Molteni–Campagnolo
1977   Raas, JanJan Raas (NED) Frisol–Thirion–Gazelle
1978   De Vlaeminck, RogerRoger De Vlaeminck (BEL) Sanson–Campagnolo
1979   De Vlaeminck, RogerRoger De Vlaeminck (BEL) Gis Gelati
1980   Gavazzi, PierinoPierino Gavazzi (ITA) Magniflex–Olmo
1981   De Wolf, AlfonsAlfons De Wolf (BEL) Vermeer Thijs
1982   Gomez, MarcMarc Gomez (FRA) Wolber–Spidel
1983   Saronni, GiuseppeGiuseppe Saronni (ITA) Del Tongo–Colnago
1984   Moser, FrancescoFrancesco Moser (ITA) Gis Gelati–Tuc Lu
1985   Kuiper, HennieHennie Kuiper (NED) Verandalux–Dries
1986   Kelly, SeanSean Kelly (IRL) Kas
1987   Maechler, ErichErich Maechler (SUI) Carrera Jeans–Vagabond
1988   Fignon, LaurentLaurent Fignon (FRA) Système U–Gitane
1989   Fignon, LaurentLaurent Fignon (FRA) Super U–Raleigh–Fiat
1990   Bugno, GianniGianni Bugno (ITA) Chateau d'Ax–Salotti
1991   Chiappucci, ClaudioClaudio Chiappucci (ITA) Carrera Jeans–Tassoni
1992   Kelly, SeanSean Kelly (IRL) Lotus–Festina
1993   Fondriest, MaurizioMaurizio Fondriest (ITA) Lampre–Polti
1994   Furlan, GiorgioGiorgio Furlan (ITA) Gewiss–Ballan
1995   Jalabert, LaurentLaurent Jalabert (FRA) ONCE
1996   Colombo, GabrieleGabriele Colombo (ITA) Gewiss Playbus
1997   Zabel, ErikErik Zabel (GER) Team Telekom
1998   Zabel, ErikErik Zabel (GER) Team Telekom
1999   Tchmil, AndreiAndrei Tchmil (BEL) Lotto–Mobistar
2000   Zabel, ErikErik Zabel (GER) Team Telekom
2001   Zabel, ErikErik Zabel (GER) Team Telekom
2002   Cipollini, MarioMario Cipollini (ITA) Acqua e Sapone–Cantina Tollo
2003   Bettini, PaoloPaolo Bettini (ITA) Quick-Step–Davitamon
2004   Freire, OscarÓscar Freire (ESP) Rabobank
2005   Petacchi, AlessandroAlessandro Petacchi (ITA) Fassa Bortolo
2006   Pozzato, FilippoFilippo Pozzato (ITA) Quick-Step–Innergetic
2007   Freire, OscarÓscar Freire (ESP) Rabobank
2008   Cancellara, FabianFabian Cancellara (SUI) Team CSC
2009   Cavendish, MarkMark Cavendish (GBR) Team Columbia–High Road
2010   Freire, OscarÓscar Freire (ESP) Rabobank
2011   Goss, MattMatthew Goss (AUS) HTC–Highroad
2012   Gerrans, SimonSimon Gerrans (AUS) GreenEDGE
2013   Ciolek, GeraldGerald Ciolek (GER) MTN–Qhubeka
2014   Kristoff, AlexanderAlexander Kristoff (NOR) Team Katusha
2015   Degenkolb, JohnJohn Degenkolb (GER) Team Giant–Alpecin
2016   Démare, ArnaudArnaud Démare (FRA) FDJ
2017   Kwiatkowski, MichałMichał Kwiatkowski (POL) Team Sky
2018   Nibali, VincenzoVincenzo Nibali (ITA) Bahrain–Merida

Most winsEdit

Riders in italics are still active

Wins Rider Editions
7   Eddy Merckx (BEL) 1966, 1967, 1969, 1971, 1972, 1975, 1976
6   Costante Girardengo (ITA) 1918, 1921, 1923, 1925, 1926, 1928
4   Gino Bartali (ITA) 1939, 1940, 1947, 1950
  Erik Zabel (GER) 1997, 1998, 2000, 2001
3   Fausto Coppi (ITA) 1946, 1948, 1949
  Roger De Vlaeminck (BEL) 1973, 1978, 1979
  Óscar Freire (ESP) 2004, 2007, 2010
2   Gaetano Belloni (ITA) 1917, 1920
  Alfredo Binda (ITA) 1929, 1931
  Giuseppe Olmo (ITA) 1935, 1938
  Loretto Petrucci (ITA) 1952, 1953
  Miguel Poblet (ESP) 1957, 1959
  Laurent Fignon (FRA) 1988, 1989
  Seán Kelly (IRL) 1986, 1992

Wins per countryEdit

Wins Country
51   Italy
20   Belgium
13   France
7   Germany
5   Spain
3   Netherlands
2   Australia
  Ireland
  United Kingdom
   Switzerland
1   Norway
  Poland

Primavera RosaEdit

From 1999 to 2005 seven editions of Milan–San Remo for women were held. The race was organized on the same day and finished in Sanremo shortly before the men, but covered a shorter distance. The start was not in Milan, but in Varazze, hence it was named Primavera Rosa. It was part of the UCI Women's Road World Cup. The 2006 edition was initially planned but cancelled before the event.[36] Russian Zoulfia Zabirova was the only rider to win twice.

Granfondo Milano-SanremoEdit

The Granfondo Milano-Sanremo is an annual cyclosportive event for recreational cyclists over the same course as the professional race from Milan to San Remo. It is one of the oldest Granfondos in Italy, founded in 1971 by the Unione Cicloturistica Sanremo and popular among cyclotourists from all over the world. It is held every Spring, in recent years in late April.[37][38]

TriviaEdit

The race features in the 1980 Italian comedy film Fantozzi contro tutti.

NotesEdit

  1. ^ On 8 May 2016, it became public that the Italian Cycling Federation was making inquiries into the accusations about Démare. Matteo Tosatto, one of the riders who accused Démare, stated that he had given written testimony to officials about the incident.[23]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "Storia della Milano-Sanremo". La Gazzetta dello Sport (in Italian). RCS MediaGroup. Retrieved 17 March 2015. 
  2. ^ a b c "Milano-Sanremo". uci.ci. UCI. Retrieved 18 February 2016. 
  3. ^ a b c d e Hood, Edmond. "Milan-Sanremo Preview: La Primavera". Pezcyclingnews.com. Retrieved 18 February 2016. 
  4. ^ "Il Lombardia". uci.ch. UCI. Retrieved 20 February 2016. 
  5. ^ Westemeyer, Susan. "Women's Milan-San Remo cancelled". Cycling News. Retrieved 29 May 2015. 
  6. ^ a b c d e "Milan-Sanremo's Ever-Changing Route". The Inner Ring. Retrieved 17 April 2015. 
  7. ^ "3 aprile 1910 - Milano-Sanremo". museociclismo.it (in Italian). Retrieved 27 February 2016. 
  8. ^ "1910 Milano - San Remo". bikeraceinfo.com. Retrieved 27 February 2016. 
  9. ^ "Milan-San Remo - World Cup Round. 88th Milano-San Remo Race Report". Cycling News. Retrieved 17 February 2016. 
  10. ^ "Milan - San Remo, World Cup Round 1 Results and Reports Italy, March 21, 1998. Erik Zabel Triumphs". Cycling News. Retrieved 17 February 2016. 
  11. ^ "90th Milan - San Remo. Summary". Cycling News. Archived from the original on 20 March 1999. Retrieved 17 February 2016. 
  12. ^ Henry, Chris. "95th Milan-San Remo post race wrap. Freire fastest at San Remo". Cycling News. Retrieved 17 February 2016. 
  13. ^ "Milan-San Remo 2010: Spain's Óscar Freire wins in sprint finish". The Telegraph. Retrieved 17 February 2016. 
  14. ^ Abrahams, Ben. "Swiss timing: Cancellara strikes in Sanremo". Cycling News. Retrieved 17 February 2016. 
  15. ^ Haake, Bjorn; Westemeyer, Susan; Brown, Gregor. "100th Milano-Sanremo. Cavendish pips Haussler on the line". Cycling News. Retrieved 17 February 2016. 
  16. ^ "Mark Cavendish wins Milan-San Remo". Cycling Weekly. Retrieved 17 February 2016. 
  17. ^ MacMichael, Simon (17 March 2013). "Snow and TV schedules wreak havoc as race shortened". Road.cc. Farrelly Atkinson. Retrieved 15 February 2015. 
  18. ^ "Cycling - Ciolek wins snow-shortened Milan-San Remo". Yahoo Eurosport UK. 17 March 2013. Archived from the original on 20 March 2013. 
  19. ^ Brown, Gregor. "Milano-Sanremo brings back Via Roma finish, favoring attackers". VeloNews. 
  20. ^ Ryan, Barry (21 May 2015). "Degenkolb wins Milan-San Remo". Cyclingnews.com. Retrieved 22 March 2015. 
  21. ^ "Riders accuse Demare of taking a tow from a team car during Milan-San Remo". cyclingnews.com. 20 March 2016. Retrieved 21 March 2016. 
  22. ^ "Demare hits back at Milan-San Remo tow allegations". cyclingnews.com. 20 March 2016. Retrieved 21 March 2016. 
  23. ^ "Italian Federation investigating Arnaud Demare's Milan-San Remo victory". cyclingnews.com. 8 May 2016. Retrieved 9 May 2016. 
  24. ^ Robertshaw, Henry (18 March 2017). "Brilliant Michal Kwiatkowski edges out Peter Sagan to win Milan-San Remo 2017". Cycling Weekly. Time Inc. UK. Retrieved 18 March 2017. 
  25. ^ a b c d Farrand, Stephen. "Milan-San Remo preview". Cycling News. Archived from the original on 18 March 2016. Retrieved 17 February 2016. 
  26. ^ "revistadesdelacuneta.com". revistadesdelacuneta.com. Archived from the original on 2015-09-24. 
  27. ^ a b Condé, Mikkel. "2015 Milan–San Remo Preview". cyclingtips.com. Retrieved 18 February 2016. 
  28. ^ "LeMond predicts sprint finish at Milan-San Remo 2015". The Telegraph. Retrieved 18 February 2016. 
  29. ^ "Milan–San Remo Preview 2015". The Inner Ring. Retrieved 18 February 2016. 
  30. ^ "Milano - Sanremo 1995 (CDM)". Cycling Fever. Retrieved 17 February 2016. 
  31. ^ MacLeary, John. "Milan San-Remo 2012: GreenEdge's Simon Gerrans makes it two in a row for Australia in opening monument". The Telegraph. Retrieved 17 February 2016. 
  32. ^ Brown, Gregor. "Milan-San Remo route change for 2014". Cycling Weekly. 
  33. ^ Condé, Mikkel. "Milan–San Remo Preview". Cycling Tips. Retrieved 18 February 2016. 
  34. ^ Brown, Gregor. "Pompeiana climb ruled unsafe for Milan-San Remo". Cycling Weekly. 
  35. ^ Brown, Gregor. "Milan-San-Remo-route-change-will-surprise-says-organiser". Cycling Weekly. 
  36. ^ Westemeyer, Susan (26 January 2006). "Women's Milan-San Remo cancelled". cyclingnews.com. Archived from the original on 12 May 2011. Retrieved 12 May 2011. 
  37. ^ milano-sanremo.org/en
  38. ^ http://www.ucsanremo.it/

External linksEdit