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The Monuments are five classic cycle races generally considered to be the oldest, hardest and most prestigious one-day events in road cycling.[1][2][3] They each have a long history and specific individual characteristics. They are currently the one-day races in which most points can be earned in the UCI World Tour.

Contents

List of monumentsEdit

Five monuments are:

  •   Milan–San Remo – the first major Classic of the year, its Italian name is La Primavera (the spring), because it is held in late March. First run in 1907, it is notable for being considered the sprinter's classic. This race is particularly long (ca. 300 km (190 mi)) though mostly flat along the Ligurian coast, enabling sprinters to compete.
  •   Tour of Flanders – the Ronde van Vlaanderen in Dutch/Flemish, the first of the Cobbled classics, is raced every first Sunday of April. It was first held in 1913, making it the youngest of the five Monuments. Notable for the narrow short hills (hellingen) in the Flemish Ardennes, usually steep and cobbled, the route forces the best riders to continually fight for space at the front. The course changes slightly every year: since 2017 the race starts in Antwerp and since 2012 finishes in Oudenaarde.
  •   Paris–Roubaix – the Queen of the Classics or l'Enfer du Nord ("The Hell of the North") is raced traditionally one week after the Tour of Flanders and is the last of the cobbled races. It was first organized in 1896. Its decisive sites are the many long sections of pavé (roads of cobblestones) making it the most unpleasant one-day race. It is considered by many to be the most heroic one-day cycling event of the year.[citation needed] The race finishes on the iconic Roubaix Velodrome. At the end of the race, riders are usually covered in dirt and/or mud in what is considered one of the most brutal tests of mental and physical endurance in all of cycling.
  •   Liège–Bastogne–Liège – held in late April. La Doyenne, the oldest Classic, is the last of the Ardennes classics and usually the last of the spring races. It was first organized in 1892 as an amateur event; a professional edition followed in 1894. It is a long and arduous race notable for its many sharp hills in the Ardennes and uphill finish in the industrial suburbs of Liège, favouring climbers and even grand tour specialists.
  •   Giro di Lombardia – the Autumn Classic or the Race of the Falling Leaves, is held in October or late September. Initially organized as Milano–Milano in 1905, it was called the Giro di Lombardia (Tour of Lombardy) in 1907 and Il Lombardia in 2012. It is notable for its hilly and varied course around Lake Como. It is often won by climbers with a strong sprint finish.

Both Belgian 'monuments' – The Tour of Flanders and Liège–Bastogne–Liège – also have women's events.[4] A women's version of Milan–San Remo, named Primavera Rosa, was initiated in 1999, but cancelled after 2005.[5]

Monuments winnersEdit

Year Milan–San Remo Tour of Flanders Paris–Roubaix Liège–Bastogne–Liège Giro di Lombardia
1892 Not contested Not contested Not contested   Léon Houa (BEL) (1/3) Not contested
1893   Léon Houa (BEL) (2/3)
1894   Léon Houa (BEL) (3/3)
1895 Not contested
1896   Josef Fischer (GER)
1897   Maurice Garin (ITA) (1/2)
1898   Maurice Garin (ITA) (2/2)
1899   Albert Champion (FRA)
1900   Emile Bouhours (FRA)
1901   Lucien Lesna (FRA) (1/2)
1902   Lucien Lesna (FRA) (2/2)
1903   Hippolyte Aucouturier (FRA) (1/2)
1904   Hippolyte Aucouturier (FRA) (2/2)
1905   Louis Trousselier (FRA)   Giovanni Gerbi (ITA)
1906   Henri Cornet (FRA)   Giuseppe Brambilla (ITA)
1907   Lucien Petit-Breton (FRA)   Georges Passerieu (FRA)   Gustave Garrigou (FRA) (1/2)
1908   Cyrille van Hauwaert (BEL) (1/2)   Cyrille van Hauwaert (BEL) (2/2)   André Trousselier (FRA)   François Faber (LUX) (1/2)
1909   Luigi Ganna (ITA)   Octave Lapize (FRA) (1/3)   Victor Fastre (BEL)   Giovanni Cuniolo (ITA)
1910   Eugène Christophe (FRA)   Octave Lapize (FRA) (2/3) Not contested   Giovanni Michelotto (ITA)
1911   Gustave Garrigou (FRA) (2/2)   Octave Lapize (FRA) (3/3)   Joseph Van Daele (BEL)   Henri Pélissier (FRA) (1/6)
1912   Henri Pélissier (FRA) (2/6)   Charles Crupelandt (FRA) (1/2)   Omer Verschoore (BEL)   Carlo Oriani (ITA)
1913   Odile Defraye (BEL)   Paul Deman (BEL) (1/2)   François Faber (LUX) (2/2)   Maurits Moritz (BEL)   Henri Pélissier (FRA) (3/6)
1914   Ugo Agostoni (ITA)   Marcel Buysse (BEL)   Charles Crupelandt (FRA) (2/2) Not contested   Lauro Bordin (ITA)
1915   Ezio Corlaita (ITA) Not contested Not contested   Gaetano Belloni (ITA) (1/5)
1916 Not contested   Leopoldo Torricelli (ITA)
1917   Gaetano Belloni (ITA) (2/5)   Philippe Thys (BEL)
1918   Costante Girardengo (ITA) (1/9)   Gaetano Belloni (ITA) (3/5)
1919   Angelo Gremo (ITA)   Henri van Lerberghe (BEL)   Henri Pélissier (FRA) (4/6)   Léon Devos (BEL) (1/2)   Costante Girardengo (ITA) (2/9)
1920   Gaetano Belloni (ITA) (4/5)   Jules Van Hevel (BEL) (1/2)   Paul Deman (BEL) (2/2)   Léon Scieur (BEL)   Henri Pélissier (FRA) (5/6)
1921   Costante Girardengo (ITA) (3/9)   René Vermandel (BEL) (1/3)   Henri Pélissier (FRA) (6/6)   Louis Mottiat (BEL) (1/2)   Costante Girardengo (ITA) (4/9)
1922   Giovanni Brunero (ITA) (1/3)   Léon Devos (BEL) (2/2)   Albert Dejonghe (BEL)   Louis Mottiat (BEL) (2/2)   Costante Girardengo (ITA) (5/9)
1923   Costante Girardengo (ITA) (6/9)   Heiri Suter (SUI) (1/2)   Heiri Suter (SUI) (2/2)   René Vermandel (BEL) (2/3)   Giovanni Brunero (ITA) (2/3)
1924   Pietro Linari (ITA)   Gérard Debaets (BEL) (1/2)   Jules Van Hevel (BEL) (2/2)   René Vermandel (BEL) (3/3)   Giovanni Brunero (ITA) (3/3)
1925   Costante Girardengo (ITA) (7/9)   Julien Delbecque (BEL) (1/2)   Félix Sellier (BEL)   Georges Ronsse (BEL) (1/2)   Alfredo Binda (ITA) (1/6)
1926   Costante Girardengo (ITA) (8/9)   Denis Verschueren (BEL)   Julien Delbecque (BEL) (2/2)   Dieudonné Smets (BEL)   Alfredo Binda (ITA) (2/6)
1927   Pietro Chesi (ITA)   Gérard Debaets (BEL) (2/2)   Georges Ronsse (BEL) (2/2)   Maurice Raes (BEL)   Alfredo Binda (ITA) (3/6)
1928   Costante Girardengo (ITA) (9/9)   Jan Mertens (BEL)   André Leducq (FRA)   Ernest Mottard (BEL)   Gaetano Belloni (ITA) (5/5)
1929   Alfredo Binda (ITA) (4/6)   Jef Dervaes (BEL)   Charles Meunier (BEL)   Alfons Schepers (BEL) (1/4)   Piero Fossati (ITA)
1930   Michele Mara (ITA) (1/2)   Frans Bonduel (BEL)   Julien Vervaecke (BEL)   Hermann Buse (GER)   Michele Mara (ITA) (2/2)
1931   Alfredo Binda (ITA) (5/6)   Romain Gijssels (BEL) (1/3)   Gaston Rebry (BEL) (1/4)   Alfons Schepers (BEL) (2/4)   Alfredo Binda (ITA) (6/6)
1932   Alfredo Bovet (ITA)   Romain Gijssels (BEL) (2/3)   Romain Gijssels (BEL) (3/3)   Marcel Houyoux (BEL)   Antonio Negrini (ITA)
1933   Learco Guerra (ITA) (1/2)   Alfons Schepers (BEL) (3/4)   Sylvère Maes (BEL)   François Gardier (BEL)   Domenico Piemontesi (ITA)
1934   Jef Demuysere (BEL)   Gaston Rebry (BEL) (2/4)   Gaston Rebry (BEL) (3/4)   Theo Herckenrath (BEL)   Learco Guerra (ITA) (2/2)
1935   Giuseppe Olmo (ITA) (1/2)   Louis Duerloo (BEL)   Gaston Rebry (BEL) (4/4)   Alfons Schepers (BEL) (4/4)   Enrico Mollo (ITA)
1936   Angelo Varetto (ITA)   Louis Hardiquest (BEL)   Georges Speicher (FRA)   Albert Beckaert (BEL)   Gino Bartali (ITA) (1/7)
1937   Cesare Del Cancia (ITA)   Michel D'Hooghe (BEL)   Jules Rossi (ITA)   Eloi Meulenberg (BEL)   Aldo Bini (ITA) (1/2)
1938   Giuseppe Olmo (ITA) (2/2)   Edgard de Caluwé (BEL)   Lucien Storme (BEL)   Alfons Deloor (BEL)   Cino Cinelli (ITA) (1/2)
1939   Gino Bartali (ITA) (2/7)   Karel Kaers (BEL)   Émile Masson Jr. (BEL)   Albert Ritserveldt (BEL)   Gino Bartali (ITA) (3/7)
1940   Gino Bartali (ITA) (4/7)   Achiel Buysse (BEL) (1/3) Not contested Not contested   Gino Bartali (ITA) (5/7)
1941   Pierino Favalli (ITA)   Achiel Buysse (BEL) (2/3)   Mario Ricci (ITA) (1/2)
1942   Adolfo Leoni (ITA)   Briek Schotte (BEL) (1/2)   Aldo Bini (ITA) (2/2)
1943   Cino Cinelli (ITA) (2/2)   Achiel Buysse (BEL) (3/3)   Marcel Kint (BEL)   Richard Depoorter (BEL) (1/2) Not contested
1944 Not contested   Rik Van Steenbergen (BEL) (1/5)   Maurice Desimpelaere (BEL) Not contested
1945   Sylvain Grysolle (BEL)   Paul Maye (FRA)   Jean Engels (BEL)   Mario Ricci (ITA) (2/2)
1946   Fausto Coppi (ITA) (1/9)   Rik Van Steenbergen (BEL) (2/5)   Georges Claes (BEL) (1/2)   Prosper Depredomme (BEL) (1/2)   Fausto Coppi (ITA) (2/9)
1947   Gino Bartali (ITA) (6/7)   Emiel Faignaert (BEL)   Georges Claes (BEL) (2/2)   Richard Depoorter (BEL) (2/2)   Fausto Coppi (ITA) (3/9)
1948   Fausto Coppi (ITA) (4/9)   Briek Schotte (BEL) (2/2)   Rik Van Steenbergen (BEL) (3/5)   Maurice Mollin (BEL)   Fausto Coppi (ITA) (5/9)
1949   Fausto Coppi (ITA) (6/9)   Fiorenzo Magni (ITA) (1/3)   Serse Coppi (ITA)
  André Mahé (FRA)[notes 1]
  Camille Danguillaume (FRA)   Fausto Coppi (ITA) (7/9)
1950   Gino Bartali (ITA) (7/7)   Fiorenzo Magni (ITA) (2/3)   Fausto Coppi (ITA) (8/9)   Prosper Depredomme (BEL) (2/2)   Renzo Soldani (ITA)
1951   Louison Bobet (FRA) (1/4)   Fiorenzo Magni (ITA) (3/3)   Antonio Bevilacqua (ITA)   Ferdinand Kübler (SUI) (1/2)   Louison Bobet (FRA) (2/4)
1952   Loretto Petrucci (ITA) (1/2)   Roger Decock (BEL)   Rik Van Steenbergen (BEL) (4/5)   Ferdinand Kübler (SUI) (2/2)   Giuseppe Minardi (ITA)
1953   Loretto Petrucci (ITA) (2/2)   Wim van Est (NED)   Germain Derijcke (BEL) (1/4)   Alois De Hertog (BEL)   Bruno Landi (ITA)
1954   Rik Van Steenbergen (BEL) (5/5)   Raymond Impanis (BEL) (1/2)   Raymond Impanis (BEL) (2/2)   Marcel Ernzer (LUX)   Fausto Coppi (ITA) (9/9)
1955   Germain Derijcke (BEL) (2/4)   Louison Bobet (FRA) (3/4)   Jean Forestier (FRA) (1/2)   Stan Ockers (BEL)   Cleto Maule (ITA)
1956   Fred De Bruyne (BEL) (1/6)   Jean Forestier (FRA) (2/2)   Louison Bobet (FRA) (4/4)   Fred De Bruyne (BEL) (2/6)   André Darrigade (FRA)
1957   Miguel Poblet (ESP) (1/2)   Fred De Bruyne (BEL) (3/6)   Fred De Bruyne (BEL) (4/6)   Germain Derijcke (BEL) (3/4)
  Frans Schoubben (BEL)[notes 2]
  Diego Ronchini (ITA)
1958   Rik Van Looy (BEL) (1/8)   Germain Derijcke (BEL) (4/4)   Leon Vandaele (BEL)   Fred De Bruyne (BEL) (5/6)   Nino Defilippis (ITA)
1959   Miguel Poblet (ESP) (2/2)   Rik Van Looy (BEL) (2/8)   Noël Foré (BEL) (1/2)   Fred De Bruyne (BEL) (6/6)   Rik Van Looy (BEL) (3/8)
1960   René Privat (FRA)   Arthur De Cabooter (BEL)   Pino Cerami (BEL)   Albertus Geldermans (NED)   Emile Daems (BEL) (1/3)
1961   Raymond Poulidor (FRA)   Tom Simpson (GBR) (1/3)   Rik Van Looy (BEL) (4/8)   Rik Van Looy (BEL) (5/8)   Vito Taccone (ITA)
1962   Emile Daems (BEL) (2/3)   Rik Van Looy (BEL) (6/8)   Rik Van Looy (BEL) (7/8)   Jef Planckaert (BEL)   Jo de Roo (NED) (1/3)
1963   Joseph Groussard (FRA)   Noel Foré (BEL) (2/2)   Emile Daems (BEL) (3/3)   Frans Melckenbeeck (BEL)   Jo de Roo (NED) (2/3)
1964   Tom Simpson (GBR) (2/3)   Rudi Altig (GER) (1/2)   Peter Post (NED)   Willy Blocklandt (BEL)   Gianni Motta (ITA)
1965   Arie den Hartog (NED)   Jo De Roo (NED) (3/3)   Rik Van Looy (BEL) (8/8)   Carmine Preziosi (ITA)   Tom Simpson (GBR) (3/3)
1966   Eddy Merckx (BEL) (1/19)   Edward Sels (BEL)   Felice Gimondi (ITA) (1/4)   Jacques Anquetil (FRA)   Felice Gimondi (ITA) (2/4)
1967   Eddy Merckx (BEL) (2/19)   Dino Zandegù (ITA)   Jan Janssen (NED)   Walter Godefroot (BEL) (1/4)   Franco Bitossi (ITA) (1/2)
1968   Rudi Altig (GER) (2/2)   Walter Godefroot (BEL) (2/4)   Eddy Merckx (BEL) (3/19)   Walter Van Sweefelt (BEL)   Herman Van Springel (BEL)
1969   Eddy Merckx (BEL) (4/19)   Eddy Merckx (BEL) (5/19)   Walter Godefroot (BEL) (3/4)   Eddy Merckx (BEL) (6/19)   Jean-Pierre Monseré (BEL)
1970   Michele Dancelli (ITA)   Eric Leman (BEL) (1/3)   Eddy Merckx (BEL) (7/19)   Roger De Vlaeminck (BEL) (1/11)   Franco Bitossi (ITA) (2/2)
1971   Eddy Merckx (BEL) (8/19)   Evert Dolman (NED)   Roger Rosiers (BEL)   Eddy Merckx (BEL) (9/19)   Eddy Merckx (BEL) (10/19)
1972   Eddy Merckx (BEL) (11/19)   Eric Leman (BEL) (2/3)   Roger De Vlaeminck (BEL) (2/11)   Eddy Merckx (BEL) (12/19)   Eddy Merckx (BEL) (13/19)
1973   Roger De Vlaeminck (BEL) (3/11)   Eric Leman (BEL) (3/3)   Eddy Merckx (BEL) (14/19)   Eddy Merckx (BEL) (15/19)   Felice Gimondi (ITA) (3/4)
1974   Felice Gimondi (ITA) (4/4)   Cees Bal (NED)   Roger De Vlaeminck (BEL) (4/11)   Georges Pintens (BEL)   Roger De Vlaeminck (BEL) (5/11)
1975   Eddy Merckx (BEL) (16/19)   Eddy Merckx (BEL) (17/19)   Roger De Vlaeminck (BEL) (6/11)   Eddy Merckx (BEL) (18/19)   Francesco Moser (ITA) (1/6)
1976   Eddy Merckx (BEL) (19/19)   Walter Planckaert (BEL)   Marc Demeyer (BEL)   Joseph Bruyère (BEL) (1/2)   Roger De Vlaeminck (BEL) (7/11)
1977   Jan Raas (NED) (1/4)   Roger De Vlaeminck (BEL) (8/11)   Roger De Vlaeminck (BEL) (9/11)   Bernard Hinault (FRA) (1/5)   Gianbattista Baronchelli (ITA) (1/2)
1978   Roger De Vlaeminck (BEL) (10/11)   Walter Godefroot (BEL) (4/4)   Francesco Moser (ITA) (2/6)   Joseph Bruyère (BEL) (2/2)   Francesco Moser (ITA) (3/6)
1979   Roger De Vlaeminck (BEL) (11/11)   Jan Raas (NED) (2/4)   Francesco Moser (ITA) (4/6)   Dietrich Thurau (GER)   Bernard Hinault (FRA) (2/5)
1980   Pierino Gavazzi (ITA)   Michel Pollentier (BEL)   Francesco Moser (ITA) (5/6)   Bernard Hinault (FRA) (3/5)   Fons De Wolf (BEL) (1/2)
1981   Fons De Wolf (BEL) (2/2)   Hennie Kuiper (NED) (1/4)   Bernard Hinault (FRA) (4/5)   Josef Fuchs (SUI)   Hennie Kuiper (NED) (2/4)
1982   Marc Gomez (FRA)   René Martens (BEL)   Jan Raas (NED) (3/4)   Silvano Contini (ITA)   Giuseppe Saronni (ITA) (1/2)
1983   Giuseppe Saronni (ITA) (2/2)   Jan Raas (NED) (4/4)   Hennie Kuiper (NED) (3/4)   Steven Rooks (NED)   Sean Kelly (IRL) (1/9)
1984   Francesco Moser (ITA) (6/6)   Johan Lammerts (NED)   Sean Kelly (IRL) (2/9)   Sean Kelly (IRL) (3/9)   Bernard Hinault (FRA) (5/5)
1985   Hennie Kuiper (NED) (4/4)   Eric Vanderaerden (BEL) (1/2)   Marc Madiot (FRA) (1/2)   Moreno Argentin (ITA) (1/6)   Sean Kelly (IRL) (4/9)
1986   Sean Kelly (IRL) (5/9)   Adri van der Poel (NED) (1/2)   Sean Kelly (IRL) (6/9)   Moreno Argentin (ITA) (2/6)   Gianbattista Baronchelli (ITA) (2/2)
1987   Erich Mächler (SUI)   Claude Criquielion (BEL)   Eric Vanderaerden (BEL) (2/2)   Moreno Argentin (ITA) (3/6)   Moreno Argentin (ITA) (4/6)
1988   Laurent Fignon (FRA) (1/2)   Eddy Planckaert (BEL) (1/2)   Dirk Demol (BEL)   Adri van der Poel (NED) (2/2)   Charly Mottet (FRA)
1989   Laurent Fignon (FRA) (2/2)   Edwig van Hooydonck (BEL) (1/2)   Jean-Marie Wampers (BEL)   Sean Kelly (IRL) (7/9)   Tony Rominger (SUI) (1/2)
1990   Gianni Bugno (ITA) (1/2)   Moreno Argentin (ITA) (5/6)   Eddy Planckaert (BEL) (2/2)   Eric van Lancker (BEL)   Gilles Delion (FRA)
1991   Claudio Chiappucci (ITA)   Edwig van Hooydonck (BEL) (2/2)   Marc Madiot (FRA) (2/2)   Moreno Argentin (ITA) (6/6)   Sean Kelly (IRL) (8/9)
1992   Sean Kelly (IRL) (9/9)   Jacky Durand (FRA)   Gilbert Duclos-Lassalle (FRA) (1/2)   Dirk de Wolf (BEL)   Tony Rominger (SUI) (2/2)
1993   Maurizio Fondriest (ITA)   Johan Museeuw (BEL) (1/6)   Gilbert Duclos-Lassalle (FRA) (2/2)   Rolf Sørensen (DEN) (1/2)   Pascal Richard (SUI) (1/2)
1994   Giorgio Furlan (ITA)   Gianni Bugno (ITA) (2/2)   Andrei Tchmil (MDA) (1/3)   Evgeni Berzin (RUS)   Viatcheslav Bobrik (RUS)
1995   Laurent Jalabert (FRA) (1/2)   Johan Museeuw (BEL) (2/6)   Franco Ballerini (ITA) (1/2)   Mauro Gianetti (SUI)   Gianni Faresin (ITA)
1996   Gabriele Colombo (ITA)   Michele Bartoli (ITA) (1/5)   Johan Museeuw (BEL) (3/6)   Pascal Richard (SUI) (2/2)   Andrea Tafi (ITA) (1/3)
1997   Erik Zabel (GER) (1/4)   Rolf Sørensen (DEN) (2/2)   Frédéric Guesdon (FRA)   Michele Bartoli (ITA) (2/5)   Laurent Jalabert (FRA) (2/2)
1998   Erik Zabel (GER) (2/4)   Johan Museeuw (BEL) (4/6)   Franco Ballerini (ITA) (2/2)   Michele Bartoli (ITA) (3/5)   Oscar Camenzind (SUI) (1/2)
1999   Andrei Tchmil (BEL) (2/3)   Peter Van Petegem (BEL) (1/3)   Andrea Tafi (ITA) (2/3)   Frank Vandenbroucke (BEL)   Mirko Celestino (ITA)
2000   Erik Zabel (GER) (3/4)   Andrei Tchmil (BEL) (3/3)   Johan Museeuw (BEL) (5/6)   Paolo Bettini (ITA) (1/5)   Raimondas Rumšas (LTU)
2001   Erik Zabel (GER) (4/4)   Gianluca Bortolami (ITA)   Servais Knaven (NED)   Oscar Camenzind (SUI) (2/2)   Danilo Di Luca (ITA) (1/2)
2002   Mario Cipollini (ITA)   Andrea Tafi (ITA) (3/3)   Johan Museeuw (BEL) (6/6)   Paolo Bettini (ITA) (2/5)   Michele Bartoli (ITA) (4/5)
2003   Paolo Bettini (ITA) (3/5)   Peter Van Petegem (BEL) (2/3)   Peter Van Petegem (BEL) (3/3)   Tyler Hamilton (USA)   Michele Bartoli (ITA) (5/5)
2004   Óscar Freire (ESP) (1/3)   Steffen Wesemann (GER)   Magnus Bäckstedt (SWE)   Davide Rebellin (ITA)   Damiano Cunego (ITA) (1/3)
2005   Alessandro Petacchi (ITA)   Tom Boonen (BEL) (1/7)   Tom Boonen (BEL) (2/7)   Alexander Vinokourov (KAZ) (1/2)   Paolo Bettini (ITA) (4/5)
2006   Filippo Pozzato (ITA)   Tom Boonen (BEL) (3/7)   Fabian Cancellara (SUI) (1/7)   Alejandro Valverde (ESP) (1/4)   Paolo Bettini (ITA) (5/5)
2007   Óscar Freire (ESP) (2/3)   Alessandro Ballan (ITA)   Stuart O'Grady (AUS)   Danilo Di Luca (ITA) (2/2)   Damiano Cunego (ITA) (2/3)
2008   Fabian Cancellara (SUI) (2/7)   Stijn Devolder (BEL) (1/2)   Tom Boonen (BEL) (4/7)   Alejandro Valverde (ESP) (2/4)   Damiano Cunego (ITA) (3/3)
2009   Mark Cavendish (GBR)   Stijn Devolder (BEL) (2/2)   Tom Boonen (BEL) (5/7)   Andy Schleck (LUX)   Philippe Gilbert (BEL) (1/5)
2010   Óscar Freire (ESP) (3/3)   Fabian Cancellara (SUI) (3/7)   Fabian Cancellara (SUI) (4/7)   Alexander Vinokourov (KAZ) (2/2)   Philippe Gilbert (BEL) (2/5)
2011   Matthew Goss (AUS)   Nick Nuyens (BEL)   Johan Vansummeren (BEL)   Philippe Gilbert (BEL) (3/5)   Oliver Zaugg (SUI)
2012   Simon Gerrans (AUS) (1/2)   Tom Boonen (BEL) (6/7)   Tom Boonen (BEL) (7/7)   Maxim Iglinsky (KAZ)   Joaquim Rodríguez (ESP) (1/2)
2013   Gerald Ciolek (GER)   Fabian Cancellara (SUI) (5/7)   Fabian Cancellara (SUI) (6/7)   Dan Martin (IRL) (1/2)   Joaquim Rodríguez (ESP) (2/2)
2014   Alexander Kristoff (NOR) (1/2)   Fabian Cancellara (SUI) (7/7)   Niki Terpstra (NED) (1/2)   Simon Gerrans (AUS) (2/2)   Dan Martin (IRL) (2/2)
2015   John Degenkolb (GER) (1/2)   Alexander Kristoff (NOR) (2/2)   John Degenkolb (GER) (2/2)   Alejandro Valverde (ESP) (3/4)   Vincenzo Nibali (ITA) (1/3)
2016   Arnaud Démare (FRA)   Peter Sagan (SVK) (1/2)   Mathew Hayman (AUS)   Wout Poels (NED)   Esteban Chaves (COL)
2017   Michał Kwiatkowski (POL)   Philippe Gilbert (BEL) (4/5)   Greg Van Avermaet (BEL)   Alejandro Valverde (ESP) (4/4)   Vincenzo Nibali (ITA) (2/3)
2018   Vincenzo Nibali (ITA) (3/3)   Niki Terpstra (NED) (2/2)   Peter Sagan (SVK) (2/2)   Bob Jungels (LUX)   Thibaut Pinot (FRA)
2019   Julian Alaphilippe (FRA)   Alberto Bettiol (ITA)   Philippe Gilbert (BEL) (5/5)   Jakob Fuglsang (DEN)
Year Milan–San Remo Tour of Flanders Paris–Roubaix Liège–Bastogne–Liège Giro di Lombardia

StatisticsEdit

Most monuments winsEdit

Only three riders have won all five monument races during their careers: Rik Van Looy, Eddy Merckx and Roger De Vlaeminck, all three Belgians, and only Eddy Merckx won each of them more than once. Six riders won four of the Monuments. With victories in all the other Monuments, Sean Kelly almost joined the top group, finishing second in the Tour of Flanders on three occasions (1984, 1986 and 1987). Dutch rider Hennie Kuiper won each monument, except Liège–Bastogne–Liège in which he finished second in 1980. Frenchman Louison Bobet, also won all but Liège–Bastogne–Liège. Belgian rider Fred De Bruyne also came close, finishing second in the Giro di Lombardia in 1955 and winning the other four races during his career. Germain Derycke also won four races, all except the Giro di Lombardia. Philippe Gilbert is the most recent rider to win four different monuments, all except Milan-San Remo, in which he finished third twice.[6] 21 riders have won at least five monuments in their career.

Rank Cyclist Nationality First
win
Latest
win
M–S ToF P–R L–B–L GdL Total
1 Eddy Merckx   Belgium 1966 1976 7 2 3 5 2 19
2 Roger De Vlaeminck   Belgium 1970 1979 3 1 4 1 2 11
3 Costante Girardengo   Italy 1918 1928 6 3 9
Fausto Coppi   Italy 1946 1954 3 1 5 9
Sean Kelly   Ireland 1983 1992 2 2 2 3 9
6 Rik Van Looy   Belgium 1958 1965 1 2 3 1 1 8
7 Gino Bartali   Italy 1939 1950 4 3 7
Tom Boonen   Belgium 2005 2012 3 4 7
Fabian Cancellara    Switzerland 2006 2014 1 3 3 7
10 Henri Pélissier   France 1911 1921 1 2 3 6
Alfredo Binda   Italy 1925 1931 2 4 6
Fred De Bruyne   Belgium 1956 1959 1 1 1 3 6
Francesco Moser   Italy 1975 1984 1 3 2 6
Moreno Argentin   Italy 1985 1991 1 4 1 6
Johan Museeuw   Belgium 1993 2002 3 3 6
16 Gaetano Belloni   Italy 1915 1928 2 3 5
Rik Van Steenbergen   Belgium 1944 1954 1 2 2 5
Bernard Hinault   France 1977 1984 1 2 2 5
Michele Bartoli   Italy 1996 2003 1 2 2 5
Paolo Bettini   Italy 2000 2006 1 2 2 5
Philippe Gilbert   Belgium 2009 2019 1 1 1 2 5
22 Gaston Rebry   Belgium 1931 1935 1 3 4
Alfons Schepers   Belgium 1929 1935 1 3 4
Louison Bobet   France 1951 1956 1 1 1 1 4
Germain Derycke   Belgium 1953 1958 1 1 1 1 4
Felice Gimondi   Italy 1966 1974 1 1 2 4
Walter Godefroot   Belgium 1967 1978 2 1 1 4
Hennie Kuiper   Netherlands 1981 1985 1 1 1 1 4
Jan Raas   Netherlands 1977 1983 1 2 1 4
Erik Zabel   Germany 1997 2001 4 4
Alejandro Valverde   Spain 2006 2017 4 4
32
Léon Houa   Belgium 1892 1894 3 3
Octave Lapize   France 1909 1911 3 3
René Vermandel   Belgium 1921 1924 1 2 3
Giovanni Brunero   Italy 1922 1924 1 2 3
Romain Gijssels   Belgium 1931 1932 2 1 3
Achiel Buysse   Belgium 1940 1943 3 3
Fiorenzo Magni   Italy 1949 1951 3 3
Jo de Roo   Netherlands 1962 1965 1 2 3
Emile Daems   Belgium 1960 1963 1 1 1 3
Tom Simpson   United Kingdom 1961 1965 1 1 1 3
Eric Leman   Belgium 1970 1973 3 3
Andrei Tchmil   Moldova/  Belgium 1994 2000 1 1 1 3
Andrea Tafi   Italy 1996 2002 1 1 1 3
Peter Van Petegem   Belgium 1999 2003 2 1 3
Oscar Freire   Spain 2004 2010 3 3
Damiano Cunego   Italy 2004 2008 3 3
Vincenzo Nibali   Italy 2015 2018 1 2 3

Riders in blue are still active. Number of wins in gold indicates the current record holder(s).

Winners by nationalityEdit

Rank Nationality M–S ToF P–R L–B–L GdL Total
1   Belgium 20 69 57 59 12 217
2   Italy 51 11 13 12 69 156
3   France 14 3 28 5 12 62
4   Netherlands 3 10 6 4 3 26
5    Switzerland 2 4 4 6 5 21
6   Germany 7 2 2 2 0 13
7   Ireland 2 0 2 3 4 11
  Spain 5 0 0 4 2 11
9   Australia 2 0 2 1 0 5
  Luxembourg 0 0 1 3 1 5
11   Great Britain 2 1 0 0 1 4
12   Denmark 0 1 0 2 0 3
  Kazakhstan 0 0 0 3 0 3
14   Norway 1 1 0 0 0 2
  Slovakia 0 1 1 0 0 2
  Russia 0 0 0 1 1 2
17   Colombia 0 0 0 0 1 1
  Lithuania 0 0 0 0 1 1
  Moldova 0 0 1 0 0 1
  Poland 1 0 0 0 0 1
  Sweden 0 0 1 0 0 1
  United States 0 0 0 1 0 1

Winners of three monuments in a single yearEdit

Only Eddy Merckx has been able to win three monuments in a single year - and he did it four times:

Winners of two monuments in a single yearEdit

23 different riders (including Eddy Merckx) have managed to win two Monuments in the same year. The most common "double" consists of the two cobbled classics (Tour of Flanders and Paris-Roubaix), which have been won by the same rider in the same year on 12 occasions. The Italian "double" (Milan-San Remo and Giro di Lombardia) has been achieved 10 times (including Merckx in 1971 and 1972). Only Merckx has won the combinations Milan–San Remo/Tour of Flanders and Tour of Flanders/Liège–Bastogne–Liège, when he won all three Monuments in 1969 and 1975.

NotesEdit

  1. ^ The result in 1949 took several months and two international conferences to sort out. André Mahé was first but his win was challenged because he took the wrong course. Mahé was in a break of three that reached Roubaix velodrome in the lead, but he was misdirected by officials and entered the track by the wrong gate. Mahé was declared winner but a few minutes later other riders arrived using the correct route and Serse Coppi, brother of famous Fausto, won the sprint for what was assumed to be the minor placings. After a protest and several months, Serse Coppi was named joint winner with Mahé.
  2. ^ Two riders shared the 1957 race. Germain Derijcke was first over the line, but because he crossed a closed rail crossing, the second-place rider, Frans Schoubben, was promoted to first as well. Derijcke was not disqualified, because he had won by three minutes advantage; judges felt he had not gained that much time from illegally crossing the railway.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Cycling Hall of Fame: Introduction, 2010, retrieved 2010-07-12
  2. ^ Cycling Monuments, 2010, retrieved 2010-07-12
  3. ^ "Cancellara dreams of all winning all five of cycling monuments", CyclingNews.com, 2010, retrieved 2010-07-12
  4. ^ "New-look route for Liege-Bastogne-Liege as debut women's parcours unveiled". cyclingnews.com. Immediate Media Company. Retrieved 18 April 2017.
  5. ^ Westemeyer, Susan (26 January 2006). "Women's Milan-San Remo cancelled". Retrieved 18 May 2015.
  6. ^ "Paris-Roubaix: Philippe Gilbert wins fourth 'monument' title of career". bbc.com. BBC. Retrieved 15 April 2019.