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Voghera (Vogherese dialect of Emilian: Vughera; Latin: Forum Iulii Iriensium) is a town and comune in the Province of Pavia in the Italian region Lombardy. The population was 39,374 as of 2017. It is the third most populated town in the province, after Pavia and Vigevano. It is located 30 km south-southwest of that city, on the Staffora (a tributary of the Po).
|Città di Voghera|
The Cathedral of Voghera.
Voghera within the Province of Pavia
|Frazioni||Medassino, Oriolo, Valle, Torremenapace, Campoferro|
|• Mayor||Carlo Barbieri (special commissioner)|
|• Total||63.44 km2 (24.49 sq mi)|
|Elevation||96 m (315 ft)|
|• Density||620/km2 (1,600/sq mi)|
|Demonym(s)||Vogheresi or Iriensi|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
|Patron saint||Saint Bobo|
|Saint day||First Friday before Ascension|
It is the main town of Oltrepò Pavese, and is an important rail and road hub as well as a renowned wine producer.
Known in ancient times as Iria, the town took its name from the river on which it was situated. It was on the road from Piacenza to Dertona, and was made a colony by Augustus (colonia Forum Iulium Iriensium).
In the 1st century CE, it was destroyed by the Rugii, and it is next mentioned as Viqueria (contracted from vicus Iriae, Iria's village) in the 10th century. After several lordships, it was acquired by the House of Savoy in 1743 with the Concordat of Worms. Five years later it became provincial capital and received the city status.
In 1800, the troops of Napoleon occupied the town and set his headquarters in the Palazzo Dattili for the battle of Montebello. In 1805 it became part of the département of Genoa; after the French defeat in 1814, it was captured by the Austrians, who handed it over to the Piedmontese. In 1860 it was included in the province of Pavia.
On May 31, 1962, it was the location of a railway disaster that killed 62 people.
- The Castle, erected by the Visconti in 1335–1372, containing frescoes attributed to Bramantino.
- Palazzo Gounela, the current Town Hall.
- The large Cathedral of Saint Lawrence dates from the 11th century, but was remodelled in the Baroque style about the beginning of the 17th.
- The church of St. Joseph, with a noteworthy Baroque façade.
- The suppressed church of Sant'Ilario, also known as Tempio alla Cavalleria or Chiesa Rossa ("Cavalry Temple" or "Red Church"), so called from the red colour of the brick of which it is built. It dates from the 8th–10th centuries.
Voghera railway station, opened in 1858, forms part of the Alessandria–Piacenza railway, and is also an important node of the railway from Milan to Genoa. Due to its strategic position, the station is an important trading node, and one of the major railway stations in Italy's north-west.
Popular culture and mediaEdit
The term "Voghera housewife" (Casalinga di Voghera) is often used in the media, political discourse and even in common parlance as a reference to the average, stereotypical, somewhat lower-middle class person, voter or consumer. It is not a disparaging term, but refers to an average person who – despite not being very educated or sophisticated – with hard work and self-sacrifice is trying to raise a family as best as possible.
- Alberto Arbasino, writer
- Sandro Bolchi, cinema director
- Ambrogio Casati, painter
- Valentino Garavani, fashion designer
- Attilio Gatti, explorer in Africa, author (b. in Voghera 1896)
- Aldo Giorgini, computer art pioneer
- Carolina Invernizio, writer
- Alessandro Maragliano, writer
- Maserati Brothers, automobile engineers
- Mauro Nespoli, archer
- Giovanni Parisi, boxer
- Giovanni Plana, astronomer, mathematician
- Federico Sandi, motorcycle racer
- Armando Sgarella, boxer and naïf painter
- "Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
- "Popolazione Residente al 1° Gennaio 2018". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
- One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). . Encyclopædia Britannica. 28 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 171.