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Voghera (Vogherese dialect of Emilian: Vughera; Latin: Forum Iulii Iriensium) is a town and comune of 39400 people located in Lombardy, Italy, in the province of Pavia. It is the third town in the province by population, after Pavia and Vigevano. It is located 30 km south-southwest of that city, on the Staffora (a tributary of the Po).
|Città di Voghera|
The Cathedral of Voghera.
Voghera within the Province of Pavia
|Frazioni||Medassino, Oriolo, Valle, Torremenapace, Campoferro|
|• Mayor||Sergio Pomponio (special commissioner)|
|• Total||63 km2 (24 sq mi)|
|Elevation||96 m (315 ft)|
|Population (1 January 2015)|
|• Density||630/km2 (1,600/sq mi)|
|Demonym(s)||Vogheresi or Iriensi|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Patron saint||San Bovo|
|Saint day||First Friday before Ascension|
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It is the main town of Oltrepò Pavese, and is an important rail and road hub as well as a renowned wine and manufacturing center.
Known in ancient times as Iria, it took its name from the river on which it was situated. It was on the road from Piacenza to Dertona, and was made a colony by Augustus (colonia Forum Iulium Iriensium).
In the 1st century CE it was destroyed by the Rugii, and it is next mentioned as Viqueria (contracted from vicus Iriae, Iria's village) in the 10th century. After several lordships, it was acquired by the House of Savoy in 1743 with the Concordat of Worms. Five years later it became provincial capital and received the city status.
In 1800 it was occupied by the troops of Napoleon, who set his headquarters in the Palazzo Dattili for the battle of Montebello. In 1805 it became part of the département of Genoa; after the French defeat in 1814, it was captured by the Austrians, who handed it over to the Piedmontese. In 1860 it was included in the province of Pavia.
On May 31, 1962, it was the location of a railway disaster that killed 62 people.
- The Castle, erected by the Visconti in 1335-1372, containing frescoes attributed to Bramantino.
- Palazzo Gounela, the current Town Hall.
- The large Cathedral of Saint Lawrence dates from the 11th century, but was remodelled in the Baroque style about the beginning of the 17th.
- The church of St. Joseph, with a noteworthy Baroque façade.
- The suppressed church of Sant'Ilario, also known as Tempio alla Cavalleria or Chiesa Rossa ("Cavalry Temple" or "Red Church"), so called from the red colour of the brick of which it is built. It dates from the 8th-10th centuries.
Voghera railway station, opened in 1858, forms part of the Alessandria–Piacenza railway, and is also an important node of the railway from Milan to Genoa. Due to its strategic position, the station is an important trading node, and one of the major railway stations in Italy's north-west.
Popular Culture and MediaEdit
The term "Voghera housewife" (Casalinga di Voghera) is often used in the media, political discourse and even in common parlance as a reference to the average, stereotypical, somewhat lower-middle class person, voter or consumer. It is not a disparaging term, but refers to an average person who - despite not being very educated or sophisticated - with hard work and self-sacrifice is trying to raise a family as best as possible.
- Fashion designer Valentino Garavani, best known simply as Valentino.
- Mauro Nespoli, archer of the Italian National Team.
- Futurist painter Ambrogio Casati.
- Italian boxer world and Olympic champion Giovanni Parisi
- Computer art pioneer Aldo Giorgini.
- Writers Alberto Arbasino, Carolina Invernizio, and Alessandro Maragliano.
- Watchmaker Giovanni Sordi
- The Maserati Brothers, automobile engineers
- Sandro Bolchi, cinema director
- Giovanni Plana, astronomer, mathematician
- Armando Sgarella, boxer and naïf painter (1921-1991)
- Federico Sandi, Motorcycle racer