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Gênes [ʒɛn] was a department of the French Consulate and of the First French Empire in present-day Italy. It was named after the city of Genoa. It was formed in 1805, when the Ligurian Republic (formerly the Republic of Genoa) was annexed directly to France. Its capital was Genoa.

Département de Gênes
department of the First French Empire

Flag Coat of arms
Flag Coat of arms
Location of Gênes
Administrative map of the Italian portion of the French Empire.
Capital Genoa
44°24′N 8°55′E / 44.400°N 8.917°E / 44.400; 8.917Coordinates: 44°24′N 8°55′E / 44.400°N 8.917°E / 44.400; 8.917
 •  Annexion from the Ligurian Republic 4 June 1805
 •  Congress of Vienna 1815
 •  1812[1] 2,376 km2 (917 sq mi)
 •  1812[1] 400,056 
Density 168.4 /km2  (436.1 /sq mi)
Political subdivisions 5 Arrondissements[1]

The department was disbanded after the defeat of Napoleon in 1814. It was followed by a brief restoration of the Ligurian Republic, but at the Congress of Vienna the old territory of Genoa was awarded to the Kingdom of Sardinia. Its territory is now divided between the Italian provinces of Genoa, Piacenza, Alessandria and Pavia.

The trousers called jeans in English are named for the bleu de Gênes, a blue dye used for denim.[2]


The department was subdivided into the following arrondissements and cantons (situation in 1812):[1]

Its population in 1812 was 400,056, and its area was 237,600 hectares.[1]


  1. ^ a b c d Almanach Impérial an bissextil MDCCCXII, p. 407-408, accessed in Gallica 24 July 2013 ‹See Tfd›(in French)
  2. ^ Wikidictionary