Learco Guerra

Learco Guerra (14 October 1902 - 7 February 1963) was an Italian professional road racing cyclist. The highlight of his career was his overall win in the 1934 Giro d'Italia. He was born in San Nicolò Po, a frazione of Bagnolo San Vito in Lombardy, gained the nickname of "Human Locomotive" for his enduring quality in plain stages. After mediocre attempts to play football, Guerra became a professional cyclist in 1928, at 26. The following year he became Italian champion, racing as an independent or semi-professional.

Learco Guerra
Learco Guerra.jpg
Personal information
Full nameLearco Guerra
NicknameHuman Locomotive
Born(1902-10-14)14 October 1902
Bagnolo San Vito, Italy
Died7 February 1963(1963-02-07) (aged 60)
Milan, Italy
Team information
DisciplineRoad
RoleRider
Professional teams
1928–1935Maino–Dunlop
1936–1939Legnano–Wolsit
1940Dei/Legnano
1941–1944Dei
Major wins
Grand Tours
Tour de France
7 individual stages (1930, 1933)
Giro d'Italia
General classification (1934)
31 individual stages (1930-1937)

One-day races and Classics

World Road Race Championship (1931)
National Road Race Championship
(1930-1934)
Milan–San Remo (1933)
Giro di Lombardia (1934)

In 1930 he won his first Italian National Road Race Championships, the first of five straight wins. That same year he came second in the Tour de France after Italy's leader, Alfredo Binda, proved in poor form. The race was won by the Frenchman, André Leducq. In 1931 Guerra won four stages of the Giro d'Italia but not the final victory. In this Giro, he was the first rider who wore the pink jersey. The same year he won the world cycling championship.

In 1933 Guerra was again second in the Tour de France, and he won the Milan–San Remo. In 1934 came his greatest success, 10 stages of the Giro d'Italia and the general classification. He was also second in the world championship.

Guerra set a record of victories in a single year that was beaten only in the 1970s. His fame was exploited by the Fascist government, which profited from his heroic status.

After retirement, he worked as a team manager for riders such as Hugo Koblet and Charly Gaul.

Affected by Parkinson's disease, he died in Milan in 1963.

Career achievementsEdit

Major resultsEdit

1929
1st Coppa Appennino
1st Coppa Diamante
1st Roncoferraro
1st Vignola–Modena
2nd Coppa San Geo
1930
1st   National Road Championships, Road Race
1st Circuito Monte Benici
1st Predappio Alta–Roma
1st Coppa Caivano
1st Stages 8 & 11 Giro d'Italia
1st Torino Criterium
2nd UCI Road World Championships, Road Race
2nd Overall Tour de France
1st Stages 2, 13 & 15
3rd Giro di Lombardia
8th Milan–San Remo
1931
1st   UCI Road World Championships, Road Race
1st   National Road Championships, Road Race
1st Giro della Provincia di Reggio Calabria
1st Corsa del Commercio
1st Coppa de la Victoria
1st Prix Dupré-Lapize
1st Stages 1, 2, 7 & 8 Giro d'Italia
2nd Milan–San Remo
1932
1st   National Road Championships, Road Race
1st Giro di Campania
1st Giro della Toscana
1st Predappio Alta–Roma
1st Stages 1, 4, 6, 7, 9 & 13 Giro d'Italia
4th Grand Prix des Nations
1933
1st   National Road Championships, Road Race
1st Milan–San Remo
1st Circuito Belfiore
1st Bologna Criterium
1st Corsa del Commercio
1st Prix Goullet-Fogler
1st Stages 1, 3 & 5 Giro d'Italia
2nd Overall Tour de France
1st Stages 2, 6, 7, 18 & 23
2nd Giro delle Due Province Messina
3rd Six Days of Paris
1934
1st   National Road Championships, Road Race
1st   Overall Giro d'Italia
1st Stages 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 9, 10, 11, 12 & 14
1st Giro di Lombardia
1st GP Lugano
1st Milano–Modena
1st Giro di Campania
1st Giro del Piemonte
1st Corsa del Commercio
1st GP Valle Scrivia
1st Giro della Provincia Milano (with Domenico Piemontesi)
1st Roma–Napoli–Roma
1st Firenze Criterium
1st Pavia Criterium
2nd UCI Road World Championships, Road Race
2nd Six Days of Paris
2nd Prix Goullet-Fogler Madison
1935
1st Milano–Modena
1st Giro della Romagna
1st Giro della Provincia Milano
1st Six Days of Antwerp
2nd Milano–San Remo
2nd Prix Houlier-Comès Madison
2nd Six Days of Paris
3rd Cossato Criterium
4th Overall Giro d'Italia
1st Stages 3, 4, 7, 8 & 10
1936
1st Overall Giro della Provincia Milano (with Gino Bartali)
1937
1st Corsa del Commercio
1st GP Lugano
1st Stage 9 Giro d'Italia
1st Cuneo Criterium
2nd Six Days of Paris
3rd Six Days of Brussels
1938
2nd Giro della Toscana
3rd Overall Giro di Campania
1939
2nd Copa España
1940
1st Circuito de Casalecchio di Reno
1942
1st   National Track Championships, Individual Pursuit

Grand Tour general classification results timelineEdit

Grand Tour 1930 1931 1932 1933 1934 1935 1936 1937
  Giro d'Italia DNF 4 DNF 1 4 DNF DNF
  Tour de France 2 2
  Vuelta a España
Legend
Did not compete
DNF Did not finish

See alsoEdit

External linksEdit