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The UCI Road World Championships are the annual world championships for bicycle road racing organized by the Union Cycliste Internationale (UCI). The UCI Road World Championships consist of events for road race and individual time trial, and as of 2012 Team Time Trials.

UCI Road World Championships
StatusActive
GenreRoad bicycle racing
Date(s)August–September
FrequencyAnnually
Location(s)Various
Inaugurated1921
Previous event2018
Next event2020
Organised byUCI
2019

EventsEdit

All the world championship events, are ridden by national teams, not trade teams such as in most other major races. The winner of each category is entitled to wear the rainbow jersey in races of that category (either mass start or time trial) until the next championships. It currently includes the following championships:

Former events:

HistoryEdit

The first world championships took place in 1921, though the only event that was contested was the Men's Road Race for Amateurs.[1] The first professional world championship took place in July 1927 at the Nürburgring in Germany where Italian Alfredo Binda won the professional men's race and Belgian Jean Aerts won the men's amateur race. The women's road race was introduced in 1958. A men's team time trial, contested by national teams, was introduced in 1962. Beginning in 1972, the team time trial was discontinued in Olympic years only. Individual time trials in all categories were added in 1994, which was also the last year for the original incarnation of the men's team time trial. In 2012, the men's team time trial was reinstated, and a women's team time trial added to the program; both were contested by trade teams. In 2019, the team time trial events for men and women will be replaced by a mixed relay team time trial.

Until 1995, there were separate races for male professional and amateur riders. In 1996, the amateur category was replaced with a category for men under-23 years old with the professional category becoming an open (later elite) category.

Since 1995, the race has been held towards the end of the European season in late September, usually following the Vuelta a España. Before that, the event had always been a summer race, held in late August or the first week of September (with the exception of 1970, when it was a mid-season summer event).

The world championships are located in a different city or region every year. The event can be held over a relatively flat course which favors cycling sprinters or a hilly course which favors a climbing specialist or all-round. In each case the course is usually held on a circuit of which the riders complete multiple laps.

The world championship road race and two of the three Grand Tours (namely the Giro d'Italia and the Tour de France) form the Triple Crown of Cycling.

ChampionshipsEdit

All-time medal tableEdit

Updated after 2019 Championships.

Medal table includes only medals achieved in senior events. Mixed nation team events such as the Team Time Trial from 2012 to 2018 are excluded.

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1  Italy (ITA)524742141
2  Belgium (BEL)38292996
3  Netherlands (NED)35302792
4  France (FRA)32303092
5   Switzerland (SUI)15221956
6  United States (USA)14141341
7  Germany (GER)13172050
8  Great Britain (GBR)13111236
9  Soviet Union (URS)12161644
10  East Germany (GDR)102416
11  Spain (ESP)9131638
12  Sweden (SWE)95721
13  Denmark (DEN)711927
14  Poland (POL)77317
15  Australia (AUS)611623
16  West Germany (FRG)44513
17  Russia (RUS)44412
18  Slovakia (SVK)4004
19  Lithuania (LTU)33511
20  Norway (NOR)2248
21  Belarus (BLR)2013
22  Luxembourg (LUX)1348
23  New Zealand (NZL)1225
24  Ukraine (UKR)1214
25  Ireland (IRL)1135
26  Latvia (LAT)1102
27  Colombia (COL)1034
28  Portugal (POR)1001
29  Canada (CAN)0336
30  Czechoslovakia (TCH)0224
31  Austria (AUT)0123
32  Hungary (HUN)0112
  Slovenia (SLO)0112
34  Brazil (BRA)0101
35  Kazakhstan (KAZ)0022
36  Czech Republic (CZE)0011
  Finland (FIN)0011
  Uruguay (URU)0011
Totals (38 nations)298296299893

CountriesEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Road Cycling: World Championships: Men: Road Race for Amateurs". Sports 123. Retrieved 2013-10-15.