UCI Road World Championships

The UCI Road World Championships are the annual world championships for bicycle road racing organized by the Union Cycliste Internationale (UCI). The UCI Road World Championships consist of events for road race and individual time trial, and as of 2019 a mixed team relay.

UCI Road World Championships
Union Cycliste Internationale logo.svg
StatusActive
GenreRoad bicycle racing
Date(s)August–September
FrequencyAnnually
Location(s)Various
Inaugurated1921
Previous event2021
Next event2022
Organised byUCI
2022 UCI Road World Championships

EventsEdit

 
Outfit of Jean-Pierre Monseré as worldchampion (1970), consisting of victory ribbon, cap, medal and rainbow jersey (collection KOERS. Museum of Cycle Racing)

All the world championship events are ridden by national teams, not trade teams such as in most other major races. The winner of each category is entitled to wear the rainbow jersey in races of that category (either mass start or time trial) until the next championships. It currently includes the following championships:

Former events:

HistoryEdit

The first world championships took place in 1921, though the only event that was contested was the Men's Road Race for Amateurs.[1] The first professional world championship took place in July 1927 at the Nürburgring in Germany where Italian Alfredo Binda won the professional men's race and Belgian Jean Aerts won the men's amateur race. The women's road race was introduced in 1958. A men's team time trial, contested by national teams, was introduced in 1962. Beginning in 1972, the team time trial was discontinued in Olympic years only. Individual time trials in all categories were added in 1994, which was also the last year for the original incarnation of the men's team time trial. In 2012, the men's team time trial was reinstated, and a women's team time trial added to the program; both were contested by trade teams. In 2019, the team time trial events for men and women were replaced by a mixed relay team time trial.

Until 1995, there were separate races for male professional and amateur riders. In 1996, the amateur category was replaced with a category for men under-23 years old with the professional category becoming an open (later elite) category.

Since 1995, the race has been held towards the end of the European season in late September, usually following the Vuelta a España. Before that, the event had always been a summer race, held in late August or the first week of September (with the exception of 1970, when it was a mid-season summer event).

The world championships are located in a different city or region every year. The event can be held over a relatively flat course which favors cycling sprinters or a hilly course which favors a climbing specialist or all-round. In each case the course is usually held on a circuit of which the riders complete multiple laps.

The world championship road race and two of the three Grand Tours (namely the Giro d'Italia and the Tour de France) form the Triple Crown of Cycling.

EditionsEdit

Note: Not held from 1939 to 1945 because of World War II.

Edition Year Host City Host Country Events
1 1921 Copenhagen   Denmark 1
2 1922 Liverpool   Great Britain 1
3 1923 Zürich    Switzerland 1
4 1924 Paris   France 1
5 1925 Apeldoorn   Netherlands 1
6 1926 Milan   Italy 1
7 1927 Nürburgring   Germany 2
8 1928 Budapest   Hungary 2
9 1929 Zürich    Switzerland 2
10 1930 Liège   Belgium 2
11 1931 Copenhagen   Denmark 2
12 1932 Rome   Italy 2
13 1933 Montlhéry   France 2
14 1934 Leipzig   Germany 2
15 1935 Floreffe   Belgium 2
16 1936 Berne    Switzerland 2
17 1937 Copenhagen   Denmark 2
18 1938 Valkenburg   Netherlands 2
19 1946 Zürich    Switzerland 2
20 1947 Reims   France 2
21 1948 Valkenburg   Netherlands 2
22 1949 Copenhagen   Denmark 2
23 1950 Moorslede   Belgium 2
24 1951 Varese   Italy 2
25 1952 Luxembourg   Luxembourg 2
26 1953 Lugano    Switzerland 2
27 1954 Solingen   West Germany 2
28 1955 Frascati   Italy 2
29 1956 Copenhagen   Denmark 2
30 1957 Waregem   Belgium 2
31 1958 Reims   France 3
32 1959 Zandvoort   Netherlands 3
33 1960 Karl-Marx-Stadt   East Germany 3
34 1961 Berne    Switzerland 3
35 1962 Salò di Garda   Italy 4
36 1963 Ronse   Belgium 4
37 1964 Sallanches   France 4
38 1965 San Sebastián   Spain 4
39 1966 Nürburgring   West Germany 4
40 1967 Heerlen   Netherlands 4
41 1968 Imola   Italy 4
42 1969 Zolder   Belgium 4
43 1970 Leicester   Great Britain 4
44 1971 Mendrisio    Switzerland 4
45 1972 Gap   France 2
46 1973 Barcelona   Spain 4
47 1974 Montreal   Canada 4
48 1975 Yvoir   Belgium 4
49 1976 Ostuni   Italy 2
50 1977 San Cristóbal   Venezuela 4
Edition Year Host City Host Country Events
51 1978 Nürburgring   West Germany 4
52 1979 Valkenburg   Netherlands 4
53 1980 Sallanches   France 2
54 1981 Prague   Czechoslovakia 4
55 1982 Goodwood   Great Britain 4
56 1983 Altenrhein    Switzerland 4
57 1984 Barcelona   Spain 1
58 1985 Giavera del Montello   Italy 4
59 1986 Colorado Springs   United States 4
60 1987 Villach   Austria 5
61 1988 Ronse   Belgium 2
62 1989 Chambéry   France 5
63 1990 Utsunomiya   Japan 5
64 1991 Stuttgart   Germany 5
65 1992 Benidorm   Spain 2
66 1993 Oslo   Norway 5
67 1994 Agrigento   Italy 7
68 1995 Duitama   Colombia 5
69 1996 Lugano    Switzerland 6
70 1997 San Sebastián   Spain 10
71 1998 Valkenburg   Netherlands 10
72 1999 Verona   Italy 10
73 2000 Plouay   France 10
74 2001 Lisbon   Portugal 10
75 2002 Zolder   Belgium 10
76 2003 Hamilton   Canada 10
77 2004 Verona   Italy 10
78 2005 Madrid   Spain 6
79 2006 Salzburg   Austria 6
80 2007 Stuttgart   Germany 6
81 2008 Varese   Italy 6
82 2009 Mendrisio    Switzerland 6
83 2010 Geelong   Australia 6
84 2011 Copenhagen   Denmark 10
85 2012 Valkenburg   Netherlands 12
86 2013 Florence   Italy 12
87 2014 Ponferrada   Spain 12
88 2015 Richmond   United States 12
89 2016 Doha   Qatar 12
90 2017 Bergen   Norway 12
91 2018 Innsbruck   Austria 12
92 2019 Harrogate   Great Britain 11
93 2020 Imola   Italy 4
94 2021 Flanders   Belgium 11
95 2022 Wollongong   Australia 11
96 2023 Glasgow   Great Britain 11
97 2024 Zürich    Switzerland 11
98 2025 Kigali   Rwanda 11

HostsEdit

Updated after 2021 UCI Road World Championships.
Times Nations
14   Italy
10   Belgium -    Switzerland
9   France
8   Germany -   Netherlands
7   Spain
6   Denmark
4   Great Britain
3   Austria
2   Canada -   Norway -   United States
1   Australia -   Colombia -   Czechoslovakia -   Hungary -   Japan -   Luxembourg -   Portugal -   Qatar -   Venezuela

All MedalsEdit

Updated after 2021 UCI Road World Championships.

Medal table includes only medals achieved in senior events. Mixed nation team events such as the Team Time Trial from 2012 to 2018 are excluded.

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1  Italy544743144
2  Belgium38313099
3  Netherlands36332897
4  France34303094
5   Switzerland15232058
6  Germany14172051
7  United States14141341
8  Great Britain13111236
9  Soviet Union12161644
10  East Germany102416
11  Spain9131638
12  Sweden95721
13  Denmark7111028
14  Poland77418
15  Australia611623
16  West Germany44513
17  Russia44412
18  Lithuania33511
19  Slovakia3104
20  Norway2248
21  Colombia2125
22  Belarus2013
23  Luxembourg1348
24  New Zealand1225
25  Ukraine1214
26  Ireland1135
27  Latvia1102
28  Portugal1001
29  Canada0336
30  Czechoslovakia0224
31  Austria0123
32  Hungary0112
  Slovenia0112
34  Brazil0101
35  Kazakhstan0022
36  Czech Republic0011
  Finland0011
  Uruguay0011
Totals (38 nations)304304304912

CountriesEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Road Cycling: World Championships: Men: Road Race for Amateurs". Sports 123. Retrieved 2013-10-15.