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Fontenay-sous-Bois (French pronunciation: ​[fɔ̃t.nɛ.su.bwa]) is a commune in the eastern suburbs of Paris, France. It is located 9.3 km (5.8 mi) from the center of Paris.

Fontenay-sous-Bois
A road in the centre of Fontenay-sous-Bois
A road in the centre of Fontenay-sous-Bois
Paris and inner ring departments
Paris and inner ring departments
Location of Fontenay-sous-Bois
Fontenay-sous-Bois is located in France
Fontenay-sous-Bois
Fontenay-sous-Bois
Paris and inner ring departments
Fontenay-sous-Bois is located in Île-de-France (region)
Fontenay-sous-Bois
Fontenay-sous-Bois
Fontenay-sous-Bois (Île-de-France (region))
Coordinates: 48°51′06″N 2°28′38″E / 48.8517°N 2.4772°E / 48.8517; 2.4772Coordinates: 48°51′06″N 2°28′38″E / 48.8517°N 2.4772°E / 48.8517; 2.4772
CountryFrance
RegionÎle-de-France
DepartmentVal-de-Marne
ArrondissementNogent-sur-Marne
CantonFontenay-sous-Bois
IntercommunalityGrand Paris
Government
 • Mayor (2016–2020) Maxime DANAUS
Area
1
5.58 km2 (2.15 sq mi)
Population
 (2016-01-01)[1]
53,968
 • Density9,700/km2 (25,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
94033 /94120
Elevation44–111 m (144–364 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Contents

NameEdit

The name Fontenay was recorded in the Middle Ages as Fontanetum, meaning "the springs", from Medieval Latin fontana ("natural spring").

The commune was known alternatively as Fontenay-les-Bois (meaning "Fontenay by the woods"), Fontenay-sur-le-Bois (meaning "Fontenay over the wood"), or Fontenay-sous-Bois (meaning "Fontenay under wood"), but eventually in the early 19th century the latter name of Fontenay-sous-Bois became the only name. The wood referred to in the name of the commune is the Bois de Vincennes.

HistoryEdit

In 1929, the commune of Fontenay-sous-Bois lost more than a third of its territory when the city of Paris annexed the Bois de Vincennes, a large part of which belonged to Fontenay-sous-Bois.

FountainEdit

The Rosettes fountain was lost during World War II. Years later, it was found by chance in a market in the South of France; the town of Fontenay-sous-Bois recovered it, and re-installed it in the place where it can be seen today.

TransportEdit

Fontenay-sous-Bois is served by Fontenay-sous-Bois station on Paris RER line A.

It is also served by Val de Fontenay station, which is an interchange station on Paris RER line A and RER line E.

EducationEdit

The commune has eleven preschools, eleven elementary schools, one junior high school, two CES junior high schools, one senior high school/sixth-form college, and one LEP. Collège Victor Duruy and Lycée Pablo Picasso are the main secondary schools.[2]

DemographicsEdit

ImmigrationEdit

Place of birth of residents of Fontenay-sous-Bois in 1999
Born in Metropolitan France Born outside Metropolitan France
80.0% 20.0%
Born in
Overseas France
Born in foreign countries with French citizenship at birth1 EU-15 immigrants2 Non-EU-15 immigrants
2.2% 3.3% 4.5% 10.0%
1This group is made up largely of former French settlers, such as pieds-noirs in Northwest Africa, followed by former colonial citizens who had French citizenship at birth (such as was often the case for the native elite in French colonies), and to a lesser extent foreign-born children of French expatriates. Note that a foreign country is understood as a country not part of France in 1999, so a person born for example in 1950 in Algeria, when Algeria was an integral part of France, is nonetheless listed as a person born in a foreign country in French statistics.
2An immigrant is a person born in a foreign country not having French citizenship at birth. Note that an immigrant may have acquired French citizenship since moving to France, but is still considered an immigrant in French statistics. On the other hand, persons born in France with foreign citizenship (the children of immigrants) are not listed as immigrants.

PersonalitiesEdit

Interesting factsEdit

In 2015 a street in Brovary, Ukraine was named after its sister city Fontenay-sous-Bois.[3]

ViewsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Populations légales 2016". INSEE. Retrieved 25 April 2019.
  2. ^ "Etablissements scolaires." Fontenay-sous-Bois. Retrieved on September 3, 2016.
  3. ^ Рішення від 25.12.2015 № 52-04-07 «Про перейменування вулиць та провулків м. Бровари» "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-01-25. Retrieved 2015-12-31.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link), [1] (in Ukrainian). Brovary City Council. 28.12.2015

External linksEdit