Nogent-sur-Marne (French pronunciation: [nɔʒɑ̃ syʁ maʁn]) is a commune in the eastern suburbs of Paris, France. It is located 10.6 km (6.6 mi) from the centre of Paris. Nogent-sur-Marne is a sous-préfecture of the Val-de-Marne département, being the seat of the Arrondissement of Nogent-sur-Marne.
The Pavillon Baltard
Paris and inner ring departments
|Canton||Nogent-sur-Marne and Charenton-le-Pont|
|• Mayor||Jacques JP Martin|
|2.8 km2 (1.1 sq mi)|
|• Density||11,000/km2 (29,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (CEST)|
|Elevation||36–99 m (118–325 ft)|
|1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.|
Several origins of the name have been proposed:
- Novigentum, "new people", i.e. prisoners brought by the Roman armies.
- Nov. indicates fatty or soaked grounds.
- Novientum which is the Gallic equivalent of medieval French "Villeneuve" or English "Newtown".
In the Middle Ages, several castles were built. Le Château de Plaisance, built in the 13th century, which hosted Charles V and Jeanne de Bourbon in 1375. The only vestige which remains is a house of the current private hospital, 30 rue de Plaisance, as well as the bottom of the enclosing wall of the gardens. Le Château de Beauté-sur-Marne, 14th century, is a royal stay. Cardinal de Richelieu destroyed it in 1626.
In the 17th century, whereas the rural population was made up of a majority of vine growers, the middle-class discovered the charms of the country, and settled in Nogent. Jean-Antoine Watteau lived in Mr. Lefevre's house his last moments and died there in 1721.
The construction of the two railway lines: Paris–Mulhouse and Bastille–La Varenne in the 1850s still accelerated the process. The viaduct, built by Auvergnats and Belgians was destroyed once on 15 September 1870. Italians rebuilt it; an Italian community was established there. Coming, for the majority, from the province of Piacenza, they were from the Valley of Nure or from the south of Tyrol.
Isolated since 1854 by the construction of a viaduct for the Paris–Mulhouse line, the commune of Le Perreux sur Marne is born after a fight of more than 10 years in 1887. On 28 February 1887, more than half of the territory of Nogent-sur-Marne was detached and became the commune of Le Perreux-sur-Marne.
In 1929, the commune of Nogent-sur-Marne lost a small part of its territory when the city of Paris annexed the Bois de Vincennes, the eastern fringe of which belonged to Nogent-sur-Marne.
Twin towns – Sister citiesEdit
Nogent-sur-Marne is twinned with:
- Subway (RER):
- N35 (Night Bus) (Gare de Lyon (75) ↔ Nogent-le-Perreux RER).
- by boat, by Marne, from Paris.
The commune has the following public preschools and primary schools:
- Preschools: Fontenay, Gallieni, Val de Beauté, Paul Bert, and Guy Môquet
- Elementary schools: Paul Bert, Guy Môquet, Val de Beauté
- School groups (combined preschool and elementary school): Léonard de Vinci and Victor Hugo
The commune has two public junior high schools, Collège Watteau and Collège Branly. Collège Pierre Brossolette is in nearby Le Perreux. The commune has two public academic high schools/sixth-form colleges, Lycée Branly and Lycée Louis Armand, as well as two vocational high schools, La Source and Val de Beauté.
Bibliothèque Cavanna serves as the municipal library.
- Mamadi Berthe, footballer
- François Cavanna, author and satirical newspaper editor
- Jean Giraud, comics artist
- Johanne Gomis, basketball player
- Magaye Gueye, footballer
- Loic Korval, judoka
- Henri Lebègue palaeographer
- Lilian Nalis, footballer
- Pierre Perrier, actor
- Jacques Sablon, actor
- Baissama Sankho, footballer
- Amadou Soukouna, footballer
- Christian Vander, musician
- Maxime Vachier-Lagrave, chess Grandmaster
- [DOK], French rap group
- Antoine Louis René Prosper Bauyn de Perreuse (1834–68)
- Émile Brisson (1907–19)
- Pierre Champion (1919–42)
- Roland Nungesser (1959–95)
- Estelle Debæker (1995–2001)
Painters of Nogent-sur-MarneEdit
- "Association Suisse des Communes et Régions d'Europe". L'Association suisse pour le Conseil des Communes et Régions d'Europe (ASCCRE) (in French). Archived from the original on 2012-07-24. Retrieved 2013-07-20.
- "L'école primaire." Nogent-sur-Marne. Retrieved on September 3, 2016.
- "Établissements d'enseignement secondaire publics." Nogent-sur-Marne. Retrieved on September 3, 2016.
- Home. Bibliothèque Cavanna. Retrieved on September 3, 2016.