Nogent-sur-Marne (French pronunciation: [nɔʒɑ̃ syʁ maʁn]) is a commune in the eastern suburbs of Paris, France. It is located 10.6 km (6.6 mi) from the centre of Paris. Nogent-sur-Marne is a sous-préfecture of the Val-de-Marne département, being the seat of the Arrondissement of Nogent-sur-Marne.

The Pavillon Baltard
Coat of arms of Nogent-sur-Marne
Paris and inner ring departments
Paris and inner ring departments
Location of Nogent-sur-Marne
Nogent-sur-Marne is located in France
Nogent-sur-Marne is located in Île-de-France (region)
Coordinates: 48°50′15″N 2°29′00″E / 48.8375°N 2.4833°E / 48.8375; 2.4833
CantonNogent-sur-Marne and Charenton-le-Pont
IntercommunalityGrand Paris
 • Mayor (2020–2026) Jacques JP Martin[1]
2.8 km2 (1.1 sq mi)
 • Density12,000/km2 (31,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
94052 /94130
Elevation36–99 m (118–325 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

History edit

Several origins of the name have been proposed:

  • Novigentum, "new people", i.e. prisoners brought by the Roman armies.
  • Nov. indicates fatty or soaked grounds.
  • Novientum which is the Gallic equivalent of medieval French "Villeneuve" or English "Newtown".

In the Middle Ages, several castles were built. Le Château de Plaisance, built in the 13th century, which hosted Charles V and Jeanne de Bourbon in 1375. The only vestige which remains is a house of the current private hospital, 30 rue de Plaisance, as well as the bottom of the enclosing wall of the gardens. Le Château de Beauté-sur-Marne, 14th century, is a royal stay. Cardinal de Richelieu destroyed it in 1626.

In the 17th century, whereas the rural population was made up of a majority of vine growers, the middle-class discovered the charms of the country, and settled in Nogent. Jean-Antoine Watteau lived in Mr. Lefevre's house his last moments and died there in 1721.

The construction of the two railway lines: Paris–Mulhouse and Bastille–La Varenne in the 1850s still accelerated the process. The viaduct, built by Auvergnats and Belgians was destroyed once on 15 September 1870. Italians rebuilt it; an Italian community was established there. Coming, for the majority, from the province of Piacenza, they were from the Valley of Nure or from the south of Tyrol.

Isolated since 1854 by the construction of a viaduct for the Paris–Mulhouse line, the commune of Le Perreux sur Marne is born after a fight of more than 10 years in 1887. On 28 February 1887, more than half of the territory of Nogent-sur-Marne was detached and became the commune of Le Perreux-sur-Marne.

In 1929, the commune of Nogent-sur-Marne lost a small part of its territory when the city of Paris annexed the Bois de Vincennes, the eastern fringe of which belonged to Nogent-sur-Marne.

Railway bridge of Nogent-sur-Marne
Nogent-sur-Marne, Place Leclerc
Railway bridge of Nogent-sur-Marne

Population edit

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1793 1,198—    
1800 1,256+0.68%
1806 1,004−3.66%
1821 1,170+1.03%
1831 1,201+0.26%
1836 1,496+4.49%
1841 1,828+4.09%
1846 1,996+1.77%
1851 2,104+1.06%
1856 2,551+3.93%
1861 3,563+6.91%
1866 4,976+6.91%
1872 6,264+3.91%
1876 7,559+4.81%
1881 9,491+4.66%
1886 12,972+6.45%
1891 8,399−8.33%
1896 9,413+2.31%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901 10,586+2.38%
1906 11,721+2.06%
1911 14,051+3.69%
1921 17,464+2.20%
1926 19,765+2.51%
1931 21,324+1.53%
1936 21,056−0.25%
1946 21,547+0.23%
1954 23,581+1.13%
1962 24,501+0.48%
1968 26,238+1.15%
1975 25,634−0.33%
1982 24,630−0.57%
1990 25,248+0.31%
1999 28,191+1.23%
2007 30,912+1.16%
2012 30,884−0.02%
2017 32,851+1.24%
Source: EHESS[3] and INSEE (1968-2017)[4]

International relations edit

Nogent-sur-Marne is twinned with:[5]

The commune also has agreements of friendship and co-operation with:[5]

Transport edit

Education edit

The commune has the following public preschools and primary schools:[6]

  • Preschools: Fontenay, Gallieni, Val de Beauté, Paul Bert, and Guy Môquet
  • Elementary schools: Paul Bert, Guy Môquet, Val de Beauté
  • School groups (combined preschool and elementary school): Léonard de Vinci and Victor Hugo

The commune has two public junior high schools, Collège Watteau and Collège Branly. Collège Pierre Brossolette is in nearby Le Perreux. The commune has two public academic high schools/sixth-form colleges, Lycée Branly [fr] and Lycée Louis Armand, as well as two vocational high schools, La Source and Val de Beauté.[7]

Private schools:

Bibliothèque Cavanna serves as the municipal library.[8]

Notable people edit

Famous people born in Nogent-sur-Marne edit

Lived in or associated with Nogent-sur-Marne edit

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ "Répertoire national des élus: les maires" (in French)., Plateforme ouverte des données publiques françaises. 13 September 2022.
  2. ^ "Populations légales 2021". The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 28 December 2023.
  3. ^ Des villages de Cassini aux communes d'aujourd'hui: Commune data sheet Nogent-sur-Marne, EHESS (in French).
  4. ^ Population en historique depuis 1968, INSEE
  5. ^ a b "Jumelage". (in French). Nogent-sur-Marne. Retrieved 2022-09-05.
  6. ^ "L'école primaire Archived 2016-09-13 at the Wayback Machine." Nogent-sur-Marne. Retrieved on September 3, 2016.
  7. ^ "Établissements d'enseignement secondaire publics Archived 2016-06-03 at the Wayback Machine." Nogent-sur-Marne. Retrieved on September 3, 2016.
  8. ^ Home. Bibliothèque Cavanna. Retrieved on September 3, 2016.

External links edit