Chelles, Seine-et-Marne

Chelles (French pronunciation: [ʃɛl] (About this soundlisten)) is a commune in the eastern suburbs of Paris, France. It is located in the Seine-et-Marne department in the Île-de-France region 18 km (11 mi) from the center of Paris.

Chelles
Île Refuge, in the Marne river in Chelles
Île Refuge, in the Marne river in Chelles
Coat of arms of Chelles
Coat of arms
Location (in red) within Paris inner and outer suburbs
Location (in red) within Paris inner and outer suburbs
Location of Chelles
Chelles is located in France
Chelles
Chelles
Location (in red) within Paris inner and outer suburbs
Chelles is located in Île-de-France (region)
Chelles
Chelles
Chelles (Île-de-France (region))
Coordinates: 48°53′00″N 2°36′00″E / 48.8833°N 2.6000°E / 48.8833; 2.6000Coordinates: 48°53′00″N 2°36′00″E / 48.8833°N 2.6000°E / 48.8833; 2.6000
CountryFrance
RegionÎle-de-France
DepartmentSeine-et-Marne
ArrondissementTorcy
CantonChelles
IntercommunalityCA Paris - Vallée de la Marne
Government
 • Mayor (2020–2026) Brice Rabaste
Area
1
16.3 km2 (6.3 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2018)[1]
55,148
 • Density3,400/km2 (8,800/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
77108 /77500
Elevation36–106 m (118–348 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

HistoryEdit

Paleolithic artifacts were discovered by chance at Chelles by the pioneering nineteenth-century anthropologist Louis Laurent Gabriel de Mortillet (1821–1898); he named the corresponding cultural stage of the Paleolithic after the commune: «Chellean» or «Chellian», nowadays known as «Oldowan».

At the Merovingian villa of Calae the abbey of Notre-Dame-des-Chelles was founded by Balthild, a seventh-century queen of the Franks. It was largely demolished at the time of the French Revolution.

GeographyEdit

There are two main streets in Chelles, Avenue Foch and Avenue de la Résistance.

DemographicsEdit

The inhabitants are called Chellois.

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1793 1,110—    
1800 865−3.50%
1806 1,241+6.20%
1821 1,179−0.34%
1831 1,413+1.83%
1836 1,557+1.96%
1841 1,632+0.95%
1846 1,700+0.82%
1851 1,700+0.00%
1856 1,770+0.81%
1861 1,914+1.58%
1866 2,165+2.50%
1872 2,150−0.12%
1876 2,500+3.84%
1881 2,702+1.57%
1886 3,001+2.12%
1891 2,911−0.61%
1896 3,414+3.24%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901 3,952+2.97%
1906 4,683+3.45%
1911 5,367+2.76%
1921 6,805+2.40%
1926 9,716+7.38%
1931 13,158+6.25%
1936 14,658+2.18%
1946 14,378−0.19%
1954 19,539+3.91%
1962 28,382+4.78%
1968 33,281+2.69%
1975 36,516+1.33%
1982 41,838+1.96%
1990 45,365+1.02%
1999 45,399+0.01%
2007 51,035+1.47%
2012 53,247+0.85%
2017 54,917+0.62%
Source: EHESS[2] and INSEE (1968-2017)[3]

TransportEdit

Chelles is served by Chelles – Gournay station on Paris RER line   and on the Transilien Paris – Est suburban rail line   .

EducationEdit

As of 2016 the commune has 13,000 students in 46 public and private schools.[4] The commune includes 19 public preschools and 16 public elementary schools.[5]

There are also:

  • Four public junior high schools: Collège Beau soleil, Collège Corot, Collège de l’Europe, and Collège Weczerka - Beau Soleil and de l'Europe have Enseignement Général Professionnel Adapté (S.E.G.P.A) programmes[6]
  • Three public senior high schools/sixth-form colleges, Lycée Gaston Bachelard, Lycée Professionnel Louis Lumière, and Lycée Jehan de Chelles[7]
  • One private school - Institution Gasnier Guy, with private preschool and elementary school (Gasnier Guy / Ste Bathilde), junior high school (Collège Gasnier Guy),[6] and senior high school (Lycée Gasnier Guy) divisions[7]

Chelles includes a library, Bibliothèque Olympe de Gouges, and a media centre, Médiathèque Jean-Pierre Vernant.[8]

Culture and recreationEdit

The commune includes the Musée Alfred-Bonno.[9]

There is also a public swimming pool,[10] and a public skate park which opened in 1999.[11]

Chelles is town twinned with the city of Lindau (Germany)

GalleryEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Populations légales 2018". INSEE. 28 December 2020.
  2. ^ Des villages de Cassini aux communes d'aujourd'hui: Commune data sheet Chelles, EHESS. (in French)
  3. ^ Population en historique depuis 1968, INSEE
  4. ^ "Éducation." Chelles. Retrieved on September 6, 2016.
  5. ^ "Liste des écoles, inscriptions et fonctionnement de l’école." Chelles. Retrieved on September 6, 2016.
  6. ^ a b "Collèges." Chelles. Retrieved on September 6, 2016.
  7. ^ a b "Lycées." Chelles. Retrieved on September 6, 2016.
  8. ^ "Médiathèque – Bibliothèque." Chelles. Retrieved on September 6, 2016.
  9. ^ "Musée Alfred-Bonno." Chelles. Retrieved on September 6, 2016.
  10. ^ "Piscine de Chelles." Chelles. Retrieved on September 6, 2016.
  11. ^ "Skatepark." Chelles. Retrieved on September 6, 2016.

External linksEdit