1953 Tour de France
The 1953 Tour de France was the 40th edition of the Tour de France, taking place from 3 to 26 July. It consisted of 22 stages over 4,476 km (2,781 mi).
|Distance||4,476 km (2,781 mi)|
|Winning time||129h 23' 25"|
The race was won by Louison Bobet, the first of his three consecutive wins. At first, internal struggles in the French national team seemed to work against Bobet, but when the team joined forces, he beat regional rider Jean Malléjac in the mountains.
Innovations and changesEdit
Changes in the Tour formula were made: Only one time trial was used, instead of two the previous year; the time bonus for the first cyclist to cross a mountain top was removed; there were fewer mountain stages; the number of cyclists per team was increased from 8 to 10. Since all these changes were bad for 1952's winner Fausto Coppi, who had gained significant time in 1952 in the time trials and mountain stages, the Tour organisation was accused of favoring French riders.
As was the custom since the 1930 Tour de France, the 1953 Tour de France was contested by national and regional teams. Seven national teams were sent, with 10 cyclists each from Italy, Switzerland, Belgium, Spain, Luxembourg, the Netherlands and France. France additionally sent five regional teams from 10 cyclists each, divided into Île-de-France, Center-North East France, South-East, West and South West. One Luxembourgian cyclist did not start, so 119 cyclists started the race.
The teams entering the race were:
The winner of the previous edition, Coppi, did not defend his title. The reasons were not clear: it could have been injury, but it was also possible that Coppi did not want to ride in the same team as his rival Gino Bartali, or that the Tour direction urged the Italian team not to select Coppi because he had dominated the 1952 Tour, or that Coppi chose to prepare for the 1953 UCI Road World Championships. The big favourites became Hugo Koblet and Louison Bobet.
The last five editions had been won by Italian and Swiss cyclists, so the French cycling fans were anxious for a French win. When team manager Marcel Bidot had selected Bobet as the French team captain, controversy arose. Bobet had shown his potential strength, but had already tried to win the Tour de France five times without succeeding. His team-mate Raphaël Géminiani thought that Bobet was not strong enough, after he did not finish the 1953 Giro d'Italia earlier that year.
Route and stagesEdit
The 1953 Tour de France started on 3 July, and had two rest days, in Bordeaux and Monaco. The highest point of elevation in the race was 2,360 m (7,740 ft) at the summit of the Col d'Izoard mountain pass on stage 18.
|1||3 July||Strasbourg to Metz||195 km (121 mi)||Plain stage||Fritz Schär (SUI)|
|2||4 July||Metz to Liège (Belgium)||227 km (141 mi)||Plain stage||Fritz Schär (SUI)|
|3||5 July||Liège (Belgium) to Lille||221 km (137 mi)||Plain stage||Stanislas Bober (FRA)|
|4||6 July||Lille to Dieppe||188 km (117 mi)||Plain stage||Gerrit Voorting (NED)|
|5||7 July||Dieppe to Caen||200 km (124 mi)||Plain stage||Jean Malléjac (FRA)|
|6||8 July||Caen to Le Mans||206 km (128 mi)||Plain stage||Martin Van Geneugden (BEL)|
|7||9 July||Le Mans to Nantes||181 km (112 mi)||Plain stage||Livio Isotti (ITA)|
|8||10 July||Nantes to Bordeaux||345 km (214 mi)||Plain stage||Jan Nolten (NED)|
|11 July||Bordeaux||Rest day|
|9||12 July||Bordeaux to Pau||197 km (122 mi)||Plain stage||Fiorenzo Magni (ITA)|
|10||13 July||Pau to Cauterets||103 km (64 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Jesús Loroño (ESP)|
|11||14 July||Cauterets to Luchon||115 km (71 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Jean Robic (FRA)|
|12||15 July||Luchon to Albi||228 km (142 mi)||Plain stage||André Darrigade (FRA)|
|13||16 July||Albi to Béziers||189 km (117 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Nello Lauredi (FRA)|
|14||17 July||Béziers to Nîmes||214 km (133 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Bernard Quennehen (FRA)|
|15||18 July||Nîmes to Marseille||173 km (107 mi)||Plain stage||Maurice Quentin (FRA)|
|16||19 July||Marseille to Monaco||236 km (147 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Wim van Est (NED)|
|20 July||Monaco||Rest day|
|17||21 July||Monaco to Gap||261 km (162 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Wout Wagtmans (NED)|
|18||22 July||Gap to Briançon||165 km (103 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Louison Bobet (FRA)|
|19||23 July||Briançon to Lyon||227 km (141 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Georges Meunier (FRA)|
|20||24 July||Lyon to St. Etienne||70 km (43 mi)||Individual time trial||Louison Bobet (FRA)|
|21||25 July||St. Etienne to Montluçon||210 km (130 mi)||Plain stage||Wout Wagtmans (NED)|
|22||26 July||Montluçon to Paris||328 km (204 mi)||Plain stage||Fiorenzo Magni (ITA)|
|Total||4,476 km (2,781 mi)|
Hassenforder was ill, and could not follow in the mountains, so Schär took the lead back in the ninth stage. In the next stage, Hugo Koblet, the leader of the Swiss team, fell and had to give up, making Schär the undisputed leader of the Swiss team.
Jean Robic, the winner of the 1947 Tour de France, rode for the regional team from West. He was in great shape, and won the 11th stage, and even took the leading position in the general classification. In the next stage, Robic rode in the yellow jersey for the first and only time in his career. Robic had won the 1947 Tour de France, but only captured the lead in the ultimate stage, so he never wore the yellow jersey during that race. Robic was a good climber, but he was not heavy enough to be a good descender. It is said that the manager of his team had arranged bidons filled with lead, that would be given to Robic on the top of the mountains. This helped Robic to keep his lead on the descent.
Robic lost the yellow jersey in the next stage, after he crashed and the French national team attacked. A large group of twenty five cyclists, without any of the favourites, had escaped and stayed away. Robic's team did not lose the jersey however, as first François Mahé took over the lead.
In the next stage, the favourites attacked again. Mahé could not keep up, and lost his leading position to his team-mate Jean Malléjac. The sprint was won by Nello Lauredi from the French national team, before his team-mate Bobet. Bobet was angry that Lauredi had won the sprint, because it made Bobet miss the one-minute time bonus for the winner of the stage. Bobet accused Lauredi and Géminiani of working against him, and during dinner it came to a fight. The French team captain intervened, and they found a solution: Bobet agreed to give his prize money to his team-mates, if they helped him win the Tour.
In that stage, Robic had fallen down, and lost many minutes, so he was no longer considered able to win the Tour. He did not start the fourteenth stage. At that point, Bobet was 3 minutes 13 seconds behind Malléjac.
In the eighteenth stage in the alps, Bobet followed Jesus Lorono who attacked on the Col de Vars. Bobet dropped him on the descend, and went alone to the Col d'Izoard. There was a group of early attackers ahead, including Bobet's team-mate Deledda. Deledda waited for Bobet, and helped him to reach the Izoard. Bobet could save his energy, and when they reached the Izoard, he left Deledda behind. The tactics had worked, and Bobet won more than 12 minutes on Malléjac and took the yellow jersey. He extended his lead by winning the time trial in stage 20, thereby showing that he was not only a good climber but also a fine time trialist. At that point, the Dutch team was leading the team classification, and the Dutch and French team started to work together to keep their leading positions in the general and team classification.
For the finish in Paris, eleven former Tour de France winners were present: Maurice Garin (who won the 1903 edition), Gustave Garrigou (1911), Philippe Thys (1913, 1914 and 1920), Lucien Buysse (1926), André Leducq (1930 and 1932), Antonin Magne (1931 and 1934), Georges Speicher (1933), Romain Maes (1935), Sylvère Maes (1936 and 1939), Roger Lapébie (1937) and Ferdinand Kübler (1950).
Classification leadership and minor prizesEdit
The time that each cyclist required to finish each stage was recorded, and these times were added together for the general classification. If a cyclist had received a time bonus, it was subtracted from this total; all time penalties were added to this total. The cyclist with the least accumulated time was the race leader, identified by the yellow jersey. Of the 119 cyclists that started the 1953 Tour de France, 76 finished the race. The results showed that the pre-war greats were no longer dominant: all cyclists in the top ten had turned professional after the Second World War. The prize for best regional cyclist was won by second-placed Malléjac.
Fifty years after the first Tour de France, the 1953 Tour featured the introduction of the green jersey, for the leader in the points classification (usually seen as the "best sprinter's" jersey), at that time called the Grand Prix Cinquentennaire. The classification was based on the points system as it had been used from the 1905 Tour de France to the 1912 Tour de France. The points classification was not only added to celebrate the 50 years since the first race, but also to have the sprinters race hard for the entire race. The calculation method came from the Tours de France from 1905 to 1912. Points were given according to the ranking of the stage: the winner received one points, the next cyclist two points, and so on. These points were added, and the cyclist with the fewest points was the leader of the points classification. In 1953, this was won by Fritz Schär.
Points for the mountains classification were earned by reaching the mountain tops first. The system was almost the same as in 1952: there were two types of mountain tops: the hardest ones, in category 1, gave 10 points to the first cyclist, the easier ones, in category 2, gave 6 points to the first cyclist, and the easiest ones, in category 3, gave 3 points. Jesus Lorono won this classification.
The calculation of the team classification was changed from the calculation in 1952. In 1953, it was calculated as the sum of the daily team classifications, and the daily team classification was calculated by adding the times in the stage result of the best three cyclists per team. It was won by the Dutch team, with a small margin over the French team. South West did not finish with three cyclists so was not eligible for the team classification.
The 1952 Tour had seen the introduction of combativity awards, in which a jury composed of journalists gave points after most stages to the cyclist they considered most combative. In 1953, this system was kept, with the addition of a classification that was led by the rider with the most points from votes in all stages, and an overall super-combativity award. This was won by Wout Wagtmans. The Souvenir Henri Desgrange was given in honour of Tour founder Henri Desgrange to the first rider to pass a point by his final residence, the "Villa Mia" in Beauvallon, Grimaud, on the French Riviera on stage 16. This prize was won by Claude Colette.
|1||Louison Bobet (FRA)||France||129h 23' 25"|
|2||Jean Malléjac (FRA)||West||+ 14' 18"|
|3||Giancarlo Astrua (ITA)||Italy||+ 15' 02"|
|4||Alex Close (BEL)||Belgium||+ 17' 35"|
|5||Wout Wagtmans (NED)||Netherlands||+ 18' 05"|
|6||Fritz Schär (SUI)||Switzerland||+ 18' 44"|
|7||Antonin Rolland (FRA)||France||+ 23' 03"|
|8||Nello Lauredi (FRA)||France||+ 26' 03"|
|9||Raphaël Géminiani (FRA)||France||+ 27' 18"|
|10||François Mahé (FRA)||West||+ 28' 26"|
|Final general classification (11–76)|
|11||Gino Bartali (ITA)||Italy||+ 32' 00"|
|12||Joseph Mirando (FRA)||South-East||+ 38' 21"|
|13||Wim van Est (NED)||Netherlands||+ 39' 00"|
|14||José Serra (ESP)||Spain||+ 40' 32"|
|15||Fiorenzo Magni (ITA)||Italy||+ 40' 47"|
|16||Gilbert Bauvin (FRA)||North-East/Centre||+ 42' 03"|
|17||Gerrit Voorting (NED)||Netherlands||+ 44' 02"|
|18||Marcel Ernzer (LUX)||Luxembourg||+ 46' 41"|
|19||Jan Nolten (NED)||Netherlands||+ 47' 29"|
|20||Ugo Anzile (ITA)||Italy||+ 50' 38"|
|21||Lucien Lazaridès (FRA)||South-East||+ 52' 16"|
|22||Vincenzo Rossello (ITA)||Italy||+ 54' 47"|
|23||Raymond Impanis (BEL)||Belgium||+ 59' 12"|
|24||Andrés Trobat (ESP)||Spain||+ 1h 04' 35"|
|25||Stanislas Bober (FRA)||Île-de-France||+ 1h 08' 16"|
|26||Lucien Teisseire (FRA)||France||+ 1h 12' 57"|
|27||Georges Meunier (FRA)||North-East/Centre||+ 1h 14' 43"|
|28||Hilaire Couvreur (BEL)||Belgium||+ 1h 16' 04"|
|29||Thijs Roks (NED)||Netherlands||+ 1h 22' 04"|
|30||Jean Le Guilly (FRA)||France||+ 1h 22' 15"|
|31||Maurice Quentin (FRA)||Île-de-France||+ 1h 24' 15"|
|32||Marcel Huber (SUI)||Switzerland||+ 1h 25' 02"|
|33||Richard Van Genechten (BEL)||Belgium||+ 1h 29' 39"|
|34||Martin Van Geneugden (BEL)||Belgium||+ 1h 30' 17"|
|35||Adolphe Deledda (FRA)||France||+ 1h 37' 24"|
|36||Hein van Breenen (NED)||Netherlands||+ 1h 37' 41"|
|37||André Darrigade (FRA)||South West||+ 1h 39' 09"|
|38||Pierre Molinéris (FRA)||South-East||+ 1h 39' 16"|
|39||Jean Forestier (FRA)||North-East/Centre||+ 1h 40' 15"|
|40||Adri Suykerbuyk (NED)||Netherlands||+ 1h 40' 31"|
|41||Jacques Renaud (FRA)||Île-de-France||+ 1h 40' 42"|
|42||Livio Isotti (ITA)||Italy||+ 1h 41' 03"|
|43||René De Smet (BEL)||Belgium||+ 1h 42' 25"|
|44||Roger Pontet (FRA)||West||+ 1h 43' 43"|
|45||Jan Adriaensens (BEL)||Belgium||+ 1h 44' 03"|
|46||Francisco Masip (ESP)||Spain||+ 1h 45' 31"|
|47||Roger Walkowiak (FRA)||North-East/Centre||+ 1h 52' 53"|
|48||Antonio Gelabert (ESP)||Spain||+ 1h 52' 56"|
|49||Alfred Tonello (FRA)||Île-de-France||+ 1h 54' 03"|
|50||Jesús Loroño (ESP)||Spain||+ 1h 58' 03"|
|51||Raoul Rémy (FRA)||France||+ 2h 02' 07"|
|52||Alfred De Bruyne (BEL)||Belgium||+ 2h 02' 46"|
|53||Mario Baroni (ITA)||Italy||+ 2h 03' 06"|
|54||Umberto Drei (ITA)||Italy||+ 2h 12' 25"|
|55||Jean Dacquay (FRA)||North-East/Centre||+ 2h 12' 33"|
|56||Giovanni Corrieri (ITA)||Italy||+ 2h 14' 05"|
|57||Remo Pianezzi (SUI)||Switzerland||+ 2h 15' 34"|
|58||Claude Colette (FRA)||South West||+ 2h 16' 18"|
|59||Vincent Vitetta (FRA)||South-East||+ 2h 20' 00"|
|60||Maurice Diot (FRA)||Île-de-France||+ 2h 24' 09"|
|61||Carlo Lafranchi (SUI)||Switzerland||+ 2h 26' 48"|
|62||Joseph Morvan (FRA)||Switzerland||+ 2h 31' 09"|
|63||René Rotta (FRA)||South-East||+ 2h 31' 24"|
|64||Bernard Quennehen (FRA)||North-East/Centre||+ 2h 31' 57"|
|65||Amand Audaire (FRA)||West||+ 2h 31' 59"|
|66||Willy Kemp (LUX)||Luxembourg||+ 2h 42' 49"|
|67||Max Schellenberg (SUI)||Switzerland||+ 2h 43' 32"|
|68||Martin Metzger (SUI)||Switzerland||+ 2h 55' 58"|
|69||Siro Bianchi (FRA)||South-East||+ 2h 58' 33"|
|70||Bernard Bultel (FRA)||West||+ 3h 26' 06"|
|71||Norbert Esnault (FRA)||West||+ 3h 31' 21"|
|72||Jean Schmit (LUX)||Luxembourg||+ 3h 34' 58"|
|73||Dalmacio Langarica (ESP)||Spain||+ 3h 39' 59"|
|74||José Vidal Porcar (ESP)||Spain||+ 3h 48' 11"|
|75||Bernard Gauthier (FRA)||France||+ 3h 49' 49"|
|76||Claude Rouer (FRA)||Île-de-France||+ 4h 09' 10"|
|1||Fritz Schär (SUI)||Switzerland||271|
|2||Fiorenzo Magni (ITA)||Italy||307|
|3||Raphaël Géminiani (FRA)||France||406|
|4||Antonin Rolland (FRA)||France||413|
|5||Wim van Est (NED)||Netherlands||440|
|6||Gerrit Voorting (NED)||Netherlands||490|
|7||Giancarlo Astrua (ITA)||Italy||536|
|8||Louison Bobet (FRA)||France||541|
|9||Gino Bartali (ITA)||Italy||549|
|10||Raymond Impanis (BEL)||Belgium||620|
|1||Jesús Loroño (ESP)||Spain||54|
|2||Louison Bobet (FRA)||France||36|
|3||Joseph Mirando (FRA)||South-East||30|
|4||Gilbert Bauvin (FRA)||North-East/Centre||25|
|5||Jean Le Guilly (FRA)||France||24|
|6||Fritz Schär (SUI)||Switzerland||22|
|7||Giancarlo Astrua (ITA)||Italy||20|
|8||José Serra (ESP)||Spain||19|
|9||Jan Nolten (NED)||Netherlands||14|
|Marcel Huber (SUI)||Switzerland||14|
|1||Netherlands||387h 42' 54"|
|2||France||+ 11' 07"|
|3||North-East/Centre||+ 23' 22"|
|4||Belgium||+ 54' 57"|
|5||West||+ 1h 07' 51"|
|6||Italy||+ 1h 19' 45"|
|7||Spain||+ 2h 00' 13"|
|8||South-East||+ 2h 28' 45"|
|9||Île-de-France||+ 2h 38' 25"|
|10||Switzerland||+ 2h 42' 22"|
|11||Luxembourg||+ 4h 34' 52"|
The 1953 Tour de France had two young rider making their debuts, Charly Gaul and André Darrigade. Gaul would later win the 1958 Tour de France, and Darrigade would win 22 stages in total, and win the points classification twice.
The winner of the 1953 Tour, Bobet, would also win the next two editions, and became the first rider to win three consecutive Tours.
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Media related to 1953 Tour de France at Wikimedia Commons