The 2016 Tour de France was the 103rd edition of the Tour de France, one of cycling's Grand Tours. The 3,529 km (2,193 mi)-long race consisted of 21 stages, starting on 2 July in Mont Saint-Michel, Normandy, and concluding on 24 July with the Champs-Élysées stage in Paris. A total of 198 riders from 22 teams entered the race. The overall general classification was won by Chris Froome of Team Sky, with the second and third places were taken by Romain Bardet (AG2R La Mondiale) and Nairo Quintana (Movistar Team), respectively.

2016 Tour de France
2016 UCI World Tour, race 18 of 28
Map of France showing the showing the path of the race going counter-clockwise.
Route of the 2016 Tour de France
Race details
Dates2–24 July 2016
Distance3,529 km (2,193 mi)
Winning time89h 04' 48"
Winner  Chris Froome (GBR) (Team Sky)
  Second  Romain Bardet (FRA) (AG2R La Mondiale)
  Third  Nairo Quintana (COL) (Movistar Team)

Points  Peter Sagan (SVK) (Tinkoff)
Mountains  Rafał Majka (POL) (Tinkoff)
Youth  Adam Yates (GBR) (Orica–BikeExchange)
Combativity  Peter Sagan (SVK) (Tinkoff)
Team Spain Movistar Team
← 2015
2017 →

Mark Cavendish of Team Dimension Data won the opening stage to take the general classification leader's yellow jersey. Tinkoff rider Peter Sagan won the second stage to claim yellow and held onto it until the fifth stage when Greg Van Avermaet (BMC Racing Team) took the stage and the yellow jersey. Van Avermaet lost ground in the mountainous eighth stage, finishing over 25 minutes behind the stage winner Froome, who took the yellow jersey. Froome retained the yellow jersey through to stage 17 and extended his lead further following a strong performance in the stage 18's mountain time trial. Bardet won the mountainous 19th stage and moved into second place overall and despite crashing in the rain, Froome was able to extend his lead. He then held the lead into the finish in Paris.

The points classification was won by Sagan, who won three stages. Tinkoff's Rafał Majka won the mountains classification. Orica–BikeExchange rider Adam Yates, in fourth place overall, won the young rider classification. The team classification was won by Movistar Team and Sagan was given the award for the most combative rider. Cavendish won the most stages, with four.

Teams Edit

The number of riders per nation represented in the 2016 Tour de France:

Twenty-two teams participated in the 2016 edition of the Tour de France.[1] The race was the 18th of the 28 events in the UCI World Tour,[2] and all of its eighteen UCI WorldTeams were automatically invited, and obliged, to attend the race.[3] On 2 March 2016, the organiser of the Tour, Amaury Sport Organisation (ASO), announced the four second-tier UCI Professional Continental teams given wildcard invitations: Bora–Argon 18, Cofidis, Direct Énergie and Fortuneo–Vital Concept.[4] The presentation of the teams – where the members of each team's roster are introduced in front of the media and local dignitaries – took place in the town square of Sainte-Mère-Église, Normandy, on 28 June, two days before the opening stage held in the region. Each team arrived in World War II military vehicles, commemorating the Normandy landings.[5]

Each squad was allowed a maximum of nine riders, therefore the start list contained a total of 198 riders.[6] Of these, 33 were competing in their first Tour de France.[7] The riders came from 35 countries; France, Spain, the Netherlands, Belgium, Italy and Germany all had 10 or more riders in the race.[6] Riders from ten countries won stages during the race; British riders won the largest number of stages, with seven.[8] The average age of riders in the race was 30 years,[9] ranging from the 22-year-old Sondre Holst Enger (IAM Cycling) to the 42-year-old Matteo Tosatto (Tinkoff).[7] Of the total average ages, Lampre–Merida was the youngest team and Lotto–Soudal the oldest.[9]

The teams entering the race were:[1]

UCI WorldTeams

UCI Professional Continental teams

Pre-race favourites Edit

Defending champion Chris Froome of Team Sky (pictured at the 2015 Tour) was widely seen as the leading contender for the general classification.

In the run up to the 2016 Tour de France, Chris Froome (Team Sky) was seen by many as the top pre-race favourite for the general classification. His closest rivals were thought to be Nairo Quintana (Movistar Team) and Alberto Contador (Tinkoff). The other riders considered contenders for the general classification were Richie Porte (BMC Racing Team), Thibaut Pinot (FDJ), Fabio Aru (Astana), Vincenzo Nibali (Astana), who won the 2014 Tour and the 2016 Giro d'Italia, Romain Bardet (AG2R La Mondiale), and Tejay van Garderen (BMC Racing Team).[10][11][12][13][14][15]

Froome, who won both the 2013 and 2015 editions of the race,[13] had shown his form during the season with overall victories in two stage races, the Herald Sun Tour and the Critérium du Dauphiné,[10] a race considered to be the warm-up for the Tour.[16] The runner-up in the 2013 and 2015 Tours,[13] Quintana, had won three stage races in the lead up to the Tour, the Volta a Catalunya, the Tour de Romandie, and the Route du Sud.[10] Contador, winner of the 2007 and 2009 Tours, found success in stage races during the season, winning the Tour of the Basque Country and placing second at Paris–Nice and the Volta a Catalunya.[10]

The sprinters considered favourites for the points classification and wins on the flat or hilly bunch sprint finishes were Peter Sagan (Tinkoff), Marcel Kittel (Etixx–Quick-Step), André Greipel (Lotto–Soudal), Mark Cavendish (Team Dimension Data), Alexander Kristoff (Team Katusha), John Degenkolb (Team Giant–Alpecin) and Michael Matthews (Orica–BikeExchange).[17][18][19][20][21][22] Sagan, the world road race champion and winner of the points classification in the four previous Tours, had won the one-day classics, Gent–Wevelgem and the Tour of Flanders, and two stages of the Tour of California during the season before the Tour.[20] Kittel's 2016 season had been successful up to the Tour as he had amassed a total of nine wins from sprints,[21] most notably, two stages of the Giro and the Scheldeprijs one-day race. He also won both the general and points classifications of the Dubai Tour.[19] Greipel's season total of wins so far was eight,[21] with three Giro stages.[18] Cavendish's form was not clear as his season was mostly spent training for the omnium track event at the Olympic Games the month following the Tour.[17] Although Kristoff's total of wins in the season was eight,[21] they were not in major races.[20] Degenkolb had spent the majority of his season recovering from an injury and it was thought he could pose a threat.[19] Matthews only had two wins so far in the season, both at Paris–Nice, including the race's points classification.

Route and stages Edit

Stage seventeen concluded with a summit finish at the Émosson Dam in the Swiss Alps.

On 24 November 2014, ASO announced that for time the first time in Tour history the department of Manche would host the 2016 edition's opening stages (known as the Grand Départ),[23] before further details of the first three stages held in Manche were released on 9 December 2014.[24] On 15 January 2015, the organisers confirmed that the race would visit Andorra, for the fifth time in history; after the 1964, 1993, 1997 and 2009 editions.[25] The principality hosted the finish of the ninth stage, the first rest day and start of stage ten.[26] The entire route was unveiled by race director Christian Prudhomme on 20 October 2015 at the Palais des Congrès in Paris.[27] The defending champion Chris Froome said after the route was announced that he expected the course to suit him better than the previous year's course. "I think it's going to take a complete cyclist – but the stage that certainly stands out for me is Mont Ventoux", he added.[27]

The first stage started at the Mont Saint-Michel island monastery and finished north on at Utah Beach. The second stage was held between Saint-Lô and Cherbourg-en-Cotentin. The third stage left Manche in Granville and headed south to the finish in Angers. Stage four took the race further south, between Saumur and Limoges, with the fifth stage crossing the elevated region of Massif Central to the finish at the Le Lioran mountain resort. Stage six headed to Montauban before the entrance to the Pyrenees in stage seven. This mountain range also hosted two further stages: a roller-coaster stage eight and the finish in Andorra in stage nine. The following three stages, 10 to 12, crossed the south of the country eastwards to Mont Ventoux. After an individual time trial, stage 14 took the race northwards through the Rhône Valley, which was followed by a stage that took the race into the Jura Mountains. Stage 16 ended with a finish in Bern, Switzerland. The next four stages took place in and around the Alps, before a long transfer took the Tour to the finish with the Champs-Élysées stage in Paris.[26]

There were 21 stages in the race, covering a total distance of 3,529 km (2,193 mi), 168.7 km (104.8 mi) longer than the 2015 Tour.[26][28] The longest mass-start was the fourth at 237.5 km (148 mi), and stage 21 was the shortest at 113 km (70 mi).[26] The race featured a total of 54.5 km (34 mi) in individual time trials and four summit finishes: stage 9, to Andorra-Arcalis (Andorra); stage 12, to Chalet Reynard (Mont Ventoux);[a] stage 17, to FinhautÉmosson (Switzerland); and stage 19, to Saint Gervais-les-Bains.[26][30] The highest point of elevation in the race was the 2,408 m (7,900 ft)-high Port d'Envalira mountain pass on stage ten.[31][32] There were seven hors catégorie (English: beyond category) rated climbs in the race.[32] There were sixteen new stage start or finish locations. The second rest day took place in Bern after stage 15.[26]

Stage characteristics and winners[26][32][30][33]
Stage Date Course Distance Type Winner
1 2 July Mont Saint-Michel to Utah Beach (Sainte-Marie-du-Mont) 188 km (117 mi)   Flat stage   Mark Cavendish (GBR)
2 3 July Saint-Lô to Cherbourg-en-Cotentin 183 km (114 mi)   Flat stage   Peter Sagan (SVK)
3 4 July Granville to Angers 223.5 km (139 mi)   Flat stage   Mark Cavendish (GBR)
4 5 July Saumur to Limoges 237.5 km (148 mi)   Flat stage   Marcel Kittel (GER)
5 6 July Limoges to Le Lioran 216 km (134 mi)   Medium mountain stage   Greg Van Avermaet (BEL)
6 7 July Arpajon-sur-Cère to Montauban 190.5 km (118 mi)   Flat stage   Mark Cavendish (GBR)
7 8 July L'Isle-Jourdain to Lac de Payolle 162.5 km (101 mi)   Medium mountain stage   Steve Cummings (GBR)
8 9 July Pau to Bagnères-de-Luchon 184 km (114 mi)   High mountain stage   Chris Froome (GBR)
9 10 July Vielha Val d'Aran (Spain) to Andorra-Arcalis (Andorra) 184.5 km (115 mi)   High mountain stage   Tom Dumoulin (NED)
11 July Andorra Rest day
10 12 July Escaldes-Engordany (Andorra) to Revel 197 km (122 mi)   Medium mountain stage   Michael Matthews (AUS)
11 13 July Carcassonne to Montpellier 162.5 km (101 mi)   Flat stage   Peter Sagan (SVK)
12 14 July Montpellier to Chalet Reynard (Mont Ventoux)[a] 178 km (111 mi)   High mountain stage   Thomas De Gendt (BEL)
13 15 July Bourg-Saint-Andéol to La Caverne du Pont-d'Arc 37.5 km (23 mi)   Individual time trial   Tom Dumoulin (NED)
14 16 July Montélimar to Villars-les-Dombes (Parc des Oiseaux) 208.5 km (130 mi)   Flat stage   Mark Cavendish (GBR)
15 17 July Bourg-en-Bresse to Culoz 160 km (99 mi)   High mountain stage   Jarlinson Pantano (COL)
16 18 July Moirans-en-Montagne to Bern (Switzerland) 209 km (130 mi)   Flat stage   Peter Sagan (SVK)
19 July Bern (Switzerland) Rest day
17 20 July Bern (Switzerland) to FinhautÉmosson (Switzerland) 184.5 km (115 mi)   High mountain stage   Ilnur Zakarin (RUS)
18 21 July Sallanches to Megève 17 km (11 mi)   Mountain time trial   Chris Froome (GBR)
19 22 July Albertville to Saint Gervais-les-Bains 146 km (91 mi)   High mountain stage   Romain Bardet (FRA)
20 23 July Megève to Morzine 146.5 km (91 mi)   High mountain stage   Ion Izagirre (ESP)
21 24 July Chantilly to Paris (Champs-Élysées) 113 km (70 mi)   Flat stage   André Greipel (GER)
Total 3,529 km (2,193 mi)[34]

Race overview Edit

Grand Départ and journey south Edit

The peloton passing through the town of Panazol on the fourth stage, which ended with a bunch sprint won by Marcel Kittel of Etixx–Quick-Step

The first stage's bunch sprint finish was won by Mark Cavendish, who gained the race leader's yellow jersey; he also claimed the green jersey as the leader of the points classification, with Paul Voss (Bora–Argon 18) taking the polka dot jersey as the leader of the mountains classification. Alberto Contador crashed and lost 55 seconds.[35] Peter Sagan took victory in stage two with an uphill sprint in Cherbourg, putting him in the yellow and green jerseys. Jasper Stuyven of Trek–Segafredo led the mountains classification. General classification rivals Contador and Richie Porte both lost time.[36] The bunch sprint in Angers was won by Cavendish in a photo finish with André Greipel. Cavendish's win was his 28th in the Tour and drew him level with Bernard Hinault at second on the all-time list; Cavendish also took the green jersey.[37] Another photo finish followed in the next stage with Marcel Kittel beating Direct Énergie's Bryan Coquard. Sagan claimed back the green and Thomas De Gendt (Lotto–Soudal) the polka dot.[38] Greg Van Avermaet of BMC Racing Team won the fifth stage after he was the only rider to survive from an early breakaway. He took the lead of the general classification by over five minutes.[39] Stage six was won by Cavendish, who beat Kittel and claimed the green jersey.[40]

Pyrenees and transition Edit

In stage seven, the first in the Pyrenees, Steve Cummings (Team Dimension Data) soloed over the final climb, the Col d'Aspin, and descended into the finish at Lac de Payolle where he took victory. Van Avermaet came fifth and extended his lead. Orica–BikeExchange's Adam Yates attacked the chasing group and as he passed underneath the one kilometer to go arch it collapsed on top of, and injured, him.[41] In the following stage Chris Froome attacked the front of the race of overall favourites as they passed the summit of the Col de Peyresourde, descending to the finish in Bagnères-de-Luchon to take a solo victory by thirteen seconds. This put him in the yellow jersey, sixteen seconds ahead of Yates in second, with Rafał Majka (Tinkoff) taking the polka dot.[42] In the Tour's queen stage,[43] the ninth, Tom Dumoulin of Team Giant–Alpecin broke clear of the large breakaway to claim the win at the Andorra-Arcalis. Thibaut Pinot took the lead of the mountains classification.[44] Contador abandoned the race, citing a fever which had developed overnight.[45] The next day was the first rest day of the Tour.[26] Another breakaway succeeded in stage ten, with Orica–BikeExchange using their advantage of having three riders in the small group to give Michael Matthews the win. Sagan, who came second, took the lead in the points classification.[46]

Chris Froome (yellow jersey) and Peter Sagan (green jersey), along with one teammate each, formed a breakaway in the final kilometers of stage eleven, with Sagan victorious and Froome gaining time on his rivals.

On stage eleven, Sagan forced a move in the final 12 km (7.5 mi) with his teammate Maciej Bodnar, who were followed by Froome and his teammate Geraint Thomas. They opened up a lead of over twenty seconds and held it to six seconds at the finish, where Sagan beat Froome in a sprint.[47] A successful breakaway saw De Gendt win stage twelve at the finish at Chalet Reynard, which was changed from the intended summit finish at Mont Ventoux, 6 km (3.7 mi) later, due to dangerous winds. In the chasing group of overall favourites, a leading group of Porte, Froome and Bauke Mollema (Trek–Segafredo) crashed into the back of a camera motorbike that was stopped by the encroaching spectators. Froome's bike was unrideable and he was forced to run until he was given a bike from a neutral service car; although it did not fit him he managed to ride until he received his team bike. The race jury gave Froome and Porte the same time as Mollema,[48][49] who later criticised the jury's decision, suggesting that they would have acted differently if he was the one to go down.[50] De Gendt took the lead of the mountains classification.[48] Stage thirteen's 37.5 km (23.3 mi) individual time trial was won by Dumoulin, 1:03 ahead of Froome, who extended his lead over his nearest rival (Mollema) to one minute and forty-seven seconds.[51] Cavendish won his fourth stage the next day with a bunch sprint at the Parc des Oiseaux.[52]

Alps and finale Edit

IAM Cycling rider Jarlinson Pantano won stage fifteen after a sprint with fellow surviving breakaway rider Majka.[53] In next stage, Sagan won his third stage from a select group of sprinters that had traversed a cobbled climb 6 km (3.7 mi) from the finish in Bern.[54] The next day was the second rest day.[26] In stage seventeen, as the race entered the Alps, Team Katusha's Ilnur Zakarin attacked a breakaway and held off a chasing Pantano to take the win at the summit finish by the Émosson Dam.[55] In the following stage's 17 km (10.6 mi) mountain time trial Froome beat second-placed Dumoulin by 21 seconds and extended his lead to three minutes and 52 seconds overall, with Mollema keeping second.[56] In stage nineteen, the general classification leaders descended the wet roads of the unclassified penultimate climb at the head of the race, with only Costa surviving from the breakaway. Romain Bardet attacked after a series of crashes that included Froome and Mollema. Froome took Thomas's bike and got back to the group, but Mollema was left isolated and finished over four minutes behind the stage winner Bardet, who had passed Costa in the final 7 km (4.3 mi) and soloed to the finish at the Le Bettex ski station. Froome's lead was increased to 4' 11", with Bardet moving up from fifth to second.[57] In stage twenty Jon Izaguirre (Movistar Team) took the win in Morzine, attacking on the wet descent from a three rider group that led over the final climb of Col de Joux Plane.[58]

Lotto–Soudal's André Greipel (left) celebrates winning the Tour's final stage on the Champs-Élysées in Paris

The final stage in Paris was won by Greipel, his second consecutive Champs-Élysées stage win.[59] Froome finished the race to claim his third Tour de France, becoming the first man since Miguel Induráin in 1995 Tour to officially defend his title.[60] He beat second-placed Bardet by four minutes and five seconds, with Nairo Quintana third, a further sixteen seconds down. Sagan won the points classification with a total of 470, 242 ahead of Greipel in second. Majka won the mountains classification with De Gendt and Pantano second and third respectively. The best young rider was Yates, two minutes and sixteen seconds ahead of second-placed Louis Meintjes (Lampre–Merida). Movistar Team finished as the winners of the team classification, over eight minutes ahead of second-placed Team Sky.[34] Of the 198 starters, 174 reached the finish of the last stage in Paris, beating the previous record high of 170 set in the 2010 Tour.[59]

Classification leadership and minor prizes Edit

There were four main individual classifications contested in the 2016 Tour de France, as well as a team competition. The most important was the general classification, which was calculated by adding each rider's finishing times on each stage.[61] Time bonuses (time subtracted) were awarded at the end of every stage apart from the two individual time trials. The first three riders got 10, 6 and 4 seconds, respectively.[61] If a crash had happened within the final 3 km (1.9 mi) of a stage, not including time trials and summit finishes, the riders involved would have received the same time as the group they were in when the crash occurred.[62] The rider with the lowest cumulative time was the winner of the general classification and was considered the overall winner of the Tour.[61] The rider leading the classification wore a yellow jersey.[63]

Points classification points for the top 15 positions by type[30]
Type 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
  Flat stage 50 30 20 18 16 14 12 10 8 7 6 5 4 3 2
  Medium mountain stage 30 25 22 19 17 15 13 11 9
  High mountain stage 20 17 15 13 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1
  Individual time trial
  Intermediate sprint

The second classification was the points classification. Riders received points for finishing among the highest placed in a stage finish, or in intermediate sprints during the stage. The points available for each stage finish were determined by the stage's type.[30] The leader was identified by a green jersey.[63]

The third classification was the mountains classification. Points were awarded to the riders that reached the summit of the most difficult climbs first. The climbs were categorised as fourth-, third-, second- or first-category and hors catégorie, with the more difficult climbs rated lower.[30] Double points were awarded on the summit finishes on stages 9, 12, 17 and 19.[30] The leader wore a white jersey with red polka dots.[63]

The final individual classification was the young rider classification. This was calculated the same way as the general classification, but the classification was restricted to riders who were born on or after 1 January 1991.[61] The leader wore a white jersey.[63]

The final classification was a team classification. This was calculated using the finishing times of the best three riders per team on each stage; the leading team was the team with the lowest cumulative time. The number of stage victories and placings per team determined the outcome of a tie.[61] The riders in the team that lead this classification were identified with yellow number bibs on the back of their jerseys and yellow helmets.[63]

In addition, there was a combativity award given after each stage to the rider considered, by a jury, to have "made the greatest effort and who demonstrated the best qualities of sportsmanship".[61] No combativity awards were given for the time trials and the final stage.[64] The winner wore a red number bib the following stage.[61] At the conclusion of the Tour, Peter Sagan won the overall super-combativity award,[34] again, decided by a jury.[61]

A total of €2,295,850 was awarded in cash prizes in the race.[64] The overall winner of the general classification received €500,000, with the second and third placed riders getting €200,000 and €100,000 respectively. All finishers of the race were awarded with money.[65] The holders of the classifications benefited on each stage they led; the final winners of the points and mountains were given €25,000, while the best young rider and most combative rider got €20,000.[66] The team classification winners were given €50,000.[67] €11,000 was given to the winners of each stage of the race, with smaller amounts given to places 2–20.[65] There were also three special awards each with a prize of €5000. The Souvenir Jacques Goddet, given to the first rider to pass Goddet's memorial at the summit of the Col du Tourmalet on stage eight, the Souvenir Henri Desgrange, given to first rider to pass the summit of the highest climb in the Tour, the Port d'Envalira on stage ten, and the Prix Bernard Hinault, given to the rider with fastest ascent of the Côte de Domancy on stage eighteen.[64] Thibaut Pinot won the Jacques Goddet, Rui Costa won the Henri Desgrange and Richie Porte won the Bernard Hinault.[68][69][70]

Classification leadership by stage[71][72]
Stage Winner General classification
Points classification
Mountains classification
Young rider classification
Team classification
Combativity award
1 Mark Cavendish Mark Cavendish Mark Cavendish Paul Voss Edward Theuns Lotto–Soudal Anthony Delaplace
2 Peter Sagan Peter Sagan Peter Sagan Jasper Stuyven Julian Alaphilippe Orica–BikeExchange Jasper Stuyven
3 Mark Cavendish Mark Cavendish Thomas Voeckler
4 Marcel Kittel Peter Sagan Oliver Naesen
5 Greg Van Avermaet Greg Van Avermaet Thomas De Gendt BMC Racing Team Thomas De Gendt
6 Mark Cavendish Mark Cavendish Yukiya Arashiro
7 Steve Cummings Adam Yates Vincenzo Nibali
8 Chris Froome Chris Froome Rafał Majka Thibaut Pinot
9 Tom Dumoulin Thibaut Pinot Movistar Team Tom Dumoulin
10 Michael Matthews Peter Sagan BMC Racing Team Peter Sagan
11 Peter Sagan Arthur Vichot
12 Thomas De Gendt Thomas De Gendt Thomas De Gendt
13 Tom Dumoulin no award
14 Mark Cavendish Jérémy Roy
15 Jarlinson Pantano Rafał Majka Movistar Team Rafał Majka
16 Peter Sagan Alaphilippe and T. Martin
17 Ilnur Zakarin Jarlinson Pantano
18 Chris Froome no award
19 Romain Bardet Rui Costa
20 Jon Izagirre Jarlinson Pantano
21 André Greipel no award
Final Chris Froome Peter Sagan Rafał Majka Adam Yates Movistar Team Peter Sagan
  • In stage two, Marcel Kittel, who was second in the points classification, wore the green jersey, because first placed Mark Cavendish wore the yellow jersey as leader of the general classification.[73]
  • In stages three and five, Mark Cavendish, who was second in the points classification, wore the green jersey, because first placed Peter Sagan wore the yellow jersey as leader of the general classification.[74][75]

Final standings Edit

  Denotes the winner of the general classification[63]   Denotes the winner of the mountains classification[63]
  Denotes the winner of the points classification[63]   Denotes the winner of the young rider classification[63]
  Denotes the winner of the team classification[63]   Denotes the winner of the combativity award[63]

General classification Edit

Final general classification (1–10)[34]
Rank Rider Team Time
1   Chris Froome (GBR)   Team Sky 89h 04' 48"
2   Romain Bardet (FRA) AG2R La Mondiale + 4' 05"
3   Nairo Quintana (COL)   Movistar Team + 4' 21"
4   Adam Yates (GBR)   Orica–BikeExchange + 4' 42"
5   Richie Porte (AUS) BMC Racing Team + 5' 17"
6   Alejandro Valverde (ESP)   Movistar Team + 6' 16"
7   Joaquim Rodríguez (ESP) Team Katusha + 6' 58"
8   Louis Meintjes (RSA) Lampre–Merida + 6' 58"
9   Dan Martin (IRL) Etixx–Quick-Step + 7' 04"
10   Roman Kreuziger (CZE) Tinkoff + 7' 11"

Points classification Edit

Final points classification (1–10)[34]
Rank Rider Team Points
1   Peter Sagan (SVK)     Tinkoff 470
2   Marcel Kittel (GER) Etixx–Quick-Step 228
3   Michael Matthews (AUS) Orica–BikeExchange 199
4   André Greipel (GER) Lotto–Soudal 178
5   Alexander Kristoff (NOR) Team Katusha 172
6   Bryan Coquard (FRA) Direct Énergie 156
7   Thomas de Gendt (BEL) Lotto–Soudal 154
8   Greg van Avermaet (BEL) BMC Racing Team 136
9   Chris Froome (GBR)   Team Sky 131
10   Rafał Majka (POL)   Tinkoff 120

Mountains classification Edit

Final mountains classification (1–10)[34]
Rank Rider Team Points
1   Rafał Majka (POL)   Tinkoff 209
2   Thomas De Gendt (BEL) Lotto–Soudal 130
3   Jarlinson Pantano (COL) IAM Cycling 121
4   Ilnur Zakarin (RUS) Team Katusha 84
5   Rui Costa (POR) Lampre–Merida 76
6   Serge Pauwels (BEL) Team Dimension Data 62
7   Stef Clement (NED) IAM Cycling 53
8   Vincenzo Nibali (ITA) Astana 36
9   Kristijan Đurasek (CRO) Lampre–Merida 36
10   Thomas Voeckler (FRA) Direct Énergie 33

Young rider classification Edit

Final young rider classification (1–10)[34]
Rank Rider Team Time
1   Adam Yates (GBR)   Orica–BikeExchange 89h 09' 30"
2   Louis Meintjes (RSA) Lampre–Merida + 2' 16"
3   Emanuel Buchmann (GER) Bora–Argon 18 + 42' 58"
4   Warren Barguil (FRA) Team Giant–Alpecin + 47' 32"
5   Wilco Kelderman (NED) LottoNL–Jumbo + 1h 19' 56"
6   Julian Alaphilippe (FRA) Etixx–Quick-Step + 1h 55' 27"
7   Jan Polanc (SLO) Lampre–Merida + 2h 13' 42"
8   Eduardo Sepúlveda (ARG) Fortuneo–Vital Concept + 2h 23' 45"
9   Alexey Lutsenko (KAZ) Astana + 2h 37' 10"
10   Patrick Konrad (AUT) Bora–Argon 18 + 2h 41' 50"

Team classification Edit

Final team classification (1–10)[34]
Rank Team Time
1   Movistar Team   267h 20' 45"
2   Team Sky + 8' 14"
3   BMC Racing Team + 48' 11"
4   AG2R La Mondiale + 56' 50"
5   Astana + 1h 16' 58"
6 Tinkoff + 1h 52' 23"
7   Trek–Segafredo + 2h 00' 16"
8   IAM Cycling + 2h 10' 03"
9 Team Katusha + 2h 29' 13"
10   Lampre–Merida + 2h 35' 18"

UCI rankings Edit

Riders from the WorldTeams competing individually, as well as for their teams and nations, for points that contributed towards the World Tour rankings.[76] Riders from both the WorldTeams and Professional Continental teams also competed individually and for their nations for points that contributed towards the new UCI World Ranking, which included all UCI road races.[77][78] Points were awarded to the top twenty (World Tour) and sixty finishers (World Ranking) in the general classification and to the top five finishers in each stage.[79] The points accrued by Chris Froome moved him up to third in the World Tour and second in the World Ranking. Peter Sagan held the lead of both rankings. Movistar Team's strong showing put them in the lead of the World Tour team ranking, replacing Tinkoff. Spain and France remained the leaders of the WorldTour and World Ranking nation rankings, respectively.[80]

UCI World Tour individual ranking on 24 July 2016 (1–10)[81][82]
Rank Prev. Name Team Points
1 1   Peter Sagan (SVK) Tinkoff 445
2 4   Nairo Quintana (COL) Movistar Team 407
3 21   Chris Froome (GBR) Team Sky 396
4 3   Richie Porte (AUS) BMC Racing Team 394
5 2   Alberto Contador (ESP) Tinkoff 314
6 20   Romain Bardet (FRA) AG2R La Mondiale 314
7 9   Alejandro Valverde (ESP) Movistar Team 307
8 11   Dan Martin (IRL) Etixx–Quick-Step 280
9 5   Vincenzo Nibali (ITA) Astana 241
10 6   Ion Izagirre (ESP) Movistar Team 240
UCI World Ranking individual ranking on 24 July 2016 (1–10)[83][84]
Rank Prev. Name Team Points
1 1   Peter Sagan (SVK) Tinkoff 3233
2 30   Chris Froome (GBR) Team Sky 2569
3 2   Alejandro Valverde (ESP) Movistar Team 2269
4 4   Nairo Quintana (COL) Movistar Team 2250.25
5 18   Romain Bardet (FRA) AG2R La Mondiale 2017
6 11   Richie Porte (AUS) BMC Racing Team 1863
7 3   Alberto Contador (ESP) Tinkoff 1652
8 10   Greg Van Avermaet (BEL) BMC Racing Team 1628
9 7   Ion Izagirre (ESP) Movistar Team 1626
10 9   Alexander Kristoff (NOR) Team Katusha 1564

See also Edit

Notes Edit

  1. ^ a b Stage twelve's finish line was moved from the summit of Mont Ventoux to Chalet Reynard, 6 km (4 mi) before, due to dangerous winds.[29]

References Edit

  1. ^ a b "Teams – The riders, videos, photos – Tour de France 2016". Tour de France. Amaury Sport Organisation. Archived from the original on 14 October 2016. Retrieved 15 October 2016.
  2. ^ Henrys, Colin (15 December 2015). "UCI WorldTour 2016: full race calendar". Road Cycling UK. Mpora. Retrieved 29 August 2016.
  3. ^ UCI cycling regulations 2016, p. 121.
  4. ^ "2016 Tour de France wildcards announced". 2 March 2016. Retrieved 11 July 2016.
  5. ^ Wynn, Nigel (1 July 2016). "Tour de France 2016 team presentation in photos". Cycling Weekly. Retrieved 11 July 2016.
  6. ^ a b "Start list – Tour de France 2016". Tour de France. Amaury Sport Organisation. Archived from the original on 8 July 2016. Retrieved 11 July 2016.
  7. ^ a b "Tour de France by the numbers: 103rd edition gives riders a pay bump". 29 June 2016. Retrieved 11 July 2016.
  8. ^ "The history of the Tour de France – Year 2016 – The stage winners". Tour de France. Amaury Sport Organisation. Archived from the original on 12 November 2016. Retrieved 13 October 2016.
  9. ^ a b "Tour de France 2016 – Average age". ProCyclingStats. Archived from the original on 25 September 2016. Retrieved 13 September 2016.
  10. ^ a b c d Benson, Daniel; Fletcher, Patrick (20 June 2016). "Tour de France: Analysing the favourites and their seasons so far". Retrieved 6 January 2017.
  11. ^ Westby, Matt (1 July 2016). "Tour de France: Chris Froome, Nairo Quintana and the other favourites". Sky Sports. Sky plc. Retrieved 25 July 2016.
  12. ^ Ingle, Sean (28 June 2016). "Tour de France 2016 yellow jersey race: will Nairo Quintana upset Chris Froome?". The Guardian. Retrieved 6 January 2017.
  13. ^ a b c MacLeary, John (1 July 2016). "Tour de France 2016: Main contenders". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 6 January 2017.
  14. ^ Guinness, Rupert (1 July 2016). "The top 10 contenders for this year's Tour de France 'maillot jaune'". ESPN. Retrieved 6 January 2017.
  15. ^ Finch-Penninger, Jamie (21 June 2016). "Contenders test their Tour de France legs". SBS. Commonwealth of Australia. Retrieved 6 January 2017.
  16. ^ Clarke, Stuart (18 June 2015). "Which is the best Tour de France warmup race?". Cycling Weekly. Retrieved 7 January 2017.
  17. ^ a b Clarke, Stuart (14 June 2015). "How the sprinters are preparing for the Tour de France". Cycling Weekly. Retrieved 25 July 2016.
  18. ^ a b Henrys, Colin (29 June 2016). "Tour de France 2016: green jersey contenders". Road Cycling UK. Mpora. Retrieved 25 July 2016.
  19. ^ a b c Frattini, Kirsten (1 July 2016). "The kings of the sprints at the Tour de France". Retrieved 6 January 2017.
  20. ^ a b c Glendenning, Barry (28 June 2016). "Tour de France 2016 green jersey race: Peter Sagan and his main rivals". The Guardian. Retrieved 6 January 2017.
  21. ^ a b c d Westby, Matt (1 July 2016). "Tour de France: How Marcel Kittel, Mark Cavendish and the other sprinters compare". Sky Sports. Sky plc. Retrieved 6 January 2017.
  22. ^ Guinness, Rupert (1 July 2016). "Kittel, Cavendish among the usual sprinters to watch at Tour". ESPN. Retrieved 6 January 2017.
  23. ^ "Tour de France 2016 to start from Manche – News pre-race – Tour de France 2016". Tour de France. Amaury Sport Organisation. 24 November 2015. Archived from the original on 27 November 2014. Retrieved 25 November 2014.
  24. ^ "2016 Tour de France to start at Mont Saint-Michel". 24 November 2015. Retrieved 9 December 2014.
  25. ^ "Tour de France: 2016 race to visit mountainous Andorra". BBC Sport. 15 January 2015. Retrieved 20 January 2015.
  26. ^ a b c d e f g h i "2016 Route – Sporting aspects, stage cities – Tour de France 2016". Tour de France. Amaury Sport Organisation. Archived from the original on 12 July 2016. Retrieved 11 July 2016.
  27. ^ a b "Tour de France 2016: Chris Froome delight at 'great course'". BBC Sport. 20 October 2015. Retrieved 20 October 2015.
  28. ^ "The history of the Tour de France – Year 2015". Tour de France. Amaury Sport Organisation. Archived from the original on 16 July 2015. Retrieved 13 August 2015.
  29. ^ "Mont Ventoux stage finish cancelled". BBC Sport. 13 July 2016. Retrieved 14 July 2016.
  30. ^ a b c d e f Race regulations 2016, p. 29.
  31. ^ Cunningham, Josh (29 June 2016). "The 2016 Tour de France in numbers". Cyclist. Dennis Publishing. Retrieved 22 October 2017.
  32. ^ a b c Yost, Whit (27 May 2016). "What You Should Know About the Stages of the 2016 Tour de France". Rodale, Inc. Retrieved 25 July 2016.
  33. ^ "The history of the Tour de France – Year 2016 – The stage winners". Tour de France. Amaury Sport Organisation. Archived from the original on 20 November 2016. Retrieved 19 November 2016.
  34. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Classifications stage 21 – Chantilly > Paris Champs-Élysées – Tour de France 2016". Tour de France. Amaury Sport Organisation. Archived from the original on 22 July 2016. Retrieved 25 July 2016.
  35. ^ Cossins, Peter (2 July 2016). "Cavendish wins opening stage". Retrieved 25 July 2016.
  36. ^ Cossins, Peter (3 July 2016). "Sagan wins stage 2". Retrieved 25 July 2016.
  37. ^ Fletcher, Patrick (4 July 2016). "Cavendish wins stage 3 in Angers". Retrieved 25 July 2016.
  38. ^ Ryan, Barry (5 July 2016). "Kittel wins stage 4 in Limoges". Retrieved 25 July 2016.
  39. ^ Ryan, Barry (6 July 2016). "Van Avermaet takes stage win in Le Lioran". Retrieved 25 July 2016.
  40. ^ Windsor, Richard (7 July 2016). "Mark Cavendish makes history with Tour de France stage six victory". Cycling Weekly. Retrieved 19 September 2016.
  41. ^ Weislo, Laura (8 July 2016). "Cummings solos to victory over Col d'Aspin". Retrieved 25 July 2016.
  42. ^ Cossins, Peter (9 July 2016). "Froome attacks descent to win stage to Luchon". Retrieved 25 July 2016.
  43. ^ "Tom Dumoulin scores again, Froome gains more time". Tour de France. Amaury Sport Organisation. 15 July 2016. Archived from the original on 11 April 2017. Retrieved 10 April 2017.
  44. ^ Cossins, Peter (10 July 2016). "Dumoulin wins stage 9 at Andorra Arcalis". Retrieved 25 July 2016.
  45. ^ "Contador abandons the Tour de France". 10 July 2016. Retrieved 4 July 2017.
  46. ^ Malach, Pat (12 July 2016). "Matthews wins stage 10". Retrieved 25 July 2016.
  47. ^ Malach, Pat (14 July 2016). "Sagan wins stunner of a stage in Montpellier". Retrieved 25 July 2016.
  48. ^ a b Weislo, Laura (14 July 2016). "Froome knocked from bike on Mont Ventoux, keeps yellow". Retrieved 25 July 2016.
  49. ^ Wynn, Nigel (14 July 2016). "Chris Froome extends Tour de France lead as stage 12 descends into chaos". Cycling Weekly. Retrieved 25 July 2016.
  50. ^ O'Shea, Sadhbh (16 July 2018). "Tour de France: Mollema angered by UCI's handling of Ventoux crash". Retrieved 17 April 2019.
  51. ^ Frattini, Kirsten (15 July 2016). "Dumoulin wins stage 13 time trial in Pont-d'Arc". Retrieved 25 July 2016.
  52. ^ "Mark Cavendish wins stage 14 as Chris Froome retains lead". BBC Sport. 16 July 2016. Retrieved 19 September 2016.
  53. ^ Clarke, Stuart (17 July 2016). "Chris Froome maintains lead as Pantano wins Tour de France stage 15". Cycling Weekly. Retrieved 19 September 2016.
  54. ^ Weislo, Laura (18 July 2016). "Sagan wins in Berne". Retrieved 25 July 2016.
  55. ^ Farrand, Stephen (20 July 2016). "Zakarin wins atop Finhaut-Emosson". Retrieved 25 July 2016.
  56. ^ Frattini, Kirsten (21 July 2016). "Froome wins mountain time trial to Megève". Retrieved 25 July 2016.
  57. ^ Malach, Pat (22 July 2016). "Bardet wins summit to Saint-Gervais Mont Blanc". Retrieved 25 July 2016.
  58. ^ Benson, Daniel (23 July 2016). "Froome set to win 2016 Tour de France ahead of procession to Paris". Retrieved 25 July 2016.
  59. ^ a b Wynn, Nigel (24 July 2016). "Chris Froome wins 2016 Tour de France as André Greipel takes final stage". Cycling Weekly. Retrieved 25 July 2016.
  60. ^ "Chris Froome wins third Tour de France crown as Andre Greipel takes final stage in Paris". Eurosport. Discovery Communications. 24 July 2016. Retrieved 19 September 2016.
  61. ^ a b c d e f g h Race regulations 2016, p. 30.
  62. ^ Race regulations 2016, p. 33.
  63. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Race regulations 2016, p. 23.
  64. ^ a b c Race regulations 2016, p. 19.
  65. ^ a b Race regulations 2016, p. 17.
  66. ^ Race regulations 2016, pp. 17–18.
  67. ^ Race regulations 2016, p. 18.
  68. ^ "Pinot to shift focus to king of the mountains classification". 9 July 2016. Retrieved 10 July 2016.
  69. ^ "Michael Matthews denies Sagan to win stage 10, Chris Froome retains yellow". Eurosport. Discovery Communications. 12 July 2016. Retrieved 15 July 2016.
  70. ^ "Tour de France 2016: Chris Froome wins stage 18 time trial to build commanding lead". Road Cycling UK. 21 July 2016. Retrieved 21 July 2016.
  71. ^ "Tour de France 2016 – Leaders overview". ProCyclingStats. Archived from the original on 16 February 2019. Retrieved 16 February 2019.
  72. ^ van den Akker, Pieter. "Informatie over de Tour de France van 2016" [Information about the Tour de France from 2016]. (in Dutch). Archived from the original on 2 March 2019. Retrieved 2 March 2019.
  73. ^ "Classifications stage 1 – Mont Saint-Michel > Utah Beach Sainte-Marie-du-Mont – Tour de France 2016". Tour de France. Amaury Sport Organisation. Archived from the original on 10 October 2016. Retrieved 12 October 2016.
  74. ^ "Classifications stage 2 – Saint-Lô > Cherbourg-en-Cotentin – Tour de France 2016". Tour de France. Amaury Sport Organisation. Archived from the original on 10 October 2016. Retrieved 12 October 2016.
  75. ^ "Classifications stage 4 – Saumur > Limoges – Tour de France 2016". Tour de France. Amaury Sport Organisation. Archived from the original on 12 October 2016. Retrieved 12 October 2016.
  76. ^ UCI cycling regulations 2016, pp. 75–78.
  77. ^ UCI cycling regulations 2016, pp. 57–58.
  78. ^ Wynn, Nigel (30 December 2015). "New UCI World Ranking introduced for pro road racing". Cycling Weekly. Retrieved 29 August 2016.
  79. ^ Race regulations 2016, p. 21.
  80. ^ "The UCI WorldTour Chronicle". Union Cycliste Internationale. 25 July 2016. Archived from the original on 29 July 2016. Retrieved 29 August 2016.
  81. ^ "UCI WorldTour Individual Ranking – 24 July 2016". Union Cycliste Internationale. 24 July 2016. Archived from the original on 11 September 2016. Retrieved 29 August 2016.
  82. ^ "UCI WorldTour Individual Ranking – 19 June 2016". Union Cycliste Internationale. 19 June 2016. Archived from the original on 11 September 2016. Retrieved 29 August 2016.
  83. ^ "UCI World Ranking – 24 July 2016". Union Cycliste Internationale. 24 July 2016. Archived from the original on 11 September 2016. Retrieved 29 August 2016.
  84. ^ "UCI World Ranking – 3 July 2016". Union Cycliste Internationale. 3 July 2016. Archived from the original on 11 September 2016. Retrieved 29 August 2016.

Bibliography Edit

External links Edit