Cherbourg-en-Cotentin (French pronunciation: [ʃɛʁbuʁ ɑ̃ kɔtɑ̃tɛ̃]), often known as just Cherbourg (English: / /,, also UK: //, US: / /,), is a city in the department of Manche, Normandy, northwestern France, established on 1 January 2016. The commune takes its name from Cherbourg, the main town of the commune, and the Cotentin Peninsula. Cherbourg is an important commercial, ferry and military port on the English Channel. Cherbourg-en-Cotentin is a Maritime prefecture and sub-prefecture of Manche. Due to its union, it is the most populous commune in its department with 79,144 inhabitants as of 2018 (of which 35,545 in Cherbourg-Octeville), making it the first city of the department before the Saint-Lô prefecture and the second in the region after Caen. Its urban unit is composed of three communes (Cherbourg-en-Cotentin, Martinvast and Tollevast), and has 81,963 inhabitants (2018). Its larger functional area (covering 77 communes) has 152,630 inhabitants (2018).
|• Mayor (2020–2026)||Benoît Arrivé|
|68.54 km2 (26.46 sq mi)|
|• Density||1,100/km2 (3,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (CEST)|
|1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.|
This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (February 2022)
The onomastics of Cherbourg-en-Cotentin are, particularly for the first particle, heavily contested. Theories include descent from Latin, Gallo-Latin, Proto-Germanic, Anglo-Saxon, and Old Norse. A medieval folk etymology from *Caesaris burgis ("Caesar's town", from Julius Caesar) is easily discounted.
The municipality was established on 1 January 2016 by merger of the former communes of Cherbourg-Octeville, Équeurdreville-Hainneville, La Glacerie, Querqueville and Tourlaville. The seat of the commune is in Cherbourg. Cherbourg-Octeville was established on 28 February 2000 by merger of the former communes of Cherbourg and Octeville.
Cherbourg-en-Cotentin is part of the arrondissement of Cherbourg, and of 6 cantons: Cherbourg-en-Cotentin-1, Cherbourg-en-Cotentin-2, Cherbourg-en-Cotentin-3, Cherbourg-en-Cotentin-4, Cherbourg-en-Cotentin-5 and La Hague.
|Populations of the area corresponding with the commune of Cherbourg-en-Cotentin at 1 January 2020.|
|Population by age and gender, 1 January 2017|
In 2017, in Cherbourg-en-Cotentin there were 43,118 dwellings of which 88.8% of primary residences, 3.5% second homes and 7.7% vacant houses. 50.5% were houses and 48.8% were apartments. Of the 37,983 principal residences built before 2015, the largest share (35.7%) was built between 1971 and 1990. 6.6% were built between 2006 and 2014, which is much lower than the departmental rate (11.1%).
The commune shares the social housing with the Communauté d'agglomération du Cotentin. Several HLM agencies are responsible for social housing of the agglomeration: Presqu’île Habitat, Les Cités Cherbourgeoises, HLM du Cotentin, Manche Habitat and HLM Coutances Granville.
This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (November 2016)
Public senior high schools/sixth-form colleges include:
- Lycée Jean-François-Millet (former Cherbourg-Octeville)
- Lycée Victor-Grignard (former Cherbourg-Octeville)
- Lycée Alexis-de-Tocqueville (former Cherbourg-Octeville)
Private senior high schools/sixth-form colleges include:
- Lycée privé Thomas-Hélye (former Cherbourg-Octeville)
Presidential elections second roundEdit
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Cherbourg-en-Cotentin.|
- "Populations légales 2019". The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 29 December 2021.
- "Cherbourg". Collins English Dictionary. HarperCollins. Retrieved 28 July 2019.
- "Cherbourg". Lexico UK English Dictionary. Oxford University Press. n.d. Retrieved 28 July 2019.
- "Cherbourg". The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language (5th ed.). HarperCollins. Retrieved 28 July 2019.
- "Cherbourg". Merriam-Webster Dictionary. Retrieved 28 July 2019.
- Arrêté préfectoral 1 December 2015 (in French)
- Téléchargement du fichier d'ensemble des populations légales en 2018, INSEE
- "Unité urbaine 2020 de Cherbourg-en-Cotentin (50501)" (in French). INSEE. Retrieved 10 March 2021.
- "Comparateur de territoire: Aire d'attraction des villes 2020 de Cherbourg-en-Cotentin (071), Unité urbaine 2020 de Cherbourg-en-Cotentin (50501)" (in French). INSEE. Retrieved 16 June 2022.
- Décret 23 February 2000 (in French)
- Décret n° 2020-212 du 5 mars 2020 modifiant le décret n° 2014-246 du 25 février 2014 portant délimitation des cantons dans le département de la Manche
- Population en historique depuis 1968, INSEE
- Dossier complet: Commune de Cherbourg-en-Cotentin (50129), INSEE
- Dossier complet: Département de la Manche (50), INSEE
- "Logement social" (in French). Communauté d'agglomération du Cotentin. Retrieved 9 September 2020.
- Home. Lycée Jean-François-Millet. Retrieved on November 17, 2016.
- Home. Lycée Victor-Grignard. Retrieved on November 17, 2016.
- Home. Lycée Alexis-de-Tocqueville. Retrieved on November 17, 2016.
- Home. Lycée privé Thomas-Hélye. Retrieved on November 17, 2016.
- "Résultats élections: Cherbourg-en-Cotentin". Le Monde.
- Cherbourg-en-Cotentin (in French)