Cherbourg-en-Cotentin (French pronunciation: [ʃɛʁbuʁ ɑ̃ kɔtɑ̃tɛ̃]; Norman: Tchidbouo) is a port city in the department of Manche, Normandy, northwestern France, established on 1 January 2016.[3] The commune takes its name from Cherbourg, the main town of the commune, and the Cotentin Peninsula. Cherbourg is an important commercial, ferry and military port on the English Channel. Cherbourg-en-Cotentin is a Maritime prefecture and sub-prefecture of Manche. Due to its union, it is the most populous commune in its department with 79,144 inhabitants as of 2018 (of which 35,545 in Cherbourg-Octeville),[4] making it the first city of the department before the Saint-Lô prefecture and the second in the region after Caen. Its urban unit is composed of three communes (Cherbourg-en-Cotentin, Martinvast and Tollevast),[5] and has 81,963 inhabitants (2018). Its larger functional area (covering 77 communes) has 152,630 inhabitants (2018).[6]

An aerial view of Cherbourg
An aerial view of Cherbourg
Location of Cherbourg-en-Cotentin
Cherbourg-en-Cotentin is located in France
Cherbourg-en-Cotentin is located in Normandy
Coordinates: 49°38′20″N 1°37′30″W / 49.639°N 1.625°W / 49.639; -1.625
Canton6 cantons
IntercommunalityCA Cotentin
 • Mayor (2020–2026) Benoît Arrivé[1]
68.54 km2 (26.46 sq mi)
 • Density1,100/km2 (2,900/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
50129 /50100
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Toponymy edit

The onomastics of Cherbourg-en-Cotentin are, particularly for the first particle, heavily contested. Theories include descent from Latin, Gallo-Latin, Proto-Germanic, Anglo-Saxon, and Old Norse. A medieval folk etymology from *Caesaris burgis ("Caesar's town", from Julius Caesar) is easily discounted.

Administration edit

The municipality was established on 1 January 2016 by merger of the former communes of Cherbourg-Octeville, Équeurdreville-Hainneville, La Glacerie, Querqueville and Tourlaville.[3] The seat of the commune is in Cherbourg. Cherbourg-Octeville was established on 28 February 2000 by merger of the former communes of Cherbourg and Octeville.[7]

Cherbourg-en-Cotentin is part of the arrondissement of Cherbourg, and of 6 cantons: Cherbourg-en-Cotentin-1, Cherbourg-en-Cotentin-2, Cherbourg-en-Cotentin-3, Cherbourg-en-Cotentin-4, Cherbourg-en-Cotentin-5 and La Hague.[3][8]

Population edit

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
Populations of the area corresponding with the commune of Cherbourg-en-Cotentin at 1 January 2020.
Source: INSEE[9]

Housing edit

In 2017, in Cherbourg-en-Cotentin there were 43,118 dwellings of which 88.8% of primary residences, 3.5% second homes and 7.7% vacant houses. 50.5% were houses and 48.8% were apartments.[10] Of the 37,983 principal residences built before 2015, the largest share (35.7%) was built between 1971 and 1990. 6.6% were built between 2006 and 2014,[10] which is much lower than the departmental rate (11.1%).[11]

The commune shares the social housing with the Communauté d'agglomération du Cotentin. Several HLM agencies are responsible for social housing of the agglomeration: Presqu'île Habitat, Les Cités Cherbourgeoises, HLM du Cotentin, Manche Habitat and HLM Coutances Granville.[12]

Education edit

Public senior high schools/sixth-form colleges include:

  • Lycée Jean-François-Millet (former Cherbourg-Octeville)[13]
  • Lycée Victor-Grignard (former Cherbourg-Octeville)[14]
  • Lycée Alexis-de-Tocqueville (former Cherbourg-Octeville)[15]

Private senior high schools/sixth-form colleges include:

  • Lycée privé Thomas-Hélye (former Cherbourg-Octeville)[16]

Politics edit

Presidential elections second round edit

Election Candidate Party %
2017[17] Emmanuel Macron LREM 71.43
2022[17] 62.99

Sights edit

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ "Répertoire national des élus: les maires" (in French)., Plateforme ouverte des données publiques françaises. 13 September 2022.
  2. ^ "Populations légales 2021". The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 28 December 2023.
  3. ^ a b c Arrêté préfectoral 1 December 2015 (in French)
  4. ^ Téléchargement du fichier d'ensemble des populations légales en 2018, INSEE
  5. ^ "Unité urbaine 2020 de Cherbourg-en-Cotentin (50501)" (in French). INSEE. Retrieved 10 March 2021.
  6. ^ "Comparateur de territoire: Aire d'attraction des villes 2020 de Cherbourg-en-Cotentin (071), Unité urbaine 2020 de Cherbourg-en-Cotentin (50501)" (in French). INSEE. Retrieved 16 June 2022.
  7. ^ Décret 23 February 2000 (in French)
  8. ^ Décret n° 2020-212 du 5 mars 2020 modifiant le décret n° 2014-246 du 25 février 2014 portant délimitation des cantons dans le département de la Manche
  9. ^ a b Population en historique depuis 1968, INSEE
  10. ^ a b Dossier complet: Commune de Cherbourg-en-Cotentin (50129), INSEE
  11. ^ Dossier complet: Département de la Manche (50), INSEE
  12. ^ "Logement social" (in French). Communauté d'agglomération du Cotentin. Retrieved 9 September 2020.
  13. ^ Home. Lycée Jean-François-Millet. Retrieved on November 17, 2016.
  14. ^ Home. Lycée Victor-Grignard. Retrieved on November 17, 2016.
  15. ^ Home. Lycée Alexis-de-Tocqueville. Retrieved on November 17, 2016.
  16. ^ Home. Lycée privé Thomas-Hélye. Retrieved on November 17, 2016.
  17. ^ a b "Résultats élections: Cherbourg-en-Cotentin". Le Monde.

External links edit