List of Tour de France Grands Départs

The Tour de France is an annual road bicycle race held over 23 days in July. Established in 1903 by newspaper L'Auto, the Tour is the most well-known and prestigious of cycling's three "Grand Tours"; the others are the Giro d'Italia and the Vuelta a España.[1] The race usually covers approximately 3,500 kilometres (2,200 mi), passing through France and neighbouring countries such as Belgium.[2] The race is broken into day-long segments, called stages. Individual finishing times for each stage are totalled to determine the overall winner at the end of the race.

The course changes every year, but has always finished in Paris; since 1975 it has finished along the Champs-Élysées. The start of the course is known as the Grand Départ. Since the 1950s it has typically taken place in a different town each year, and since the 1970s it has been common to award the Grand Départ to cities outside France as a way of increasing international interest in the competition and the sport. The right to host the Grand Départ is now highly sought after, with cities bidding to host, and has been shown to increase economic activity as well as interest in cycling in the host area.[3][4][5]

Host citiesEdit

Tour de France Grands Départs hosts
Year Country Region Grand Départ host Winning rider
1903   France   Île-de-France Montgeron   Maurice Garin (FRA)
1904   France   Île-de-France Montgeron   Henri Cornet (FRA)
1905   France   Île-de-France Noisy-le-Grand   Louis Trousselier (FRA)
1906   France   Île-de-France Neuilly-sur-Seine
(Vélodrome Buffalo)
  René Pottier (FRA)
1907   France   Île-de-France Neuilly-sur-Seine
(Pont Bineau)
  Lucien Petit-Breton (FRA)
1908   France   Île-de-France Neuilly-sur-Seine
(Pont Bineau)
  Lucien Petit-Breton (FRA)
1909   France   Île-de-France Neuilly-sur-Seine
(Pont de la Jatte)
  François Faber (LUX)
1910   France   Île-de-France Neuilly-sur-Seine
(Pont de la Jatte)
  Octave Lapize (FRA)
1911   France   Île-de-France Neuilly-sur-Seine
(Pont de la Jatte)
  Gustave Garrigou (FRA)
1912   France   Île-de-France Paris
(Luna Park Porte Maillot)
  Odile Defraye (BEL)
1913   France   Île-de-France Boulogne-Billancourt   Philippe Thys (BEL)
1914   France   Île-de-France Saint-Cloud   Philippe Thys (BEL)
1915
1916
1917
1918
1919   France   Île-de-France Paris
(Parc des Princes)
  Firmin Lambot (BEL)
1920   France   Île-de-France Argenteuil   Philippe Thys (BEL)
1921   France   Île-de-France Argenteuil   Léon Scieur (BEL)
1922   France   Île-de-France Paris
(Luna Park Porte Maillot)
  Firmin Lambot (BEL)
1923   France   Île-de-France Paris
(Luna Park Porte Maillot)
  Henri Pélissier (FRA)
1924   France   Île-de-France Paris
(Luna Park Porte Maillot)
  Ottavio Bottecchia (ITA)
1925   France   Île-de-France Le Vésinet   Ottavio Bottecchia (ITA)
1926   France   Rhône-Alpes Évian-les-Bains   Lucien Buysse (BEL)
1927   France   Île-de-France Le Vésinet   Nicolas Frantz (LUX)
1928   France   Île-de-France Le Vésinet   Nicolas Frantz (LUX)
1929   France   Île-de-France Le Vésinet   Maurice De Waele (BEL)
1930   France   Île-de-France Le Vésinet   André Leducq (FRA)
1931   France   Île-de-France Le Vésinet   Antonin Magne (FRA)
1932   France   Île-de-France Le Vésinet   André Leducq (FRA)
1933   France   Île-de-France Le Vésinet   Georges Speicher (FRA)
1934   France   Île-de-France Le Vésinet   Antonin Magne (FRA)
1935   France   Île-de-France Le Vésinet   Romain Maes (BEL)
1936   France   Île-de-France Le Vésinet   Sylvère Maes (BEL)
1937   France   Île-de-France Le Vésinet   Roger Lapébie (FRA)
1938   France   Île-de-France Le Vésinet   Gino Bartali (ITA)
1939   France   Île-de-France Le Vésinet   Sylvère Maes (BEL)
1940
1941
1942
1943
1944
1945
1946
1947   France   Île-de-France Paris   Jean Robic (FRA)
1948   France   Île-de-France Paris   Gino Bartali (ITA)
1949   France   Île-de-France Paris   Fausto Coppi (ITA)
1950   France   Île-de-France Paris   Ferdinand Kübler (SUI)
1951   France   Lorraine Metz   Hugo Koblet (SUI)
1952   France   Brittany Brest   Fausto Coppi (ITA)
1953   France   Alsace Strasbourg   Louison Bobet (FRA)
1954   Netherlands   North Holland Amsterdam   Louison Bobet (FRA)
1955   France   Upper Normandy Le Havre   Louison Bobet (FRA)
1956   France   Champagne-Ardenne Reims   Roger Walkowiak (FRA)
1957   France   Pays de la Loire Nantes   Jacques Anquetil (FRA)
1958   Belgium   Brabant Brussels   Charly Gaul (LUX)
1959   France   Alsace Mulhouse   Federico Bahamontes (ESP)
1960   France   Nord-Pas-de-Calais Lille   Gastone Nencini (ITA)
1961   France   Upper Normandy Rouen   Jacques Anquetil (FRA)
1962   France   Lorraine Nancy   Jacques Anquetil (FRA)
1963   France   Île-de-France Paris   Jacques Anquetil (FRA)
1964   France   Brittany Rennes   Jacques Anquetil (FRA)
1965   West Germany   North Rhine-Westphalia Cologne   Felice Gimondi (ITA)
1966   France   Lorraine Nancy   Lucien Aimar (FRA)
1967   France   Pays de la Loire Angers   Roger Pingeon (FRA)
1968   France   Lorraine Vittel   Jan Janssen (NED)
1969   France   Nord-Pas-de-Calais Roubaix   Eddy Merckx (BEL)
1970   France   Limousin Limoges   Eddy Merckx (BEL)
1971   France   Alsace Mulhouse   Eddy Merckx (BEL)
1972   France   Pays de la Loire Angers   Eddy Merckx (BEL)
1973   Netherlands   South Holland Scheveningen   Luis Ocaña (ESP)
1974   France   Brittany Brest   Eddy Merckx (BEL)
1975   Belgium   Wallonia Charleroi   Bernard Thévenet (FRA)
1976   France   Pays de la Loire Saint-Jean-de-Monts   Lucien Van Impe (BEL)
1977   France   Midi-Pyrénées Fleurance   Bernard Thévenet (FRA)
1978   Netherlands   South Holland Leiden   Bernard Hinault (FRA)
1979   France   Midi-Pyrénées Fleurance   Bernard Hinault (FRA)
1980   West Germany   Hesse Frankfurt   Joop Zoetemelk (NED)
1981   France   Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur Nice   Bernard Hinault (FRA)
1982    Switzerland   Basel-Stadt Basel   Bernard Hinault (FRA)
1983   France   Île-de-France Fontenay-sous-Bois   Laurent Fignon (FRA)
1984   France   Île-de-France Montreuil   Laurent Fignon (FRA)
1985   France   Brittany Plumelec   Bernard Hinault (FRA)
1986   France   Île-de-France Boulogne-Billancourt   Greg LeMond (USA)
1987   West Germany   West Berlin West Berlin   Stephen Roche (IRL)
1988   France   Pays de la Loire La Baule   Pedro Delgado (ESP)
1989   Luxembourg Luxembourg District Luxembourg City   Greg LeMond (USA)
1990   France   Poitou-Charentes Futuroscope   Greg LeMond (USA)
1991   France   Rhône-Alpes Lyon   Miguel Indurain (ESP)
1992   Spain   Basque Country San Sebastián   Miguel Indurain (ESP)
1993   France   Pays de la Loire Le Puy du Fou   Miguel Indurain (ESP)
1994   France   Nord-Pas-de-Calais Lille   Miguel Indurain (ESP)
1995   France   Brittany Saint-Brieuc   Miguel Indurain (ESP)
1996   Netherlands   North Brabant 's-Hertogenbosch   Bjarne Riis (DEN)[A]
1997   France   Upper Normandy Rouen   Jan Ullrich (GER)
1998   Ireland   Leinster Dublin   Marco Pantani (ITA)
1999   France   Pays de la Loire Le Puy du Fou   Lance Armstrong (USA)[B]
2000   France   Poitou-Charentes Futuroscope   Lance Armstrong (USA)[B]
2001   France   Nord-Pas-de-Calais Dunkirk   Lance Armstrong (USA)[B]
2002   Luxembourg Luxembourg District Luxembourg City   Lance Armstrong (USA)[B]
2003   France   Île-de-France Paris   Lance Armstrong (USA)[B]
2004   Belgium   Wallonia Liège   Lance Armstrong (USA)[B]
2005   France   Pays de la Loire Challans   Lance Armstrong (USA)[B]
2006   France   Alsace Strasbourg   Óscar Pereiro (ESP)[C]
2007   United Kingdom Greater London London   Alberto Contador (ESP)
2008   France   Brittany Brest   Carlos Sastre (ESP)
2009   Monaco Monaco Monaco   Alberto Contador (ESP)
2010   Netherlands   South Holland Rotterdam   Andy Schleck (LUX)[D]
2011   France   Pays de la Loire Passage du Gois   Cadel Evans (AUS)
2012   Belgium   Wallonia Liège   Bradley Wiggins (GBR)
2013   France   Corsica Porto-Vecchio   Chris Froome (GBR)
2014   United Kingdom   West Yorkshire Leeds   Vincenzo Nibali (ITA)
2015   Netherlands   Utrecht Utrecht   Chris Froome (GBR)
2016   France   Lower Normandy Mont Saint-Michel   Chris Froome (GBR)
2017   Germany   North Rhine-Westphalia Düsseldorf   Chris Froome (GBR)
2018   France   Pays de la Loire Noirmoutier-en-l'Île   Geraint Thomas (GBR)
2019   Belgium   Brussels-Capital Region Brussels   Egan Bernal (COL)
2020   France   Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur Nice
2021   Denmark   Region Hovedstaden Copenhagen

FootnotesEdit

A. ^ Bjarne Riis has admitted to doping during the 1996 Tour de France. The organizers of the Tour de France have stated that they no longer consider him to be the winner, although Union Cycliste Internationale has so far refused to change the official status due to the amount of time passed since his win. Jan Ullrich was placed second on the podium in Paris.[6]

B. a b c d e f g h Lance Armstrong was declared winner of seven consecutive tours from 1999 to 2005. However, in October 2012 he was stripped of all titles by the UCI due to the use of performance-enhancing drugs. The tour director Christian Prudhomme had previously declared that if this happened, there would be no alternate winners for those years, but this has not yet been made official.[7]

C. a b Floyd Landis was the winner at the podium ceremony in Paris on the last day of the 2006 tour, but subsequently was found to have tested positive for performance-enhancing drugs during stage 17 of the race. The United States Anti-Doping Agency found him guilty of using synthetic testosterone during the race and stripped him of his title on 20 September 2007.[8]

D. a b c Alberto Contador was the winner at the podium ceremony in Paris on the last day of the 2010 tour, but subsequently was found to have tested positive for the prohibited substance Clenbuterol on a rest day. The Court of Arbitration for Sport found him guilty of using clenbuterol during the race and stripped him of his title on 6 February 2012.[9]

Notes and referencesEdit

  1. ^ FAQ. Union Cycliste Internationale. Archived from the original on 23 July 2009. Retrieved 17 August 2009.
  2. ^ Dauncey, Hugh; Hare, Geoff (2003). Tour de France: 1903-2003. Routledge. p. 149. ISBN 978-0-7146-5362-4.
  3. ^ Yorkshire will host the 2014 Tour de France Grand Depart. The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 13 July 2015.
  4. ^ Yorkshire tourism boost after Tour de France Grand Depart. BBC. Retrieved 13 July 2015.
  5. ^ Guide Historique (PDF). Tour de France. Retrieved 13 July 2015.
  6. ^ "Tour takes Riis off winners list". BBC Sport. 7 June 2007. Retrieved 12 April 2008.
  7. ^ "The UCI recognises USADA decision in Armstrong case". Union Cycliste Internationale (UCI). 22 October 2012. Archived from the original on 24 October 2012. Retrieved 22 October 2012.
  8. ^ "Oscar Pereiro winner of the 2006 Tour de France". Union Cycliste Internationale (UCI). 21 September 2007. Archived from the original on 23 February 2009. Retrieved 12 April 2008.
  9. ^ "CAS sanctions Contador with two year ban in clenbutorol case". Cyclingnews. Future Publishing Limited. 6 February 2012. Retrieved 6 February 2012.

BibliographyEdit

See alsoEdit