Open main menu

The 2019 Tour de France was the 106th edition of the Tour de France, one of cycling's three Grand Tours. The 3,365.8 km (2,091 mi)-long race consisted of 21 stages, starting on 6 July in Brussels, Belgium, and concluding on 28 July with the Champs-Élysées stage in Paris. The opening stages of the Tour (known as the Grand Départ) were held in Brussels in honour of the 50th anniversary of the first Tour de France win of Eddy Merckx. A total of 176 riders from 22 teams participated in the race. The overall general classification was won by Egan Bernal of Team Ineos. His teammate and 2018 Tour winner Geraint Thomas finished second while Steven Kruijswijk (Team Jumbo–Visma) came in third.

2019 Tour de France
2019 UCI World Tour, race 27 of 38
Route of the 2019 Tour de France
Route of the 2019 Tour de France
Race details
Dates6–28 July
Stages21
Distance3,365.8 km (2,091 mi)
Winning time82h 57' 00"
Results
Winner  Egan Bernal (COL) (Team Ineos)
  Second  Geraint Thomas (GBR) (Team Ineos)
  Third  Steven Kruijswijk (NED) (Team Jumbo–Visma)

Points  Peter Sagan (SVK) (Bora–Hansgrohe)
Mountains  Romain Bardet (FRA) (AG2R La Mondiale)
Youth  Egan Bernal (COL) (Team Ineos)
Combativity  Julian Alaphilippe (FRA) (Deceuninck–Quick-Step)
Team Movistar Team
← 2018
2020 →

Kruijswijk's teammate Mike Teunissen won stage 1's bunch sprint to take the first yellow of the Tour. Julian Alaphilippe of Deceuninck–Quick-Step took the lead of the race following his victory of stage 3. He lost the yellow jersey after the sixth stage to Giulio Ciccone (Trek–Segafredo) who was the highest placed rider of a breakaway group which finished ahead of the peloton (main group). Ciccone's lead of the Tour lasted two stages, before Alaphilippe retook it after stage 8. He held the yellow jersey for the next eleven stages, including the Pyrenees, before losing it to Bernal on the second day in the Alps, stage 19, which was shortened by bad weather. Bernal held his lead in the final two stages to win the Tour.

The points classification was won by Bora–Hansgrohe's Peter Sagan for a record seventh time, with Romain Bardet of AG2R La Mondiale winning the mountains classification. Bernal also won the young rider classification. The team classification was won by Movistar Team and Alaphilippe won the award for most combative rider. Caleb Ewan of Lotto–Soudal won the most stages, with three.

TeamsEdit

 
The Grand Place in Brussels, Belgium, hosted the team presentation ceremony on 4 July.

The 2019 edition of the Tour de France consisted of 22 teams.[1] The race was the 27th of the 38 events in the UCI World Tour,[2] and all of its eighteen UCI WorldTeams were entitled, and obliged, to enter the race.[3] Additionally, Amaury Sport Organisation (ASO), the organisers of the Tour, invited four second-tier UCI Professional Continental teams to participate in the event. The three French teams and one Belgian team have each participated in the race before.[4][5] The presentation of the teams – where the members of each team's roster are introduced in front of the media and local dignitaries – took place in front of a crowd of 75,000 on the Grand Place in Brussels, Belgium, on 4 July, two days before the opening stage.[6]

Each squad was allowed a maximum of eight riders, resulting in a start list total of 176.[1] Of these, 33 competed in their first Tour de France.[7] The riders came from 30 countries. Six countries had more than ten riders in the race: France (43), Belgium (21), Italy (15), Spain (13), Germany (11) and the Netherlands (11).[1] The average age of riders in the race was 29.71 years,[8] ranging from the 21-year-old Jasper Philipsen (UAE Team Emirates) to the 39-year-old Lars Bak (Team Dimension Data).[9][10] Team Sunweb had the youngest average age while Team Dimension Data had the oldest.[11]

The teams participating in the race were:[1]

UCI WorldTeams

UCI Professional Continental teams

Pre-race favouritesEdit

 
Geraint Thomas (pictured at the 2018 Tour de France) returned to defend his title.

2018 Tour winner Geraint Thomas (Team Ineos) returned to defend his title. After celebrating his victory, he was overweight at the start of the 2019 season.[12] First signs of improving form came with a third-place finish at the Tour de Romandie. He then started the Tour de Suisse, but a crash on stage 4 saw him abandon the race and require recovery time. This put in doubt his ability to perform at the Tour.[13]

Previous year's second- and third-placed Tour finishers, Tom Dumoulin (Team Sunweb) and Chris Froome (Team Ineos) did not take part in the race. Froome was ruled out of the race after a crash in the month before the Tour at the Critérium du Dauphiné.[14][15] In the absence of Froome, some team directors expected a more open race.[16] Dumoulin missed the Tour with a knee injury, which had already forced him to abandon the Giro d'Italia, the three-week Grand Tour of Italy.[17]

The riders regarded as favourites for winning the general classification besides Thomas were Romain Bardet (AG2R La Mondiale), Egan Bernal (Team Ineos), Jakob Fuglsang (Astana), Steven Kruijswijk (Team Jumbo–Visma), Mikel Landa (Movistar Team), Vincenzo Nibali (Bahrain–Merida), Thibaut Pinot (Groupama–FDJ), Nairo Quintana (Movistar Team), and Adam Yates (Mitchelton–Scott).[13][18][19][20][21] Bardet had finished on the podium twice in his career, second in 2016 and third in 2017. He had failed to impress during his build-up for the Tour, although his experience and the consistency of his previous performances in the race were considered enough to make him a serious contender.[13][18][19] Thomas' teammate Bernal took victory at both Paris–Nice and the Tour de Suisse, and was to share the leadership with Thomas according to the team.[22] Fuglsang had enjoyed a highly successful spring campaign, having won the prestigious one-day race Liège–Bastogne–Liège as well as the stage races Vuelta a Andalucía and the Dauphiné. Fuglsang was also thought to benefit from a strong team. However, doubt was cast over Fuglsang's ability to perform over a three-week race.[13][18] Kruijswijk had never stepped on to a Grand Tour final podium previously,[23] and although he suffering with illness leading up to the Tour, he began the season well and was considered a top contender.[13] Landa's form was considered harder to predict, as he had stayed away from racing after the Giro, where he finished just outside the podium. His best results in the Tour so far was in 2017, when he finished fourth riding as a domestique to Froome.[13][19] Veteran rider Nibali had no wins so far in 2019, but placed second at the Giro and was considered to be a danger due to his experience.[24] He was the only rider on the start list apart from Thomas to have won a Tour, the 2014 edition.[23] Pinot was also considered to be in excellent form after finishing fifth in Dauphiné, and having won the general classification in Tour de l'Ain and Tour du Haut Var. It was however speculated that the pressure in being a home favourite could affect him negatively, as well as possible warm weather. His previous results in the Tour had been mixed: he finished third in 2014, but in subsequent years twice dropped out.[20] Quintana, a double Grand Tour winner, was seen as a podium contender.[24] Yates returned to the race after finishing 29th the previous year. Although he had to withdraw from the Dauphiné a few weeks earlier for illness, he was believed to be in good form because he had good results earlier in the season.[20]

Other riders expected to do well in the general classification, or in some cases being dark horses, were Emanuel Buchmann (Bora–Hansgrohe), Dan Martin (UAE Team Emirates), Enric Mas (Deceuninck–Quick-Step), Richie Porte (Trek–Segafredo), Rigoberto Urán and Tejay van Garderen (both EF Education First), Alejandro Valverde (Movistar Team) and Ilnur Zakarin (Team Katusha–Alpecin).[13][18][19][20]

The defending champion of the points classification, Peter Sagan (Bora–Hansgrohe), returned to defend his title in an attempt to break Erik Zabel's record of six wins. Before the Tour he shared the record with Zabel, after winning the classification in six out of the past seven editions.[25][26] Sagan was regarded as the clear favourite for winning the points classification by the media as well as the bookmakers.[27][28][29] The riders thought to be Sagan's biggest rivals were Caleb Ewan (Lotto–Soudal), Dylan Groenewegen (Team Jumbo–Visma), Michael Matthews (Team Sunweb) and Elia Viviani (Deceuninck–Quick-Step). Other riders believed to be possible contenders for the green jersey were Julian Alaphilippe (Deceuninck–Quick-Step), Edvald Boasson Hagen (Team Dimension Data), Alexander Kristoff (UAE Team Emirates) and Wout van Aert (Team Jumbo–Visma).[27][28]

Route and stagesEdit

 
At an altitude of 2,770 m (9,090 ft), the summit of the Col de l'Iseran mountain pass (viewed southwards from the summit) on stage 19 is the highest paved pass in the Alps.

On 30 May 2017, the ASO announced that Brussels would host the 2019 edition's opening stages (known as the Grand Départ), honouring one of the Tour's most successful riders, Belgian Eddy Merckx, on the 50th anniversary of his first of five overall victories. It was the second time the Grand Départ has taken place in Brussels and was the fifth Belgian Grand Départ. It also marks 100 years since the race leader's yellow jersey was first seen at a Tour.[30] Further details of the Grand Départ were revealed on 16 January 2018, which were that it included an opening stage that featured the steep cobbled Muur van Geraardsbergen climb, an icon of the Tour of Flanders one-day race, and a second stage which was a team time trial around the streets of Brussels.[31] The entire route was unveiled on 25 October 2018, which the race director Christian Prudhomme described as "the highest Tour in history."[32]

The opening stage visited Charleroi and looped back to Brussels, to connect the regions of Flanders and Wallonia in a stage. Starting in Binche, the third stage left Belgium for France, with the following stage taking the race to the north-east to the Vosges Mountains for two further stages. The transitional stage 7 moved the Tour south-west and into the Massif Central highland region, with stage 8 ending in the city of Saint-Étienne. Stages 9 and 10 traversed the Massif Central, before the Tour's first rest day. The following two stages moved the race to the Pyrenees, which hosted four stages. After the second rest day, the Tour took a long transfer west for stage 16 which finished in Nîmes. Stage 17 took the race up to the Alps at Gap. After three Alpine stages, an air transfer moved the Tour to the outskirts of Paris, ending with the Champs-Élysées stage.[33]

There were 21 stages in the race, covering a total distance of 3,365.8 km (2,091 mi).[34] There were two time trial events, stage 2's 27.6 km (17 mi) team time trial and stage 13's 27.2 km (17 mi) individual time trial.[33] Of the remaining nineteen stages, seven were officially classified as flat, five as hilly and seven as mountainous.[33] The longest mass-start stage was stage 10, at 217.5 km (135 mi), and the shortest was stage 14, at 117.5 km (73 mi).[33] The route contained five mountain-top finishes: stage 6, to La Planche des Belles Filles; stages 14, to the Col du Tourmalet; stage 15, to Foix; stage 19, to Col de l'Iseran;[a] and stage 20, to Val Thorens.[36] The Iseran mountain pass, the highest paved pass in Europe, featured on stage 19.[32] This was the seventh time that the Tour climbed the 2,770 m (9,090 ft) Iseran, but only the second ascent from the more difficult southern side.[32] It was among five hors catégorie (English: "beyond category") rated climbs in the race.[37] Of the 34 stage start or finish hosts, the race visited Binche, Saint-Dié-des-Vosges and Pont du Gard for the first time.[33]

Stage characteristics and winners[33][37][38]
Stage Date Course Distance Type Winner
1 6 July Brussels (Belgium) to Brussels (Belgium) via Charleroi (Belgium) 194.5 km (121 mi)   Flat stage   Mike Teunissen (NED)
2 7 July Brussels-Royal Palace (Belgium) to Brussels-Atomium (Belgium) 27.6 km (17 mi)   Team time trial   Team Jumbo–Visma (NED)
3 8 July Binche (Belgium) to Épernay 215 km (134 mi)   Hilly stage   Julian Alaphilippe (FRA)
4 9 July Reims to Nancy 213.5 km (133 mi)   Flat stage   Elia Viviani (ITA)
5 10 July Saint-Dié-des-Vosges to Colmar 175.5 km (109 mi)   Hilly stage   Peter Sagan (SVK)
6 11 July Mulhouse to La Planche des Belles Filles 160.5 km (100 mi)   Mountain stage   Dylan Teuns (BEL)
7 12 July Belfort to Chalon-sur-Saône 230 km (143 mi)   Flat stage   Dylan Groenewegen (NED)
8 13 July Mâcon to Saint-Étienne 200 km (124 mi)   Hilly stage   Thomas De Gendt (BEL)
9 14 July Saint-Étienne to Brioude 170.5 km (106 mi)   Hilly stage   Daryl Impey (RSA)
10 15 July Saint-Flour to Albi 217.5 km (135 mi)   Flat stage   Wout van Aert (BEL)
16 July Albi Rest day
11 17 July Albi to Toulouse 167 km (104 mi)   Flat stage   Caleb Ewan (AUS)
12 18 July Toulouse to Bagnères-de-Bigorre 209.5 km (130 mi)   Mountain stage   Simon Yates (GBR)
13 19 July Pau to Pau 27.2 km (17 mi)   Individual time trial   Julian Alaphilippe (FRA)
14 20 July Tarbes to Col du Tourmalet 111 km (69 mi)   Mountain stage   Thibaut Pinot (FRA)
15 21 July Limoux to Foix Prat d'Albis 185 km (115 mi)   Mountain stage   Simon Yates (GBR)
22 July Nîmes Rest day
16 23 July Nîmes to Nîmes 177 km (110 mi)   Flat stage   Caleb Ewan (AUS)
17 24 July Pont du Gard to Gap 200 km (124 mi)   Hilly stage   Matteo Trentin (ITA)
18 25 July Embrun to Valloire 208 km (129 mi)   Mountain stage   Nairo Quintana (COL)
19 26 July Saint-Jean-de-Maurienne to Tignes Col de l'Iseran[a] 126.5 km (79 mi)
89 km (55 mi)[a]
  Mountain stage no winner[a]
20 27 July Albertville to Val Thorens 130 km (81 mi)
59.5 km (37 mi)[b]
  Mountain stage   Vincenzo Nibali (ITA)
21 28 July Rambouillet to Paris (Champs-Élysées) 128 km (80 mi)   Flat stage   Caleb Ewan (AUS)
Total 3,480 km (2,162 mi) 3,365.8 km (2,091 mi)[34]

Race overviewEdit

Early stages and VosgesEdit

 
Team Jumbo–Visma's Mike Teunissen (centre) during stage two's team time trial, wearing the general classification's yellow jersey which he gained after he won the opening stage

Stage 1's bunch sprint finish was won by Team Jumbo–Visma's Mike Teunissen. He was a member of the team's sprint train who were leading out their main sprinter Dylan Groenewegen, but following him crashing in the closing 2 km (1.2 mi), Teunissen was free to race in the sprint. He took the first yellow and green jerseys as the leader of the general and points classifications respectively.[40] Breakaway rider Greg Van Avermaet (CCC Team) led the race over the highest categorised climb of the stage, the Muur van Geraardsbergen, claiming the lead in the mountains classification and the first polka dot jersey as the leader of the classification.[c]

Teunissen increased his overall lead in the race following his team's victory in stage 2's team time trial, who finished twenty seconds ahead of second-placed Team Ineos.[41] However, his hold of the yellow jersey was short lived as Julian Alaphilippe took over first position with a strong solo attack on the final climb of stage 3, catching up and overtaking the remainder of the day's breakaway to win the stage. Peter Sagan and Tim Wellens (Lotto–Soudal) took the lead of the points and mountains classifications respectively.[42] The following day's flat stage ended in a bunch sprint won by Elia Viviani.[43]

The climbs of stage 5 did not cause trouble to the race, as most of the contenders retained their energy for the following stage's steep finish of the Planche des Belles Filles climb.[44] An early four-man breakaway, which included polka dot jersey wearer Wellens, was caught well before the sprint bunch finish, won by Sagan.[45] The mountainous stage 6 saw a 14-rider breakaway gain a lead of over 8 minutes. By the Col des Chevrères, only four riders remained. Wellens and Xandro Meurisse (Wanty–Groupe Gobert), the former having secured his polka dot jersey for another day, were distanced on the final climb by Dylan Teuns (Bahrain–Merida) and Giulio Ciccone (Trek–Segafredo). Teuns would go on to win the stage, but Ciccone managed to take over the yellow jersey despite fading in the final metres of the climb.[46] The final 500 m (1,640 ft) also proved to be a difficulty for general classification contenders Vincenzo Nibali, Richie Porte and Romain Bardet, who lost time on the climb.[47] Stage 7, returning to the flat after the Vosges Mountains, was uneventful, with the breakaway being held to only a few minutes,[48] and despite early crashes by Tejay van Garderen and Teunissen, ended in a technical bunch sprint won by Groenewegen.[49]

Massif Central and journey southEdit

 
The peloton passing through the city of Rodez on the tenth stage, before crosswinds caused a reduced bunch sprint finish, won by Wout van Aert

Stage 8, with close to 4,000 m (13,000 ft) of elevation gain, was seen before the race as a potential win for the breakaway,[37] which had four riders on the day. As the successive climbs were passed, this number was gradually reduced, with only Thomas De Gendt (Lotto–Soudal) and Alessandro De Marchi (CCC Team) surviving until the final climb, on which De Gendt successfully distanced him. The gap down to under a minute in the final kilometres, Alaphilippe and Thibault Pinot attacked and gained twenty seconds on the much reduced peloton, as De Gendt managed to hold on for the stage victory, with Alaphilippe regaining his yellow jersey.[50] Despite his second crash in this edition of the Tour, defending champion Geraint Thomas managed to keep up and avoided an early disaster.[51]

Stage 9 saw an early 14-strong breakaway form, later joined by Marc Soler (Movistar Team), which the peloton (main group) let go. At the 40 km (24.9 mi) to go mark, Lukas Pöstlberger of Bora–Hansgrohe attacked, gaining around 30 seconds before his breakaway companions put in an effort to reel him in, splitting in half in the process. As the last obstacle of the day, the third-category Côte de Saint-Just was reached, just 15 km (9.3 mi) from the finish, Pöstlberger was finally caught and as more riders were dropped, a leading trio emerged, consisting of Nicolas Roche (Team Sunweb), Tiesj Benoot (Lotto–Soudal) and Daryl Impey (Mitchelton–Scott). Roche was dropped before the finish, leaving the victory to Impey who overcame Benoot in the final sprint,[52] in a day which otherwise saw no significant changes in the overall standings.[53]

The final stage before the rest day, which was a day later than usual, was on relatively flat terrain.[37] However, with 30 km (18.6 mi) to go, splits occurred in the peloton as Team Ineos and others took to the front and broke the peloton apart in strong crosswinds. This effort proved decisive, and several overall contenders who were caught behind, including Pinot, Richie Porte, Rigoberto Urán, Jakob Fuglsang and Mikel Landa lost time on the front group. Thomas, Egan Bernal, Alaphilippe and Bardet maintained their position at the front of the race, amongst a reduced bunch.[54] The victory went to Wout van Aert, as several of the main sprinters were caught behind, including his Team Jumbo–Visma teammate Groenewegen.[55] By the first rest day, the yellow jersey was held by Alaphilippe, who had a lead of 1' 12" on Thomas, behind whom was Bernal in third place, just 4" from Thomas. Home favourite Pinot, despite being 1' 21" back from Thomas in eleventh place, was still in contention.[56] In the points classification, pre-race favourite Sagan was in first position, already 62 points ahead of second-placed Michael Matthews. The mountains classification was more closely contested, with breakaway riders and Lotto–Soudal teammates Wellens and De Gendt respectively first and second, with a gap of six points.[57] On stage 11, the day's small breakaway was caught with 5 km (3.1 mi) remaining, before Caleb Ewan won the bunch sprint finish.[58]

Pyrenees and transitionEdit

 
Julian Alaphilippe (pictured on stage 18) held the yellow jersey for a total of fourteen stages of the Tour.

The first Pyrenean stage, the twelfth, saw a 42-man breakaway reduce to a group of Simon Yates (Mitchelton–Scott), Pello Bilbao (Astana) and Gregor Mühlberger (Bora–Hansgrohe) on the final climb of La Hourquette d'Ancizan, the second of the stage's two first-category climbs. The trio descended to the finish at Bagnères-de-Bigorre, where Yates won the sprint. The peloton came in together close to 10 minutes after.[59] A notable abandonment of the stage was the reigning world time trial champion Rohan Dennis (Bahrain–Merida), a favourite for the following stage's time trial.[60] In the aforementioned stage, Alaphilippe took the victory, with a time of 35' 00" across the 27.2 km (17 mi) course, achieving a "stunning" victory on a day where he was expected to lose time to riders such as Thomas,[61] who ended up in second place, fourteen seconds down.[62] Wout van Aert, one of the favourites for the stage, had to abandon the race during the time trial after he crashed, having clipped a barrier on the side of the road.[63]

On stage 14, the last of the breakaway riders were caught by the leading group of general classification contenders at 10 km (6.2 mi) before the finish atop the hors catégorie Col du Tourmalet. With 1 km (0.62 mi) remaining, Thomas got detached from the lead group containing Alaphilippe, Emanuel Buchmann, Pinot, Bernal, Landa and Steven Kruijswijk. Pinot attacked in the final 250 m (270 yd) and held his lead to the finish line at the summit.[64] On the final stage in the Pyrenees, Simon Yates took his second stage win of the race from a reduced breakaway of six at the summit of Prat d'Albis. Pinot attacked the group of general classification contenders with 6 km (3.7 mi) remaining to finish in second place, 33 seconds behind, moving himself up to fourth overall. Following the last of the few breakaway riders, the overall contenders, led by Thomas, came in 1' 22" behind Yates.[65] The following day was the Tour's second rest day.[33] By this point, Alaphilippe was beating expectations and retaining a 1' 35" lead over Thomas. Kruijswijk was third at 1' 47", with Bernal and Buchmann following Pinot closely in fifth and sixth respectively.[66] The green jersey was still held by Sagan, who now had an 85 points lead over second-placed Viviani, while the mountains classification was still led by Wellens, with eventual winner Bardet down in eleventh position.[67]

As the Tour came down from the Pyrenees for transitional stages towards the Alps, it experienced the beginning of the July 2019 European heat wave, which saw temperatures reach a high of 35 °C (95 °F) during stage 16. Ewan won the stage from a bunch sprint in Nîmes, his second of the Tour. Crashes during the stage included overall favourites Thomas and Fuglsang, with the latter forced to abandon.[68] In the following stage, the 33-rider breakaway's advantage grew to 15 minutes at one point. Matteo Trentin of Mitchelton–Scott attacked the breakaway on the final climb and soloed to victory with led of 37 seconds.[69] Luke Rowe (Team Ineos) and Tony Martin (Team Jumbo–Visma) were both disqualified from the Tour following an altercation near the front of the peloton in the latter part of the stage.[70]

Alps and finaleEdit

 
2018 Tour winner Geraint Thomas leading Team Ineos teammate and eventual 2019 Tour winner Egan Bernal on the penultimate stage

Stage 18, the first in the Alps, was led by breakaway riders throughout the stage's climbs, which included the first-category Col de Vars and the hors catégorie Col d'Izoard and Col du Galibier. The 34-strong breakaway reduced to a group of elite riders by the foot of the Galibier, the final climb. Nairo Quintana attacked with 7.5 km (4.7 mi) still to climb, leading by over a minute and a half at the summit, which he held on the descent to the finish. Meanwhile, with 2 km (1.2 mi) still to climb of the Galibier, Bernal attacked from within the yellow jersey group containing Alaphilippe and Thomas, allowing Bernal to recover half a minute on the other general classification contenders by the finish and move up to second overall.[71] The lead of the mountains classification went to Romain Bardet, who was a pre-race favourite for the general classification but moved out of contention after losing 20 minutes on stage 14's Col du Tourmalet, thereafter switching focus to breakaway rides.[72]

Around 40 km (25 mi) into stage 19, Pinot, who had been placed fifth in the general classification, abandoned the race with a leg muscle injury.[73] At the head of the race in the closing kilometres of the planned second to last climb, the Col de l'Iseran, Bernal attacked from the group of overall favourites, catching and passing final breakaway riders by the summit. Next over the top were breakers Simon Yates and Warren Barguil (Arkéa–Samsic), one minute behind Bernal, with the favourites following. Alaphilippe was dropped following Bernal's attack, and was two minutes behind over the top. During the descent, race organisers neutralised the race when snow, hailstorms, and mudslides rendered the road unsafe near Val-d'Isère on the final ascent to Tignes. Times for the general classification were taken at the summit of the Iseran, with the stage victory and most combative rider of the day not awarded. As a result, Bernal, who had been in second place overall, moved ahead of Alaphilippe and took the yellow jersey. The stage was shortened from 126.5 km (79 mi) to 89 km (55 mi).[35]

The bad weather also caused the penultimate stage to be reduced in length beforehand from 130 km (81 mi) to 59.5 km (37 mi), bypassing the first-category Cormet de Roselend and the second-category Côte de Longefoy, with the only climb being the hors catégorie-rated one to Val Thorens at the finish.[74] A group of nearly thirty riders established a two and a half minute lead over the peloton, before being greatly reduced to six on the early slopes of the Val Thorens climb. With 12 km (7.5 mi) remaining, Nibali attacked from this group and soloed to victory. The general classification contenders followed him together close behind, with Alaphilippe being dropped again, losing more time and dropping from second overall to fifth.[75]

The final stage in Paris was won by Ewan in a bunch sprint on the Champs-Élysées, his third win and the most of any rider in this edition of the race. Bernal won the race with no changes in the final stage. The 22-year-old Colombian became the youngest since François Faber in 1909 and first Latin American Tour winner up to that point.[76] Thomas came second overall, 1' 11" down on Bernal, with Kruijswijk a further 20 seconds behind in third.[34] Sagan won a record seventh points classification with a total of 316, 68 ahead of Ewan in second.[76][34] Bardet won the mountains classification with 86 points, Bernal second with 78 points. The young rider classification was won by Bernal, with thirteenth-placed overall Gaudu second.[34] Bernal became the fifth rider to win both the general and young rider classification in the same year, following Laurent Fignon (1983), Jan Ullrich (1997), Alberto Contador (2007), and Andy Schleck (2010).[77] Movistar Team finished as the winners of the team classification, 47' 54" ahead of second-placed Trek–Segafredo.[34] Of the 176 starters, 155 reached the finish of the last stage in Paris.[34]

Classification leadershipEdit

Four main individual classifications were contested in the 2019 Tour de France, as well as a team competition. The most important was the general classification, calculated by adding each rider's finishing times on each stage.[78] Time bonuses (time subtracted) were awarded at the end of every stage apart from the time trial stages. The first three riders receive 10, 6, and 4 seconds, respectively. For crashes within the final 3 km (1.9 mi) of a stage, not including time trials and summit finishes, any rider involved would have received the same time as the group he was in when the crash occurred.[79] The rider with the lowest cumulative time was the winner of the general classification and was considered to be the overall winner of the Tour.[78] The rider leading the classification wore a yellow jersey.[80] In celebration of 100th anniversary of the yellow jersey, an individual jersey design were issued for each day's race leader.[81] In a bid to animate racing, time bonuses of 8, 5, and 2 seconds respectively for the first three riders across a mountain summit were given out at eight climbs.[82][83] These occurred on stages 3, 6, 8, 9, 12, 15, 18, and 19.[84] These bonuses replaced the special sprints that were a feature in the 2018 edition.[82]

Points classification points for the top 15 positions by type[78]
Type 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
  Flat stage 50 30 20 18 16 14 12 10 8 7 6 5 4 3 2
  Hilly stage 30 25 22 19 17 15 13 11 9
  Mountain stage 20 17 15 13 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1
  Individual time trial
  Intermediate sprint

The second classification was the points classification. Riders received points for finishing among the highest placed in a stage finish, or in intermediate sprints during the stage. The points available for each stage finish were determined by the stage's type.[78] The leader wore a green jersey.[80]

The third classification was the mountains classification. Points were awarded to the riders that reached the summit of the most difficult climbs first. The climbs were categorised, in order of increasing difficulty, as fourth-, third-, second-, and first-category and hors catégorie. Double points were awarded at the top of hors catégorie climbs higher than 2,000 m (6,562 ft).[83] The leader was identified by a white jersey with red polka dots.[80]

The final individual classification was the young rider classification. This was calculated the same way as the general classification, but was restricted to riders born on or after 1 January 1994.[83] The leader wore a white jersey.[80]

The final classification was a team classification. This was calculated using the finishing times of the best three riders per team on each stage; the leading team was the team with the lowest cumulative time. The number of stage victories and placings per team would have determine the outcome of a tie.[83] The riders on the team that lead this classification were identified with yellow number bibs on the back of their jerseys and yellow helmets.[85]

In addition, there was a combativity award given after each stage to the rider considered, by a jury, to have "made the greatest effort and who demonstrated the best qualities of sportsmanship".[83] No combativity awards were given for the time trials and the final stage.[86] The winner wore a red number bib the following stage.[85] At the conclusion of the Tour, Julian Alaphilippe won the overall super-combativity award which was, again, awarded by a jury.[87][83]

A total of €2,291,700 was awarded in cash prizes in the race.[86] The overall winner of the general classification received €500,000, with the second and third placed riders getting €200,000 and €100,000 respectively.[88] All finishers in the top 160 were awarded money.[88] The holders of the classifications benefited on each stage they led; the final winners of the points and mountains were given €25,000, while the best young rider and most combative rider got €20,000.[89] The team classification winners were given €50,000.[86] €11,000 was given to the winners of each stage of the race, with smaller amounts given to places 2–20.[88] There were also two special awards each with a prize of €5000. The Souvenir Jacques Goddet, given to the first rider to pass Goddet's memorial at the summit of the Col du Tourmalet in stage 14, and the Souvenir Henri Desgrange, given to the first rider to pass the summit of the highest climb in the Tour, the Col de l'Iseran on stage 19.[86] Thibaut Pinot won the Jacques Goddet and Egan Bernal won the Henri Desgrange.[64][35]

Classification leadership by stage[90][91]
Stage Winner General classification
 
Points classification
 
Mountains classification
 
Young rider classification
 
Team classification
 
Combativity award
 
1 Mike Teunissen Mike Teunissen Mike Teunissen Greg Van Avermaet Caleb Ewan Team Jumbo–Visma Stéphane Rossetto
2 Team Jumbo–Visma Wout van Aert no award
3 Julian Alaphilippe Julian Alaphilippe Peter Sagan Tim Wellens Tim Wellens
4 Elia Viviani Michael Schär
5 Peter Sagan Toms Skujiņš
6 Dylan Teuns Giulio Ciccone Giulio Ciccone Trek–Segafredo Tim Wellens
7 Dylan Groenewegen Yoann Offredo
8 Thomas De Gendt Julian Alaphilippe Thomas De Gendt
9 Daryl Impey Tiesj Benoot
10 Wout van Aert Egan Bernal Movistar Team Natnael Berhane
11 Caleb Ewan Aimé De Gendt
12 Simon Yates Trek–Segafredo Matteo Trentin
13 Julian Alaphilippe Enric Mas no award
14 Thibaut Pinot Egan Bernal Movistar Team Élie Gesbert
15 Simon Yates Mikel Landa
16 Caleb Ewan Alexis Gougeard
17 Matteo Trentin Trek–Segafredo Matteo Trentin
18 Nairo Quintana Romain Bardet Movistar Team Greg Van Avermaet
19 no winner[a] Egan Bernal no award[a]
20 Vincenzo Nibali Vincenzo Nibali
21 Caleb Ewan no award
Final Egan Bernal Peter Sagan Romain Bardet Egan Bernal Movistar Team Julian Alaphilippe
  • On stages 2 and 3, Peter Sagan, who was second in the points classification, wore the green jersey, because first placed Mike Teunissen wore the yellow jersey as leader of the general classification.[92][93]
  • On stages 7 and 8, Egan Bernal, who was second in the young rider classification, wore the white jersey, because first placed Giulio Ciccone wore the yellow jersey as leader of the general classification.[94][95]
  • On stages 20 and 21, David Gaudu, who was second in the young rider classification, wore the white jersey, because first placed Egan Bernal wore the yellow jersey as leader of the general classification.[96][97]

Final standingsEdit

Legend
  Denotes the winner of the general classification[80]   Denotes the winner of the mountains classification[80]
  Denotes the winner of the points classification[80]   Denotes the winner of the young rider classification[80]
  Denotes the winner of the team classification[80]   Denotes the winner of the combativity award[80]

General classificationEdit

Final general classification (1–10)[34]
Rank Rider Team Time
1   Egan Bernal (COL)     Team Ineos 82h 57' 00"
2   Geraint Thomas (GBR) Team Ineos + 1' 11"
3   Steven Kruijswijk (NED) Team Jumbo–Visma + 1' 31"
4   Emanuel Buchmann (GER) Bora–Hansgrohe + 1' 56"
5   Julian Alaphilippe (FRA)   Deceuninck–Quick-Step + 4' 05"
6   Mikel Landa (ESP)   Movistar Team + 4' 23"
7   Rigoberto Urán (COL) EF Education First + 5' 15"
8   Nairo Quintana (COL)   Movistar Team + 5' 30"
9   Alejandro Valverde (ESP)   Movistar Team + 6' 12"
10   Warren Barguil (FRA) Arkéa–Samsic + 7' 32"

Points classificationEdit

Final points classification (1–10)[34]
Rank Rider Team Points
1   Peter Sagan (SVK)   Bora–Hansgrohe 316
2   Caleb Ewan (AUS) Lotto–Soudal 248
3   Elia Viviani (ITA) Deceuninck–Quick-Step 224
4   Sonny Colbrelli (ITA) Bahrain–Merida 209
5   Michael Matthews (AUS) Team Sunweb 201
6   Matteo Trentin (ITA) Mitchelton–Scott 192
7   Jasper Stuyven (BEL) Trek–Segafredo 167
8   Greg Van Avermaet (BEL) CCC Team 149
9   Dylan Groenewegen (NED) Team Jumbo–Visma 146
10   Julian Alaphilippe (FRA)   Deceuninck–Quick-Step 119

Mountains classificationEdit

Final mountains classification (1–10)[34]
Rank Rider Team Points
1   Romain Bardet (FRA)   AG2R La Mondiale 86
2   Egan Bernal (COL)     Team Ineos 78
3   Tim Wellens (BEL) Lotto–Soudal 75
4   Damiano Caruso (ITA) Bahrain–Merida 67
5   Vincenzo Nibali (ITA) Bahrain–Merida 59
6   Simon Yates (GBR) Mitchelton–Scott 59
7   Nairo Quintana (COL)   Movistar Team 58
8   Alexey Lutsenko (KAZ) Astana 45
9   Steven Kruijswijk (NED) Team Jumbo–Visma 44
10   Mikel Landa (ESP)   Movistar Team 42

Young rider classificationEdit

Final young rider classification (1–10)[34]
Rank Rider Team Time
1   Egan Bernal (COL)     Team Ineos 79h 52' 52"
2   David Gaudu (FRA) Groupama–FDJ + 23' 58"
3   Enric Mas (ESP) Deceuninck–Quick-Step + 58' 20"
4   Laurens De Plus (BEL) Team Jumbo–Visma + 1h 02' 44"
5   Gregor Mühlberger (AUT) Bora–Hansgrohe + 1h 04' 40"
6   Giulio Ciccone (ITA) Trek–Segafredo + 1h 20' 49"
7   Lennard Kämna (GER) Team Sunweb + 1h 39' 36"
8   Tiesj Benoot (BEL) Lotto–Soudal + 2h 07' 33"
9   Nils Politt (GER) Team Katusha–Alpecin + 2h 14' 28"
10   Élie Gesbert (FRA) Arkéa–Samsic + 2h 33' 02"

Team classificationEdit

Final team classification (1–10)[34]
Rank Team Time
1 Movistar Team   248h 58' 15"
2 Trek–Segafredo + 47' 54"
3 Team Ineos + 57' 52"
4 EF Education First + 1h 25' 57"
5 Bora–Hansgrohe + 1h 29' 30"
6 Groupama–FDJ + 1h 42' 29"
7 Team Jumbo–Visma + 1h 52' 55"
8 AG2R La Mondiale + 2h 08' 56"
9 UAE Team Emirates + 2h 10' 32"
10 Astana + 2h 27' 37"

UCI rankingsEdit

Riders from both the WorldTeams and Professional Continental teams competed individually (as well as the stage race ranking) for their teams and nations for points that contributed towards the UCI World Ranking system, which included all UCI road races.[98] Points were awarded to the top sixty in the general classification, each yellow jersey given at the end of a stage, the top five finishers in each stage and for the top three in the final points and mountains classifications.[99] The points accrued by Egan Bernal moved him from 23rd to seventh in the individual World Ranking and from ninth to second in the stage race World Ranking.[100][101] Julian Alaphilippe retainned his position at the top of individual World Ranking, with Deceuninck–Quick-Step and Belgium also holding the lead of the team and nation ranking respectively.[102][103]

UCI World Ranking individual ranking on 28 July 2019 (1–10)[100]
Rank Prev. Name Team Points
1 1   Julian Alaphilippe (FRA) Deceuninck–Quick-Step 4337.62
2 4   Alejandro Valverde (ESP) Movistar Team 3109.00
3 3   Jakob Fuglsang (DEN) Astana 2991.00
4 5   Thibaut Pinot (FRA) Groupama–FDJ 2976.00
5 2   Primož Roglič (SLO) Team Jumbo–Visma 2859.61
6 23   Egan Bernal (COL) Team Ineos 2726.75
7 6   Greg Van Avermaet (BEL) CCC Team 2412.33
8 8   Michael Matthews (AUS) Team Sunweb 2409.55
9 12   Simon Yates (GBR) Mitchelton–Scott 2320.00
10 9   Pascal Ackermann (GER) Bora–Hansgrohe 2305.00
UCI World Ranking individual stage race ranking on 28 July 2019 (1–10)[101]
Rank Prev. Name Team Points
1 1   Primož Roglič (SLO) Team Jumbo–Visma 2704.61
2 9   Egan Bernal (COL) Team Ineos 2606.75
3 2   Simon Yates (GBR) Mitchelton–Scott 2320.00
4 12   Julian Alaphilippe (FRA) Deceuninck–Quick-Step 2132.62
5 5   Thibaut Pinot (FRA) Groupama–FDJ 1903.00
6 4   Miguel Ángel López (COL) Astana 1825.00
7 16   Emanuel Buchmann (GER) Bora–Hansgrohe 1823.00
8 7   Alejandro Valverde (ESP) Movistar Team 1718.00
9 11   Steven Kruijswijk (NED) Team Jumbo–Visma 1696.00
10 6   Richard Carapaz (ECU) Movistar Team 1573.00

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f Stage 19 was stopped after hailstorms and mudslides made the road impracticable near Val-d'Isère, before the planned final climb to Tignes. Times for the general classification were taken at the summit of the Col de l'Iseran, but the stage victory and most combative rider of the day were not awarded. Egan Bernal had the fastest time taken at this point.[35]
  2. ^ Because hazardous weather was forecast for the day of the race, stage 20 was modified to avoid road sections made unusable by landslides. All sporting points for the stage were cancelled, except for mountains and general classifications.[39]
  3. ^ On stage 1, Greg Van Avermaet got two points for crossing the summit of the third-category Muur van Geraardsbergen in first place, with Xandro Meurisse (Wanty–Groupe Gobert) getting one point for coming second. Meurisse then got a further point for being first over the fourth-category Bosberg, the only other categorised climb. Although they both ended the stage with two points, Van Avermaet was given the lead in the mountains classification, as the Muur van Geraardsbergen was higher-categorised.[41]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d "List of starters – Tour de France 2019". Tour de France. Amaury Sport Organisation. Archived from the original on 6 July 2019. Retrieved 6 July 2019.
  2. ^ "UCI WorldTour". Union Cycliste Internationale. Archived from the original on 18 April 2019. Retrieved 7 July 2019.
  3. ^ UCI cycling regulations 2019, p. 208.
  4. ^ "Cofidis and Wanty-Groupe Gobert awarded Tour de France wildcard places". Cyclingnews.com. 10 January 2019. Retrieved 13 June 2019.
  5. ^ Ballinger, Alex (22 March 2019). "André Greipel to ride 2019 Tour de France as final wildcard places announced". Cycling Weekly. Retrieved 13 June 2019.
  6. ^ Torfs, Michaël (5 July 2019). ""Eddy" has goose bump moment as Brussels soaks up Tour de France atmosphere". VRT. Retrieved 5 July 2019.
  7. ^ "Tour de France 2019 – Debutants". ProCyclingStats. Retrieved 6 July 2019.
  8. ^ "Tour de France 2019 – Peloton averages". ProCyclingStats. Retrieved 6 July 2019.
  9. ^ "Tour de France 2019 – Youngest competitors". ProCyclingStats. Retrieved 6 July 2019.
  10. ^ "Tour de France 2019 – Oldest competitors". ProCyclingStats. Retrieved 6 July 2019.
  11. ^ "Tour de France 2019 – Average team age". ProCyclingStats. Retrieved 6 July 2019.
  12. ^ Cary, Tom (4 June 2019). "Party time over as 'more confident than ever' Geraint Thomas sets sights on more Tour de France success". The Daily Telegraph. Telegraph Media Group. Retrieved 25 June 2019.
  13. ^ a b c d e f g Fletcher, Patrick (25 June 2019). "Form ranking: Tour de France 2019 favourites – Pre-race". Cyclingnews.com. Immediate Media Company. Retrieved 25 June 2019.
  14. ^ Ballinger, Alex (12 June 2019). "Chris Froome sustained 'multiple serious injuries' in Critérium du Dauphiné 2019 crash, Team Ineos confirm". Cycling Weekly. TI Media. Retrieved 13 June 2019.
  15. ^ York, Philippa (13 June 2019). "Philippa York: Losing Chris Froome changes the Tour de France for every team". Cyclingnews.com. Immediate Media Company. Retrieved 13 June 2019.
  16. ^ Brown, Gregor (4 July 2019). "Riders and directors predict wide-open battle for Tour de France overall". VeloNews. Pocket Outdoor Media. Retrieved 5 July 2019.
  17. ^ Windsor, Richard. "Tom Dumoulin to miss the 2019 Tour de France". Cycling Weekly. TI Media. Retrieved 20 June 2019.
  18. ^ a b c d Labarga, Nacho (21 June 2019). "Without Froome or Dumoulin in the Tour de France, who is now the main favorite?". Marca (in Spanish). Unidad Editorial. Retrieved 27 June 2019.
  19. ^ a b c d Ijnsen, Youri (4 July 2019). "Tour 2019: Preview – Favorites general classification". WielerFlits (in Dutch). Retrieved 4 July 2019.
  20. ^ a b c d Lowe, Felix (4 July 2019). "Tour de France 2019: Yellow jersey guide – Egan Bernal leads open field". Eurosport. Discovery, Inc. Retrieved 4 July 2019.
  21. ^ Ostermann, Michael (3 July 2019). "Tour de France: Breites Favoritenfeld" [Tour de France: Wide field of favourites]. Sportschau (in German). Retrieved 5 July 2019.
  22. ^ "Tour de France: Ineos name Thomas and Bernal as joint team leaders". The Guardian. Press Association. 28 June 2019. Retrieved 2 July 2019.
  23. ^ a b Fletcher, Patrick (26 June 2019). "Tour de France 2019: The Essential Guide". Cyclingnews.com. Immediate Media Company. Retrieved 10 September 2019.
  24. ^ a b Aubrey, Jane (2 July 2019). "Top of the Tour – yellow jersey preview". SBS. Retrieved 10 September 2019.
  25. ^ "Bora-Hansgrohe: announces four riders including Sagan and Buchmann". L'Équipe (in French). 27 June 2019. Retrieved 27 June 2019.
  26. ^ Goff, Brian (6 July 2017). "Peter Sagan falls victim to the black box of European sport governance". Forbes. Retrieved 27 June 2019.
  27. ^ a b van Hengel, Tim (3 July 2019). "Tour 2019: Preview – The points classification". WielerFlits (in Dutch). Retrieved 3 July 2019.
  28. ^ a b Lowe, Felix (2 July 2019). "Tour de France 2019: Green jersey guide – Peter Sagan's seventh heaven?". Eurosport. Discovery, Inc. Retrieved 3 July 2019.
  29. ^ Long, Jonny (1 July 2019). "Who are the favourites for the green jersey at the Tour de France 2019?". Cycling Weekly. TI Media. Retrieved 2 July 2019.
  30. ^ "Tour de France honours Merckx with 2019 Brussels Grand Depart". Diario AS. Perform Group. 30 May 2017. Retrieved 6 July 2019.
  31. ^ "2019 Tour de France Grand Depart routes revealed". Cyclingnews.com. Immediate Media Company. 16 January 2018. Retrieved 6 July 2019.
  32. ^ a b c Farrand, Stephen (25 October 2018). "Tour de France 2019 route revealed". Cyclingnews.com. Immediate Media Company. Retrieved 13 June 2019.
  33. ^ a b c d e f g "Official route of Tour de France 2019". Tour de France. Amaury Sport Organisation. Retrieved 6 July 2019.
  34. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "Official classifications of Tour de France 2019 – Stage 21". Tour de France. Amaury Sport Organisation. Archived from the original on 29 July 2019. Retrieved 29 July 2019.
  35. ^ a b c "Tour de France: Bernal takes yellow on shortened stage 19". Cyclingnews.com. 26 July 2019. Retrieved 26 July 2019.
  36. ^ Windsor, Richard (1 June 2019). "Tour de France 2019: route and stage analysis". Cycling Weekly. Retrieved 17 June 2019.
  37. ^ a b c d Fotheringham, William; Sheehy, Finbarr; Symons, Harvey (1 July 2019). "Tour de France 2019: stage-by-stage guide". TheGuardian.com. Guardian Media Group. Retrieved 29 July 2019.
  38. ^ "Tour de France 2019 – Winners and leaders". ProCyclingStats. Retrieved 29 July 2019.
  39. ^ "Tour de France 2019 - Stage 20 shortened due to poor weather conditions and possible landslides". Eurosport. 26 July 2019.
  40. ^ Ostanek, Daniel; Ryan, Barry (6 July 2019). "Tour de France: Teunissen takes yellow jersey after sprint victory in Brussels". Cyclingnews.com. Immediate Media Company. Retrieved 7 July 2019.
  41. ^ a b "Tour de France 2019: Geraint Thomas puts time into rivals as Teunissen retains yellow". BBC Sport. BBC. 7 July 2019. Retrieved 7 July 2019.
  42. ^ Long, Jonny (8 July 2019). "Julian Alaphilippe takes magnificent solo victory and yellow jersey on stage three of the Tour de France 2019". Cycling Weekly. Retrieved 16 July 2019.
  43. ^ Arthurs-Brennan, Michelle (9 July 2019). "Elia Viviani nets his first ever Tour de France win in stage four sprint". Cycling Weekly. TI Media. Retrieved 9 July 2019.
  44. ^ Whittle, Jeremy (10 July 2019). "Tour de France: Sagan takes 'exquisite' stage win as Alaphilippe stays in yellow". TheGuardian.com. Guardian Media Group. Retrieved 29 July 2019.
  45. ^ Benson, Daniel (10 July 2019). "Tour de France: Peter Sagan wins stage 5". Cyclingnews.com. Immediate Media Company. Retrieved 29 July 2019.
  46. ^ Fletcher, Patrick (11 July 2019). "Tour de France: Teuns wins atop La Planche des Belles Filles". Cyclingnews.com. Immediate Media Company. Retrieved 29 July 2019.
  47. ^ Whittle, Jeremy (11 July 2019). "Tour de France: Thomas makes statement but Ciccone takes yellow". TheGuardian.com. Guardian Media Group. Retrieved 29 July 2019.
  48. ^ Whittle, Jeremy (12 July 2019). "Groenewegen sprints to Tour stage win as Brailsford cools Bernal hype". TheGuardian.com. Guardian Media Group. Retrieved 29 July 2019.
  49. ^ Benson, Daniel (12 July 2019). "Tour de France: Groenewegen wins stage 7". Cyclingnews.com. Immediate Media Company. Retrieved 29 July 2019.
  50. ^ Fletcher, Patrick (13 July 2019). "Tour de France: De Gendt wins in Saint Etienne". Cyclingnews.com. Immediate Media Company. Retrieved 29 July 2019.
  51. ^ Whittle, Jeremy (13 July 2019). "Geraint Thomas battles back after suffering second Tour de France crash". TheGuardian.com. Guardian Media Group. Retrieved 29 July 2019.
  52. ^ "Tour de France: Impey wins stage 9 in Brioude". Cyclingnews.com. Immediate Media Company. 14 July 2019. Retrieved 29 July 2019.
  53. ^ Whittle, Jeremy (14 July 2019). "Daryl Impey sprints to Bastille Day victory in Tour de France". TheGuardian.com. Guardian Media Group. Retrieved 29 July 2019.
  54. ^ Whittle, Jeremy (15 July 2019). "Van Aert sprints to stage but Thomas the big winner on Tour day of chaos". TheGuardian.com. Guardian Media Group. Retrieved 29 July 2019.
  55. ^ Benson, Daniel (15 July 2019). "Tour de France: Wout van Aert wins stage 10". Cyclingnews.com. Immediate Media Company. Retrieved 29 July 2019.
  56. ^ Whittle, Jeremy (16 July 2019). "Dave Brailsford keen to 'twist knife' into Team Ineos's Tour rivals". TheGuardian.com. Guardian Media Group. Retrieved 30 July 2019.
  57. ^ "Official classifications of Tour de France 2019 – Stage 10". Tour de France. Amaury Sport Organisation. Archived from the original on 14 July 2019. Retrieved 30 July 2019.
  58. ^ Long, Jonny (17 July 2019). "Caleb Ewan takes first Tour de France victory by the finest of margins on stage 11". Cycling Weekly. TI Media. Retrieved 20 July 2019.
  59. ^ Ostanek, Daniel (18 July 2019). "Tour de France: Simon Yates wins stage 12". Cyclingnews.com. Immediate Media Company. Retrieved 20 July 2019.
  60. ^ "Rohan Dennis abandons Tour de France; Bahrain-Merida team to investigate". VeloNews. Pocket Outdoor Media. 18 July 2019. Retrieved 29 July 2019.
  61. ^ Whittle, Jeremy (19 July 2019). "Alaphilippe extends Tour lead over Thomas with stunning time-trial win". TheGuardian.com. Guardian Media Group. Retrieved 30 July 2019.
  62. ^ Farrand, Stephen (19 July 2019). "Tour de France: Alaphilippe wins stage 13 time trial". Cyclingnews.com. Immediate Media Company. Retrieved 20 July 2019.
  63. ^ Ostlere, Lawrence (19 July 2019). "Wout van Aert crash: Time-trial favourite abandons Tour de France after hitting stage 13 barrier". The Independent. Independent Print Limited. Retrieved 31 July 2019.
  64. ^ a b Long, Jonny (20 July 2019). "Thibaut Pinot takes stage 14 Tour de France victory as Alaphilippe gains time on Thomas". Cycling Weekly. TI Media. Retrieved 20 July 2019.
  65. ^ Ostanek, Daniel (21 July 2019). "Tour de France: Simon Yates takes a second stage win on Prat d'Albis". Cyclingnews.com. Immediate Media Company. Retrieved 26 July 2019.
  66. ^ Whittle, Jeremy (22 July 2019). "Geraint Thomas insists he is ready for the challenge of the Alps". TheGuardian.com. Guardian Media Group. Retrieved 30 July 2019.
  67. ^ "Official classifications of Tour de France 2019 – Stage 16". Tour de France. Amaury Sport Organisation. Archived from the original on 24 July 2019. Retrieved 30 July 2019.
  68. ^ Ballinger, Alex (23 July 2019). "Five talking points from stage 16 of the Tour de France 2019". Cycling Weekly. TI Media. Retrieved 28 August 2019.
  69. ^ Windsor, Richard (24 July 2019). "Matteo Trentin solos to victory on stage 17 of the Tour de France 2019". Cycling Weekly. TI Media. Retrieved 29 July 2019.
  70. ^ Benson, Daniel; Fletcher, Patrick (24 July 2019). "Luke Rowe and Tony Martin expelled from Tour de France". Cyclingnews.com. Immediate Media Company. Retrieved 27 July 2019.
  71. ^ Ballinger, Alex (25 July 2019). "Nairo Quintana returns to take victory as Julian Alaphilippe holds yellow on stage 18 of Tour de France 2019". Cycling Weekly. TI Media. Retrieved 29 July 2019.
  72. ^ Fletcher, Patrick (26 July 2019). "Polka-dot jersey a way for Bardet to 'save' his Tour de France". Cyclingnews.com. Immediate Media Company. Retrieved 29 July 2019.
  73. ^ "Thibaut Pinot abandons Tour de France". Cycling News. 26 July 2019. Retrieved 26 July 2019.
  74. ^ Long, Jonny (26 July 2019). "'Difficult weather' forces Tour de France to shorten stage 20 to just 59km". Cycling Weekly. TI Media. Retrieved 30 July 2019.
  75. ^ Ostanek, Daniel; Frattini, Kirsten (27 July 2019). "Tour de France: Bernal one stage from overall victory, Nibali wins atop Val Thorens". Cyclingnews.com. Immediate Media Company. Retrieved 27 July 2019.
  76. ^ a b "Egan Bernal wins the 2019 Tour de France as Caleb Ewan takes the final stage victory in Paris". Bicycling. Hearst Communications. 28 July 2019. Retrieved 30 July 2019.
  77. ^ van den Akker 2018, p. 177.
  78. ^ a b c d Race regulations 2019, p. 32.
  79. ^ Race regulations 2019, p. 28.
  80. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Race regulations 2019, p. 25.
  81. ^ Evans, Josh (15 May 2019). "Tour de France celebrates 100 years of yellow jersey with new designs". Cyclingnews.com. Immediate Media Company. Retrieved 13 June 2019.
  82. ^ a b Ryan, Barry (25 October 2018). "Tour de France places bonus sprints atop mountain passes to encourage attacks". Cyclingnews.com. Immediate Media Company. Retrieved 3 July 2019.
  83. ^ a b c d e f Race regulations 2019, p. 33.
  84. ^ "Tour aims to animate climbs with more time bonuses". VeloNews. Agence France-Presse. 18 April 2019. Retrieved 3 July 2019.
  85. ^ a b Race regulations 2019, p. 26.
  86. ^ a b c d Race regulations 2019, p. 19.
  87. ^ "Alaphilippe awarded Tour de France's most-combative rider award". Cyclingnews.com. Immediate Media Company. 29 July 2019. Retrieved 30 July 2019.
  88. ^ a b c Race regulations 2019, p. 17.
  89. ^ Race regulations 2019, pp. 17–19.
  90. ^ "Tour de France 2019 – Leaders overview". ProCyclingStats. Retrieved 29 July 2019.
  91. ^ van den Akker, Pieter. "Informatie over de Tour de France van 2019" [Information about the Tour de France from 2019]. TourDeFranceStatistieken.nl. Retrieved 28 August 2019.
  92. ^ "Official classifications of Tour de France 2019 – Stage 1". Tour de France. Amaury Sport Organisation. Archived from the original on 3 March 2019. Retrieved 6 March 2019.
  93. ^ "Official classifications of Tour de France 2019 – Stage 2". Tour de France. Amaury Sport Organisation. Archived from the original on 29 July 2019. Retrieved 29 July 2018.
  94. ^ "Official classifications of Tour de France 2019 – Stage 6". Tour de France. Amaury Sport Organisation. Archived from the original on 29 July 2019. Retrieved 29 July 2018.
  95. ^ "Official classifications of Tour de France 2019 – Stage 7". Tour de France. Amaury Sport Organisation. Archived from the original on 29 July 2019. Retrieved 29 July 2018.
  96. ^ "Official classifications of Tour de France 2019 – Stage 19". Tour de France. Amaury Sport Organisation. Archived from the original on 29 July 2019. Retrieved 29 July 2018.
  97. ^ "Official classifications of Tour de France 2019 – Stage 20". Tour de France. Amaury Sport Organisation. Archived from the original on 29 July 2019. Retrieved 29 July 2018.
  98. ^ UCI cycling regulations 2019, pp. 67–62.
  99. ^ Race regulations 2019, p. 23.
  100. ^ a b "UCI Individual World Ranking". Union Cycliste Internationale. Retrieved 10 September 2019.
  101. ^ a b "UCI Stage Race World Ranking". Union Cycliste Internationale. Retrieved 10 September 2019.
  102. ^ "UCI Team World Ranking". Union Cycliste Internationale. Retrieved 10 September 2019.
  103. ^ "UCI Nation World Ranking". Union Cycliste Internationale. Retrieved 10 September 2019.

BibliographyEdit

External linksEdit