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List of highest paved roads in Europe

This is a list of the highest paved roads in Europe. It includes roads that are over 1 kilometre (0.62 miles) long and whose culminating point is over 2,000 metres (6,562 feet) above sea level. This height approximately corresponds to that of the highest settlements in Europe and to the tree line in several mountain ranges such as the Alps and the Pyrenees, where most of the highest roads are located. Some of the listed roads are closed to motorised vehicles, although they are normally all accessible to pedestrians and cyclists. These mountain roads are visited by drivers, motorcyclists, hikers, and bicyclists for their scenery and often feature in the routes of European bicycle races such as the Vuelta a España, the Tour de Suisse, the Tour de France and the Giro d'Italia.

Below the list of highest roads is a list of the highest motorways (controlled-access highways) in Europe. It includes motorways whose culminating point is over 1,000 metres (3,281 feet) above sea level.

Highest paved roadsEdit

Highest elevation Name Mountains Country Type Between Remarks Highest point
c. 3,300 m[1] Veleta Sierra Nevada   Spain dead end Granada and Pico Veleta Access road from Granada.[2] Free access until Hoya de la Mora at 2526 m.[3] From Hoya de la Mora onwards, the road gets much narrower and access to motor vehicles is restricted to those previously authorized. Asphalt ends at around 3300 m but the road continues unpaved until reaching 3380 m. 37°03′21″N 03°22′09″W / 37.05583°N 3.36917°W / 37.05583; -3.36917 (Sierra Nevada)
2,845 m IRAM Sierra Nevada   Spain dead end Private road serving a telescope.[4] Side road from Veleta road. 37°03′57″N 03°23′35″W / 37.06583°N 3.39306°W / 37.06583; -3.39306 (Sierra Nevada)
2,829 m Ötztal Glacier Road Ötztal Alps   Austria dead end access road from Sölden to Rettenbachferner and Tiefenbachferner glaciers,
highest point at southern end of the tunnel[5][6]
46°55′29″N 10°56′40″E / 46.92472°N 10.94444°E / 46.92472; 10.94444 (Ötztal Glacier Road)
2,802 m Cime de la Bonette French Alps   France loop road One-way loop road running from Col de la Bonette at 2715 m, and surrounding Cime de la Bonette (2862 m); the highest point on the road is at 2802 m Hors catégorie climb in the Tour de France 44°19′18″N 6°48′25″E / 44.32167°N 6.80694°E / 44.32167; 6.80694 (Cime de la Bonette)
2,770 m Col de l'Iseran Graian Alps   France pass Val-d'Isère, Tarentaise and Bonneval-sur-Arc, Maurienne the highest paved mountain pass in the Alps, Hors catégorie climb in the Tour de France; the latest French IGN maps mark this pass as 2764 metres 45°25′1″N 07°01′51″E / 45.41694°N 7.03083°E / 45.41694; 7.03083 (Col de l'Iseran)
2,757 m Stilfserjoch
Stelvio Pass
Ortler Alps
Eastern Alps
  Italy pass Stilfs and Bormio the highest paved mountain pass in the Eastern Alps. Often designated the Cima Coppi in the annual running of the Giro d'Italia. The shield at the pass summit indicates a height of 2760 metres. 46°31′43″N 10°27′10″E / 46.52861°N 10.45278°E / 46.52861; 10.45278 (Stelvio Pass)
2,750 m Kaunertal Glacier Road Ötztal Alps   Austria dead end access road from Feichten to the Weißseeferner and a ski area,
the highest bus stop in Austria
46°51′51″N 10°42′48″E / 46.86417°N 10.71333°E / 46.86417; 10.71333 (Kaunertal)
2,744 m Col Agnel
Colle dell'Agnello
Cottian Alps   France
pass Queyras and Pontechianale highest international paved pass of the Alps. Often designated the Cima Coppi in the annual running of the Giro d'Italia. Hors catégorie climb in the Tour de France 44°41′2″N 06°58′46″E / 44.68389°N 6.97944°E / 44.68389; 6.97944 (Col Agnel)
2,715 m Col de la Bonette French Alps   France pass Jausiers and Saint-Étienne-de-Tinée. A one-way loop road originates here and reaches higher up to a marble monument at 2802 m, (conventionally named Cime de la Bonette, although the real summit is still higher up at 2862 m, accessible on foot) Hors catégorie climb in the Tour de France
2,645 m Col du Galibier Dauphiné Alps   France pass Saint-Michel-de-Maurienne and Briançon Hors catégorie climb in the Tour de France 45°03′50.4″N 06°24′28.8″E / 45.064000°N 6.408000°E / 45.064000; 6.408000 (Col du Galibier)
2,641 m Col du Nivolet
Colle del Nivolet
Graian Alps   Italy dead end Ceresole Reale (Piedmont) film location in The Italian Job, including the final bus crash. 45°28′49″N 7°08′32″E / 45.48028°N 7.14222°E / 45.48028; 7.14222 (Col du Nivolet)
2,621 m Gavia Pass Italian Alps   Italy pass Bormio (Sondrio) and Ponte di Legno (Brescia) Often designated the Cima Coppi in the annual running of the Giro d'Italia 46°20′37″N 10°29′17″E / 46.34361°N 10.48806°E / 46.34361; 10.48806 (Gavia Pass)
2,571 m Edelweissspitze Hohe Tauern   Austria dead end Fusch (Salzburg) and Heiligenblut (Carinthia) Sideroad of the Grossglockner High Alpine Road 47°07′25″N 12°49′53″E / 47.12361°N 12.83139°E / 47.12361; 12.83139 (Edelweissspitze)
2,552 m Road to Vintcheto Rila   Bulgaria dead end Kalin Reservoir and Karagyol Reservoir Highest concrete-paved road in the Balkans. The highest part is closed between late October to beginning of July due to snow
2,829 m Ötztal Glacier Road Ötztal Alps   Austria dead end access road from Sölden to Rettenbachferner and Tiefenbachferner glaciers,
highest point at southern end of the tunnel[7][8]
46°55′29″N 10°56′40″E / 46.92472°N 10.94444°E / 46.92472; 10.94444 (Ötztal Glacier Road)
2,535 m Meghri Pass Zangezur Mountains   Armenia pass Kajaran (Syunik Marz ) and Lichkvaz (Syunik Marz) Highest paved mountain pass in Armenia 39°11′59″N 46°16′12″E / 39.19972°N 46.27000°E / 39.19972; 46.27000 (M2 - Meghri Pass)
2,501 m Umbrail Pass
Giogo di Santa Maria
Ortler Alps
Eastern Alps
pass Santa Maria Val Müstair, Stelvio Pass and Bormio 46°32′35″N 10°26′02″E / 46.54306°N 10.43389°E / 46.54306; 10.43389 (Umbrail Pass)
2,481 m Colle Fauniera Cottian Alps   Italy pass Castelmagno / Marmora, Piedmont and Demonte (also known as Colle dei Morti, "Hill of the Dead") 44°23′09″N 7°07′19″E / 44.3857°N 7.12189°E / 44.3857; 7.12189 (Colle Fauniera)
2,478 m Nufenen Pass Lepontine Alps    Switzerland pass Pizzo Gallina, Ulrichen, Valais and Nufenestock, Bedretto, Ticino, Brig, Airolo Views of the Finsteraarhorn and the Gries Glacier. 46°28′41″N 08°23′35″E / 46.47806°N 8.39306°E / 46.47806; 8.39306 (Nufenen Pass)
2,474 m Timmelsjoch
Passo del Rombo
Ötztal Alps   Austria
pass Oetz, Tyrol and St. Leonhard in Passeier, South Tyrol Paved road projected before WW II but completed only in 1967. Closed to lorries and vehicles with trailers. Toll station on Austrian side. 46°54′19″N 11°05′50″E / 46.90528°N 11.09722°E / 46.90528; 11.09722 (Timmelsjoch)
2,469 m Great St Bernard Pass Valais Alps    Switzerland
pass Martigny, Valais and Aosta, Aosta Valley the third highest road pass in Switzerland. 45°52′08″N 7°10′14″E / 45.86889°N 7.17056°E / 45.86889; 7.17056 (Great St Bernard Pass)
2,454 m Col de la Moutière Alps   France dead end Saint-Dalmas-le-Selvage and Uvernet-Fours or Jausiers via the Col de Restefond The west side is not a paved road
2,432 m Mölltaler Gletscherstrasse/Hochwurtenspeicher Alps   Austria dead end Ausserfragant [9]
2,429 m Furka Pass Uri Alps
Lepontine Alps
   Switzerland pass Gletsch, Valais and Realp, Canton of Uri used as a location in the James Bond film Goldfinger. Site of the Rhone Glacier, source of river Rhone. In-glacier prepared Ice Cave accessible from the road at 2300 m 46°34′22″N 08°25′00″E / 46.57278°N 8.41667°E / 46.57278; 8.41667 (Furka Pass)
2,420 m Mölltaler Gletscherstrasse/Hochwurtenspeicher Alps   Austria dead end Döllach [10]
2,413 m Col du Granon Alps   France pass Saint-Chaffrey, La Salle-les-Alpes Hors catégorie climb in the Tour de France, paved only on the west side 44°57′46″N 06°36′40″E / 44.96278°N 6.61111°E / 44.96278; 6.61111 (Col du Granon)
2,409 m Roque de los Muchachos La Palma   Spain dead end Santa Cruz de La Palma Highest point on La Palma island and highest road in the Canary Islands. Road leads to Roque de los Muchachos Observatory. 28°45′15.99″N 17°53′6.56″W / 28.7544417°N 17.8851556°W / 28.7544417; -17.8851556 (Roque de los Muchachos)
2,408 m Envalira Pass Pyrenees   Andorra pass Soldeu and El Pas de la Casa (Andorra) and L'Hospitalet-près-l'Andorre (France) Highest road pass in the Pyrenees. The pass is bypassed by the Envalira Tunnel. It is heavily trafficked by duty free day trippers from France. 42°32′24.2″N 1°43′10.58″E / 42.540056°N 1.7196056°E / 42.540056; 1.7196056 (Envalira Pass)
2,394 m Road to Kalin Reservoir Rila   Bulgaria dead end Pastra village and Kalin Reservoir Concrete-paved road to the highest reservoir in the Balkans[11][12] 42°10′21″N 23°15′3″E / 42.17250°N 23.25083°E / 42.17250; 23.25083 (Kalin Reservoir)
2,390 m Oberaarsee Bernese Alps    Switzerland dead end Grimsel Pass-Oberaarsee (canton of Bern) Highest point north of Oberaarsee 46°33′08″N 08°16′48″E / 46.55222°N 8.28000°E / 46.55222; 8.28000 (Oberaarsee)
2,389 m Lac de Moiry Valais Alps    Switzerland dead end Grimentz-Lac de Moiry-Lac de Châteaupré (canton of Valais) 46°06′24″N 07°34′44″E / 46.10667°N 7.57889°E / 46.10667; 7.57889 (Moiry)
2,387 m Griessee Alps    Switzerland dead end Nufenen Pass road-Griessee 46°27′44″N 08°22′22″E / 46.46222°N 8.37278°E / 46.46222; 8.37278 (Griessee)
2,383 m Flüela Pass Albula Alps    Switzerland pass Davos and Susch, (Graubünden) 46°45′01″N 09°56′52″E / 46.75028°N 9.94778°E / 46.75028; 9.94778 (Flüela Pass)
2,379 m Georgian Military Road, Jvari Pass Caucasus Mountains   Georgia pass Vladikavkaz (Russia) and Tbilisi (Georgia) 42°30′15″N 44°27′14″E / 42.5042°N 44.4538°E / 42.5042; 44.4538 (Georgian Military Road, Jvari Pass)
2,370 m Le Plan du Lac Alps   France dead end Termignon In the Vanoise National Park
2,370 m Colle dell'Esischie Cottian Alps   Italy pass Ponte Marmora and Pradleves Along the road of Colle Fauniera, at 1.5 km. distance
2,361 m Col d'Izoard Cottian Alps   France pass Briançon, and Guil, Queyras, Guillestre Hors catégorie climb in the Tour de France 44°49′12″N 06°44′07″E / 44.82000°N 6.73528°E / 44.82000; 6.73528 (Col d'Izoard)
2,356 m Teide Islas Canarias   Spain pass Los Cristianos Not located in Europe. The Canary Islands belong to Spain but are located off the coast of West Africa.
2,350 m Col de la Lombarde Maritime Alps   France
pass Isola 2000 and Vinadio Hors catégorie climb in the Tour de France 44°12′8″N 07°09′1″E / 44.20222°N 7.15028°E / 44.20222; 7.15028 (Col de la Lombarde)
2,350 m Val Thorens French Alps   France dead end Saint-Martin-de-Belleville, (Tarentaise Valley Savoie), near Chambéry Hors catégorie climb in the Tour de France
2,347 m Fort du Gondran Alps   France dead end Briançon and Montgenèvre The north side of this pass is not a paved road; on the other side the road is closed to general traffic
2,346 m Dzhanka Saddle Rila   Bulgaria pass Samokov, Sofia Province and Yakoruda, Blagoevgrad Province In Rila National Park; Macadam road, closed for general traffic 42°07′38″N 23°35′05″E / 42.12722°N 23.58472°E / 42.12722; 23.58472 (Kalin Reservoir)
2,340 m Tre Cime di Lavaredo Sexten Dolomites   Italy dead end near Cortina d'Ampezzo, Lake Misurina Sometimes designated the Cima Coppi in the annual running of the Giro d'Italia, 46°37′07″N 12°18′20″E / 46.61861°N 12.30556°E / 46.61861; 12.30556 (Tre Cime di Lavaredo)
2,340 m Tguma Alps    Switzerland dead end Wergenstein-Tguma Parkplatz 46°37′26″N 09°21′51″E / 46.62389°N 9.36417°E / 46.62389; 9.36417 (Tguma)
2,328 m Bernina Pass Bernina Range
   Switzerland pass St. Moritz, Engadin and Tirano, Valtellina 46°24.744′N 10°1.71′E / 46.412400°N 10.02850°E / 46.412400; 10.02850 (Bernina Pass)
2,326 m Col de la Cayolle Maritime Alps
  France pass Barcelonnette, (Ubaye Valley) and Saint-Martin-d'Entraunes The road leads to the red-rock Gorges de Daluis at Daluis 44°15′32″N 6°44′38″E / 44.25889°N 6.74389°E / 44.25889; 6.74389 (Col de la Cayolle)
2,315 m Livigno Pass Livigno Alps    Switzerland
pass Bernina Diavolezza / Val Poschiavo, Graubünden and Livigno, Sondrio 46°26′33″N 10°03′25″E / 46.44250°N 10.05694°E / 46.44250; 10.05694 (Livigno Pass)
2,314 m Albula Pass Albula Range    Switzerland pass Thusis, Bergün and La Punt and Inn Valley, (Engadin). 46°35′N 09°53′E / 46.583°N 9.883°E / 46.583; 9.883 (Albula Pass)
2,311 m Lago del Narèt Lepontine Alps    Switzerland dead end Fusio and Lago del Narèt, Ticino 46°28′47″N 8°34′31″E / 46.47972°N 8.57528°E / 46.47972; 8.57528 (Lago del Narèt)
2,310 m Lago dei Cavagnöö Lepontine Alps    Switzerland dead end Robièi and Lago dei Cavagnöö, Ticino Only accessible by aerial tramway from San Carlo (lowest point of the road: 1856 m) 46°27′19″N 8°30′30″E / 46.45528°N 8.50833°E / 46.45528; 8.50833 (Lago dei Cavagnöö)
2,302 m Port de Cabús Pyrenees   Andorra
pass Erts and Llavorsí 2302m[13] Tarmac road surface on the Andorra side, but not paved on the Spanish side. 42°32′47″N 1°25′11″E / 42.54639°N 1.41972°E / 42.54639; 1.41972 (Port de Cabús)
2,291 m Foscagno Pass Livigno Range   Italy pass Livigno and Bormio 46°29′42″N 10°12′32″E / 46.49500°N 10.20889°E / 46.49500; 10.20889 (Foscagno Pass)
2,284 m Julier Pass Albula Range    Switzerland pass Engadin valley and Graubünden watershed / drainage divide between the basins of the Rivers Rhine and Danube 46°28.32′N 09°43.74′E / 46.47200°N 9.72900°E / 46.47200; 9.72900 (Julier Pass)
2,284 m Colle di Sampeyre Cottian Alps   Italy pass Elva and Sampeyre 44°33′4″N 7°7′8″E / 44.55111°N 7.11889°E / 44.55111; 7.11889 (Colle di Sampeyre)
2,280 m Saut Dam Alps   France dead end Tignes Road to Sassière Lake 45°29′N 06°58′E / 45.483°N 6.967°E / 45.483; 6.967 (Barrage du Saut)
2,264 m Susten Pass Urner Alps    Switzerland pass Innertkirchen, (Canton of Bern) and Wassen, Canton of Uri views of the Stein Glacier 46°43.8′N 08°26.94′E / 46.7300°N 8.44900°E / 46.7300; 8.44900 (Susten Pass)
2,257 m Bola del Mundo Sierra de Guadarrama   Spain dead end Sideroad of the Puerto de Navacerrada. Paved with rough cement and not open to regular road traffic.[14][15] 40°47′N 03°58′W / 40.783°N 3.967°W / 40.783; -3.967 (Bola del Mundo)
2,257 m Lago della Sella Alps    Switzerland dead end Gotthard Pass-Lago della Sella 46°33′33″N 08°35′34″E / 46.55917°N 8.59278°E / 46.55917; 8.59278 (Lago della Sella)
2,252 m Sanetsch Pass Bernese Alps    Switzerland dead end Savièse-Lac de Sanetsch (Valais)[16] Road ends at the Lac de Sanetsch on the north side of the pass
2,250 m Col d'Allos Alps   France pass Barcelonnette, (Ubaye Valley) and Colmars, Col des Champs
2,244 m Sella Pass Trentino
South Tyrol
  Italy pass Val Gherdëina, South Tyrol and Canazei, Fascia Valley
2,242 m Passo Scimfuss Alps    Switzerland dead end Gotthard Pass-Passo Scimfuss 46°32′35″N 08°35′28″E / 46.54306°N 8.59111°E / 46.54306; 8.59111 (Passo Scimfuss)
2,240 m Andorra Arcalis Pyrenees   Andorra dead end Vallnord Hors catégorie climb in the Tour de France
2,239 m Pordoi Pass Dolomites   Italy pass Canazei and Livinallongo del Col di Lana the highest road pass in the Dolomites. Often designated the Cima Coppi in the annual running of the Giro d'Italia
2,239 m Dosso dei Galli Alps   Italy pass Side road from Sella dell'Auccia. Military road. Access restricted.
2,236 m Giau Pass Dolomites   Italy pass Cortina d'Ampezzo and Selva di Cadore / Livinallongo del Col di Lana 46°29.05′N 12°5.1′E / 46.48417°N 12.0850°E / 46.48417; 12.0850 (Giau Pass)
2,231 m Alpe Galm Alps    Switzerland dead end Guttet-Oberu-Galm 46°21′23″N 07°40′52″E / 46.35639°N 7.68111°E / 46.35639; 7.68111 (Galm)
2,225 m Err-Puigmal Jaça del Prat de Tossa Pyrenees   France dead end Err
2,220 m Männlichen Bernese Oberland    Switzerland pass Grindelwald Good surface to top of cable car at 2220 metres
2,215 m Col de Portet Pyrenees   France dead end Saint-Lary-Soulan Hors catégorie climb in the Tour de France 42°49′59″N 0°14′12″E / 42.83306°N 0.23667°E / 42.83306; 0.23667 (Col de Portet)
2,211 m Penserjoch / Passo di Pennes Trentino Alto Adige   Italy pass
2,208 m Col des Tentes Pyrenees   France dead end access road from Gavarnie A narrow paved road continues to Port de Boucharo at roughly 2270 but access to it is blocked with stones 42°42′49″N 0°3′4″E / 42.71361°N 0.05111°E / 42.71361; 0.05111
2,208 m Passo d'Eira Livigno Range   Italy pass Livigno and Trepalle A modest elevation between Livigno and Trepalle
2,206 m Emosson Alps    Switzerland dead end Finhaut-Lac d'Emosson-Lac du Vieux Emosson Public access to Emosson dam (1965m), restricted access to Vieux Emosson dam 46°03′47″N 06°53′56″E / 46.06306°N 6.89889°E / 46.06306; 6.89889 (Vieux Emosson)
2,205 m Cim de Coma Morera Pyrenees   France dead end Ossèja
2,205 m Täschalp Alps    Switzerland dead end Täsch-Täschalp 46°03′30″N 07°48′45″E / 46.05833°N 7.81250°E / 46.05833; 7.81250 (Täschalp)
2,203 m Mattmarksee Valais Alps    Switzerland dead end Saas-Almagell-Mattmarksee 46°03′01″N 07°57′50″E / 46.05028°N 7.96389°E / 46.05028; 7.96389 (Mattmarksee)
2,200 m Lac d'Aumar Pyrenees   France dead end Aragnouet
2,192 m Valparola Pass Dolomites   Italy pass Corvara, South Tyrol / Badia, South Tyrol and Falzarego Pass and Cortina d'Ampezzo (Belluno) 46°31′59.88″N 11°58′59.88″E / 46.5333000°N 11.9833000°E / 46.5333000; 11.9833000 (Valparola Pass)
Circa 2,190 m Presa de Llauset Pyrenees   Spain dead end Access road from Senet 42°34′22″N 0°42′46″E / 42.57279°N 0.712757°E / 42.57279; 0.712757 (Llauset)
2,188 m Little St Bernard Pass Valais Alps
Mont Blanc Massif
pass Tarentaise, (Savoie) and Aosta Valley 45°40′49″N 6°53′2″E / 45.68028°N 6.88389°E / 45.68028; 6.88389 (Little St Bernard Pass)
2,183 m Col du Petit Mont Cenis Alps   France dead end Lanslebourg This road starts on the right of Col du Mont Cenis
2,178 m Colle delle Finestre Cottian Alps   Italy pass Susa Valley and Val Chisone A section of this road may not be 'paved' with asphalt, although it is used by both motorists and cyclists in the Giro d'Italia 45°04′18.49″N 7°03′12.48″E / 45.0718028°N 7.0534667°E / 45.0718028; 7.0534667 (Colle delle Finestre)
2,176 m Rifugio Ghiacciaio dei Forni Alps   Italy dead end Bormio-Rifugio Ghiacciaio dei Forni 46°25′13″N 10°31′19″E / 46.42028°N 10.52194°E / 46.42028; 10.52194 (Rifugio Ghiacciaio dei Forni)
2,175 m Lac de Cap-de-Long Pyrenees   France dead end Aragnouet
2,173 m Croix de Coeur Alps    Switzerland dead end Verbier 6.5 km stretch above Verbier only became fully paved recently. It is a road pass but La Tzoumaz side is gravel 46°07′18″N 07°13′57″E / 46.12167°N 7.23250°E / 46.12167; 7.23250 (Croix de Coeur)
2,168 m Tikmataji Pass Lesser Caucasus   Georgia pass Tbilisi Tsalka and Ninotsminda Akhalkalaki Baku–Tbilisi–Kars railway also goes via this pass 41°29′46″N 43°52′18″E / 41.49611°N 43.87167°E / 41.49611; 43.87167 (Croix de Coeur)
2,165 m Grimsel Pass Alps    Switzerland pass Innertkirchen, Bern and Gletsch, Valais 46°33.72′N 8°20.34′E / 46.56200°N 8.33900°E / 46.56200; 8.33900 (Grimsel Pass (2165m))
2,155 m Calar Alto Sierra de los Filabres   Spain pass Gérgal and Tíjola
2,150 m Les Arcs 2000 Alps   France dead end Bourg-Saint-Maurice Tarentaise, (Savoie)
2,149 m Fuorn Pass Alps    Switzerland pass Zernez, Engadin and Val Müstair 46°38.472′N 10°17.598′E / 46.641200°N 10.293300°E / 46.641200; 10.293300 (Fuorn Pass (2149m))
2,145 m Transalpina
Urdele pass
Carpathian Mountains   Romania pass Novaci, Romania and Sebes Highest paved road in Romania[17]
Widening and asphalting works started in 2010, but were not yet finished (cca. 2–3 km of roadbed-only - alternating with asphalted areas -, several viaducts with only one-lane accessible and tens of unfinished ditches across the road for collection of slopes' water, which require slowing down to 5–10 km/h. It also lacks safety elements - parapets, reflective aids, road marks, road signs).
45°20′42″N 23°39′25″E / 45.345°N 23.657°E / 45.345; 23.657 (Transalpina Pass, Urdele pass)
2,144 m Vallter 2000 Pyrenees   Spain dead end Setcases 42°25′37″N 2°15′54″E / 42.42694°N 2.26500°E / 42.42694; 2.26500 (Vallter 2000)
2,141 m Grande Dixence Dam Valais Alps    Switzerland dead end Hérémence-Le Chargeur 46°05′03″N 07°24′13″E / 46.08417°N 7.40361°E / 46.08417; 7.40361 (Le Chargeur)
2,136 m Collado de las Sabinas Sierra Nevada   Spain pass Güejar Sierra and kilometer point 33.4 of the Veleta Road
2,134 m Nagens Alps    Switzerland dead end Laax-Nagens 46°51′42″N 09°13′50″E / 46.86167°N 9.23056°E / 46.86167; 9.23056 (Nagens)
2,133 m Gardena Pass Dolomites   Italy pass Sëlva, Val Gardena and Corvara, South Tyrol, Val Badia
2,133 m Lac d'Allos Alps   France dead end Colmars [18] 44°14′44″N 6°41′53″E / 44.245437°N 6.698065°E / 44.245437; 6.698065 (Lac d'Allos)
2,130 m Campo Imperatore Apennines   Italy Dead End Gran Sasso and Campo Imperatore Leads to hotel used by Italian army to imprison Benito Mussolini. It is often a stage in the "Giro d'Italia" bike race[19][20][21] 42°28′N 13°33′E / 42.467°N 13.550°E / 42.467; 13.550 (Gran Sasso)
2,130 m[22] Roki Tunnel Caucasus Mountains   Georgia/  Russia pass Tskhinvali Region(Samachablo)/North Ossetia–Alania 42°36′03″N 44°06′54″E / 42.60083°N 44.11500°E / 42.60083; 44.11500 (Roki Tunnel)
2,130 m Tignes Val Claret Alps   France dead end Tarentaise (Savoie)
2,124 m Avers valley Alps    Switzerland dead end Ausserferrera-Juf 46°26′45″N 09°34′45″E / 46.44583°N 9.57917°E / 46.44583; 9.57917 (Juf)
2,117 m Splügen Pass Lepontine Alps
Rhaetian Alps
pass Montespluga, Lombardy and Splügen, Graubünden described by Mary Shelley 46°30.36′N 09°20.22′E / 46.50600°N 9.33700°E / 46.50600; 9.33700 (Splügen Pass)
2,115 m Col du Tourmalet Pyrenees   France pass Sainte-Marie-de-Campan and Luz-Saint-Sauveur Hors catégorie climb in the Tour de France 42°54′29.50″N 0°8′42.40″E / 42.9081944°N 0.1451111°E / 42.9081944; 0.1451111 (Col du Tourmalet)
2,108 m Col de Vars Cottian Alps   France pass Saint-Paul-sur-Ubaye and Vars, Hautes-Alpes and Guillestre 44°32′20″N 6°42′10″E / 44.53889°N 6.70278°E / 44.53889; 6.70278 (Col de Vars)
2,107 m Arolla Valais Alps    Switzerland dead end Les Haudères-Arolla (canton of Valais Highest point above Arolla 46°01′33″N 07°28′39″E / 46.02583°N 7.47750°E / 46.02583; 7.47750 (Arolla)
2,106 m Gotthard Pass (main road) Lepontine Alps    Switzerland pass Airolo, Ticino and Göschenen, Canton of Uri 46°33′33″N 8°33′41″E / 46.559167°N 08.561389°E / 46.559167; 08.561389 (Gotthard Pass (2106m))
2,106 m Gotthard Pass (Tremola) Lepontine Alps    Switzerland pass Motto Bartola, Ticino and Brüggloch, Canton of Uri Historical road paved with granite stones 46°33′33″N 8°33′41″E / 46.559167°N 08.561389°E / 46.559167; 08.561389 (Gotthard Pass (2106m))
2,105 m Falzarego Pass Dolomites   Italy pass Andráz and Cortina d'Ampezzo 46°31′8″N 12°0′34″E / 46.51889°N 12.00944°E / 46.51889; 12.00944 (Falzarego Pass (2105m))
2,105 m Skihaus Schönheben Eastern alps   Italy dead end Roia and San Valentino alla Muta
2,103 m Sella dell'Auccia Alps   Italy pass Giogo del Maniva and Passo di Croce Domini Paved from Giogo del Maniva. Unpaved (at least partly) from Passo di Croce Domini. Not the highest point of the road but access to slightly higher points may be unpaved 45°51′34″N 10°22′35″E / 45.85944°N 10.37639°E / 45.85944; 10.37639 (Sella dell'Auccia (2103m))
2,102 m Lauchernalp Alps    Switzerland dead end Wiler-Lauchernalp 46°24′54″N 07°46′15″E / 46.41500°N 7.77083°E / 46.41500; 7.77083 (Lauchernalp)
2,100 m La Plagne Alps   France dead end Tarentaise, (Savoie) Ski area. Hors catégorie climb in the Tour de France
2,100 m Col du Sabot Alps   France dead end Vaujany
2,100 m Cirque de Troumouse Pyrenees   France dead end Gèdre
2,099 m Weritzalp Alps    Switzerland dead end Wiler-Weritzalp 46°25′18″N 07°47′33″E / 46.42167°N 7.79250°E / 46.42167; 7.79250 (Weritzalp)
2,095 m Thyon Alps    Switzerland dead end Hérémence-Thyon 46°10′55″N 07°22′21″E / 46.18194°N 7.37250°E / 46.18194; 7.37250 (Thyon)
2,094 m Jaufenpass Dolomites   Italy pass Meran and Sterzing 46°50′24″N 11°18′27″E / 46.84°N 11.3075°E / 46.84; 11.3075 (Jaufenpass (2094m))
2,090 m Stein Glacier Alps    Switzerland dead end Hotel Steingletscher-Parkplatz Starting point on the Susten Pass road (1,865 m), end at the foot of the western Stein Glacier tongue 46°42′48″N 08°24′58″E / 46.71333°N 8.41611°E / 46.71333; 8.41611 (Steingletscher)
2,089 m Col des Champs Alps   France pass Saint-Martin-d'Entraunes and Colmars
2,083 m Els Cortals d'Encamp Pyrenees   Andorra dead end access road from Encamp
2,081 m Mont Cenis Cottian Alps
Graian Alps
  France pass Lanslebourg-Mont-Cenis and Moncenisio, Susa, (Italy) possibly used by Hannibal. Hors catégorie climb in the Tour de France 45°15′37″N 6°54′03″E / 45.260278°N 6.900833°E / 45.260278; 6.900833 (Mont Cenis)
2,080 m Lac Besson Alps   France dead end Le Bourg-d'Oisans After l'Alpe d'Huez
2,080 m Martelltal Alps   Italy dead end Martell-Hotel Paradiso del Cevedale 46°29′11″N 10°41′03″E / 46.48639°N 10.68417°E / 46.48639; 10.68417 (Hotel Paradiso del Cevedale)
2,072 m Port de la Bonaigua Pyrenees   Spain pass Vielha and Esterri d'Aneu 42°39′50″N 0°58′55″E / 42.66389°N 0.98194°E / 42.66389; 0.98194 (Port de la Bonaigua)
2,071 m Bielerhöhe Pass Alps   Austria pass Montafon Vorarlberg) and Paznaun (Tyrol) 46°55′05″N 10°05′44″E / 46.918056°N 10.095556°E / 46.918056; 10.095556 (Bielerhöhe Pass (2071m))
2,070 m[23] Coll de Pal Pyrenees   Spain dead end Access road from Bagà 42°18′14″N 1°55′20″E / 42.3039°N 1.9223°E / 42.3039; 1.9223 (Coll de Pal (2070m))
2,070 m R-285 Zelenchuksky District Caucasus Mountains   Russia dead end (to BTA-6 telescope) Arkhyz (Russia) 43°38′46″N 41°26′28″E / 43.6462°N 41.4412195°E / 43.6462; 41.4412195 (R-285)
2,068 m Mandelon Alps    Switzerland dead end Hérémence-Mandelon 46°07′52″N 07°24′41″E / 46.13111°N 7.41139°E / 46.13111; 7.41139 (Mandelon)
2,067 m Col de la Croix de Fer Dauphiné Alps   France pass Le Bourg-d'Oisans and Saint-Jean-de-Maurienne Hors catégorie climb in the Tour de France 45°13′39″N 6°12′12″E / 45.2275°N 6.203333°E / 45.2275; 6.203333 (Col de la Croix de Fer (2067m))
2,065 m San Bernardino Pass Pennine Alps    Switzerland pass Thusis (Graubünden) and Bellinzona (Ticino) 46°29′46″N 9°10′15″E / 46.496111°N 9.170833°E / 46.496111; 9.170833 (San Bernardino Pass)
2,064 m Alpe Campo Alps    Switzerland dead end Sfazù-Alpe Campo 46°24′05″N 10°07′07″E / 46.40139°N 10.11861°E / 46.40139; 10.11861 (Alpe Campo)
2,058 m Belmeken Dam Road Rila Mountain   Bulgaria pass Sestrimo village and Belmeken Dam a part of the 2010 WRC Rally Bulgaria
2,058 m Col du Lautaret Dauphiné Alps   France pass Le Bourg-d'Oisans and Briançon a famous climb on the Tour de France 45°02′07″N 6°24′20″E / 45.035278°N 6.405556°E / 45.035278; 6.405556 (Col du Lautaret (2058m))
2,057 m Passo Fedaia Dolomites   Italy pass Canazei and Rocca Pietore and Marmolada a famous climb on the Giro d'Italia 46°27′12.60″N 11°53′20.40″E / 46.4535000°N 11.8890000°E / 46.4535000; 11.8890000 (Passo Fedaia)
2,055 m Mangart road Julian Alps   Slovenia dead end Log pod Mangrtom highest paved climb in Slovenia
2,052 m Staller Sattel Alps   Austria
pass Sankt Jakob in Defereggen valley, (Tyrol) and Rasen-Antholz valley, (South Tyrol) 46°53′17″N 12°12′02″E / 46.888056°N 12.200556°E / 46.888056; 12.200556 (Staller Sattel (2052m))
2,050 m Saint-Véran Alps   France dead end Château-Ville-Vieille and Saint-Véran
2,050 m Plateau de la Calme Pyrenees   France dead end Odeillo
2,049 m Nockalmstrasse, Eisentalhöhe Alps   Austria pass Innerkrems and Ebene Reichenau
2,049 m Steinigboda Alps    Switzerland dead end Nufenen-Steinigboda 46°33′17″N 09°14′31″E / 46.55472°N 9.24194°E / 46.55472; 9.24194 (Steinigboda)
2,048 m Moosalp Alps    Switzerland pass Bürchen-Törbel 46°15′05″N 07°49′47″E / 46.25139°N 7.82972°E / 46.25139; 7.82972 (Moosalp)
2,048 m Salastrains Alps    Switzerland dead end St. Moritz-Salastrains 46°29′58″N 09°49′43″E / 46.49944°N 9.82861°E / 46.49944; 9.82861 (Salastrains)
2,047 m Les Fonds Alps   France dead end Cervières
2,047 m Manghen Pass Dolomites Alps   Italy pass Borgo Valsugana and Molina di Fiemme
2,046 m Oberalp Pass Swiss Alps    Switzerland pass Disentis, Graubünden and Andermatt, Canton of Uri The Rhine springs from a source nearby (Tomasee) 46°39′32″N 8°40′16″E / 46.659°N 8.671°E / 46.659; 8.671 (Oberalp Pass)
2,041 m Puerto de la Ragua Sierra Nevada   Spain pass Cherín and La Calahorra
2,040 m Parking des Millefonts Alps   France dead end Valdeblore
2,040 m Puig de la Tossa Pyrenees   France dead end Mont-Louis
2,040 m Marguns Alps    Switzerland dead end St. Moritz-Suvretta-Marguns 46°29′23″N 09°48′59″E / 46.48972°N 9.81639°E / 46.48972; 9.81639 (Marguns)
2,039 m Curnera Alps    Switzerland dead end Surpalits-Lai da Curnera Highest point west of Lai da Curnera dam 46°38′16″N 08°42′25″E / 46.63778°N 8.70694°E / 46.63778; 8.70694 (Curnera)
2,037 m Riederalp-Bettmeralp road Alps    Switzerland dead end Riederalp-Bettmeralp Restricted access (both Riederalp and Bettmeralp are car-free resorts accessible only by aerial tramway), culminating point above Bettmersee 46°23′45″N 08°03′56″E / 46.39583°N 8.06556°E / 46.39583; 8.06556 (Bettmeralp)
2,037 m La Rabassa Pyrenees   Andorra dead end
2,036 m Puerto de Escúllar Sierra de Baza   Spain pass Caniles and Abla
2,035 m Colle Sestriere Cottian Alps   Italy pass Sestriere. Pinerolo and Cesana Torinese A starting and arrival point in the Tour de France and the Giro d'Italia.
2,034 m Transfăgărășan Carpathian Mountains   Romania pass Cârțișoara, Sibiu (Transylvania) and Arefu, Argeș (Wallachia) Best Driving Road in the world (Top Gear) 45°36′44″N 24°36′50″E / 45.61222°N 24.61389°E / 45.61222; 24.61389
2,032 m Passo Valles Dolomites Alps   Italy pass Paneveggio and Falcade
2,031 m Boí Taüll Resort Pyrenees   Spain dead end Boí and Taüll
2,030 m Courchevel Airport Alps   France dead end Courchevel
2,030 m Refuge de Laval Alps   France dead end Névache
2,027 m l'Ecot Alps   France dead end Bonneval-sur-Arc
2,022 m Bussalp Alps    Switzerland dead end Grindelwald-Oberläger 46°39′24″N 07°59′22″E / 46.65667°N 7.98944°E / 46.65667; 7.98944 (Bussalp)
Circa 2,020 m Zillertaler Höhenstrasse[24] Alps   Austria pass Hippach and either Zellberg, Aschau in Zillertal, Ried in Zillertal or Kaltenbach depending on the variant you choose I quoted the name of the road because I'm not sure of the name of the pass
2,017 m Kühtai Saddle Alps   Austria pass Oetz and Gries im Sellrain 47°12′58″N 11°01′49″E / 47.2161°N 11.0303°E / 47.2161; 11.0303 (Kühtai Saddle)
2,016 m Lac des Bouillouses Pyrenees   France dead end La Llagonne
2,012 m Pian Geirett Alps    Switzerland dead end Campo Blenio-Pian Geirett 46°36′16″N 08°56′04″E / 46.60444°N 8.93444°E / 46.60444; 8.93444 (Pian Geirett)
2,012 m Plan-d'Amont Dam Alps   France dead end Aussois
2,010 m Mittler Hütte Alps    Switzerland dead end Arosa-Mittler Hütte 46°47′11″N 09°39′45″E / 46.78639°N 9.66250°E / 46.78639; 9.66250 (Mittler Hütte)
2,009 m Route de la Vallée du Cristillan Alps   France dead end Ceillac
2,007 m Dischma Alps    Switzerland dead end Davos-Dürrboden 46°43′17″N 09°55′19″E / 46.72139°N 9.92194°E / 46.72139; 9.92194 (Dischma)
2,006 m Valtournenche Alps   Italy dead end Châtillon-Breuil-Cervinia Several streets in Breuil-Cervinia 45°56′54″N 07°37′52″E / 45.94833°N 7.63111°E / 45.94833; 7.63111 (Breuil-Cervinia)
2,005 m Simplon Pass Pennine Alps
Lepontine Alps
pass Brig, Switzerland and Domodossola, Piedmont Road E62, the highest point of the European route network in Europe. 46°15′06″N 8°02′00″E / 46.251667°N 8.033333°E / 46.251667; 8.033333 (Simplon Pass (2005m))
2,005 m Alpe di Cava Alps    Switzerland dead end Malvaglia-Alpe di Cava 46°21′35″N 09°02′01″E / 46.35972°N 9.03361°E / 46.35972; 9.03361 (Alpe di Cava)
2,001 m Port de Pailhères Pyrenees   France pass Mijanès and Ax-les-Thermes Hors catégorie climb in the Tour de France
2,000 m Fideriser Heuberge Alps    Switzerland dead end Fideris-Berghaus Arflina 46°51′59″N 09°43′32″E / 46.86639°N 9.72556°E / 46.86639; 9.72556 (Berghaus Arflina)

Highest motorwaysEdit

Elevation Name Mountains Country Type Between Remarks Highest point
1,631 m A13 San Bernardino Tunnel Alps    Switzerland tunnel Chur-Bellinzona not a motorway, only one lane in each direction, both lanes in one tube 46°27′53″N 09°11′08″E / 46.46472°N 9.18556°E / 46.46472; 9.18556 (San Bernardino Tunnel)
1,440 m A-1 Puerto de Somosierra Central System   Spain pass Madrid-Burgos
1,395 m Mont Blanc Tunnel Alps   France
tunnel Chamonix-Courmayeur not a motorway, only one lane in each direction, both lanes in one tube 45°51′14″N 6°54′50″E / 45.854°N 6.914°E / 45.854; 6.914 (Mont Blanc Tunnel)
1,370 m Brenner motorway Alps   Austria
pass Innsbruck-Bolzano 47°00′12″N 11°30′27″E / 47.00333°N 11.50750°E / 47.00333; 11.50750 (Brenner)
1,340 m A10 Tauern Tunnel Alps   Austria tunnel Salzburg-Villach 47°10′55″N 13°26′19″E / 47.18194°N 13.43861°E / 47.18194; 13.43861 (Tauern)
Circa 1,340 m A-52 es:Puerto de Padornelo Galician Massif   Spain pass Verín-Benavente
1,320 m S16 Arlberg Tunnel Alps   Austria tunnel Bregenz-Innsbruck not a motorway, only one lane in each direction, both lanes in one tube 47°07′22″N 10°15′23″E / 47.12278°N 10.25639°E / 47.12278; 10.25639 (Arlberg)
Circa 1,300 m AP-6 es:Túnel de carretera de Guadarrama Central System   Spain tunnel Collado Villalba and Villacastín
1,297 m Frejus Tunnel Alps   France
tunnel Modane-Bardonecchia not a motorway, only one lane in each direction, both lanes in one tube
Circa 1,250 m AP-61 Central System   Spain Segovia and San Rafael
1,229 m[25] AP-66 Negrón Tunnel Cantabrian Mountains   Spain tunnel Campomanes and León
1,222 m A-6 Puerto de Manzanal Galician Massif   Spain pass Astorga-Ponferrada
Circa 1,200 m AP-51 Central System   Spain Ávila and Villacastín
1,175 m A2 Gotthard Tunnel Alps    Switzerland tunnel Altdorf-Airolo not a motorway, only one lane in each direction, both lanes in one tube 46°31′40″N 08°36′01″E / 46.52778°N 8.60028°E / 46.52778; 8.60028 (Gotthard Tunnel)
1,121 m A75 fr:Col des Issartets Massif Central   France pass Saint-Flour and Massiac Highest motorway pass in France
1,070 m A24 near Vila Pouca de Aguiar Serra do Marão   Portugal Vila Pouca de Aguiar and Vila Real, Portugal Highest motorway in Portugal
1,060 m A2 Kalcherkogeltunnel (near Pack Saddle) Lavanttaler Alps   Austria tunnel Klagenfurt-Graz
1,050 m J20 Vue des Alpes Tunnel Jura Mountains    Switzerland tunnel Neuchâtel-La Chaux-de-Fonds not a motorway, only one lane in each direction, both lanes in one tube 47°05′03″N 06°51′55″E / 47.08417°N 6.86528°E / 47.08417; 6.86528 (Vue des Alpes Tunnel)

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "Europe's highest mountain road". Bicycling Mountain Roads and Passes. Retrieved 6 February 2013.
  2. ^ The Veleta road is the A-395 road.
  3. ^ "Pico Veleta". Personal web page with photos. Retrieved 24 October 2014.
  4. ^ Rite, J.B.; Baeza, M.; Cerván, M. "IRAM por Haza Llana". Altimetrías. Retrieved 27 November 2014.
  5. ^ "Ötztaler Gletscherstraße (2812 m)" (in German). Quaeldich. Retrieved 6 February 2013.
  6. ^ "Tag 4: Von einem Gletscher zum anderen" (in German). Alpen-biken. 20 July 2003. Retrieved 6 February 2013.
  7. ^ "Ötztaler Gletscherstraße (2812 m)" (in German). Quaeldich. Retrieved 6 February 2013.
  8. ^ "Tag 4: Von einem Gletscher zum anderen" (in German). Alpen-biken. 20 July 2003. Retrieved 6 February 2013.
  9. ^ "Mölltaler Gletscherstrasse/Hochwurtenspeicher and Grosse Oscheniksee". Retrieved 27 May 2014.
  10. ^ "Zirknitztal/Großsee". Retrieved 27 May 2014.
  11. ^ Бориславов, Веселин (2011-07-17). "Насладата "Калин"". Труд (in Bulgarian). Retrieved 18 January 2016.
  12. ^ "Язовир Карагьол, едно от най-красивите кътчета в Рила". Новинар (in Bulgarian). 2013-09-07. Retrieved 18 January 2016.
  13. ^ "Rutes Ciclistes d'Andorra - Ruta 9, Erts-Port de Cabús" (PDF). Andorra. Retrieved 6 February 2013.
  14. ^ "La Bola del Mundo - Collado Villalba". climbbybike. Retrieved 6 February 2013.
  15. ^ The road is paved, but with rough cement rather than smoother asphalt and is not open to regular road traffic.
  16. ^ "Col du Sanetsch (VS) - Savièse". Retrieved 6 February 2013.
  17. ^ "Romania, short (but beautiful) off-road trip". Adventure Rider. 9 October 2013. Retrieved 6 February 2013.
  18. ^ "Lac d'Allos - Colmars". climbbybike. Retrieved 6 February 2013.
  19. ^ Gran Sasso raid
  20. ^
  21. ^
  22. ^ Approximation. Retrieved from Google Earth 12 May 2014.
  23. ^ Coll de Pal[circular reference]
  24. ^ "Zillertaler Höhenstrassen". Retrieved 12 February 2015.
  25. ^ "Túneles". Retrieved 27 November 2014.

External linksEdit