Saint-Brieuc

Saint-Brieuc ([sɛ̃ bʁijø], Breton: Sant-Brieg pronounced [sãnt ˈbriːɛk], Gallo: Saent-Berioec) is a commune in the Côtes-d'Armor department in Brittany in northwestern France.

Saint-Brieuc

Sant-Brieg
Saint-Brieuc Cathedral
Coat of arms of Saint-Brieuc
Coat of arms
Location of Saint-Brieuc
Saint-Brieuc is located in France
Saint-Brieuc
Saint-Brieuc
Saint-Brieuc is located in Brittany
Saint-Brieuc
Saint-Brieuc
Coordinates: 48°30′49″N 2°45′55″W / 48.5136°N 2.7653°W / 48.5136; -2.7653Coordinates: 48°30′49″N 2°45′55″W / 48.5136°N 2.7653°W / 48.5136; -2.7653
CountryFrance
RegionBrittany
DepartmentCôtes-d'Armor
ArrondissementSaint-Brieuc
CantonSaint-Brieuc-1 and 2
IntercommunalitySaint-Brieuc Armor
Government
 • Mayor (2020–2026) Hervé Guihard
Area
1
21.88 km2 (8.45 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2018)[1]
44,170
 • Density2,000/km2 (5,200/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Briochin, Briochine
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
22278 /22000
Elevation0–134 m (0–440 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

HistoryEdit

 
The historic bishoprics of Brittany

Saint-Brieuc is named after a Welsh monk Brioc, who Christianised the region in the 6th century and established an oratory there. Bro Sant-Brieg/Pays de Saint-Brieuc, one of the nine traditional bishoprics of Brittany which were used as administrative areas before the French Revolution, was named after Saint-Brieuc. It also dates from the Middle Ages when the "pays de Saint Brieuc," or Penteur, was established by Duke Arthur II of Brittany as one of his eight "battles" or administrative regions.

GeographyEdit

OverviewEdit

The town is located by the English Channel, on the Bay of Saint-Brieuc. Two rivers flow through Saint-Brieuc: the Goued/Gouët and the Gouedig/Gouédic.

Other towns of notable size in the département of Côtes d'Armor are Gwengamp/Guingamp, Dinan, and Lannuon/Lannion all sous-préfectures.

In 2009, large amounts of sea lettuce, a type of algae, washed up on many beaches of Brittany, and when it rotted it emitted dangerous levels of hydrogen sulphide.[2] A horse and some dogs died and a council worker driving a truckload of it fell unconscious at the wheel and died.[2]

Neighboring communesEdit

Langueux, La Méaugon, Plérin, Ploufragan, Trégueux and Trémuson.

ClimateEdit

Saint-Brieuc experiences a warm-summer Mediterranean climate.

Climate data for Saint-Brieuc / 1981–2010 normals, extremes 1985–present
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 15.9
(60.6)
21.8
(71.2)
22.2
(72.0)
26.6
(79.9)
29.0
(84.2)
33.6
(92.5)
35.9
(96.6)
38.1
(100.6)
30.4
(86.7)
29.5
(85.1)
20.7
(69.3)
16.8
(62.2)
38.1
(100.6)
Average high °C (°F) 8.5
(47.3)
9.0
(48.2)
11.4
(52.5)
12.9
(55.2)
16.2
(61.2)
19.1
(66.4)
21.1
(70.0)
21.4
(70.5)
19.1
(66.4)
15.7
(60.3)
11.5
(52.7)
9.0
(48.2)
14.6
(58.3)
Daily mean °C (°F) 6.0
(42.8)
6.2
(43.2)
8.0
(46.4)
9.2
(48.6)
12.3
(54.1)
15.0
(59.0)
17.0
(62.6)
17.2
(63.0)
15.2
(59.4)
12.5
(54.5)
8.8
(47.8)
6.4
(43.5)
11.2
(52.2)
Average low °C (°F) 3.5
(38.3)
3.4
(38.1)
4.7
(40.5)
5.6
(42.1)
8.5
(47.3)
10.9
(51.6)
12.9
(55.2)
13.1
(55.6)
11.3
(52.3)
9.3
(48.7)
6.0
(42.8)
3.9
(39.0)
7.8
(46.0)
Record low °C (°F) −11.3
(11.7)
−9.4
(15.1)
−3.9
(25.0)
−1.8
(28.8)
1.1
(34.0)
3.6
(38.5)
7.1
(44.8)
6.6
(43.9)
4.5
(40.1)
−3.9
(25.0)
−4.8
(23.4)
−7.2
(19.0)
−11.3
(11.7)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 75.5
(2.97)
65.6
(2.58)
54.1
(2.13)
63.7
(2.51)
58.4
(2.30)
47.8
(1.88)
42.5
(1.67)
41.2
(1.62)
59.6
(2.35)
78.2
(3.08)
81.3
(3.20)
82.8
(3.26)
750.7
(29.56)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1 mm) 13.2 11.8 10.4 11.6 9.2 7.4 7.4 7.3 8.7 13.0 13.9 14.0 128.0
Mean monthly sunshine hours 64.8 76.8 118.1 152.4 179.5 198.7 186.3 178.1 160.9 107.0 77.5 64.5 1,564.6
Source: Meteociel [3]

CultureEdit

Saint-Brieuc is one of the towns in Europe that host the IU Honors Program.

The Cemetery of Saint Michel contains graves of several notable Bretons, and sculptures by Paul le Goff and Jean Boucher. Outside the wall is Armel Beaufils's statue of Anatole Le Braz. Le Goff, who was killed with his two brothers in World War I, is also commemorated in a street and with his major sculptural work La forme se dégageant de la matière in the central gardens, which also includes a memorial to him by Jules-Charles Le Bozec and work by Francis Renaud.

The town of St. Brieux in Saskatchewan, Canada is named after Saint-Brieuc of Brittany. It was founded by immigrants from this region in Brittany. It was settled in the early 1900s.

DemographicsEdit

Inhabitants of Saint-Brieuc are called Briochins in French.[4]

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1793 7,335—    
1800 8,394+1.95%
1806 9,000+1.17%
1821 9,956+0.68%
1831 10,420+0.46%
1836 11,313+1.66%
1841 12,484+1.99%
1846 13,239+1.18%
1851 12,813−0.65%
1856 14,888+3.05%
1861 15,341+0.60%
1866 15,812+0.61%
1872 15,253−0.60%
1876 16,355+1.76%
1881 17,833+1.75%
1886 19,240+1.53%
1891 19,948+0.73%
1896 21,665+1.67%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901 22,198+0.49%
1906 23,041+0.75%
1911 23,945+0.77%
1921 24,511+0.23%
1926 26,043+1.22%
1931 28,320+1.69%
1936 31,640+2.24%
1946 36,674+1.49%
1954 37,670+0.34%
1962 43,142+1.71%
1968 50,281+2.59%
1975 52,559+0.63%
1982 48,563−1.12%
1990 44,752−1.02%
1999 46,087+0.33%
2007 46,178+0.02%
2012 45,936−0.11%
2017 44,372−0.69%
Source: EHESS[5] and INSEE (1968-2017)[6]

Breton languageEdit

In 2008, 3.98% of primary school children attended bilingual schools.[7]

TransportEdit

 
Saint-Brieuc airport
 
St-Brieuc SNCF station

The Saint-Brieuc railway station, situated on the Paris–Brest railway, is connected by TGV Atlantique to Paris Montparnasse station, journey time is about 3 hours.

There are no scheduled air services from Saint-Brieuc – Armor Airport.

PersonalitiesEdit

Saint-Brieuc is hometown of many personalities:

International relationsEdit

Saint-Brieuc préfecture of the Côtes-d'Armor is twinned with :

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Populations légales 2018". INSEE. 28 December 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Seaweed suspected in French death". BBC News. Retrieved 5 January 2014.
  3. ^ "Normales et records pour St Brieuc (22)". Meteociel. Retrieved 14 September 2020.
  4. ^ Côtes-d'Armor, habitants.fr
  5. ^ Des villages de Cassini aux communes d'aujourd'hui: Commune data sheet Saint-Brieuc, EHESS. (in French)
  6. ^ Population en historique depuis 1968, INSEE
  7. ^ (in French) Ofis ar Brezhoneg: Enseignement bilingue
  8. ^ "British towns twinned with French towns". Archant Community Media Ltd. Retrieved 11 July 2013.

External linksEdit