Guingamp (French pronunciation: [ɡɛ̃ɡɑ̃] (listen); Breton: Gwengamp pronounced [ˈɡwɛ̃ŋɡãmp]) is a commune in the Côtes-d'Armor department in Brittany in northwestern France. With a population of 6,895 as of 2017, Guingamp is one of the smallest towns in Europe to have a top-tier professional football team: En Avant Guingamp, which played in Ligue 1 from 2013 until 2019. Guingamp station is served by high speed trains to Brest, Rennes and Paris, and regional trains to Brest, Lannion, Carhaix, Paimpol and Rennes.

Guingamp
Gwengamp
Guingamp's Town Hall
Guingamp's Town Hall
Flag of Guingamp
Coat of arms of Guingamp
Location of Guingamp
Guingamp is located in France
Guingamp
Guingamp
Guingamp is located in Brittany
Guingamp
Guingamp
Coordinates: 48°33′48″N 3°09′00″W / 48.5633°N 3.15°W / 48.5633; -3.15Coordinates: 48°33′48″N 3°09′00″W / 48.5633°N 3.15°W / 48.5633; -3.15
CountryFrance
RegionBrittany
DepartmentCôtes-d'Armor
ArrondissementGuingamp
CantonGuingamp
IntercommunalityGuingamp-Paimpol Agglomération
Government
 • Mayor (2020–2026) Philippe Le Goff
Area
1
3.41 km2 (1.32 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2019)[1]
7,069
 • Density2,100/km2 (5,400/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Guingampais (masculine)
Guingampaise (feminine)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
22070 /22200
Elevation62–126 m (203–413 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

HistoryEdit

The town has the remains of three successive castles, the last of which was razed to the ground by the order of Cardinal Richelieu. They were reduced to three towers.

Vincent de Bourbon, great-grandson of Louis XIV, was Count of Guingamp from 1750 until his death in 1752.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
17935,177—    
18005,190+0.3%
18064,973−4.2%
18215,550+11.6%
18316,100+9.9%
18366,466+6.0%
18416,796+5.1%
18466,949+2.3%
18516,718−3.3%
18566,893+2.6%
18617,350+6.6%
18666,977−5.1%
18727,045+1.0%
18767,895+12.1%
18818,404+6.4%
18868,744+4.0%
18919,196+5.2%
18969,272+0.8%
YearPop.±%
19019,252−0.2%
19069,212−0.4%
19119,385+1.9%
19217,923−15.6%
19268,575+8.2%
19318,644+0.8%
19368,663+0.2%
19469,080+4.8%
19548,117−10.6%
19628,912+9.8%
19689,232+3.6%
19759,284+0.6%
19828,507−8.4%
19907,905−7.1%
19998,008+1.3%
20087,477−6.6%
20127,235−3.2%

SportsEdit

The city is well-known for its professional football team, En Avant de Guingamp, which won the Coupe de France against Rennes in the 2008–09 season while it was still part of Ligue 2. The team returned to Ligue 1 for the 2013–14 season for the first time in 9 years. Guingamp again won the French Cup against Rennes in 2013–14 and qualified for the 2014–15 UEFA Europa League.

With 18,120 seats, the club's stadium has a higher capacity than Guingamp's total population of 6,895.

CultureEdit

The Saint Loup festival, a national competition of Breton dances and international festival, takes place every in around mid August. It culminates in a traditional dance called la Dérobée de Guingamp. The festival features Celtic musicians from Asturias, Ireland, Galicia, Scotland, Wales, and elsewhere. Breton dance features in other cultural manifestations and the local cultural office organizes a contemporary creative dance week.

The municipality launched a plan for the Breton language through Ya d'ar brezhoneg on 8 July 2008. In 2008, 15.89% of primary school children attended bilingual schools.[2]

The annual 'pardon' brings pilgrims to pay homage to the 'Black Virgin' in the Basilica of Notre Dame de Bon Secours.[3]

PersonalitiesEdit

Twin towns – sister citiesEdit

Guingamp is twinned with:

 
A view from one of Trieux's bridges

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Populations légales 2019". The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 29 December 2021.
  2. ^ (in French) Ofis ar Brezhoneg: Enseignement bilingue
  3. ^ Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Guingamp" . Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 12 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. pp. 697–698.
  4. ^ "20 ans de souvenirs". Le jumelage de Guingamp et Shannon (in French). Retrieved 11 August 2017.

External linksEdit