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Côtes-d'Armor (French pronunciation: ​[kot daʁmɔʁ]; Breton: Aodoù-an-Arvor), formerly named Côtes-du-Nord, is a department in the north of Brittany, in northwestern France.

Côtes-d'Armor
Department
Prefecture building of the Côtes-d'Armor department, in Saint-Brieuc
Prefecture building of the Côtes-d'Armor department, in Saint-Brieuc
Flag of Côtes-d'Armor
Flag
Coat of arms of Côtes-d'Armor
Coat of arms
Location of Côtes-d'Armor in France
Location of Côtes-d'Armor in France
Coordinates: 48°20′N 02°50′E / 48.333°N 2.833°E / 48.333; 2.833Coordinates: 48°20′N 02°50′E / 48.333°N 2.833°E / 48.333; 2.833
Country France
Region Brittany
Prefecture Saint-Brieuc
Subprefectures Dinan
Guingamp
Lannion
Government
 • President of the General Council Claudy Lebreton (PS)
Area1
 • Total 6,878 km2 (2,656 sq mi)
Population (2013)
 • Total 597,085
 • Rank 43rd
 • Density 87/km2 (220/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Department number 22
Arrondissements 4
Cantons 27
Communes 356
^1 French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km2

Contents

HistoryEdit

Côtes-du-Nord was one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on 4 March 1790. It was created from part of the former province of Brittany. Its name was changed in 1990 to Côtes-d'Armor (ar mor meaning "the sea" in Breton and Côtes meaning "coast" in French). The name also has a historical connotation recalling the Roman province of Armorica.

The present department corresponds to most of historical Trégor, part of Cornouaille, and most of Saint-Brieuc.

GeographyEdit

Côtes-d'Armor is part of the current administrative region of Brittany and is surrounded by the departments of Finistère, Morbihan, and Ille-et-Vilaine, with the English Channel to the north.

DemographicsEdit

The inhabitants of the department are called Costarmoricains.

PoliticsEdit

The Côtes-d'Armor has usually been a left-wing holdout in the historically strongly clerical and right-wing Brittany, due to the department's more anti-clerical nature, especially in the inland area around Guingamp, a former Communist stronghold.

The President of the General Council is Claudy Lebreton of the Socialist Party.

Party seats
Socialist Party 33
Union for a Popular Movement 8
Miscellaneous Left 4
French Communist Party 4
Miscellaneous Right 1
MoDem 1

CultureEdit

The western part of the département is part of the traditionally Breton-speaking "Lower Brittany" (Breizh-Izel in Breton). The boundary runs from Plouha to Mûr-de-Bretagne. The Breton language has become an intense issue in many parts of Brittany, and many Breton-speakers advocate for bilingual schools. Gallo is also spoken in the east and is offered as a language in the schools and on the baccalaureat exams.

GalleryEdit

Notable peopleEdit

The English born poet Robert William Service (1874–1958) known as the "Bard of the Yukon" is buried in Lancieux.

See alsoEdit

External linksEdit