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Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes or ARA (French pronunciation: [ovɛʁɲ ʁon alp] (About this soundlisten), Arpitan: Ôvèrgne-Rôno-Ârpes, Occitan: Auvèrnhe Ròse Aups, Italian: Alvernia-Rodano-Alpi) is a region in southeast-central France created by the territorial reform of French Regions in 2015; it resulted from the merger of Auvergne and Rhône-Alpes. The new region came into effect on 1 January 2016, after the regional elections in December 2015.[2]

Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
Flag of Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
Flag
Coat of arms of Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
Coat of arms
Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes in France 2016.svg
Country France
PrefectureLyon[1]
Departments
Government
 • President of the Regional CouncilLaurent Wauquiez
 • PrefectPascal Mailhos
Area
 • Total69,711 km2 (26,916 sq mi)
Population
 (2015)
 • Total7,877,698
 • Density110/km2 (290/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Auvergnat / Rhônalpine
Aurhalphine (rare & non-official)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
GDP ()Ranked
Total€ billion (US$ bn)
Per capita€ (US$)
Websiteauvergnerhonealpes.fr

The region covers an area of more than 69,711 km2 (26,916 sq mi), making it the third largest in metropolitan France, and has a population of 7,877,698, second only to Île-de-France.[3] It consists of 12 departments and one territorial collectivity. Lyon is the chef-lieu of the region.

This new region combines diverse geographical, sociological, economic, and cultural regions, which was already true of Rhône-Alpes, as well as Auvergne, to a lesser extent. While the old Rhône-Alpes and Auvergne regions each enjoyed a unity defined by axes of communication and the pull of their repective metropoles,[Note 1] the new combination is heterogeneous, and sustained lively opposition from some local officials after its creation.[4][5][6][7]

Contents

Toponymy, logo, and symbolsEdit

The text of the territorial reform law gives interim names for most of the merged regions, combining the names of their constituent regions alphabetically, separated by hyphens. Permanent names would be proposed by the new regional councils and confirmed by the Conseil d'État by 1 October 2016.[8][9]

The interim name of the new administrative region was a hyphenated placename, composed of the historic region of Auvergne, the river Rhône, and the French Alps (Alpes). The same name has been chosen as the definitive name, which was officialized by the Conseil d'État on 28 September 2016.[10]

According to several online polls from Lyon Capitale, the name "Rhône-Alpes-Auvergne" led voting, ahead of "Alpes-Auvergne" and "AURA" (an acronym for Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes)[11], which was propoesd by Jean-Jack Queyranne, the former president for the former Rhône-Alpes region. Schoolchildren were consulted about the name of the new region in February of 2016, and local residents were consulted in March.[12]

After adjusting the votes in proportion to the number of inhabitants of the regions (Rhône-Alpes having five times the population of Auvergne) the name "Rhône-Alpes-Auvergne" was still leading, ahead of "Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes" and the acronym "AURA".[13]

Despite this result, Laurent Wauquiez and his team decided not to follow the preference of the citizens of the new region, and the name Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes was put to the vote by the regional assembly and adopted unanimously on 23 June 2016;[14][15] it was made official on 28 September 2016 through a decree appearing in the Journal officiel de la République française.[1]

The region was given a coat of arms in October of 2017, which combined those of Auvergne, Savoie, Lyonnais and Dauphiné[16] It also has a flag, which initially consisted of the coat of arms on a white background, but was replaced by a heraldic flag in January of 2018. On 9 February 2018, the region formalized the flag and the coat of arms on its website, as implemented by Mattieu Casali, a historical scholar.[17] It was received favourably by the national heraldic commission[18]

The blazon given on the region's website is Écartelé : au premier d’or au gonfanon de gueules bordé de sinople (Auvergne) ; au deuxième de gueules à la croix d’argent (Savoie) ; au troisième de gueules au lion d’argent (Lyonnais) ; au quatrième d’or au dauphin d’azur, crêté, barbé, loré, peautré et oreillé de gueules (Dauphiné)., which translates roughly to: Quarterly: 1st Or a gonfalon Gules bordered Vert (Auverne); 2nd Gules a cross argent (Savoie); 3rd Gules a lion argent (Lyonnais); 4th Or a dolphin Azure, crested, bearded, lored, and oreilled Gules.[17]

In Francoprovençal and in Occitan, two of the three languages that are historically spoken in the region, the name is pronounced:[Note 2]:

GeographyEdit

LocationEdit

 
Map of the region (ML is the Lyon Metropolis).

The Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes administrative region covers an area of 69 711 km2 in the centre and east of the south of France. It is a collection of regions of diverse topographies, climates, natural resources, cultures, folklore, architecture, and languages. It is bordered by five other adiminstrative regions: Bourgogne-Franche-Comté to the north, Centre-Val de Loire to the northeast, Nouvelle-Aquitaine to the west, Occitanie to the south-west, and Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur to the south-east. It is also bordered by Italy (Aosta Valley and Piedmont) to the east and Switzerland (Cantons of Geneva, Valais, and Vaud) to the north-east.

 
The region (green) in the European union (dark grey)

Extreme points:

DepartmentsEdit

Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes comprises twelve departments: Ain, Allier, Ardèche, Cantal, Drôme, Haute-Loire, Haute-Savoie, Isère, Loire, Puy-de-Dôme, Rhône, Savoie

Metropolitan centersEdit

Important train stationsEdit

  • Lyon Part-Dieu
  • Lyon Perrache
  • Valence-Ville
  • Valence-TGV
  • Saint-Étienne-Châteaucreux
  • Grenoble
  • Bourg-Saint-Maurice
  • Chambéry-Challes-Les-Eaux
  • Clermont-Ferrand

PoliticsEdit

The region is governed by the regional council of Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes consisting of 204 members. The current regional council was elected in regional elections on 6 and 13 December 2015, with the list of Laurent Wauquiez consisting of The Republicans (LR), the Democratic Movement (MoDem), and Union of Democrats and Independents (UDI) securing an absolute majority of 113 seats.[19][20]

Leader List First round Second round Seats
Votes % Votes % Seats %
Laurent Wauquiez LRMoDemUDI 795,661 31.73 1,201,597 40.62 113 55.39
Christophe Boudot FN 639,923 25.52 667,102 22.55 34 16.67
Jean-Jack Queyranne PSPRG 600,112 23.93 1,089,756 36.84 57 27.94
Jean-Charles Kohlhaas EELVPGND 173,038 6.90
Cécile Cukierman PCF 135,274 5.39
Gerbert Rambaud DLF 71,538 2.85
Éric Lafond NC 39,187 1.56
Chantal Gomez LO 31,359 1.25
Alain Fédèle UPR 21,723 0.87
Total 2,507,815 100.00 2,958,455 100.00 204 100.00
Valid votes 2,507,815 96.55 2,958,455 96.58
Blank votes 59,333 2.28 59,166 1.93
Null votes 30,175 1.16 45,577 1.49
Turnout 2,597,323 48.91 3,063,198 57.68
Abstentions 2,713,316 51.09 2,247,266 42.32
Registered voters 5,310,639 5,310,464
Source: Ministry of the Interior, Le Monde (parties)

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ With the exception of Haute-Loire which is found in the economic region of Saint-Étienne.
  2. ^ Auvèrnha or Auvèrnhe in Auvergne and Vivaro-Alpine regions; Ròse as the general Occitan form; Aups in Vivaro-Alpine, Alpas in Auvergnat.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Décret No. 2016-1266 du 28 septembre 2016 portant fixation du nom et du chef-lieu de la région Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes" (in French). 28 September 2016. Retrieved 3 July 2017..
  2. ^ "La carte à 13 régions définitivement adoptée" (in French). Le Monde. Agence France-Presse. 17 December 2014. Retrieved 13 January 2015.
  3. ^ "Insee - Populations légales 2012 - Populations légales 2012 des régions". Insee. Retrieved 16 January 2015.
  4. ^ Poignard, Frédéric (10 October 2008). "Le Grand Lyon, laboratoire du «big bang territorial»". Le Figaro (in French). Retrieved 4 October 2017.
  5. ^ "Rapport Balladur : Que pensez-vous de la fusion Auvergne et Rhône-Alpes ?". Cyberbougnat (in French). 25 February 2009. Retrieved 4 October 2017.
  6. ^ Licourt, Julien (15 January 2014). "La réduction du nombre de régions réveille les susceptibilités locales". Le Figaro (in French). Retrieved 4 October 2017.
  7. ^ "Observatoire de la FPI : Auvergne-rhône-Alpes" (PDF). fpifrance.fr (in French). January 2016. Retrieved 2017-10-04.
  8. ^ Loi n° 2015-29 du 16 janvier 2015 relative à la délimitation des régions, aux élections régionales et départementales et modifiant le calendrier électoral (in French)
  9. ^ Bancaud, Delphine (2014-12-18). "Carte de France à 13 régions : Comment vont-elles s'appeler ?". 20 minutes (in French). Retrieved 2017-10-04.
  10. ^ Décret n° 2016-1266 du 28 septembre 2016 portant fixation du nom et du chef-lieu de la région Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes (in French)
  11. ^ Steven, Belfils (2014-12-18). "Sondage : quel nom pour la future région ?". lyoncapitale.fr (in French). Retrieved 2017-10-04.
  12. ^ Fallas, Claude (27 May 2016). "Laurent Wauquiez propose Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes comme nom de la nouvelle Région" (in French). Retrieved 8 March 2017.
  13. ^ Cerinsek, Patricia (2016-03-14). "La Région Auvergne Rhône-Alpes cherche (toujours) son nom". Place Gre'net (in French). Retrieved 2017-10-04.
  14. ^ "Le nouveau nom de la région sera Auvergne/Rhône-Alpes". Le Progrès (in French). 27 May 2016. Retrieved 27 May 2016.
  15. ^ "Les élus de la Région valident le nom Auvergne Rhône-Alpes". lyonmag.com (in French). 23 June 2016. Retrieved 23 June 2016. External link in |website= (help)
  16. ^ Koller, Rodolphe (2 November 2017). "La Région se dote sans bruit d'un nouveau blason". saladelyonnaise.com (in French). Retrieved 4 November 2017.
  17. ^ a b "Un blason qui fait sens pour Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes". auvergnerhonealpes.fr (in French). 9 February 2018. Retrieved 10 February 2018.[dead link]
  18. ^ Commission nationale d'héraldique, ed. (2018). Rapport Annuel 2017 des Archives en France (PDF) (in French). p. 41. Retrieved 12 December 2018. [...] En 2017, la Commission nationale d’héraldique s’est réunie deux fois, les 3 avril et 18 octobre. Elle a examiné 31 dossiers : [...] • 2 blasons de grandes régions : Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes [...] 61 % de ces dossiers ont reçu un avis favorable de conformité héraldique, notamment ceux des grandes régions. [...]
  19. ^ "Résultats des élections régionales 2015". Ministère de l'Intérieur. 13 December 2015. Retrieved 28 January 2018.
  20. ^ Pierre Breteau; Samuel Laurent; Maxime Vaudano (5 August 2015). "Elections régionales : quel est le candidat dans votre (nouvelle) région ?". Le Monde. Retrieved 28 January 2018.

External linksEdit