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Montreuil (French pronunciation: [mɔ̃.tʁœj], sometimes unofficially called Montreuil-sous-Bois) is a commune in the eastern suburbs of Paris, France. It is located 6.6 km (4.1 mi) from the center of Paris. It is the fourth most populous suburb of Paris (after Boulogne-Billancourt, Saint-Denis and Argenteuil). Montreuil is located near the Bois de Vincennes park.
Skyline of Montreuil
Paris and inner ring departments
|Canton||Montreuil-1 and 2|
|• Mayor (2014–2020)||Patrice Bessac |
|8.92 km2 (3.44 sq mi)|
|• Density||12,000/km2 (31,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (CEST)|
|Elevation||52–117 m (171–384 ft) |
(avg. 70 m or 230 ft)
|1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.|
The name Montreuil was recorded for the first time in a royal edict of 722 as Monasteriolum, meaning "little monastery" in Medieval Latin. The settlement of Montreuil started as a group of houses built around a small monastery.
Under the reigns of Louis XIV and Louis XVI the "Peach Walls" which provided the royal court with the fruits were located in Montreuil. It was also later home to the Lumière brothers and George Méliès whose workshops were located in lower Montreuil.
On 1 January 1860, the city of Paris was enlarged by annexing neighboring communes. On that occasion, the commune of Charonne was disbanded and divided between the city of Paris, Montreuil, and Bagnolet. Montreuil received a small part of the territory of Charonne.
Today Montreuil is divided into several districts:
- Le bas Montreuil (which joins together the old workshops (bordering on Saint-Mandé), the marché aux puces (bordering on Paris, carries of Montreuil),
- The Mairie (town hall) (the malls, la croix de Chavaux, the mairie, and the church),
- La Noue (parc des Guilands, city of du Val, Robespierre, bordering on Bagnolet),
- Le Bel Air (Jean Moulin housing estate, park des Beaumonts, city of Bel Air, city of Grand Pechers),
- La Boissière (all the north of Montreuil, bordering on Noisy-le-Sec, Rosny-sous-Bois and Fontenay-sous-Bois).
Main artistic heritageEdit
|The herald arms of Montreuil is coloured as follows : |
Azur-coloured base, one gold-coloured chevron between three golden peach branches , and in center top a golden Fleur-de-lis .
Montreuil's inhabitants often exaggeratedly nickname the town the "second Malian town after Bamako", or sometimes "Mali-sous-Bois" or "Bamako-sur-Seine" even if the Seine doesn't cross the town. Montreuil has indeed a very important Malian population : more than 2,000 inhabitants according to the INSEE in 1999, between 6,000 and 10,000 people according to the mairie, which estimates that Montreuil has the largest Malian community in France. 10% of the population is Malian or has Malian origins.
The mayor of Montreuil is the member of Parti communiste français Patrice Bessac, who was elected on the second round of 2014 municipal elections, defeating the former ex-Communist mayor Jean-Pierre Brard in a four sides second round.
The commune's educational services are operated out of the Opale B Administrative Building. Montreuil has eight collèges, three lycées, two lycées techniques, and the IUT of the University of Paris 8.
Senior high schools/sixth form colleges:
The Montreuil Library (Bibliothèque de Montreuil) consists of the Robert-Desnos Central Library, the Daniel-Renoult Library, the Colonel-Fabien Library, and the Paul-Eluard Library. Robert-Desnos, in a park near the commune's town hall, is the largest library in the commune. It houses a disco and Internet access points. Daniel-Renoult, near Montreau Park, serves the Montreau-Ruffins Théophile Sueur community. Colonel-Fabien, in the Ramenas-Fabien-Léo Lagrange community, is near the Intercommunal Hospital. Paul-Eluard is near the La Grande Porte shopping centre and is within 50 metres (160 ft) of the Robespierre Paris Métro station and Rue de Paris.
Notable residents and personalitiesEdit
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- Pierre de Montreuil, famous 13th century architect, died in 1267 in Paris
- Gaston-Auguste Schweitzer, sculptor
- Djamel Abdoun, Algerian footballer who played at the 2010 FIFA World Cup
- Mehdi Abeid, Algerian footballer
- Oumar Bakari, footballer
- Rosette Bir, sculptor
- Souarata Cisse, basketball player
- Olivier Dacourt, footballer
- Emmanuel Flipo, artist
- Mamadou Samassa, footballer
- Tignous, cartoonist and activist killed in the Charlie Hebdo shooting
- Élodie Bouchez, actress
- Henri Decaë, cinematographer
- Nicolas Aithadi, Visual Effects, Guardians of the Galaxy
- Jean Delannoy, director
- Émile Reynaud, director
- Frédéric Verger, writer
- Christophe Guilluy, geographer
- Helno (Noël Rota) (1963-1993), singer with Lucrate Milk, Bérurier Noir & Les Négresses Vertes
Twin towns – Sister citiesEdit
Montreuil is twinned with:
- Bordier, Julien (2005-10-06). "Mali-sous-Bois". L'Express (in French). Retrieved 2013-11-01.
- (in French) Le cercle de Yelimané sur le site de la mairie de Montreuil
- (in French) c dans l'air émission du 04/04/2012 http://www.france5.fr/c-dans-l-air/international/aqmi-main-basse-sur-le-mali-35834
- "World Presence France." Ubisoft. Retrieved on 20 August 2011. "Worldwide Headquarters 28 rue Armand Carrel 93 108 Montreuil Cedex "
- "Contact Us Archived 2010-04-10 at the Wayback Machine." Air France-KLM ONE. Retrieved on 18 June 2010.
- "AIR FRANCE office, Paris Archived 2011-07-07 at the Wayback Machine." Air France-KLM. Retrieved on 18 June 2010.
- "Montreuil et 6 secteurs." Montreuil, Seine-Saint-Denis. Retrieved on 18 June 2010.
- "Inscrire son enfant à l'école Archived 2011-07-21 at the Wayback Machine." Montreuil, Seine-Saint-Denis. Retrieved on 18 June 2010.
- "Jeunesse (12-25 ans) > Enseignement Archived 2011-07-21 at the Wayback Machine." Montreuil, Seine-Saint-Denis. Retrieved on 18 June 2010.
- "Les jeunes (12-25 ans) > L'enseignement." Montreuil. Retrieved on September 2, 2016.
- "Réseau Archived 2011-07-20 at the Wayback Machine." Montreuil Library. Retrieved on 18 June 2010.
- "Robert-Desnos Archived 2011-07-20 at the Wayback Machine." Montreuil Library. Retrieved on 18 June 2010. "Située dans le parc près de la mairie, la bibliothèque centrale Robert Desnos est la plus grande de la ville. Elle abrite également une discothèque, et des postes d'accès à Internet."
- "Daniel-Renoult Archived 2009-06-28 at the Wayback Machine." Montreuil Library. Retrieved on 18 June 2010. "Tout près du Parc Montreau, la bibliothèque Daniel-Renoult irrigue le quartier Montreau Ruffins Théophile Sueur."
- "Colonel-Fabien Archived 2011-07-20 at the Wayback Machine." Montreuil Library. Retrieved on 18 June 2010. "Au coeur du quartier Ramenas-Fabien- Léo Lagrange, près du Centre Hospitalier Intercommunal,"
- "Paul-Eluard Archived 2010-06-03 at the Wayback Machine." Montreuil Library. Retrieved on 18 June 2010. "A deux pas du centre commercial La Grande Porte, à 50 m du métro Robespierre et de la rue de Paris."
- "Our twin cities- Cottbus". http://www.cottbus.de/. Retrieved 2013-06-24. External link in