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The 2001 Tour de France was a multiple-stage bicycle race held from 7 to 29 July, and the 88th edition of the Tour de France. It has no overall winner—although American cyclist Lance Armstrong originally won the event, the United States Anti-Doping Agency announced in August 2012 that they had disqualified Armstrong from all his results since 1998, including his seven Tour de France wins from 1999 to 2005. The verdict was subsequently confirmed by the Union Cycliste Internationale.

2001 Tour de France
Route of the 2001 Tour de France
Route of the 2001 Tour de France
Race details
Dates7–29 July
Stages20 + Prologue
Distance3,458 km (2,149 mi)
Winning time86h 17' 28"
Results
  Winner Lance Armstrong none[n 1]
  Second  Jan Ullrich (GER) (Team Telekom)
  Third  Joseba Beloki (ESP) (ONCE–Eroski)

Points  Erik Zabel (GER) (Team Telekom)
Mountains  Laurent Jalabert (FRA) (CSC–Tiscali)
Youth  Óscar Sevilla (ESP) (Kelme–Costa Blanca)
Combativity  Laurent Jalabert (FRA) (CSC–Tiscali)
  Team Kelme–Costa Blanca
← 2000
2002 →

The race included a 67-kilometre-long (42 mi) team time trial, two individual time trials and five consecutive mountain-top finishing stages, the second of which was the Chamrousse special-category climb time trial. Thus, all the high-mountain stages were grouped consecutively, following the climbing time trial, with one rest day in between. France was ridden 'clockwise', so the Alps were visited before the Pyrenees. The Tour started in France but also visited Belgium in its first week. The ceremonial final stage finished at the Champs-Élysées in Paris, as is tradition. Erik Zabel won his record sixth consecutive points classification victory.

TeamsEdit

The organisers felt that the 2000 Tour de France had not included enough French teams and consequently changed the selection procedure.[3] U.S. Postal Service was selected because it included the winner of the previous edition, Lance Armstrong. Team Telekom was selected because it included the winner of the 2000 UCI Road World Cup, Erik Zabel). Mapei–Quick-Step was selected because it won the team classification in the 2000 Giro d'Italia. Kelme–Costa Blanca was selected because it won the team classifications in both the 2000 Tour de France and 2000 Vuelta a España. A further twelve teams qualified based on the UCI ranking in the highest UCI division at the end of 2000, after compensating for transfers.[3] Although initially it was announced that four wildcards would be given, the tour organisation decided to add five teams:[3] In total, 21 teams participated, each with 9 cyclists, giving a total of 189 cyclists.[4]

The teams entering the race were:[4]

Qualified teams

Invited teams

Route and stagesEdit

Stage characteristics and winners[5][6][4][7]
Stage Date Course Distance Type Winner
P 7 July Dunkirk 8.2 km (5.1 mi)   Individual time trial   Christophe Moreau (FRA)
1 8 July Saint-Omer to Boulogne-sur-Mer 194.5 km (120.9 mi)   Flat stage   Erik Zabel (GER)
2 9 July Calais to Antwerp (Belgium) 220.5 km (137.0 mi)   Flat stage   Marc Wauters (BEL)
3 10 July Antwerp (Belgium) to Seraing (Belgium) 198.5 km (123.3 mi)   Flat stage   Erik Zabel (GER)
4 11 July Huy (Belgium) to Verdun 215.0 km (133.6 mi)   Flat stage   Laurent Jalabert (FRA)
5 12 July Verdun to Bar-le-Duc 67.0 km (41.6 mi)   Team time trial  Crédit Agricole
6 13 July Commercy to Strasbourg 211.5 km (131.4 mi)   Flat stage   Jaan Kirsipuu (EST)
7 14 July Strasbourg to Colmar 162.5 km (101.0 mi)   Medium mountain stage   Laurent Jalabert (FRA)
8 15 July Colmar to Pontarlier 222.5 km (138.3 mi)   Flat stage   Erik Dekker (NED)
9 16 July Pontarlier to Aix-les-Bains 185.0 km (115.0 mi)   Flat stage   Serguei Ivanov (RUS)
10 17 July Aix-les-Bains to Alpe d'Huez 209.0 km (129.9 mi)   High mountain stage   Lance Armstrong (USA)[n 1]
11 18 July Grenoble to Chamrousse 32.0 km (19.9 mi)   Individual time trial   Lance Armstrong (USA)[n 1]
19 July Perpignan Rest day
12 20 July Perpignan to Plateau de Bonascre 166.5 km (103.5 mi)   High mountain stage   Félix Cárdenas (COL)
13 21 July Foix to Saint-Lary-Soulan Pla d'Adet 194.0 km (120.5 mi)   High mountain stage   Lance Armstrong (USA)[n 1]
14 22 July Tarbes to Luz Ardiden 141.5 km (87.9 mi)   High mountain stage   Roberto Laiseka (ESP)
23 July Pau Rest day
15 24 July Pau to Lavaur 232.5 km (144.5 mi)   Flat stage   Rik Verbrugghe (BEL)
16 25 July Castelsarrasin to Sarran 229.5 km (142.6 mi)   Flat stage   Jens Voigt (GER)
17 26 July Brive-la-Gaillarde to Montluçon 194.0 km (120.5 mi)   Flat stage   Serge Baguet (BEL)
18 27 July Montluçon to Saint-Amand-Montrond 61.0 km (37.9 mi)   Individual time trial   Lance Armstrong (USA)[n 1]
19 28 July Orléans to Évry 149.5 km (92.9 mi)   Flat stage   Erik Zabel (GER)
20 29 July Corbeil-Essonnes to Paris (Champs-Élysées) 160.5 km (99.7 mi)   Flat stage   Ján Svorada (CZE)
Total 3,458 km (2,149 mi)[8]

Race overviewEdit

DopingEdit

After Armstrong abandoned his fight against the United States Anti-Doping Agency (USADA), he was stripped of his record seven Tour de France titles.[9][10] The Union Cycliste Internationale endorsed the USADA sanctions and decided not to award victories to any other rider or upgrade other placings in any of the affected events. The 2001 Tour therefore has no official winner.[2]

Classification leadershipEdit

 
Lance Armstrong riding to his now-negated victory at Alpe d'Huez

There were several classifications in the 2001 Tour de France.[11] The most important was the general classification, calculated by adding each cyclist's finishing times in each stage. The cyclist with the least accumulated time was the race leader, identified by the yellow jersey; the winner of this classification is considered the winner of the Tour.[12]

Additionally, there was a points classification, which awarded a green jersey. In this classification, cyclists got points for finishing among the best in a stage finish, or in intermediate sprints. The cyclist with the most points lead the classification and was identified with a green jersey.[13]

There was also a mountains classification. The organisation had categorised some climbs as either hors catégorie, first, second, third, or fourth-category; points for this classification were won by the first cyclists to reach the top of these climbs, with more points available for the higher-categorised climbs. The cyclist with the most points lead the classification and wore a white jersey with red polka dots.[14]

The fourth individual classification was the young rider classification, which was marked by the white jersey. This was decided in the same way as the general classification, but only riders under 26 years of age were eligible.[15]

For the team classification, the times of the best three cyclists per team on each stage were added; the leading team was the team with the lowest total time.[16]

In addition, there was a combativity award given after each mass-start stage to the cyclist considered most combative, who wore a red number bib the next stage. The decision was made by a jury composed of journalists who gave points. The cyclist with the most points from votes in all stages led the combativity classification.[17] Laurent Jalabert won this classification, and was given overall the super-combativity award.[7]

Classification leadership by stage[18][19]
Stage Winner General classification
 
Points classification
 
Mountains classification
 
Young rider classification
 
Team classification Combativity
  Award Classification
P Christophe Moreau Christophe Moreau Christophe Moreau no award Florent Brard Festina no award
1 Erik Zabel Erik Zabel Jacky Durand Jacky Durand Jacky Durand
2 Marc Wauters Marc Wauters Jaan Kirsipuu Robbie Hunter Crédit Agricole Jens Voigt
3 Erik Zabel Stuart O'Grady Erik Zabel Benoît Salmon Florent Brard Nicolas Jalabert
4 Laurent Jalabert Patrice Halgand Laurent Jalabert
5 Crédit Agricole Jörg Jaksche no award
6 Jaan Kirsipuu Rik Verbrugghe
7 Laurent Jalabert Jens Voigt Laurent Jalabert Laurent Jalabert
8 Erik Dekker Stuart O'Grady Stuart O'Grady Rabobank Aitor González
9 Sergei Ivanov Bradley McGee
10 Lance Armstrong[n 1] François Simon Laurent Roux Óscar Sevilla Laurent Roux Laurent Roux
11 Lance Armstrong[n 1] no award
12 Félix Cárdenas Paolo Bettini
13 Lance Armstrong[n 1] Lance Armstrong[n 1] Laurent Jalabert Kelme–Costa Blanca Laurent Jalabert Laurent Jalabert
14 Roberto Laiseka Wladimir Belli
15 Rik Verbrugghe Marco Pinotti
16 Jens Voigt Jens Voigt
17 Serge Baguet Jakob Piil
18 Lance Armstrong[n 1] no award
19 Erik Zabel Guillaume Auger
20 Ján Svorada Erik Zabel Alexander Vinokourov
Final Lance Armstrong[n 1] Erik Zabel Laurent Jalabert Óscar Sevilla Kelme–Costa Blanca Laurent Jalabert

Final standingsEdit

Legend
  Denotes the leader of the points classification[20]   Denotes the leader of the mountains classification[20]
  Denotes the leader of the young rider classification[20]   Denotes the winner of the super-combativity award[20]

General classificationEdit

Final general classification (1–10)[4]
Rank Rider Team Time
DSQ   Lance Armstrong (USA)[n 1] U.S. Postal Service 86h 17' 28"
2   Jan Ullrich (GER) Team Telekom + 6' 44"
3   Joseba Beloki (ESP) ONCE–Eroski + 9' 05"
4   Andrei Kivilev (KAZ) Cofidis + 9' 53"
5   Igor González (ESP) ONCE–Eroski + 13' 28"
6   François Simon (FRA) Bonjour + 17' 22"
7   Óscar Sevilla (ESP)   Kelme–Costa Blanca + 18' 30"
8   Santiago Botero (COL) Kelme–Costa Blanca + 20' 55"
9   Marcos Antonio Serrano (ESP) ONCE–Eroski + 21' 45"
10   Michael Boogerd (NED) Rabobank + 22' 38"

Points classificationEdit

Final points classification (1–10)[4][21]
Rank Rider Team Points
1   Erik Zabel (GER)   Team Telekom 252
2   Stuart O'Grady (AUS) Crédit Agricole 244
3   Damien Nazon (FRA) Bonjour 169
4   Alessandro Petacchi (ITA) Fassa Bortolo 148
5   Sven Teutenberg (GER) Festina 141
DSQ   Lance Armstrong (USA)[n 1] U.S. Postal Service 134
7   Jan Ullrich (GER) Team Telekom 127
8   Ján Svorada (CZE) Lampre–Daikin 124
9   Christophe Capelle (FRA) BigMat–Auber 93 114
10   François Simon (FRA) Bonjour 108

Mountains classificationEdit

Final mountains classification (1–10)[4][21]
Rank Rider Team Points
1   Laurent Jalabert (FRA)     CSC–Tiscali 258
2   Jan Ullrich (GER) Team Telekom 211
3   Laurent Roux (FRA) Jean Delatour 200
DSQ   Lance Armstrong (USA)[n 1] U.S. Postal Service 195
5   Stefano Garzelli (ITA) Mapei–Quick-Step 164
6   Roberto Laiseka (ESP) Euskaltel–Euskadi 147
7   Joseba Beloki (ESP) ONCE–Eroski 145
8   Alexander Vinokourov (KAZ) Team Telekom 134
9   Patrice Halgand (FRA) Jean Delatour 123
10   Óscar Sevilla (ESP)   Kelme–Costa Blanca 120

Young rider classificationEdit

Final young rider classification (1–10)[4][21]
Rank Rider Team Time
1   Óscar Sevilla (ESP)   Kelme–Costa Blanca 86h 35' 58
2   Francisco Mancebo (ESP) iBanesto.com + 10' 03"
3   Jörg Jaksche (DEU) ONCE–Eroski + 47' 32"
4   Denis Menchov (RUS) iBanesto.com + 1h 13' 20"
5   Marco Pinotti (ITA) Lampre–Daikin + 1h 15' 59"
6   Iván Gutiérrez (ESP) ONCE–Eroski + 1h 40' 42"
7   Sylvain Chavanel (FRA) Bonjour + 1h 41' 10"
8   Haimar Zubeldia (ESP) Euskaltel–Euskadi + 1h 47' 47"
9   Bradley McGee (AUS) Française des Jeux + 1h 59' 24"
10   Nicolas Vogondy (FRA) Française des Jeux + 2h 09' 07"

Team classificationEdit

Final team classification (1–10)[4][21]
Rank Team Time
1 Kelme–Costa Blanca 259h 14' 44"
2 ONCE–Eroski + 4' 59"
3 Team Telekom + 41' 06"
4 Bonjour + 41' 49"
5 Rabobank + 51' 53"
6 U.S. Postal Service + 54' 51"
7 Cofidis + 1h 20' 41"
8 iBanesto.com + 1h 22' 24"
9 Festina + 1h 45' 33"
10 Jean Delatour + 1h 49' 18"

Combativity classificationEdit

Final combativity classification (1–10)[4][21]
Rank Rider Team Points
1   Laurent Jalabert (FRA)     CSC–Tiscali 94
2   Laurent Roux (FRA) Jean Delatour 55
3   Jens Voigt (GER) Crédit Agricole 45
4   Rik Verbrugghe (BEL) Lotto–Adecco 44
5   Paolo Bettini (ITA) Mapei–Quick-Step 36
6   Jacky Durand (FRA) Française des Jeux 36
7   Bradley McGee (AUS) Française des Jeux 32
8   David Etxebarria (ESP) Euskaltel–Euskadi 30
9   Laurent Brochard (FRA) Jean Delatour 28
10   Nicolas Jalabert (FRA) CSC–Tiscali 23

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n On 24 August 2012, the United States Anti-Doping Agency announced that they had disqualified Armstrong from all his results since 1998, including his victory in the 2001 Tour de France.[1] The Union Cycliste Internationale, responsible for the international cycling, confirmed this verdict on 22 October 2012.[2]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Lance Armstrong Receives Lifetime Ban And Disqualification Of Competitive Results For Doping Violations Stemming From His Involvement In The United States Postal Service Pro-Cycling Team Doping Conspiracy". United States Anti-Doping Agency. 24 August 2012. Archived from the original on 4 November 2016. Retrieved 17 October 2016.
  2. ^ a b "Lance Armstrong stripped of all seven Tour de France wins by UCI". BBC News. BBC. 22 October 2012. Archived from the original on 8 September 2016. Retrieved 17 October 2016.
  3. ^ a b c Knapp, Gerard (2 May 2001). "The final selection - 21 teams for-le-Tour". Cyclingnews. Future Publishing Limited. Archived from the original on 23 July 2011. Retrieved 21 August 2011.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i "88ème Tour de France 2001" (in French). Mémoire du cyclisme. Archived from the original on 13 August 2012. Retrieved 26 September 2016.
  5. ^ "The route – Tour de France 2001". Tour de France. Amaury Sport Organisation. Archived from the original on 3 May 2004. Retrieved 25 March 2019.
  6. ^ "Mountain stages – Tour de France 2001". Tour de France. Amaury Sport Organisation. Archived from the original on 4 January 2004. Retrieved 25 March 2019.
  7. ^ a b Augendre 2016, p. 92.
  8. ^ Augendre 2016, p. 110.
  9. ^ "Lance Armstrong will be banned from cycling by USADA after saying he won't fight doping charges". The Washington Post. 24 August 2012. Archived from the original on 14 October 2012. Retrieved 24 August 2012.
  10. ^ "USADA to ban Armstrong for life, strip Tour titles". CBS News. Archived from the original on 24 August 2012. Retrieved 24 August 2012.
  11. ^ Nauright & Parrish 2012, pp. 452–455.
  12. ^ Nauright & Parrish 2012, pp. 452–453.
  13. ^ Nauright & Parrish 2012, pp. 453–454.
  14. ^ Nauright & Parrish 2012, p. 454.
  15. ^ Nauright & Parrish 2012, pp. 454–455.
  16. ^ Nauright & Parrish 2012, p. 455.
  17. ^ van den Akker 2018, pp. 211–216.
  18. ^ "Tour de France 2001 – Leaders overview". ProCyclingStats. Archived from the original on 16 February 2019. Retrieved 16 February 2019.
  19. ^ van den Akker, Pieter. "Informatie over de Tour de France van 2001" [Information about the Tour de France from 2001]. TourDeFranceStatistieken.nl (in Dutch). Archived from the original on 2 March 2019. Retrieved 2 March 2019.
  20. ^ a b c d "The stakes – Tour de France 2001". Tour de France. Amaury Sport Organisation. Archived from the original on 30 July 2001. Retrieved 25 March 2019.
  21. ^ a b c d e Jones, Jeff (2001). "Stage 20 - July 29: Corbeil Essones - Paris (Champs Elysées), 160.5 km: Zabel bags the green in exciting finale, Armstrong wins his third successive TdF". Cyclingnews. Future Publishing Limited. Archived from the original on 11 September 2009. Retrieved 30 April 2012.

BibliographyEdit

Further readingEdit

External linksEdit