2001 Tour de France
The 2001 Tour de France was a multiple-stage bicycle race held from 7 to 29 July, and the 88th edition of the Tour de France. It has no overall winner—although American cyclist Lance Armstrong originally won the event, the United States Anti-Doping Agency announced in August 2012 that they had disqualified Armstrong from all his results since 1998, including his seven Tour de France wins from 1999 to 2005. The verdict was subsequently confirmed by the Union Cycliste Internationale.
Route of the 2001 Tour de France
|Stages||20 + Prologue|
|Distance||3,458 km (2,149 mi)|
|Winning time||86h 17' 28"|
The race included a 67-kilometre-long (42 mi) team time trial, two individual time trials and five consecutive mountain-top finishing stages, the second of which was the Chamrousse special-category climb time trial. Thus, all the high-mountain stages were grouped consecutively, following the climbing time trial, with one rest day in between. France was ridden 'clockwise', so the Alps were visited before the Pyrenees. The Tour started in France but also visited Belgium in its first week. The ceremonial final stage finished at the Champs-Élysées in Paris, as is tradition. Erik Zabel won his record sixth consecutive points classification victory.
- 1 Teams
- 2 Route and stages
- 3 Race overview
- 4 Classification leadership
- 5 Final standings
- 6 Notes
- 7 References
- 8 Bibliography
- 9 Further reading
- 10 External links
The organisers felt that the 2000 Tour de France had not included enough French teams and consequently changed the selection procedure. U.S. Postal Service was selected because it included the winner of the previous edition, Lance Armstrong. Team Telekom was selected because it included the winner of the 2000 UCI Road World Cup, Erik Zabel). Mapei–Quick-Step was selected because it won the team classification in the 2000 Giro d'Italia. Kelme–Costa Blanca was selected because it won the team classifications in both the 2000 Tour de France and 2000 Vuelta a España. A further twelve teams qualified based on the UCI ranking in the highest UCI division at the end of 2000, after compensating for transfers. Although initially it was announced that four wildcards would be given, the tour organisation decided to add five teams: In total, 21 teams participated, each with 9 cyclists, giving a total of 189 cyclists.
The teams entering the race were:
Route and stagesEdit
|P||7 July||Dunkirk||8.2 km (5.1 mi)||Individual time trial||Christophe Moreau (FRA)|
|1||8 July||Saint-Omer to Boulogne-sur-Mer||194.5 km (120.9 mi)||Flat stage||Erik Zabel (GER)|
|2||9 July||Calais to Antwerp (Belgium)||220.5 km (137.0 mi)||Flat stage||Marc Wauters (BEL)|
|3||10 July||Antwerp (Belgium) to Seraing (Belgium)||198.5 km (123.3 mi)||Flat stage||Erik Zabel (GER)|
|4||11 July||Huy (Belgium) to Verdun||215.0 km (133.6 mi)||Flat stage||Laurent Jalabert (FRA)|
|5||12 July||Verdun to Bar-le-Duc||67.0 km (41.6 mi)||Team time trial||Crédit Agricole|
|6||13 July||Commercy to Strasbourg||211.5 km (131.4 mi)||Flat stage||Jaan Kirsipuu (EST)|
|7||14 July||Strasbourg to Colmar||162.5 km (101.0 mi)||Medium mountain stage||Laurent Jalabert (FRA)|
|8||15 July||Colmar to Pontarlier||222.5 km (138.3 mi)||Flat stage||Erik Dekker (NED)|
|9||16 July||Pontarlier to Aix-les-Bains||185.0 km (115.0 mi)||Flat stage||Serguei Ivanov (RUS)|
|10||17 July||Aix-les-Bains to Alpe d'Huez||209.0 km (129.9 mi)||High mountain stage|
|11||18 July||Grenoble to Chamrousse||32.0 km (19.9 mi)||Individual time trial|
|19 July||Perpignan||Rest day|
|12||20 July||Perpignan to Plateau de Bonascre||166.5 km (103.5 mi)||High mountain stage||Félix Cárdenas (COL)|
|13||21 July||Foix to Saint-Lary-Soulan Pla d'Adet||194.0 km (120.5 mi)||High mountain stage|
|14||22 July||Tarbes to Luz Ardiden||141.5 km (87.9 mi)||High mountain stage||Roberto Laiseka (ESP)|
|23 July||Pau||Rest day|
|15||24 July||Pau to Lavaur||232.5 km (144.5 mi)||Flat stage||Rik Verbrugghe (BEL)|
|16||25 July||Castelsarrasin to Sarran||229.5 km (142.6 mi)||Flat stage||Jens Voigt (GER)|
|17||26 July||Brive-la-Gaillarde to Montluçon||194.0 km (120.5 mi)||Flat stage||Serge Baguet (BEL)|
|18||27 July||Montluçon to Saint-Amand-Montrond||61.0 km (37.9 mi)||Individual time trial|
|19||28 July||Orléans to Évry||149.5 km (92.9 mi)||Flat stage||Erik Zabel (GER)|
|20||29 July||Corbeil-Essonnes to Paris (Champs-Élysées)||160.5 km (99.7 mi)||Flat stage||Ján Svorada (CZE)|
|Total||3,458 km (2,149 mi)|
This section is empty. You can help by adding to it. (October 2016)
After Armstrong abandoned his fight against the United States Anti-Doping Agency (USADA), he was stripped of his record seven Tour de France titles. The Union Cycliste Internationale endorsed the USADA sanctions and decided not to award victories to any other rider or upgrade other placings in any of the affected events. The 2001 Tour therefore has no official winner.
There were several classifications in the 2001 Tour de France. The most important was the general classification, calculated by adding each cyclist's finishing times in each stage. The cyclist with the least accumulated time was the race leader, identified by the yellow jersey; the winner of this classification is considered the winner of the Tour.
Additionally, there was a points classification, which awarded a green jersey. In this classification, cyclists got points for finishing among the best in a stage finish, or in intermediate sprints. The cyclist with the most points lead the classification and was identified with a green jersey.
There was also a mountains classification. The organisation had categorised some climbs as either hors catégorie, first, second, third, or fourth-category; points for this classification were won by the first cyclists to reach the top of these climbs, with more points available for the higher-categorised climbs. The cyclist with the most points lead the classification and wore a white jersey with red polka dots.
The fourth individual classification was the young rider classification, which was marked by the white jersey. This was decided in the same way as the general classification, but only riders under 26 years of age were eligible.
In addition, there was a combativity award given after each mass-start stage to the cyclist considered most combative, who wore a red number bib the next stage. The decision was made by a jury composed of journalists who gave points. The cyclist with the most points from votes in all stages led the combativity classification. Laurent Jalabert won this classification, and was given overall the super-combativity award.
|Denotes the leader of the points classification||Denotes the leader of the mountains classification|
|Denotes the leader of the young rider classification||Denotes the winner of the super-combativity award|
|2||Jan Ullrich (GER)||Team Telekom||+ 6' 44"|
|3||Joseba Beloki (ESP)||ONCE–Eroski||+ 9' 05"|
|4||Andrei Kivilev (KAZ)||Cofidis||+ 9' 53"|
|5||Igor González (ESP)||ONCE–Eroski||+ 13' 28"|
|6||François Simon (FRA)||Bonjour||+ 17' 22"|
|7||Óscar Sevilla (ESP)||Kelme–Costa Blanca||+ 18' 30"|
|8||Santiago Botero (COL)||Kelme–Costa Blanca||+ 20' 55"|
|9||Marcos Antonio Serrano (ESP)||ONCE–Eroski||+ 21' 45"|
|10||Michael Boogerd (NED)||Rabobank||+ 22' 38"|
|1||Erik Zabel (GER)||Team Telekom||252|
|2||Stuart O'Grady (AUS)||Crédit Agricole||244|
|3||Damien Nazon (FRA)||Bonjour||169|
|4||Alessandro Petacchi (ITA)||Fassa Bortolo||148|
|5||Sven Teutenberg (GER)||Festina||141|
|7||Jan Ullrich (GER)||Team Telekom||127|
|8||Ján Svorada (CZE)||Lampre–Daikin||124|
|9||Christophe Capelle (FRA)||BigMat–Auber 93||114|
|10||François Simon (FRA)||Bonjour||108|
|1||Laurent Jalabert (FRA)||CSC–Tiscali||258|
|2||Jan Ullrich (GER)||Team Telekom||211|
|3||Laurent Roux (FRA)||Jean Delatour||200|
|5||Stefano Garzelli (ITA)||Mapei–Quick-Step||164|
|6||Roberto Laiseka (ESP)||Euskaltel–Euskadi||147|
|7||Joseba Beloki (ESP)||ONCE–Eroski||145|
|8||Alexander Vinokourov (KAZ)||Team Telekom||134|
|9||Patrice Halgand (FRA)||Jean Delatour||123|
|10||Óscar Sevilla (ESP)||Kelme–Costa Blanca||120|
Young rider classificationEdit
|1||Óscar Sevilla (ESP)||Kelme–Costa Blanca||86h 35' 58|
|2||Francisco Mancebo (ESP)||iBanesto.com||+ 10' 03"|
|3||Jörg Jaksche (DEU)||ONCE–Eroski||+ 47' 32"|
|4||Denis Menchov (RUS)||iBanesto.com||+ 1h 13' 20"|
|5||Marco Pinotti (ITA)||Lampre–Daikin||+ 1h 15' 59"|
|6||Iván Gutiérrez (ESP)||ONCE–Eroski||+ 1h 40' 42"|
|7||Sylvain Chavanel (FRA)||Bonjour||+ 1h 41' 10"|
|8||Haimar Zubeldia (ESP)||Euskaltel–Euskadi||+ 1h 47' 47"|
|9||Bradley McGee (AUS)||Française des Jeux||+ 1h 59' 24"|
|10||Nicolas Vogondy (FRA)||Française des Jeux||+ 2h 09' 07"|
|1||Kelme–Costa Blanca||259h 14' 44"|
|2||ONCE–Eroski||+ 4' 59"|
|3||Team Telekom||+ 41' 06"|
|4||Bonjour||+ 41' 49"|
|5||Rabobank||+ 51' 53"|
|6||U.S. Postal Service||+ 54' 51"|
|7||Cofidis||+ 1h 20' 41"|
|8||iBanesto.com||+ 1h 22' 24"|
|9||Festina||+ 1h 45' 33"|
|10||Jean Delatour||+ 1h 49' 18"|
|1||Laurent Jalabert (FRA)||CSC–Tiscali||94|
|2||Laurent Roux (FRA)||Jean Delatour||55|
|3||Jens Voigt (GER)||Crédit Agricole||45|
|4||Rik Verbrugghe (BEL)||Lotto–Adecco||44|
|5||Paolo Bettini (ITA)||Mapei–Quick-Step||36|
|6||Jacky Durand (FRA)||Française des Jeux||36|
|7||Bradley McGee (AUS)||Française des Jeux||32|
|8||David Etxebarria (ESP)||Euskaltel–Euskadi||30|
|9||Laurent Brochard (FRA)||Jean Delatour||28|
|10||Nicolas Jalabert (FRA)||CSC–Tiscali||23|
- On 24 August 2012, the United States Anti-Doping Agency announced that they had disqualified Armstrong from all his results since 1998, including his victory in the 2001 Tour de France. The Union Cycliste Internationale, responsible for the international cycling, confirmed this verdict on 22 October 2012.
- "Lance Armstrong Receives Lifetime Ban And Disqualification Of Competitive Results For Doping Violations Stemming From His Involvement In The United States Postal Service Pro-Cycling Team Doping Conspiracy". United States Anti-Doping Agency. 24 August 2012. Archived from the original on 4 November 2016. Retrieved 17 October 2016.
- "Lance Armstrong stripped of all seven Tour de France wins by UCI". BBC News. BBC. 22 October 2012. Archived from the original on 8 September 2016. Retrieved 17 October 2016.
- Knapp, Gerard (2 May 2001). "The final selection - 21 teams for-le-Tour". Cyclingnews. Future Publishing Limited. Archived from the original on 23 July 2011. Retrieved 21 August 2011.
- "88ème Tour de France 2001" (in French). Mémoire du cyclisme. Archived from the original on 13 August 2012. Retrieved 26 September 2016.
- "The route – Tour de France 2001". Tour de France. Amaury Sport Organisation. Archived from the original on 3 May 2004. Retrieved 25 March 2019.
- "Mountain stages – Tour de France 2001". Tour de France. Amaury Sport Organisation. Archived from the original on 4 January 2004. Retrieved 25 March 2019.
- Augendre 2016, p. 92.
- Augendre 2016, p. 110.
- "Lance Armstrong will be banned from cycling by USADA after saying he won't fight doping charges". The Washington Post. 24 August 2012. Archived from the original on 14 October 2012. Retrieved 24 August 2012.
- "USADA to ban Armstrong for life, strip Tour titles". CBS News. Archived from the original on 24 August 2012. Retrieved 24 August 2012.
- Nauright & Parrish 2012, pp. 452–455.
- Nauright & Parrish 2012, pp. 452–453.
- Nauright & Parrish 2012, pp. 453–454.
- Nauright & Parrish 2012, p. 454.
- Nauright & Parrish 2012, pp. 454–455.
- Nauright & Parrish 2012, p. 455.
- van den Akker 2018, pp. 211–216.
- "Tour de France 2001 – Leaders overview". ProCyclingStats. Archived from the original on 16 February 2019. Retrieved 16 February 2019.
- van den Akker, Pieter. "Informatie over de Tour de France van 2001" [Information about the Tour de France from 2001]. TourDeFranceStatistieken.nl (in Dutch). Archived from the original on 2 March 2019. Retrieved 2 March 2019.
- "The stakes – Tour de France 2001". Tour de France. Amaury Sport Organisation. Archived from the original on 30 July 2001. Retrieved 25 March 2019.
- Jones, Jeff (2001). "Stage 20 - July 29: Corbeil Essones - Paris (Champs Elysées), 160.5 km: Zabel bags the green in exciting finale, Armstrong wins his third successive TdF". Cyclingnews. Future Publishing Limited. Archived from the original on 11 September 2009. Retrieved 30 April 2012.
- Augendre, Jacques (2016). Guide historique [Historical guide] (PDF). Tour de France (in French). Paris: Amaury Sport Organisation. Archived (PDF) from the original on 17 August 2016. Retrieved 27 October 2016.
- Nauright, John; Parrish, Charles (2012). Sports Around the World: History, Culture, and Practice. 2. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO. ISBN 978-1-59884-300-2.
- van den Akker, Pieter (2018). Tour de France Rules and Statistics: 1903–2018. Self-published. ISBN 978-1-79398-080-9.