Seraing (French pronunciation: [səʁɛ̃] ; Walloon: Serè) is a city and municipality of Wallonia located in the province of Liège, Belgium.

Serè (Walloon)
City Hall
City Hall
Flag of Seraing
Coat of arms of Seraing
Location of Seraing
Seraing is located in Belgium
Location in Belgium
Location of Seraing in the province of Liège
Coordinates: 50°35′N 05°30′E / 50.583°N 5.500°E / 50.583; 5.500
Country Belgium
CommunityFrench Community
 • MayorDéborah Géradon [fr] (PS)
 • Governing party/iesPS
 • Total35.25 km2 (13.61 sq mi)
 • Total64,270
 • Density1,800/km2 (4,700/sq mi)
Postal codes
4100, 4101, 4102
NIS code
Area codes04

The municipality consists of the following districts: Boncelles, Jemeppe-sur-Meuse, Ougrée, and Seraing. With Liège, Herstal, Saint-Nicolas, Ans, and Flémalle, it forms the greater Liège agglomeration (600,000 inhabitants). To the south of Seraing are the Condroz and the Ardennes regions.

In addition to its steel factories, Seraing is home to the crystal manufacture Val Saint Lambert, which has been operating on the site of an old Cistercian abbey since 1826. The site of the Arcelor steel company, previously known as Cockerill-Sambre, is the former summer residence for the Prince-Bishopric of Liège.


Historical affiliations

Lotharingia 956–959
  Duchy of Lower Lorraine 959–985
  Prince-Bishopric of Liège 985–1789
  Republic of Liège 1789–1791
  Prince-Bishopric of Liège 1791–1795
  French Republic 1795–1804
  French Empire 1804–1815
  Kingdom of the Netherlands 1815–1830
  Kingdom of Belgium 1830–present

Antiquity and Middle Ages


Several skeletons, potshards, weapons, and jewels were discovered here, dating from the 5th and 6th century, attesting to Seraing being inhabited in Frankish times. The first mention of Saran dates from 956, when a Carolingian farming domain extending on both sides of the river Meuse and owned by someone named Saran was donated to the abbey of Sint-Truiden. The whole territory soon passed to the Prince-Bishopric of Liège. In the 11th century, Prince-Bishop Henri I of Verdun used a house in Seranus to entertain guests. Throughout the Middle Ages, the inhabitants of Seraing owed allegiance to Liège, pledging to defend the fluvial approach to the city in case of invasion, in exchange for tax exonerations. The first wooden bridge across the river, which replaced the ferry, was built in 1381.

Industrial development

Bridge over the Meuse, in 1902

The name of the town changed several times throughout its history, with the current spelling only being set in the 18th century. At around that time, various factors combined to attract industrial investors to Seraing: the advent of the Industrial Revolution, the proximity of the river Meuse, and the discovery of coal at Ougrée. The first ironworks were founded there in 1809. John Cockerill and his brother James revolutionized the steel industry by using blast furnaces and coke instead of traditional charcoal. These inventions would be the basis for his new company, John Cockerill & Cie established in Seraing in 1817. Over the next decades, many more metallurgical plants and foundries were built in this area, which became an integral part of Wallonia's industrial backbone, the sillon industriel. Glassworkers found the proximity of a cheap source of coal attractive. The Val Saint Lambert started its operations in 1826.

Seraing was the first location in Belgium where the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints built in Belgium. Work began on the building in 1927 and completed before the end of 1930.[2]

Recent developments


In the 2012 Tour de France, Seraing acted as the finish of Stage 1.

Politics and administration


List of mayors



Val-Saint-Lambert Abbey
  • The Val Saint Lambert site includes the old Val-Saint-Lambert Abbey and the crystal manufacture, where glass workers still blow, carve, and etch the world-famous pieces of art. The neighbouring castle houses a glass museum.
  • The Cockerill castle used to be the summer residence of the prince-bishops of Liège, then a hospital under Napoleon, a powder magazine, and the personal property of William I of the Netherlands, who ceded it to the Cockerill family in 1817.
  • Besides the Cockerill castle, the historic centre of the city also includes the city hall and the main church, which harbours 12th-century baptismal fonts.
  • The forested region south of Seraing offers a multitude of strolls and hikes.


A macrale
  • According to an old local legend, witches (Walloon: macrales) abound in the Seraing area. The macrales have been resurrected in the year 2000 and are now a regular staple of the local folklore.
  • Like many other towns in Wallonia, Seraing has its own giant puppet: Li Rayeû d’class.
  • Seraing also counts a number of colourful associations, including a coopers’ brotherhood, whose goal is to revive the wineries of the Val Saint Lambert abbey, and the “Gay Boulet” brotherhood, whose mission is to popularize Boulets à la Liégeoise, a local recipe.

Notable people

John Cockerill statue and tomb

International relations


Twin towns—Sister cities


Seraing is twinned with:

See also



  1. ^ "Wettelijke Bevolking per gemeente op 1 januari 2018". Statbel. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  2. ^ Jenson, Andrew. Encyclopedic History of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. (Salt Lake City: Deseret News Press, 1941) p. 269