2003 Tour de France
The 2003 Tour de France was a multiple stage bicycle race held from 5 to 27 July, and the 90th edition of the Tour de France. It has no overall winner—although American cyclist Lance Armstrong originally won the event, the United States Anti-Doping Agency announced in August 2012 that they had disqualified Armstrong from all his results since 1998, including his seven Tour de France wins from 1999 to 2005; the Union Cycliste Internationale has confirmed this verdict.
Route of the 2003 Tour de France
|Stages||20 + Prologue|
|Distance||3,427 km (2,129 mi)|
|Winning time||83h 41' 12"|
The event started and ended in Paris, covering 3,427 km (2,129 mi) proceeding clockwise in twenty stages around France, including six major mountain stages. Due to the centennial celebration, this edition of the tour was raced entirely in France and did not enter neighboring countries.
In the centenary year of the race the route recreated, in part, that of 1903. There was a special Centenaire Classement prize for the best-placed in each of the six stage finishes which match the 1903 tour - Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Nantes and Paris. It was won by Stuart O'Grady, with Thor Hushovd in second place. The 2003 Tour was honored with the Prince of Asturias Award for Sport.
Of the 198 riders the favourite was again Armstrong, aiming for a record equalling fifth win. Before the race, it was believed that his main rivals would include Iban Mayo, Aitor González, Tyler Hamilton, Ivan Basso, Gilberto Simoni, Jan Ullrich, and Joseba Beloki but Armstrong was the odds-on favourite. Though he did go on to win the race, it is statistically, and by Armstrong's own admission, his weakest Tour from his seven-year period of dominance over the race.
The team selection was done in three rounds: in November 2002, the fourteen highest-ranking Union Cycliste Internationale (UCI) teams would automatically qualify; four wildcard invitations were given in January 2003, and four more in mid-May.
The teams entering the race were:
Some notable cyclists excluded from the race were Mario Cipollini and Marco Pantani, whose teams Domina Vacanze–Elitron and Mercatone Uno–Scanavino were not selected. Especially the absence of Cipollini, the reigning world champion, came as a surprise. The Tour organisation gave the reason that Cipollini had never been able to finish the race.
In the first round, the Coast team had been selected to compete, and in January 2003 they signed Jan Ullrich. Financial problems then almost prevented the team from starting, but after Bianchi stepped in as a new sponsor, Team Bianchi was allowed to take the place of Team Coast.
Route and stagesEdit
|P||5 July||Paris||6.5 km (4.0 mi)||Individual time trial||Bradley McGee (AUS)|
|1||6 July||Saint-Denis to Meaux||168.0 km (104.4 mi)||Flat stage||Alessandro Petacchi (ITA)|
|2||7 July||La Ferté-sous-Jouarre to Sedan||204.5 km (127.1 mi)||Flat stage||Baden Cooke (AUS)|
|3||8 July||Charleville-Mézières to Saint-Dizier||167.5 km (104.1 mi)||Flat stage||Alessandro Petacchi (ITA)|
|4||9 July||Joinville to Saint-Dizier||69.0 km (42.9 mi)||Team time trial||U.S. Postal Service (USA)|
|5||10 July||Troyes to Nevers||196.5 km (122.1 mi)||Flat stage||Alessandro Petacchi (ITA)|
|6||11 July||Nevers to Lyon||230.0 km (142.9 mi)||Flat stage||Alessandro Petacchi (ITA)|
|7||12 July||Lyon to Morzine||230.5 km (143.2 mi)||Mountain Stage (s)||Richard Virenque (FRA)|
|8||13 July||Sallanches to Alpe d'Huez||219.0 km (136.1 mi)||Mountain Stage (s)||Iban Mayo (ESP)|
|9||14 July||Le Bourg-d'Oisans to Gap||184.5 km (114.6 mi)||Mountain Stage (s)||Alexander Vinokourov (KAZ)|
|10||15 July||Gap to Marseille||219.5 km (136.4 mi)||Flat stage||Jakob Piil (DEN)|
|16 July||Narbonne||Rest day|
|11||17 July||Narbonne to Toulouse||153.5 km (95.4 mi)||Flat stage||Juan Antonio Flecha (ESP)|
|12||18 July||Gaillac to Cap Découverte||47.0 km (29.2 mi)||Individual time trial||Jan Ullrich (GER)|
|13||19 July||Toulouse to Ax 3 Domaines||197.5 km (122.7 mi)||Mountain Stage (s)||Carlos Sastre (ESP)|
|14||20 July||Saint-Girons to Loudenvielle||191.5 km (119.0 mi)||Mountain Stage (s)||Gilberto Simoni (ITA)|
|15||21 July||Bagnères-de-Bigorre to Luz Ardiden||159.5 km (99.1 mi)||Mountain Stage (s)|
|22 July||Pau||Rest day|
|16||23 July||Pau to Bayonne||197.5 km (122.7 mi)||Mountain Stage (s)||Tyler Hamilton (USA)|
|17||24 July||Dax to Bordeaux||181.0 km (112.5 mi)||Flat stage||Servais Knaven (NED)|
|18||25 July||Bordeaux to Saint-Maixent-l'École||203.5 km (126.4 mi)||Flat stage||Pablo Lastras (ESP)|
|19||26 July||Pornic to Nantes||49.0 km (30.4 mi)||Individual time trial||David Millar (GBR)|
|20||27 July||Ville-d'Avray to Paris (Champs-Élysées)||152.0 km (94.4 mi)||Flat stage||Jean-Patrick Nazon (FRA)|
|Total||3,427 km (2,129 mi)|
This section needs expansion with: Full overview of the rest of the race and more references. You can help by adding to it. (October 2017)
The Tour proved to be one more hotly contested than the previous years. Tyler Hamilton and Levi Leipheimer were involved in a crash early in the Tour. Leipheimer dropped out, Hamilton continued and got fourth place in the end while riding with a broken collarbone.
In the Alps, Gilberto Simoni and Stefano Garzelli, first and second in the Giro d'Italia earlier the same year, could not keep up with Lance Armstrong and the other favourites. The same held for last year's number 4, Santiago Botero. Joseba Beloki could, and was in second-place overall (just 40 seconds behind Armstrong) when he crashed on a fast descent from the Cote de La Rochette, shortly after passing the Col de Manse into Gap. The crash was a result of a locked brake, caused by a lack of traction from melting tar on the road, which led to the tyre coming off the rim. Beloki broke his right femur, elbow and wrist, and had to leave the Tour. Armstrong made a detour through the field beside the road to avoid the fallen Beloki. Armstrong was in yellow, but Jan Ullrich won the first time trial by one minute and 36 seconds. He and Alexander Vinokourov were both within very short distance from Armstrong.
Subsequent to Armstrong's statement to withdraw his fight against United States Anti-Doping Agency's (USADA) charges, on 24 August 2012, the USADA said it would ban Armstrong for life and stripped him of his record seven Tour de France titles. Later that day it was confirmed in a USADA statement that Armstrong was banned for life and would be disqualified from any and all competitive results obtained on and subsequent to 1 August 1998, including forfeiture of any medals, titles, winnings, finishes, points and prizes. On 22 October 2012, the Union Cycliste Internationale endorsed the USADA sanctions, and decided not to award victories to any other rider or upgrade other placings in any of the affected events.
There were four main individual classifications contested in the 2003 Tour de France, as well as a team competition. The most important was the general classification, which was calculated by adding each rider's finishing times on each stage. There were time bonuses given at the end of each mass start stage. If a crash had happened within the final 1 km (0.6 mi) of a stage, not including time trials and summit finishes, the riders involved would have received the same time as the group they were in when the crash occurred. The rider with the lowest cumulative time was the winner of the general classification and was considered the overall winner of the Tour. The rider leading the classification wore a yellow jersey.
The second classification was the points classification. Riders received points for finishing in the highest positions in a stage finish, or in intermediate sprints during the stage. The points available for each stage finish were determined by the stage's type. The leader was identified by a green jersey.
The third classification was the mountains classification. Most stages of the race included one or more categorised climbs, in which points were awarded to the riders that reached the summit first. The climbs were categorised as fourth-, third-, second- or first-category and hors catégorie, with the more difficult climbs rated lower. The leader wore a white jersey with red polka dots.
The final individual classification was the young rider classification. This was calculated the same way as the general classification, but the classification was restricted to riders who were born on or after 1 January 1977. The leader wore a white jersey.
The final classification was a team classification. This was calculated using the finishing times of the best three riders per team on each stage; the leading team was the team with the lowest cumulative time.
In addition, there was a combativity award given after each mass start stage to the rider considered, by a jury, to have "shown the greatest effort and demonstrated the greatest sporting spirit". The winner wore a red number bib the following stage. At the conclusion of the Tour, Alexander Vinokourov (Team Telekom) won the overall super-combativity award.
There was special classification, the Centenaire, which combined times of riders across the six stages involving cities visited during 1903 Tour. The cities were: Lyon, on stage 6; Marseille, on stage 10; Toulouse, on stage 11; Bordeaux, on stage 17; Nantes, on stage 19; and Paris, on stage 20.
|Denotes the leader of the points classification||Denotes the leader of the mountains classification|
|Denotes the leader of the young rider classification||Denotes the winner of the super-combativity award|
|2||Jan Ullrich (GER)||Team Bianchi||+ 1' 01"|
|3||Alexander Vinokourov (KAZ)||Team Telekom||+ 4' 14"|
|4||Tyler Hamilton (USA)||Team CSC||+ 6' 17"|
|5||Haimar Zubeldia (ESP)||Euskaltel–Euskadi||+ 6' 51"|
|6||Iban Mayo (ESP)||Euskaltel–Euskadi||+ 7' 06"|
|7||Ivan Basso (ITA)||Fassa Bortolo||+ 10' 12"|
|8||Christophe Moreau (FRA)||Crédit Agricole||+ 12' 28"|
|9||Carlos Sastre (ESP)||Team CSC||+ 18' 49"|
|10||Francisco Mancebo (ESP)||iBanesto.com||+ 19' 15"|
|1||Baden Cooke (AUS)||FDJeux.com||216|
|2||Robbie McEwen (AUS)||Lotto–Domo||214|
|3||Erik Zabel (DEU)||Team Telekom||188|
|4||Thor Hushovd (NOR)||Crédit Agricole||173|
|5||Luca Paolini (ITA)||Quick-Step–Davitamon||156|
|6||Jean-Patrick Nazon (FRA)||Jean Delatour||154|
|7||Stuart O'Grady (AUS)||Crédit Agricole||153|
|8||Fabrizio Guidi (ITA)||Team Bianchi||122|
|9||Jan Ullrich (GER)||Team Bianchi||112|
|10||Damien Nazon (FRA)||Brioches La Boulangère||107|
|1||Richard Virenque (FRA)||Quick-Step–Davitamon||324|
|2||Laurent Dufaux (SUI)||Alessio||187|
|4||Christophe Moreau (FRA)||Crédit Agricole||137|
|5||Juan Miguel Mercado (ESP)||iBanesto.com||136|
|6||Iban Mayo (ESP)||Euskaltel–Euskadi||130|
|7||Haimar Zubeldia (ESP)||Euskaltel–Euskadi||125|
|8||Jan Ullrich (GER)||Team Bianchi||124|
|9||Tyler Hamilton (USA)||Team CSC||116|
|10||Paolo Bettini (ITA)||Quick-Step–Davitamon||100|
Young rider classificationEdit
|1||Denis Menchov (RUS)||iBanesto.com||84h 0' 56"|
|2||Mikel Astarloza (ESP)||AG2R Prévoyance||+ 42' 29"|
|3||Juan Miguel Mercado (ESP)||iBanesto.com||+ 1h 02' 48"|
|4||Sylvain Chavanel (FRA)||Brioches La Boulangère||+ 1h 05' 17"|
|5||Andy Flickinger (FRA)||AG2R Prévoyance||+ 1h 09' 09"|
|6||Michael Rogers (AUS)||Quick-Step–Davitamon||+ 1h 17' 44"|
|7||Matthias Kessler (GER)||Team Telekom||+ 1h 25' 33"|
|8||Evgeni Petrov (RUS)||iBanesto.com||+ 1h 32' 19"|
|9||Jérôme Pineau (FRA)||Brioches La Boulangère||+ 1h 51' 49"|
|10||Franco Pellizotti (ITA)||Alessio||+ 2h 01' 08"|
|1||Team CSC||248h 18' 18"|
|2||iBanesto.com||+ 21' 46"|
|3||Euskaltel–Euskadi||+ 44' 59"|
|4||U.S. Postal Service||+ 45' 53"|
|5||Team Bianchi||+ 1h 12' 40"|
|6||Team Telekom||+ 1h 38' 45"|
|7||Quick-Step–Davitamon||+ 2h 02' 17"|
|8||Brioches La Boulangère||+ 2h 02' 36"|
|9||AG2R Prévoyance||+ 2h 08' 06"|
|10||Cofidis||+ 2h 08' 56"|
|1||Stuart O'Grady (AUS)||Crédit Agricole||82|
|2||Thor Hushovd (NOR)||Crédit Agricole||86|
|3||Fabrizio Guidi (ITA)||Team Bianchi||103|
|4||Luca Paolini (ITA)||Quick-Step–Davitamon||118|
|5||Gerrit Glomser (AUT)||Saeco Macchine per Caffè||123|
|6||Jan Ullrich (GER)||Bianchi||165|
|7||Damien Nazon (FRA)||Brioches La Boulangère||169|
|8||Baden Cooke (AUS)||FDJeux.com||184|
|9||Bradley McGee (AUS)||FDJeux.com||188|
|10||Christophe Moreau (FRA)||Crédit Agricole||210|
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