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The 2004 Tour de France was a multiple stage bicycle race held from 3 to 25 July, and the 91st edition of the Tour de France. It has no overall winner—although American cyclist Lance Armstrong originally won the event, the United States Anti-Doping Agency announced in August 2012 that they had disqualified Armstrong from all his results since 1998, including his seven Tour de France wins from 1999 to 2005; the Union Cycliste Internationale confirmed this verdict.[3]

2004 Tour de France
Route of the 2004 Tour de France
Route of the 2004 Tour de France
Race details
Dates3–25 July
Stages20 + Prologue
Distance3,391 km (2,107 mi)
Winning time83h 36' 02"
Results
  Winner Lance Armstrong none[n 1]
  Second  Andreas Klöden (GER) (T-Mobile Team)
  Third  Ivan Basso (ITA) (Team CSC)

Points  Robbie McEwen (AUS) (Lotto–Domo)
Mountains  Richard Virenque (FRA) (Quick-Step–Davitamon)
Youth  Vladimir Karpets (RUS) (Illes Balears–Banesto)
Combativity  Richard Virenque (FRA) (Quick-Step–Davitamon)
  Team T-Mobile Team
← 2003
2005 →

The event consisted of 20 stages over 3,391 km (2,107 mi). Armstrong had been favored to win, his competitors seen as being German Jan Ullrich, Spaniards Roberto Heras and Iban Mayo, and fellow Americans Levi Leipheimer and Tyler Hamilton. A major surprise in the Tour was the performance of French newcomer Thomas Voeckler, who unexpectedly won the yellow jersey as leader of the general classification in the fifth stage and held onto it for ten stages before finally losing it to Armstrong.

This Tour saw the mistreatment of Filippo Simeoni by Armstrong on Stage 18. Armstrong also made a "zip-the-lips" gesture on camera, apparently referencing Simeoni.

The route of the 2004 Tour was remarkable. With two individual time trials scheduled in the last week, one of them the climb of Alpe d'Huez, the directors were hoping for a close race until the end. For the first time in years, the mountains of the Massif Central made an appearance.

TeamsEdit

 
Team CSC during the team time trial on stage four

The first 14 teams in the UCI Road World Rankings at 31 January 2004 were automatically invited. Initially the organisers had an option for a 22nd team, which would be Kelme, but after Jesús Manzano exposed doping use in that team, Kelme was not invited, and the race started with 21 teams of nine cyclists.[4]

The teams entering the race were:[5]

Qualified teams

Invited teams

Route and stagesEdit

Stage characteristics and winners[6][7][8]
Stage Date Course Distance Type Winner
P 3 July Liège (Belgium) 6.1 km (3.8 mi)   Individual time trial   Fabian Cancellara (SUI)
1 4 July Liège (Belgium) to Charleroi (Belgium) 202.5 km (125.8 mi)   Plain stage   Jaan Kirsipuu (EST)
2 5 July Charleroi (Belgium) to Namur (Belgium) 197.0 km (122.4 mi)   Plain stage   Robbie McEwen (AUS)
3 6 July Waterloo (Belgium) to Wasquehal 210.0 km (130.5 mi)   Plain stage   Jean-Patrick Nazon (FRA)
4 7 July Cambrai to Arras 64.5 km (40.1 mi)   Team time trial   U.S. Postal Service (USA)
5 8 July Amiens to Chartres 200.5 km (124.6 mi)   Plain stage   Stuart O'Grady (AUS)
6 9 July Bonneval to Angers 196.0 km (121.8 mi)   Plain stage   Tom Boonen (BEL)
7 10 July Châteaubriant to Saint-Brieuc 204.5 km (127.1 mi)   Plain stage   Filippo Pozzato (ITA)
8 11 July Lamballe to Quimper 168.0 km (104.4 mi)   Plain stage   Thor Hushovd (NOR)
12 July Limoges Rest day
9 13 July Saint-Léonard-de-Noblat to Guéret 160.5 km (99.7 mi)   Plain stage   Robbie McEwen (AUS)
10 14 July Limoges to Saint-Flour 237.0 km (147.3 mi)   Hilly stage   Richard Virenque (FRA)
11 15 July Saint-Flour to Figeac 164.0 km (101.9 mi)   Hilly stage   David Moncoutié (FRA)
12 16 July Castelsarrasin to La Mongie 197.5 km (122.7 mi)   Mountain stage   Ivan Basso (ITA)
13 17 July Lannemezan to Plateau de Beille 205.5 km (127.7 mi)   Mountain stage   Lance Armstrong (USA)[n 1]
14 18 July Carcassonne to Nîmes 192.5 km (119.6 mi)   Plain stage   Aitor González (ESP)
19 July Nîmes Rest day
15 20 July Valréas to Villard-de-Lans 180.5 km (112.2 mi)   Mountain stage   Lance Armstrong (USA)[n 1]
16 21 July Le Bourg-d'Oisans to Alpe d'Huez 15.5 km (9.6 mi)   Individual time trial   Lance Armstrong (USA)[n 1]
17 22 July Le Bourg-d'Oisans to Le Grand-Bornand 204.5 km (127.1 mi)   Mountain stage   Lance Armstrong (USA)[n 1]
18 23 July Annemasse to Lons-le-Saunier 166.5 km (103.5 mi)   Hilly stage   Juan Miguel Mercado (ESP)
19 24 July Besançon to Besançon 55.0 km (34.2 mi)   Individual time trial   Lance Armstrong (USA)[n 1]
20 25 July Montereau-Fault-Yonne to Paris (Champs-Élysées) 163.0 km (101.3 mi)   Plain stage   Tom Boonen (BEL)
Total 3,391 km (2,107 mi)[9]

Race overviewEdit

DopingEdit

The 18th stage saw mistreatment of Filippo Simeoni by Lance Armstrong, after Simeoni had testified about doping and doctor Michele Ferrari.[10]

The book L. A. Confidentiel, by David Walsh and Pierre Ballester, came out shortly before the 2004 Tour, accusing Lance Armstrong of doping. Lance Armstrong and his lawyers asked for an emergency hearing in French court to insert a denial into the book. The French judge denied this request. Armstrong also launched defamation suits against the publisher and the authors, as well as magazine L'Express and UK newspaper The Sunday Times which both referenced it.[11][12][13]

Subsequent to Armstrong's statement to withdraw his fight against United States Anti-Doping Agency's (USADA) charges, on 24 August 2012, the USADA said it would ban Armstrong for life and stripped him of his record seven Tour de France titles.[14][15] Later that day it was confirmed in a USADA statement that Armstrong was banned for life and would be disqualified from any and all competitive results obtained on and subsequent to 1 August 1998, including forfeiture of any medals, titles, winnings, finishes, points and prizes.[1] On 22 October 2012, the Union Cycliste Internationale endorsed the USADA sanctions, and decided not to award victories to any other rider or upgrade other placings in any of the affected events.[2]

Classification leadershipEdit

There were four main individual classifications contested in the 2004 Tour de France, as well as a team competition. The most important was the general classification, which was calculated by adding each rider's finishing times on each stage.[16] Time bonuses given at the end of each mass start stage.[17] If a crash had happened within the final 3 km (1.9 mi) of a stage, not including time trials and summit finishes, the riders involved would have received the same time as the group they were in when the crash occurred.[18] The rider with the lowest cumulative time was the winner of the general classification and was considered the overall winner of the Tour.[16] The rider leading the classification wore a yellow jersey.[19]

The second classification was the points classification. Riders received points for finishing in the highest positions in a stage finish, or in intermediate sprints during the stage. The points available for each stage finish were determined by the stage's type.[16] The leader was identified by a green jersey.[19]

The third classification was the mountains classification. Most stages of the race included one or more categorised climbs, in which points were awarded to the riders that reached the summit first. The climbs were categorised as fourth-, third-, second- or first-category and hors catégorie, with the more difficult climbs rated lower.[20] The leader wore a white jersey with red polka dots.[19]

The final individual classification was the young rider classification. This was calculated the same way as the general classification, but the classification was restricted to riders who were born on or after 1 January 1979.[20] The leader wore a white jersey.[19]

The final classification was a team classification. This was calculated using the finishing times of the best three riders per team on each stage; the leading team was the team with the lowest cumulative time. The number of stage victories and placings per team determined the outcome of a tie.[20]

In addition, there was a combativity award given after each mass start stage to the rider considered, by a jury, to have "made the most effort and who has demonstrated the best sportsmanship".[20] The winner wore a blue number bib the following stage.[19] At the conclusion of the Tour, Richard Virenque (Quick-Step–Davitamon) was given the overall super-combativity award.[21]

Classification leadership by stage[22][23]
Stage Winner General classification
 
Points classification
 
Mountains classification
 
Young rider classification
 
Team classification Combativity award
 [24]
P Fabian Cancellara Fabian Cancellara Fabian Cancellara no award Fabian Cancellara U.S. Postal Service no award
1 Jaan Kirsipuu Thor Hushovd Jens Voigt Jens Voigt
2 Robbie McEwen Thor Hushovd Paolo Bettini Jakob Piil
3 Jean-Patrick Nazon Robbie McEwen Robbie McEwen Jens Voigt
4 U.S. Postal Service Lance Armstrong[n 1] Matthias Kessler no award
5 Stuart O'Grady Thomas Voeckler Thomas Voeckler Team CSC Sandy Casar
6 Tom Boonen Stuart O'Grady Jimmy Engoulvent
7 Fillippo Pozzato Thierry Marichal
8 Thor Hushovd Robbie McEwen Jakob Piil
9 Robbie McEwen Iñigo Landaluze
10 Richard Virenque Richard Virenque Richard Virenque
11 David Moncoutié David Moncoutié
12 Ivan Basso Frédéric Finot
13 Lance Armstrong[n 1] Michael Rasmussen
14 Aitor González T-Mobile Team Nicolas Jalabert
15 Lance Armstrong[n 1] Lance Armstrong[n 1] Team CSC Michael Rasmussen
16 Lance Armstrong[n 1] T-Mobile Team no award
17 Lance Armstrong[n 1] Gilberto Simoni
18 Juan Miguel Mercado José García Acosta
19 Lance Armstrong[n 1] Vladimir Karpets no award
20 Tom Boonen Filippo Simeoni
Final Lance Armstrong[n 1] Robbie McEwen Richard Virenque Vladimir Karpets T-Mobile Team Richard Virenque

Final standingsEdit

Legend
  Denotes the leader of the points classification[25]   Denotes the leader of the mountains classification[25]
  Denotes the leader of the young rider classification[25]   Denotes the winner of the super-combativity award[25]

General classificationEdit

Final general classification (1–10)[7][26]
Rank Rider Team Time
DSQ   Lance Armstrong (USA)[n 1] U.S. Postal Service 83h 36' 02"
2   Andreas Klöden (GER) T-Mobile Team + 6' 19"
3   Ivan Basso (ITA) Team CSC + 6' 40"
4   Jan Ullrich (GER) T-Mobile Team + 8' 50"
5   José Azevedo (POR) U.S. Postal Service + 14' 30"
6   Francisco Mancebo (ESP) Illes Balears–Banesto + 18' 01"
7   Georg Totschnig (AUT) Gerolsteiner + 18' 27"
8   Carlos Sastre (ESP) Team CSC + 19' 51"
DSQ   Levi Leipheimer (USA) Rabobank + 20' 12"
10   Óscar Pereiro (ESP) Phonak + 22' 54"

Points classificationEdit

Final points classification (1–10)[26]
Rank Rider Team Points
1   Robbie McEwen (AUS)   Lotto–Domo 272
2   Thor Hushovd (NOR) Crédit Agricole 247
3   Erik Zabel (GER) T-Mobile Team 245
4   Stuart O'Grady (AUS) Cofidis 234
5   Danilo Hondo (GER) Gerolsteiner 227
6   Tom Boonen (BEL) Quick-Step–Davitamon 163
7   Jean-Patrick Nazon (FRA) AG2R Prévoyance 146
DSQ   Lance Armstrong (USA)[n 1] U.S. Postal Service 143
9   Laurent Brochard (FRA) AG2R Prévoyance 139
10   Andreas Klöden (GER) T-Mobile Team 131

Mountains classificationEdit

Final mountains classification (1–10)[26]
Rank Rider Team Points
1   Richard Virenque (FRA)     Quick-Step–Davitamon 226
DSQ   Lance Armstrong (USA)[n 1] U.S. Postal Service 172
3   Michael Rasmussen (DEN) Rabobank 119
4   Ivan Basso (ITA) Team CSC 119
5   Jan Ullrich (GER) T-Mobile Team 115
6   Christophe Moreau (FRA) Crédit Agricole 115
7   Andreas Klöden (GER) T-Mobile Team 112
8   Francisco Mancebo (ESP) Illes Balears–Banesto 77
9   Jens Voigt (GER) Team CSC 71
10   Axel Merckx (BEL) Lotto–Domo 65

Young rider classificationEdit

Final young rider classification (1–10)[26]
Rank Rider Team Time
1   Vladimir Karpets (RUS)   Illes Balears–Banesto 84h 01' 13'
2   Sandy Casar (FRA) FDJeux.com + 3' 42"
3   Thomas Voeckler (FRA) Brioches La Boulangère + 6' 01"
4   Michael Rogers (AUS) Quick-Step–Davitamon + 16' 28"
5   Iker Camaño (ESP) Euskaltel–Euskadi + 22' 03"
6   Jérôme Pineau (FRA) Brioches La Boulangère + 22' 32"
7   Sylvain Chavanel (FRA) Brioches La Boulangère + 29' 32"
8   Michele Scarponi (ITA) Domina Vacanze + 37' 50"
9   Mikel Astarloza (ESP) AG2R Prévoyance + 1h 29' 53"
10   Benjamín Noval (ESP) U.S. Postal Service + 1h 32' 30"

Team classificationEdit

Final team classification (1–10)[26]
Rank Team Time
1 T-Mobile Team 248h 58' 43"
2 U.S. Postal Service + 2' 42"
3 Team CSC + 10' 33"
4 Illes Balears–Banesto + 52' 26"
5 Quick-Step–Davitamon + 57' 33"
6 Phonak + 57' 42"
7 Rabobank + 1h 26' 24"
8 Crédit Agricole + 1h 30' 35"
9 Brioches La Boulangère + 1h 32' 12"
10 Euskaltel–Euskadi + 1h 47' 46"

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q On 24 August 2012, the United States Anti-Doping Agency announced that they had disqualified Armstrong from all his results since 1998, including his victory in the 2004 Tour de France.[1] The Union Cycliste Internationale, responsible for the international cycling, confirmed this verdict on 22 October 2012.[2]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Lance Armstrong Receives Lifetime Ban And Disqualification Of Competitive Results For Doping Violations Stemming From His Involvement In The United States Postal Service Pro-Cycling Team Doping Conspiracy". United States Anti-Doping Agency. 24 August 2012. Archived from the original on 4 November 2016. Retrieved 17 October 2016.
  2. ^ a b "Lance Armstrong stripped of all seven Tour de France wins by UCI". BBC News. BBC. 22 October 2012. Archived from the original on 8 September 2016. Retrieved 17 October 2016.
  3. ^ Ryan, Barry (22 October 2012). "UCI confirms Lance Armstrong's life ban". Cyclingnews.com. Immediate Media Company Limited. Archived from the original on 22 July 2017. Retrieved 16 July 2017.
  4. ^ "Press release from the organisers of the Tour de France". Letour.fr. 31 January 2004. Archived from the original on 21 October 2012. Retrieved 18 July 2012.
  5. ^ "Invitations for the Tour de France 2004". Letour.fr. 31 January 2004. Archived from the original on 21 October 2012. Retrieved 18 July 2012.
  6. ^ Augendre 2016, p. 95.
  7. ^ a b "91ème Tour de France 2004" (in French). Mémoire du cyclisme. Archived from the original on 13 August 2012. Retrieved 26 September 2016.
  8. ^ Zwegers, Arian. "Tour de France GC top ten". CVCC. Archived from the original on 16 May 2008. Retrieved 15 August 2011.
  9. ^ Augendre 2016, p. 110.
  10. ^ The USADA Report Against Lance Armstrong, by the Numbers Archived 13 October 2012 at the Wayback Machine, Thursday, 11 October 2012 By Adventure Lab, Outside Magazine, retr 2012 10 18
  11. ^ CYCLING; Armstrong Is Suing Accuser Archived 1 July 2017 at the Wayback Machine, By RICHARD SANDOMIR; Samuel Abt in Paris contributor, 16 June 2004, New York Times, retr 2012 10 20
  12. ^ Armstrong wants doping denial in book Archived 27 October 2016 at the Wayback Machine, ABC News (Australia) 19 June 2004, retr 2012 10 20
  13. ^ Judge calls Armstrong's request 'abuse' of system Archived 13 January 2012 at the Wayback Machine, Associated Press, 2004 6 21, via espn.go.com, retr 2012 10 20
  14. ^ "Lance Armstrong will be banned from cycling by USADA after saying he won't fight doping charges". The Washington Post. 24 August 2012. Archived from the original on 14 October 2012. Retrieved 24 August 2012.
  15. ^ "USADA to ban Armstrong for life, strip Tour titles". CBS News. Archived from the original on 24 August 2012. Retrieved 24 August 2012.
  16. ^ a b c Race regulations 2004, p. 18.
  17. ^ Race regulations 2004, p. 20.
  18. ^ Race regulations 2004, p. 12.
  19. ^ a b c d e Race regulations 2004, p. 8.
  20. ^ a b c d Race regulations 2004, p. 19.
  21. ^ Augendre 2018, p. 95.
  22. ^ "Tour de France 2004 – Leaders overview". ProCyclingStats. Archived from the original on 16 February 2019. Retrieved 16 February 2019.
  23. ^ van den Akker, Pieter. "Informatie over de Tour de France van 2004" [Information about the Tour de France from 2004]. TourDeFranceStatistieken.nl (in Dutch). Archived from the original on 2 March 2019. Retrieved 2 March 2019.
  24. ^ Règlement de l’épreuve 2004, p. 19.
  25. ^ a b c d Règlement de l’épreuve 2004, p. 8.
  26. ^ a b c d e Maloney, Tim (25 July 2004). "Armstrong atop Tour pantheon with sixth straight win". Cyclingnews.com. Immediate Media Company. Archived from the original on 26 August 2017. Retrieved 8 September 2016.

BibliographyEdit

External linksEdit