2004 Tour de France
The 2004 Tour de France was a multiple stage bicycle race held from 3 to 25 July, and the 91st edition of the Tour de France. It has no overall winner—although American cyclist Lance Armstrong originally won the event, the United States Anti-Doping Agency announced in August 2012 that they had disqualified Armstrong from all his results since 1998, including his seven Tour de France wins from 1999 to 2005; the Union Cycliste Internationale confirmed this verdict.
Route of the 2004 Tour de France
|Stages||20 + Prologue|
|Distance||3,391 km (2,107 mi)|
|Winning time||83h 36' 02"|
The event consisted of 20 stages over 3,391 km (2,107 mi). Armstrong had been favored to win, his competitors seen as being German Jan Ullrich, Spaniards Roberto Heras and Iban Mayo, and fellow Americans Levi Leipheimer and Tyler Hamilton. A major surprise in the Tour was the performance of French newcomer Thomas Voeckler, who unexpectedly won the yellow jersey as leader of the general classification in the fifth stage and held onto it for ten stages before finally losing it to Armstrong.
This Tour saw the mistreatment of Filippo Simeoni by Armstrong on Stage 18. Armstrong also made a "zip-the-lips" gesture on camera, apparently referencing Simeoni.
The route of the 2004 Tour was remarkable. With two individual time trials scheduled in the last week, one of them the climb of Alpe d'Huez, the directors were hoping for a close race until the end. For the first time in years, the mountains of the Massif Central made an appearance.
The first 14 teams in the UCI Road World Rankings at 31 January 2004 were automatically invited. Initially the organisers had an option for a 22nd team, which would be Kelme, but after Jesús Manzano exposed doping use in that team, Kelme was not invited, and the race started with 21 teams of nine cyclists.
The teams entering the race were:
Route and stagesEdit
|P||3 July||Liège (Belgium)||6.1 km (3.8 mi)||Individual time trial||Fabian Cancellara (SUI)|
|1||4 July||Liège (Belgium) to Charleroi (Belgium)||202.5 km (125.8 mi)||Plain stage||Jaan Kirsipuu (EST)|
|2||5 July||Charleroi (Belgium) to Namur (Belgium)||197.0 km (122.4 mi)||Plain stage||Robbie McEwen (AUS)|
|3||6 July||Waterloo (Belgium) to Wasquehal||210.0 km (130.5 mi)||Plain stage||Jean-Patrick Nazon (FRA)|
|4||7 July||Cambrai to Arras||64.5 km (40.1 mi)||Team time trial||U.S. Postal Service (USA)|
|5||8 July||Amiens to Chartres||200.5 km (124.6 mi)||Plain stage||Stuart O'Grady (AUS)|
|6||9 July||Bonneval to Angers||196.0 km (121.8 mi)||Plain stage||Tom Boonen (BEL)|
|7||10 July||Châteaubriant to Saint-Brieuc||204.5 km (127.1 mi)||Plain stage||Filippo Pozzato (ITA)|
|8||11 July||Lamballe to Quimper||168.0 km (104.4 mi)||Plain stage||Thor Hushovd (NOR)|
|12 July||Limoges||Rest day|
|9||13 July||Saint-Léonard-de-Noblat to Guéret||160.5 km (99.7 mi)||Plain stage||Robbie McEwen (AUS)|
|10||14 July||Limoges to Saint-Flour||237.0 km (147.3 mi)||Hilly stage||Richard Virenque (FRA)|
|11||15 July||Saint-Flour to Figeac||164.0 km (101.9 mi)||Hilly stage||David Moncoutié (FRA)|
|12||16 July||Castelsarrasin to La Mongie||197.5 km (122.7 mi)||Mountain stage||Ivan Basso (ITA)|
|13||17 July||Lannemezan to Plateau de Beille||205.5 km (127.7 mi)||Mountain stage|| |
|14||18 July||Carcassonne to Nîmes||192.5 km (119.6 mi)||Plain stage||Aitor González (ESP)|
|19 July||Nîmes||Rest day|
|15||20 July||Valréas to Villard-de-Lans||180.5 km (112.2 mi)||Mountain stage|| |
|16||21 July||Le Bourg-d'Oisans to Alpe d'Huez||15.5 km (9.6 mi)||Individual time trial|| |
|17||22 July||Le Bourg-d'Oisans to Le Grand-Bornand||204.5 km (127.1 mi)||Mountain stage|| |
|18||23 July||Annemasse to Lons-le-Saunier||166.5 km (103.5 mi)||Hilly stage||Juan Miguel Mercado (ESP)|
|19||24 July||Besançon to Besançon||55.0 km (34.2 mi)||Individual time trial|| |
|20||25 July||Montereau-Fault-Yonne to Paris (Champs-Élysées)||163.0 km (101.3 mi)||Plain stage||Tom Boonen (BEL)|
|Total||3,391 km (2,107 mi)|
This section is empty. You can help by adding to it. (October 2016)
The book L. A. Confidentiel, by David Walsh and Pierre Ballester, came out shortly before the 2004 Tour, accusing Lance Armstrong of doping. Lance Armstrong and his lawyers asked for an emergency hearing in French court to insert a denial into the book. The French judge denied this request. Armstrong also launched defamation suits against the publisher and the authors, as well as magazine L'Express and UK newspaper The Sunday Times which both referenced it.
Subsequent to Armstrong's statement to withdraw his fight against United States Anti-Doping Agency's (USADA) charges, on 24 August 2012, the USADA said it would ban Armstrong for life and stripped him of his record seven Tour de France titles. Later that day it was confirmed in a USADA statement that Armstrong was banned for life and would be disqualified from any and all competitive results obtained on and subsequent to 1 August 1998, including forfeiture of any medals, titles, winnings, finishes, points and prizes. On 22 October 2012, the Union Cycliste Internationale endorsed the USADA sanctions, and decided not to award victories to any other rider or upgrade other placings in any of the affected events.
There were four main individual classifications contested in the 2004 Tour de France, as well as a team competition. The most important was the general classification, which was calculated by adding each rider's finishing times on each stage. Time bonuses given at the end of each mass start stage. If a crash had happened within the final 3 km (1.9 mi) of a stage, not including time trials and summit finishes, the riders involved would have received the same time as the group they were in when the crash occurred. The rider with the lowest cumulative time was the winner of the general classification and was considered the overall winner of the Tour. The rider leading the classification wore a yellow jersey.
The second classification was the points classification. Riders received points for finishing in the highest positions in a stage finish, or in intermediate sprints during the stage. The points available for each stage finish were determined by the stage's type. The leader was identified by a green jersey.
The third classification was the mountains classification. Most stages of the race included one or more categorised climbs, in which points were awarded to the riders that reached the summit first. The climbs were categorised as fourth-, third-, second- or first-category and hors catégorie, with the more difficult climbs rated lower. The leader wore a white jersey with red polka dots.
The final individual classification was the young rider classification. This was calculated the same way as the general classification, but the classification was restricted to riders who were born on or after 1 January 1979. The leader wore a white jersey.
The final classification was a team classification. This was calculated using the finishing times of the best three riders per team on each stage; the leading team was the team with the lowest cumulative time. The number of stage victories and placings per team determined the outcome of a tie.
In addition, there was a combativity award given after each mass start stage to the rider considered, by a jury, to have "made the most effort and who has demonstrated the best sportsmanship". The winner wore a blue number bib the following stage. At the conclusion of the Tour, Richard Virenque (Quick-Step–Davitamon) was given the overall super-combativity award.
|Denotes the leader of the points classification||Denotes the leader of the mountains classification|
|Denotes the leader of the young rider classification||Denotes the winner of the super-combativity award|
|2||Andreas Klöden (GER)||T-Mobile Team||+ 6' 19"|
|3||Ivan Basso (ITA)||Team CSC||+ 6' 40"|
|4||Jan Ullrich (GER)||T-Mobile Team||+ 8' 50"|
|5||José Azevedo (POR)||U.S. Postal Service||+ 14' 30"|
|6||Francisco Mancebo (ESP)||Illes Balears–Banesto||+ 18' 01"|
|7||Georg Totschnig (AUT)||Gerolsteiner||+ 18' 27"|
|8||Carlos Sastre (ESP)||Team CSC||+ 19' 51"|
|10||Óscar Pereiro (ESP)||Phonak||+ 22' 54"|
|1||Robbie McEwen (AUS)||Lotto–Domo||272|
|2||Thor Hushovd (NOR)||Crédit Agricole||+ 247|
|3||Erik Zabel (GER)||T-Mobile Team||+ 245|
|4||Stuart O'Grady (AUS)||Cofidis||+ 234|
|5||Danilo Hondo (GER)||Gerolsteiner||+ 227|
|6||Tom Boonen (BEL)||Quick-Step–Davitamon||+ 163|
|7||Jean-Patrick Nazon (FRA)||AG2R Prévoyance||+ 146|
|9||Laurent Brochard (FRA)||AG2R Prévoyance||+ 139|
|10||Andreas Klöden (GER)||T-Mobile Team||+ 131|
|1||Richard Virenque (FRA)||Quick-Step–Davitamon||226|
|3||Michael Rasmussen (DEN)||Rabobank||+ 119|
|4||Ivan Basso (ITA)||Team CSC||+ 119|
|5||Jan Ullrich (GER)||T-Mobile Team||+ 115|
|6||Christophe Moreau (FRA)||Crédit Agricole||+ 115|
|7||Andreas Klöden (GER)||T-Mobile Team||+ 112|
|8||Francisco Mancebo (ESP)||Illes Balears–Banesto||+ 77|
|9||Jens Voigt (GER)||Team CSC||+ 71|
|10||Axel Merckx (BEL)||Lotto–Domo||+ 65|
Young rider classificationEdit
|1||Vladimir Karpets (RUS)||Illes Balears–Banesto||84h 01' 13'|
|2||Sandy Casar (FRA)||FDJeux.com||+ 3' 42"|
|3||Thomas Voeckler (FRA)||Brioches La Boulangère||+ 6' 01"|
|4||Michael Rogers (AUS)||Quick-Step–Davitamon||+ 16' 28"|
|5||Iker Camaño (ESP)||Euskaltel–Euskadi||+ 22' 03"|
|6||Jérôme Pineau (FRA)||Brioches La Boulangère||+ 22' 32"|
|7||Sylvain Chavanel (FRA)||Brioches La Boulangère||+ 29' 32"|
|8||Michele Scarponi (ITA)||Domina Vacanze||+ 37' 50"|
|9||Mikel Astarloza (ESP)||AG2R Prévoyance||+ 1h 29' 53"|
|10||Benjamín Noval (ESP)||U.S. Postal Service||+ 1h 32' 30"|
|1||T-Mobile Team||248h 58' 43"|
|2||U.S. Postal Service||+ 2' 42"|
|3||Team CSC||+ 10' 33"|
|4||Illes Balears–Banesto||+ 52' 26"|
|5||Quick-Step–Davitamon||+ 57' 33"|
|6||Phonak||+ 57' 42"|
|7||Rabobank||+ 1h 26' 24"|
|8||Crédit Agricole||+ 1h 30' 35"|
|9||Brioches La Boulangère||+ 1h 32' 12"|
|10||Euskaltel–Euskadi||+ 1h 47' 46"|
- On 24 August 2012, the United States Anti-Doping Agency announced that they had disqualified Armstrong from all his results since 1998, including his victory in the 2004 Tour de France. The Union Cycliste Internationale, responsible for the international cycling, confirmed this verdict on 22 October 2012.
- "Lance Armstrong Receives Lifetime Ban And Disqualification Of Competitive Results For Doping Violations Stemming From His Involvement In The United States Postal Service Pro-Cycling Team Doping Conspiracy". United States Anti-Doping Agency. 24 August 2012. Archived from the original on 4 November 2016. Retrieved 17 October 2016.
- "Lance Armstrong stripped of all seven Tour de France wins by UCI". BBC News. BBC. 22 October 2012. Archived from the original on 8 September 2016. Retrieved 17 October 2016.
- Ryan, Barry (22 October 2012). "UCI confirms Lance Armstrong's life ban". Cyclingnews.com. Immediate Media Company Limited. Archived from the original on 22 July 2017. Retrieved 16 July 2017.
- "Press release from the organisers of the Tour de France". Letour.fr. 31 January 2004. Archived from the original on 21 October 2012. Retrieved 18 July 2012.
- "Invitations for the Tour de France 2004". Letour.fr. 31 January 2004. Archived from the original on 21 October 2012. Retrieved 18 July 2012.
- Augendre 2016, p. 95.
- "91ème Tour de France 2004" (in French). Mémoire du cyclisme. Archived from the original on 13 August 2012. Retrieved 26 September 2016.
- Zwegers, Arian. "Tour de France GC top ten". CVCC. Archived from the original on 10 June 2009. Retrieved 15 August 2011.
- Augendre 2016, p. 110.
- The USADA Report Against Lance Armstrong, by the Numbers Archived 13 October 2012 at the Wayback Machine, Thursday, 11 October 2012 By Adventure Lab, Outside Magazine, retr 2012 10 18
- CYCLING; Armstrong Is Suing Accuser Archived 1 July 2017 at the Wayback Machine, By RICHARD SANDOMIR; Samuel Abt in Paris contributor, 16 June 2004, New York Times, retr 2012 10 20
- Armstrong wants doping denial in book Archived 27 October 2016 at the Wayback Machine, ABC News (Australia) 19 June 2004, retr 2012 10 20
- Judge calls Armstrong's request 'abuse' of system Archived 13 January 2012 at the Wayback Machine, Associated Press, 2004 6 21, via espn.go.com, retr 2012 10 20
- "Lance Armstrong will be banned from cycling by USADA after saying he won't fight doping charges". The Washington Post. 24 August 2012. Archived from the original on 17 October 2012. Retrieved 24 August 2012.
- "USADA to ban Armstrong for life, strip Tour titles". CBS News. Archived from the original on 24 August 2012. Retrieved 24 August 2012.
- Race regulations 2004, p. 18.
- Race regulations 2004, p. 20.
- Race regulations 2004, p. 12.
- Race regulations 2004, p. 8.
- Race regulations 2004, p. 19.
- Augendre 2018, p. 95.
- "Tour de France 2004 – Leaders overview". ProCyclingStats. Archived from the original on 16 February 2019. Retrieved 16 February 2019.
- van den Akker, Pieter. "Informatie over de Tour de France van 2004" [Information about the Tour de France from 2004]. TourDeFranceStatistieken.nl (in Dutch). Archived from the original on 2 March 2019. Retrieved 2 March 2019.
- Règlement de l’épreuve 2004, p. 19.
- Règlement de l’épreuve 2004, p. 8.
- Maloney, Tim (25 July 2004). "Armstrong atop Tour pantheon with sixth straight win". Cyclingnews.com. Immediate Media Company. Archived from the original on 26 August 2017. Retrieved 8 September 2016.
- Augendre, Jacques (2016). Guide historique [Historical guide] (PDF). Tour de France (in French). Paris: Amaury Sport Organisation. Archived (PDF) from the original on 17 August 2016. Retrieved 27 October 2016.
- Race regulations (PDF). Tour de France. Paris: Amaury Sport Organisation. 2004. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 August 2004. Retrieved 27 October 2016.