Montereau-Fault-Yonne (French pronunciation: [mɔ̃.tʁo fot jɔn]), or simply Montereau, is a commune in the Seine-et-Marne department in the Île-de-France region, which in turn is in north-central France.
Bridges over rivers Seine (foreground), Yonne (background) and statue of Napoléon
|Intercommunality||CC Pays de Montereau|
|• Mayor (2008–2014)||Yves Jégo (UDI)|
|9.1 km2 (3.5 sq mi)|
|• Density||2,200/km2 (5,600/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (CEST)|
|Elevation||47–121 m (154–397 ft) |
(avg. 53 m or 174 ft)
|1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.|
The city takes its name from its geographical position on the confluence of the Yonne and the Seine rivers. Fault, also spelled faut comes from the verb faillir ("to fail") in its old meaning to fall. Montereau is where the Yonne falls into the Seine.
The town is split in three by the rivers, ville basse situated on the southern shore and Surville on the hill to the north. The old town centre is located in ville basse while Surville is an assembly of high rise buildings, erected after World War II, and is in many ways a typical cité in the Île-de-France. Some of these high rise buildings are now (2005) going to be destroyed and replaced by individual houses. The old château-park in Surville (now the site of a high school Lycée André Malraux) however gives a very nice view over the confluent and the Seine-et-Marne region. On the east side, between the two rivers, are the port and an industrial park.
John the Fearless was killed on the town's bridge in September, 1419 by Tanneguy du Chastel and the sire de Barbazan, during a conference with the dauphin (who became in 1422 Charles VII). An inscription on the bridge recalls the event. In the collegiate church Notre-Dame-et-Saint-Loup there is a sword which has long been said to be John the Fearless', but actually this sword is certainly more recent.
In 1420, Philip the Good, the son of John the Fearless, seized the town, which remained for eight years in the hands of the Anglo-Burgundian coalition. However, at the end of a long siege, the king Charles VII, helped by Chabannes and Dunois, managed to take it again.
Inhabitants of Montereau-Fault-Yonne are called Monterelais.
|Data since 1962 : Population without double counting, Data since 2006 : Municipal population|
Source: Cassini, INSEE
Historically, the city has sported a strong industrial base and thus has strong blue collar roots. In recent decades, unemployment has become an increasing problem, especially within the immigrant community in Surville.
- "Populations légales 2016". INSEE. Retrieved 25 April 2019.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-03-31. Retrieved 2011-08-22.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- http://cassini.ehess.fr/ Population par commune avant 1962 (résultats publiés au journal officiel ou conservés aux archives départementales)
- INSEE: Population depuis le recensement de 1962[permanent dead link]
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Montereau-Fault-Yonne.|
|Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Montereau.|