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The 2004 version of the yellow jersey.

Since the first Tour de France in 1903, there have been 2,163 stages, up to and including the final stage of the 2019 Tour de France. Since 1919, the race leader following each stage has been awarded the yellow jersey (French: Maillot jaune).

Although the leader of the classification after a stage gets a yellow jersey, he is not considered the winner of the yellow jersey, only the wearer. Only after the final stage, the wearer of the yellow jersey is considered the winner of the yellow jersey, and thereby the winner of the Tour de France.

In this article first-place-classifications before 1919 are also counted as if a yellow jersey was awarded. There have been more yellow jerseys given than there were stages: In 1914,[1] 1929,[2] and 1931,[3] there were multiple cyclists with the same leading time, and the 1988 Tour de France had a "prelude",[4] an extra stage for a select group of cyclists. As of 2018 a total of 2,145 yellow jerseys have been awarded in the Tour de France to 286 different riders.

Individual recordsEdit

 
In addition to winning the general classification five times, Eddy Merckx has ridden the most days wearing the yellow jersey

In previous tours, sometimes a stage was broken in two (or three). On such occasions, only the cyclist leading at the end of the day is counted. The "Jerseys" column lists the number of days that the cyclist wore the yellow jersey; the "Tour wins" column gives the number of times the cyclist won the general classification. The next four columns indicate the number of times the rider won the points classification, the King of the Mountains classification, and the young rider competition, and the years in which the yellow jersey was worn, with bold years indicating an overall Tour win. For example: Eddy Merckx has spent 96 days in the yellow jersey, won the general classification five times, won the points classification three times, won the mountains classification two times, and never won the young rider classification.[5] He wore the yellow jersey in the Tours of 1969, 1970, 1971, 1972, 1974 (which he all won) and 1975 (which he did not win). Three cyclists (Jean Robic in 1947, Charly Gaul in 1958 and Jan Janssen in 1968) have won the Tour de France with only two yellow jerseys in their career.

Fabian Cancellara is, as of 2016 with twenty nine days in yellow, the rider with the most yellow jerseys ever for someone who has not won the Tour. The two active Tour de France winners Chris Froome and Vincenzo Nibali rank, as of 2018, 4th and 22nd, with fifty-nine and nineteen days in yellow respectively. Alberto Contador was stripped of the yellow jersey and 6 days of wearing it in 2010 Tour de France because he tested positive for doping. Until the results of Lance Armstrong were annulled for cheating late 2012, he was ranked second in this list, leading the Tour for 83 stages from 1999 to 2005.

Key
Cyclists who are still active
Cyclists who won the Tour de France
Rank Name Country Yellow
jerseys
Tour wins
 
Points
 
Mountains
 
Young rider
 
Years
1 Eddy Merckx   Belgium 96 5 3 2 0 1969, 1970, 1971, 1972, 1974, 1975
2 Bernard Hinault   France 75 5 1 1 0 1978, 1979, 1980, 1981, 1982, 1984, 1985, 1986
3 Miguel Indurain   Spain 60 5 0 0 0 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995
4 Chris Froome   United Kingdom 59 4 0 1 0 2013, 2015, 2016, 2017
5 Jacques Anquetil   France 50 5 0 0 0 1957, 1961, 1962, 1963, 1964
6 Antonin Magne   France 38 2 0 0 0 1931, 1934
= 7 Nicolas Frantz[n 1]   Luxembourg 37 2 0 0 0 1927, 1928, 1929
= 7 Philippe Thys[n 2]   Belgium 37 3 0 0 0 1913, 1914, 1920
9 André Leducq[n 1]   France 35 2 0 0 0 1929, 1930, 1932, 1938
= 10 Louison Bobet   France 34 3 0 1 0 1948, 1953, 1954, 1955
= 10 Ottavio Bottecchia   Italy 34 2 0 0 0 1923, 1924, 1925
12 Fabian Cancellara    Switzerland 29 0 0 0 0 2004, 2007, 2009, 2010, 2012, 2015
= 13 Sylvère Maes   Belgium 26 2 0 1 0 1936, 1937, 1939
= 13 René Vietto   France 26 0 0 1 0 1939, 1947
15 François Faber   Luxembourg 25 1 0 0 0 1909, 1910, 1911
= 16 Laurent Fignon   France 22 2 0 0 1 1983, 1984, 1989
= 16 Greg LeMond   United States 22 3 0 0 1 1986, 1989, 1990, 1991
= 16 Joop Zoetemelk   Netherlands 22 1 0 0 0 1971, 1973, 1978, 1979, 1980
19 Romain Maes   Belgium 21 1 0 0 0 1935
= 20 Gino Bartali   Italy 20 2 0 2 0 1937, 1938, 1948, 1949
= 20 Thomas Voeckler   France 20 0 0 1 0 2004, 2011
= 22 Fausto Coppi   Italy 19 2 0 2 0 1949, 1952
= 22 André Darrigade   France 19 0 2 0 0 1956, 1957, 1958, 1959, 1961, 1962
= 22 Vincenzo Nibali   Italy 19 1 0 0 0 2014
= 25 Felice Gimondi   Italy 18 1 0 0 0 1965
= 25 Jan Ullrich   Germany 18 1 0 0 3 1997, 1998
= 27 Rudi Altig   Germany 17 0 1 0 0 1962, 1964, 1966, 1969
= 27 Luis Ocaña   Spain 17 1 0 0 0 1971, 1973
= 27 Lucien Petit-Breton   France 17 2 0 0 0 1907, 1908
= 27 Roger Pingeon   France 17 1 0 0 0 1967
= 31 Odile Defraye   Belgium 16 1 0 0 0 1912, 1913
= 31 Maurice De Waele   Belgium 16 1 0 0 0 1929
= 31 Bernard Thévenet   France 16 2 0 0 0 1975, 1977
= 34 Pedro Delgado[n 3]   Spain 15 1 0 0 0 1987, 1988
= 34 Geraint Thomas   United Kingdom 15 1 0 0 0 2017, 2018
= 34 Dietrich Thurau   Germany 15 0 0 0 1 1977
= 37 Julian Alaphilippe   France 14 0 0 1 0 2019
= 37 Maurice Archambaud   France 14 0 0 0 0 1933, 1936
= 37 Steve Bauer   Canada 14 0 0 0 0 1988, 1990
= 37 Gastone Nencini   Italy 14 1 0 1 0 1960
= 37 Bjarne Riis   Denmark 14 1 0 0 0 1995, 1996
= 37 Léon Scieur   Belgium 14 1 0 0 0 1921
= 37 Bradley Wiggins   United Kingdom 14 1 0 0 0 2012
= 44 Eugène Christophe   France 13 0 0 0 0 1919, 1922
= 44 Gustave Garrigou   France 13 1 0 0 0 1911
= 44 René Pottier   France 13 1 0 0 0 1905, 1906
= 44 Andy Schleck[n 4]   Luxembourg 13 1 0 0 3 2010, 2011
= 44 Georges Speicher   France 13 1 0 0 0 1933, 1934
= 49 Vincent Barteau   France 12 0 0 0 0 1984
= 49 Joseph Bruyère   Belgium 12 0 0 0 0 1974, 1978
= 49 Lucien Van Impe   Belgium 12 1 0 6 0 1976
= 49 Ferdinand Kübler    Switzerland 12 1 1 0 0 1947, 1950
= 49 Antonin Rolland   France 12 0 0 0 0 1955
= 49 Louis Trousselier   France 12 1 0 0 0 1905, 1907
= 49 Wout Wagtmans   Netherlands 12 0 0 0 0 1954, 1955, 1956
= 56 Alberto Contador   Spain 11 2 0 0 1 2007, 2009
= 56 Gilbert Desmet   Belgium 11 0 0 0 0 1956, 1963
= 56 Hugo Koblet    Switzerland 11 1 0 0 0 1951
= 56 Greg Van Avermaet   Belgium 11 0 0 0 0 2016, 2018
= 56 Georges Vandenberghe   Belgium 11 0 0 0 0 1968
= 61 Kim Andersen   Denmark 10 0 0 0 0 1983, 1985
= 61 Thor Hushovd   Norway 10 0 2 0 0 2004, 2006, 2011
= 61 Pascal Lino   France 10 0 0 0 0 1992
= 64 Phil Anderson   Australia 9 0 0 0 1 1981, 1982
= 64 Georges Groussard   France 9 0 0 0 0 1964
= 64 Freddy Maertens   Belgium 9 0 2 0 0 1976
= 64 Fiorenzo Magni   Italy 9 0 0 0 0 1949, 1950, 1952
= 64 Stuart O'Grady   Australia 9 0 0 0 0 1998, 2001
= 64 Henri Pélissier   France 9 1 0 0 0 1919, 1923
= 64 Michael Rasmussen   Denmark 9 0 0 2 0 2007
= 71 Lucien Buysse   Belgium 8 1 0 0 0 1926
= 71 Claudio Chiappucci   Italy 8 0 0 2 0 1990
= 71 Cadel Evans   Australia 8 1 0 0 0 2008, 2010, 2011
= 71 Emile Georget   France 8 0 0 0 0 1906, 1907
= 71 Gerrie Knetemann   Netherlands 8 0 0 0 0 1978, 1979, 1980, 1981
= 71 Rinaldo Nocentini   Italy 8 0 0 0 0 2009
= 71 Óscar Pereiro[n 5]   Spain 8 1 0 0 0 2006
= 71 Rudy Pevenage   Belgium 8 0 1 0 0 1980
= 71 Roger Walkowiak   France 8 1 0 0 0 1956
= 79 Jan Adriaensens   Belgium 7 0 0 0 0 1956, 1960
= 79 Federico Bahamontes   Spain 7 1 0 6 0 1959, 1963
= 79 Bernard Gauthier   France 7 0 0 0 0 1950
= 79 Igor González de Galdeano   Spain 7 0 0 0 0 2002
= 79 Learco Guerra   Italy 7 0 0 0 0 1930
= 79 Erich Maechler    Switzerland 7 0 0 0 0 1987
= 79 Thierry Marie   France 7 0 0 0 0 1986, 1990, 1991
= 79 Charly Mottet   France 7 0 0 0 0 1987
= 79 Marco Pantani   Italy 7 1 0 0 2 1998
= 79 Jef Planckaert   Belgium 7 0 0 0 0 1962
= 79 Pascal Simon   France 7 0 0 0 0 1983
= 79 Gustaaf van Slembrouck   Belgium 7 0 0 0 0 1926
= 92 Lucien Aimar   France 6 1 0 0 0 1966
= 92 Chris Boardman   United Kingdom 6 0 0 0 0 1994, 1997, 1998
= 92 Robert Cazala   France 6 0 0 0 0 1959
= 92 Mario Cipollini   Italy 6 0 0 0 0 1993, 1997
= 92 Vito Favero   Italy 6 0 0 0 0 1958
= 92 Maurice Garin   France 6 1 0 0 0 1903
= 92 Cyrille Guimard   France 6 0 0 0 0 1972
= 92 Kim Kirchen   Luxembourg 6 0 0 0 0 2008
= 92 Jaan Kirsipuu   Estonia 6 0 0 0 0 1999
= 92 Roger Lévêque   France 6 0 0 0 0 1951
= 92 Jean Majerus   Luxembourg 6 0 0 0 0 1937, 1938
= 92 Jacques Marinelli   France 6 0 0 0 0 1949
= 92 Francesco Moser   Italy 6 0 0 0 1 1975
= 92 Fritz Schaer    Switzerland 6 0 1 0 0 1953
= 92 Herman Van Springel   Belgium 6 0 1 0 0 1968, 1973
= 92 Félicien Vervaecke   Belgium 6 0 0 2 0 1938
= 108 Jean Alavoine   France 5 0 0 0 0 1922
= 108 Adelin Benoit   Belgium 5 0 0 0 0 1925
= 108 Firmin Lambot   Belgium 5 2 0 0 0 1919, 1922
= 108 Jean Malléjac   France 5 0 0 0 0 1953
= 108 Johan Museeuw   Belgium 5 0 0 0 0 1993, 1994
= 108 Jørgen V. Pedersen   Denmark 5 0 0 0 0 1986
= 108 Francis Pélissier   France 5 0 0 0 0 1927
= 108 Carlos Sastre   Spain 5 1 0 1 0 2008
= 108 Bernard Van de Kerkhove   Belgium 5 0 0 0 0 1964, 1965
= 108 Eric Vanderaerden   Belgium 5 0 1 0 0 1983, 1985
= 108 Cédric Vasseur   France 5 0 0 0 0 1997
= 119 Gilbert Bauvin   France 4 0 0 0 0 1951, 1954, 1958
= 119 Tom Boonen   Belgium 4 0 1 0 0 2006
= 119 José Catieau   France 4 0 0 0 0 1973
= 119 Alberto Elli   Italy 4 0 0 0 0 2000
= 119 Wim van Est   Netherlands 4 0 0 0 0 1951, 1955, 1958
= 119 Raphaël Géminiani   France 4 0 0 1 0 1958
= 119 Roger Hassenforder   France 4 0 0 0 0 1953
= 119 Jos Hoevenaers   Belgium 4 0 0 0 0 1958, 1959
= 119 Robert Jacquinot   France 4 0 0 0 0 1922, 1923
= 119 Laurent Jalabert   France 4 0 2 2 0 1995, 2000
= 119 Karl-Heinz Kunde   Germany 4 0 0 0 0 1966
= 119 Roger Lapébie   France 4 1 0 0 0 1937
= 119 Nello Lauredi   France 4 0 0 0 0 1952
= 119 Hector Martin   Belgium 4 0 0 0 0 1927
= 119 Raffaele di Paco[n 6]   Italy 4 0 0 0 0 1931
= 119 Eddy Pauwels   Belgium 4 0 0 0 0 1959, 1963
= 119 Jean Rossius[n 2]   Belgium 4 0 0 0 0 1914
= 119 Peter Sagan   Slovakia 4 0 7 0 0 2016, 2018
= 119 Acácio da Silva   Portugal 4 0 0 0 0 1989
= 119 Rolf Sørensen   Denmark 4 0 0 0 0 1991
= 119 Gerrit Voorting   Netherlands 4 0 0 0 0 1956, 1958
= 119 Italo Zilioli   Italy 4 0 0 0 0 1970
= 119 Alex Zülle    Switzerland 4 0 0 0 0 1992, 1996
= 142 Erich Bautz   Germany 3 0 0 0 0 1937
= 142 Egan Bernal   Colombia 3 1 0 0 1 2019
= 142 Henri Cornet   France 3 1 0 0 0 1904
= 142 Bim Diederich   Luxembourg 3 0 0 0 0 1951
= 142 Aimé Dossche   Belgium 3 0 0 0 0 1929
= 142 Seamus Elliott   Ireland 3 0 0 0 0 1963
= 142 Jean Goldschmit   Luxembourg 3 0 0 0 0 1950
= 142 Stéphane Heulot   France 3 0 0 0 0 1996
= 142 Serhiy Honchar   Ukraine 3 0 0 0 0 2006
= 142 Roger Lambrecht   Belgium 3 0 0 0 0 1948, 1949
= 142 Floyd Landis   United States 3 0 0 0 0 2006
= 142 Octave Lapize   France 3 1 0 0 0 1910
= 142 Bradley McGee   Australia 3 0 0 0 0 2003
= 142 David Millar   United Kingdom 3 0 0 0 0 2000
= 142 Wilfried Nelissen   Belgium 3 0 0 0 0 1993
= 142 Jelle Nijdam   Netherlands 3 0 0 0 0 1987, 1988
= 142 Charles Pélissier[n 6]   France 3 0 0 0 0 1930, 1931
= 142 Víctor Hugo Peña   Colombia 3 0 0 0 0 2003
= 142 René Privat   France 3 0 0 0 0 1957
= 142 Jan Raas[n 7]   Netherlands 3 0 0 0 0 1978
= 142 Stephen Roche   Ireland 3 1 0 0 0 1987
= 142 Willy Schroeders   Belgium 3 0 0 0 0 1962
= 142 François Simon   France 3 0 0 0 0 2001
= 142 Julien Stevens   Belgium 3 0 0 0 0 1969
= 142 Michel Vermeulin   France 3 0 0 0 0 1959
= 142 Teun van Vliet   Netherlands 3 0 0 0 0 1988
= 142 David Zabriskie   United States 3 0 0 0 0 2005
= 169 Henry Anglade   France 2 0 0 0 0 1960
= 169 Fabio Aru   Italy 2 0 0 0 0 2017
= 169 Jan Bakelants   Belgium 2 0 0 0 0 2013
= 169 Romain Bellenger   France 2 0 0 0 0 1923
= 169 Rubens Bertogliati    Switzerland 2 0 0 0 0 2002
= 169 Eugeni Berzin   Russia 2 0 0 0 0 1996
= 169 Pierre Brambilla   Italy 2 0 0 1 0 1947
= 169 Jules Buysse   Belgium 2 0 0 0 0 1926
= 169 Marcel Buysse   Belgium 2 0 0 0 0 1913
= 169 Sylvain Chavanel   France 2 0 0 0 0 2010
= 169 Giulio Ciccone   Italy 2 0 0 0 0 2019
= 169 Charles Crupelandt   France 2 0 0 0 0 1910, 1912
= 169 Raymond Delisle   France 2 0 0 0 0 1976
= 169 Laurent Desbiens   France 2 0 0 0 0 1998
= 169 Jacky Durand   France 2 0 0 0 0 1995
= 169 Victor Fontan[n 1]   France 2 0 0 0 0 1929
= 169 Jean Fontenay   France 2 0 0 0 0 1939
= 169 Jean Forestier   France 2 0 1 0 0 1957
= 169 Charly Gaul   Luxembourg 2 1 0 2 0 1958
= 169 Martial Gayant   France 2 0 0 0 0 1987
= 169 Albertus Geldermans   Netherlands 2 0 0 0 0 1962
= 169 Simon Gerrans   Australia 2 0 0 0 0 2013
= 169 Ivan Gotti   Italy 2 0 0 0 0 1995
= 169 Charly Grosskost   France 2 0 0 0 0 1968
= 169 Jacques Hanegraaf   Netherlands 2 0 0 0 0 1984
= 169 Daryl Impey   South Africa 2 0 0 0 0 2013
= 169 Jan Janssen   Netherlands 2 1 3 0 0 1966, 1968
= 169 Gerben Karstens   Netherlands 2 0 0 0 0 1974
= 169 Marcel Kittel   Germany 2 0 0 0 0 2013, 2014
= 169 Georges Lemaire   Belgium 2 0 0 0 0 1933
= 169 Tony Martin   Germany 2 0 0 0 0 2015
= 169 Jules Masselis   Belgium 2 0 0 0 0 1911, 1913
= 169 Christophe Moreau   France 2 0 0 0 0 2001
= 169 Louis Mottiat   Belgium 2 0 0 0 0 1920, 1921
= 169 Georges Passerieu   France 2 0 0 0 0 1908
= 169 Ludo Peeters   Belgium 2 0 0 0 0 1982, 1984
= 169 Ronan Pensec   France 2 0 0 0 0 1990
= 169 Lech Piasecki   Poland 2 0 0 0 0 1987
= 169 Jean Robic   France 2 1 0 0 0 1947, 1953
= 169 Aldo Ronconi   Italy 2 0 0 0 0 1947
= 169 Fränk Schleck   Luxembourg 2 0 0 0 0 2008
= 169 Edward Sels   Belgium 2 0 0 0 0 1964
= 169 Mike Teunissen   Netherlands 2 0 0 0 0 2019
= 169 Klaus-Peter Thaler   Germany 2 0 0 0 0 1978
= 169 Alejandro Valverde   Spain 2 0 0 0 0 2008
= 169 Flavio Vanzella   Italy 2 0 0 0 0 1994
= 169 Johan van der Velde   Netherlands 2 0 0 0 1 1986
= 169 Rik Van Steenbergen   Belgium 2 0 0 0 0 1952
= 169 Richard Virenque   France 2 0 0 7 0 1992, 2003
= 169 Jens Voigt   Germany 2 0 0 0 0 2001, 2005
= 169 Rolf Wolfshohl   Germany 2 0 0 0 0 1968
= 169 Erik Zabel   Germany 2 0 6 0 0 1998, 2002
= 221 Jean Aerts   Belgium 1 0 0 0 0 1932
= 221 Nicolas Barone   France 1 0 0 0 0 1957
= 221 François Beaugendre   France 1 0 0 0 0 1904
= 221 Jean-François Bernard   France 1 0 0 0 0 1987
= 221 Jean-René Bernaudeau   France 1 0 0 0 1 1979
= 221 Yvon Bertin   France 1 0 0 0 0 1980
= 221 Serafino Biagioni   Italy 1 0 0 0 0 1951
= 221 Guido Bontempi   Italy 1 0 0 0 0 1988[n 8]
= 221 Vicenzo Borgarello   Italy 1 0 0 0 0 1912
= 221 Jacques Bossis   France 1 0 0 0 0 1978
= 221 Erik Breukink   Netherlands 1 0 0 0 1 1989
= 221 Johan Bruyneel   Belgium 1 0 0 0 0 1995
= 221 Max Bulla   Austria 1 0 0 0 0 1931
= 221 Norbert Callens   Belgium 1 0 0 0 0 1949
= 221 Andrea Carrea   Italy 1 0 0 0 0 1952
= 221 Mark Cavendish   United Kingdom 1 0 1 0 0 2016
= 221 Rohan Dennis   Australia 1 0 0 0 0 2015
= 221 Cyril Dessel   France 1 0 0 0 0 2006
= 221 Ferdinand Le Drogo   France 1 0 0 0 0 1927
= 221 Marcel Dussault   France 1 0 0 0 0 1949
= 221 Paul Egli    Switzerland 1 0 0 0 0 1936
= 221 Jan Engels   Belgium 1 0 0 0 0 1948
= 221 José María Errandonea   Spain 1 0 0 0 0 1967
= 221 Romain Feillu   France 1 0 0 0 0 2008
= 221 Amédée Fournier   France 1 0 0 0 0 1939
= 221 Michel Frédérick    Switzerland 1 0 0 0 0 1904
= 221 Dominique Gaigne   France 1 0 0 0 0 1986
= 221 Tony Gallopin   France 1 0 0 0 0 2014
= 221 Jean-Louis Gauthier   France 1 0 0 0 0 1983
= 221 Fernando Gaviria   Colombia 1 0 0 0 0 2018
= 221 Jean-Pierre Genet   France 1 0 0 0 0 1968
= 221 Linus Gerdemann   Germany 1 0 0 0 0 2007
= 221 Philippe Gilbert   Belgium 1 0 0 0 0 2011
= 221 Joseph Groussard   France 1 0 0 0 0 1960
= 221 Bo Hamburger   Denmark 1 0 0 0 0 1998
= 221 Cyrille van Hauwaert   Belgium 1 0 0 0 0 1909
= 221 Alfred Haemerlinck   Belgium 1 0 0 0 0 1931
= 221 Hector Heusghem   Belgium 1 0 0 0 0 1922
= 221 George Hincapie   United States 1 0 0 0 0 2006
= 221 Sean Kelly   Ireland 1 0 4 0 0 1983
= 221 Marcel Kint   Belgium 1 0 0 0 0 1937
= 221 Jean-Claude Lebaube   France 1 0 0 0 0 1966
= 221 Luc Leblanc   France 1 0 0 0 0 1991
= 221 Léon Le Calvez   France 1 0 0 0 0 1931
= 221 Désiré Letort   France 1 0 0 0 0 1969
= 221 Emile Lombard   Belgium 1 0 0 0 0 1904
= 221 Henk Lubberding   Netherlands 1 0 0 0 1 1988
= 221 François Mahé   France 1 0 0 0 0 1953
= 221 Robbie McEwen   Australia 1 0 3 0 0 2004
= 221 Arsène Mersch   Luxembourg 1 0 0 0 0 1936
= 221 Giovanni Micheletto   Italy 1 0 0 0 0 1913
= 221 Frederic Moncassin   France 1 0 0 0 0 1996
= 221 Jean-Patrick Nazon   France 1 0 0 0 0 2003
= 221 Willi Oberbeck   Germany 1 0 0 0 0 1938
= 221 Miguel Poblet   Spain 1 0 0 0 0 1955
= 221 Adri van der Poel   Netherlands 1 0 0 0 0 1984
= 221 Giancarlo Polidori   Italy 1 0 0 0 0 1967
= 221 Tommaso de Pra   Italy 1 0 0 0 0 1966
= 221 Gaston Rebry   Belgium 1 0 0 0 0 1929
= 221 Raymond Riotte   France 1 0 0 0 0 1967
= 221 Giovanni Rossi    Switzerland 1 0 0 0 0 1951
= 221 Gregorio San Miguel   Spain 1 0 0 0 0 1968
= 221 Tom Simpson   United Kingdom 1 0 0 0 0 1962
= 221 Jozef Spruyt   Belgium 1 0 0 0 0 1967
= 221 Alex Stieda   Canada 1 0 0 0 0 1986
= 221 Kurt Stöpel   Germany 1 0 0 0 0 1932
= 221 Rik Van Looy   Belgium 1 0 1 0 0 1965
= 221 Willy van Neste   Belgium 1 0 0 0 0 1967
= 221 Marc Wauters   Belgium 1 0 0 0 0 2001
= 221 Sean Yates   United Kingdom 1 0 0 0 0 1994

Number of wearers per yearEdit

The largest number of different riders wearing the yellow jersey in any year is 8. The smallest is 1.

Number of wearers Years
1 1903, 1924, 1928, 1935, 1999
2 1905, 1906, 1908, 1909, 1914, 1920, 1921, 1925, 1934, 1961, 1970, 1972, 1977, 2005, 2012
3 1907, 1910, 1911, 1912, 1919, 1926, 1930, 1932, 1933, 1954, 1965, 1971, 1974, 1975, 1976, 1981, 1982, 1985, 2000, 2002, 2009, 2014, 2017
4 1904, 1923, 1927, 1936, 1939, 1948, 1950, 1960, 1969, 1973, 1979, 1989, 1992, 1993, 1997, 2003, 2004, 2007, 2010, 2015, 2016, 2018, 2019
5 1913, 1922, 1938, 1947, 1952, 1955, 1957, 1963, 1964, 1980, 1990, 1991, 1994, 1996, 2001, 2011, 2013
6 1929, 1931, 1937, 1953, 1956, 1959, 1966, 1967, 1983, 1984, 1988, 1995, 2008
7 1949, 1951, 1962, 1968, 1978, 1986, 1998, 2006
8 1958, 1987

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b c In 1929, Nicolas Frantz (LUX), André Leducq (FRA) and Victor Fontan (FRA) were all three declared leader after the 7th stage.[2]
  2. ^ a b In 1914, Philippe Thys and Jean Rossius were both declared leader for 4 days.[1]
  3. ^ In 1988, on 19 July, there were two stages. Other than the split stages that the Tour de France saw earlier, these two stages were counted as individual stages, so Pedro Delgado received two yellow jerseys on that day.
  4. ^ Before Alberto Contador's 2010 Tour de France victory and days in yellow were officially removed, he wore the yellow jersey for 6 days. After his disqualification, Andy Schleck's total increased with 6 extra days.
  5. ^ Before Floyd Landis' 2006 Tour de France victory and days in yellow were officially removed, he wore the yellow jersey for 5 days. After his disqualification, Óscar Pereiro's total increased with 3 extra days.
  6. ^ a b In 1931, Charles Pélissier (FRA) and Raffaele Di Paco (ITA) were both declared leader after the 5th stage.[3]
  7. ^ Jan Raas won the prologue of the 1978 Tour de France. Because the weather changed dramatically during that prologue, the race was invalidated, and Raas was not awarded a yellow jersey.[6] In cycling statistics lists, including the official database from the Tour de France organisation,[7] the victory is awarded to Jan Raas, so this is also done in the list above.
  8. ^ In 1988, the Tour de France started with a prelude, a 1km time trial in which one cyclist from every team could compete. This prelude was won by Guido Bontempi, who wore the yellow jersey on the first real stage of the 1988 Tour.[4]

Per countryEdit

The yellow jersey has been awarded to 23 different countries since 1903. In the table below, "Jerseys" indicates the number of yellow jerseys that were given to cyclists of each country. "Tour wins" stands for the number of tour wins by cyclists of that country,[8] "Points" for the number of times the points classification was won by cyclist of that country,[9] "KoM" for the number of times the mountains classification in the Tour de France was won by a cyclist of that country,[10] and "Young rider" for the number of times the young rider classification was won by a cyclist of that country.[11] The "Most recent" column shows the cyclist of the country that wore the yellow jersey most recently. The "Different holders" column gives the number of different cyclists of the country that wore the yellow jersey.

Rank Country Yellow
jerseys
Tour wins
 
Points
 
Mountains
 
Young rider
 
Most recent cyclist Most recent Different holders List of holders
1   France 723 36 9 23 8 Julian Alaphilippe 2019, stage 18 95
2   Belgium 434 18 19 11 0 Greg Van Avermaet 2018, stage 10 60 Belgian yellow jersey holders
3   Italy 212 10 2 12 5 Giulio Ciccone 2019, stage 7 30
4   Spain 135 12 1 16 5 Alberto Contador 2009, stage 21 12
5   Great Britain 101 6 1 2 2 Geraint Thomas 2018, stage 21 8 British yellow jersey holders
6   Luxembourg 96 5 0 2 3 Andy Schleck 2011, stage 19 10
7   Germany 75 1 8 0 4 Tony Martin 2015, stage 6 15
=8   Netherlands 74 2 4 2 5 Mike Teunissen 2019, stage 2 18 Dutch yellow jersey holders
=8    Switzerland 74 2 2 1 0 Fabian Cancellara 2015, stage 2 9
10   Denmark 43 1 0 2 0 Michael Rasmussen 2007, stage 16 6
11   Australia 33 1 5 0 1 Rohan Dennis 2015, stage 1 7 Australian yellow jersey holders
12   United States 26 3 0 0 3 George Hincapie 2006, stage 1 3
13   Canada 15 0 0 0 0 Steve Bauer 1990, stage 9 2
14   Norway 10 0 2 0 0 Thor Hushovd 2011, stage 8 1
=15   Colombia 7 1 0 5 5 Egan Bernal 2019, stage 21 3
=15   Ireland 7 1 4 0 0 Stephen Roche 1987, stage 25 3
17   Estonia 6 0 0 0 0 Jaan Kirsipuu 1999, stage 7 1
= 18   Portugal 4 0 0 0 0 Acácio da Silva 1989, stage 4 1
= 18   Slovakia 4 0 7 0 0 Peter Sagan 2018, stage 2 1
20   Ukraine 3 0 0 0 1 Serhiy Honchar 2006, stage 9 1
= 21   Poland 2 0 0 2 0 Lech Piasecki 1987, stage 2 1
= 21   Russia 2 0 0 0 2 Eugeni Berzin 1996, stage 8 1
= 21   South Africa 2 0 0 0 0 Daryl Impey 2013, stage 7 1
24   Austria 1 0 0 0 0 Max Bulla 1931, stage 2 1
= 25   Uzbekistan 0 0 3 0 0 0
= 25   Mexico 0 0 0 0 1 0

Yellow jersey retireesEdit

Sixteen riders have quit the Tour while wearing the yellow jersey.[12]

Year Stage Rider Reason
1927 6   Francis Pélissier Sickness
1929 10   Victor Fontan Broken bicycle
1937 16   Sylvère Maes Collective withdrawal of the Belgian team due to threat of French spectators
1950 11   Fiorenzo Magni Collective withdrawal of the two Italian teams due to threat of French spectators
1951 13   Wim Van Est After a fall in a ravine in Aubisque
1965 9   Bernard Van De Kerkhove Withdrawal in the climb of Aubisque (sunstroke)
1971 14   Luis Ocaña Fall during a storm in Col de Mente
1978 16   Michel Pollentier Expelled for fraud attempt in doping test
1980 12   Bernard Hinault Knee pain
1983 17   Pascal Simon Scapula fracture
1991 5   Rolf Sørensen Clavicle fracture after fall in the last kilometer
1996 7   Stéphane Heulot Knee tendinitis
1998 2   Chris Boardman Head and neck injury after a severe crash
2007 16   Michael Rasmussen Fired by his team due to lying about his whereabouts
2015 4   Fabian Cancellara Broken vertebrae in stage 3 crash
2015 7   Tony Martin Broken collarbone in stage 6 crash[13]

Yellow jersey winners without winning any stageEdit

 
Greg LeMond in the final stage of the 1990 Tour de France, wearing the yellow jersey despite not winning any stage in that year.

Usually the winner of the Tour de France also wins a stage, but that is not necessary. It is possible to be the winner of the Tour de France without winning a stage, because the Tour de France is decided by the total raced time. This has happened eight times so far:[14]

  1.   Firmin Lambot (BEL) 1922
  2.   Roger Walkowiak (FRA) 1956
  3.   Gastone Nencini (ITA) 1960
  4.   Lucien Aimar (FRA) 1966
  5.   Greg LeMond (USA) 1990
  6.   Óscar Pereiro (ESP) 2006
  7.   Chris Froome (GBR) 2017
  8.   Egan Bernal (COL) 2019

Of these eight cyclists, Walkowiak and Bernal are the only ones never to win a Tour stage at all, although Bernal is still active.[15] Firmin Lambot won stages in the 1913, 1914, 1919, 1920 and 1921 Tours,[16] Gastone Nencini won stages in the 1956, 1957 and 1958 Tours,[17] Aimar won a stage in the 1967 Tour,[18] LeMond won stages in the 1985, 1986 and 1989 Tours,[19], Pereiro won a stage in the 2005 Tour,[20] and Froome won stages in the 2012, 2013, 2015 and 2016 Tours. Alberto Contador initially also belonged to this group, when he won the 2010 Tour de France; however, he was later stripped of this title.

Number of Tour winners in a single raceEdit

Every Tour de France only has one winner. But a cyclist that has won the Tour de France previously can enter the race again, and a cyclist not winning the race can win the race in a later year. In almost every Tour de France, there were multiple 'former or future' Tour de France-winners in the race. Only seven times, the Tour started without any former Tour de France winner. This happened in 1903, 1927, 1947, 1956, 1966, 1999 and 2006. Only in 1903, apart from the cyclist that won the race, was there no other former or future Tour de France winner.

In 1914, a record of seven former Tour de France winners started that year's Tour:[21]

  1.   Louis Trousselier (FRA) (1905 winner)
  2.   Lucien Petit-Breton (FRA) (1907 and 1908 winner)
  3.   François Faber (LUX) (1909 winner)
  4.   Octave Lapize (FRA) (1910 winner)
  5.   Gustave Garrigou (FRA) (1911 winner)
  6.   Odile Defraye (BEL) (1912 winner)
  7.   Philippe Thys (BEL) (1913 winner, who would also win the 1914 Tour de France)

In addition to these seven cyclists, four cyclists in that year's Tour would go on to win a Tour later:

  1.   Firmin Lambot (BEL) (1919 and 1922 winner)
  2.   Léon Scieur (BEL) (1921 winner)
  3.   Henri Pélissier (FRA) (1923 winner)
  4.   Lucien Buysse (BEL) (1926 winner)

Winning Tour de France on first occasionEdit

Eleven cyclists won the general classification the first time they entered the competition.

Finishing Tour de France career with victoryEdit

Five cyclists won the Tour de France the last time they entered the competition:

Fausto Coppi is the only cyclist who won the Tour de France in both the first and the last Tour he entered.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Tour de France 1914" (in German). www.radsport-seite.de. Retrieved 17 March 2008.
  2. ^ a b McGann, Bill; McGann, Carol (2006). The Story of the Tour De France. Dog Ear Publishing. p. 92. ISBN 1-59858-180-5. Retrieved 17 March 2008. Frantz, André Leducq and Victor Fontan, who were in that winning stage 17 break, were exactly tied in time. Today the judges would go back to the time trial and look at the fractions-of-a-second differences. If that doesn't resolve the tie, then a look at placings solves the problem. The Tour didn't have rules to take care of ties, so 3 Yellow Jerseys were awarded.
  3. ^ a b McGann, Bill; McGann, Carol (2006). The Story of the Tour De France. Dog Ear Publishing. p. 118. ISBN 1-59858-180-5. Retrieved 17 March 2008. Leading up to the Pyrenees, Italy's ace sprinter Rafaelo di Paco dueled with France's Charles Pélissier for stage wins and the lead. After stage 5 they shared the lead for a single day.
  4. ^ a b "75ème Tour de France 1988 – Prélude" (in French). www.memoire-du-cyclisme.net. Archived from the original on 26 May 2006. Retrieved 17 March 2008.
  5. ^ "Historical Results – Tour de France". Cycling Hall of Fame.com. 2002–2007. Retrieved 17 March 2008.
  6. ^ Magowan, Robin (1996). Tour de France: The Historic 1978 Event : Commemorative Edition of 75th Anniversary. VeloPress. ISBN 978-1-884737-13-8.
  7. ^ Tour de France database results for Jan Raas Archived 16 July 2010 at the Wayback Machine
  8. ^ van der Mark, Tour Xtra: The Yellow Jersey
  9. ^ van der Mark, Tour Xtra: The Green Jersey
  10. ^ van der Mark, Tour Xtra: The Polka Dot Jersey
  11. ^ van der Mark, Tour Xtra: The White Jersey
  12. ^ "Riders that abandoned Tour de France in yellow jersey". www.infostradasports.com. 25 July 2007. Retrieved 17 March 2008.
  13. ^ http://www.cyclingnews.com/news/martin-abandons-tour-de-france-due-to-fractured-collarbone
  14. ^ "Few have won yellow without a stage win". Cyclingnews. Future Publishing Limited. 22 July 2000. Retrieved 17 March 2008.
  15. ^ Tour de France database results for Roger Walkowiak Archived 12 May 2011 at the Wayback Machine
  16. ^ Tour de France database results for Firmin Lambot[permanent dead link]
  17. ^ Tour de France database results for Gastone Nencini Archived 12 July 2016 at the Wayback Machine
  18. ^ Tour de France database results for Lucien Aimar Archived 16 July 2010 at the Wayback Machine
  19. ^ Tour de France database results for Greg Lemond Archived 18 June 2012 at the Wayback Machine
  20. ^ Tour de France database results for Oscar Pereiro Sio Archived 21 October 2012 at the Wayback Machine
  21. ^ Tom James (4 April 2001). "Thys in spite of Pélissier". Retrieved 17 March 2008.

External linksEdit