1940 Giro d'Italia
The 1940 Giro d'Italia was the 28th edition of the Giro d'Italia, a cycling race organized and sponsored by the newspaper La Gazzetta dello Sport. The race began on 17 May in Milan with a stage that stretched 180 km (112 mi) to Turin, finishing back in Milan on 9 June after a 180 km (112 mi) stage and a total distance covered of 3,574 km (2,221 mi). The race was won by the Italian rider Fausto Coppi of the Legnano team, with fellow Italians Enrico Mollo and Giordano Cottur coming in second and third respectively.
|Dates||17 May - 9 June|
|Distance||3,574 km (2,221 mi)|
|Winning time||107h 31' 10"|
It was won by Fausto Coppi, at his first participation. Coppi, who was 20 years old at the time, is still the youngest winner of the Giro.
Of the 91 riders that began the Giro d'Italia on 17 May, 47 of them made it to the finish in Milan on 9 June May. Riders were allowed to ride as a member of a team or group; 41 riders competed as part of a team, while the remaining 50 competed as a part of a group. The eight teams that partook in the race were: Bianchi, Legnano, Gloria, Olympia, Lygie, Gerbi. Each team started with either six or seven riders. The Ganna team did not start the race due to the team's Belgian riders not being cleared to enter the country. There were also seven groups, made up of three to five riders each, that participated in the race. Those groups were: S. C. Binda, G. S. Battisti-Aquilano, U. S. Azzini-Universal, Cicli Viscontea,[Notes 1] Dopolavoro Az. Bemberg, U. C. Modenese, Il Littoriale, Dopolavoro Az. Vismara, S. S. Parioli, and G. S. Mater.
The peloton was composed primarily of Italian riders. The field featured two former Giro d'Italia winners with two-time winners Gino Bartali and Giovanni Valetti, who was the reigning champion. Other notable Italian riders included Olimpio Bizzi, Ezio Cecchi, and Fausto Coppi. The only non-Italian riders to compete in the race were Luxembourgian Christophe Didier and Swiss rider Walter Diggelmann. Bartali and Valetti were both seen a strong contenders for the overall title.
Route and stagesEdit
|1||17 May||Milan to Turin||180 km (112 mi)||Plain stage||Olimpio Bizzi (ITA)|
|2||18 May||Turin to Genoa||226 km (140 mi)||Plain stage||Pierino Favalli (ITA)|
|3||19 May||Genoa to Pisa||188 km (117 mi)||Plain stage||Diego Marabelli (ITA)|
|4||20 May||Pisa to Grosseto||154 km (96 mi)||Plain stage||Adolfo Leoni (ITA)|
|5||21 May||Grosseto to Rome||224 km (139 mi)||Plain stage||Adolfo Leoni (ITA)|
|22 May||Rest day|
|6||23 May||Rome to Naples||238 km (148 mi)||Plain stage||Glauco Servadei (ITA)|
|7||24 May||Naples to Fiuggi||178 km (111 mi)||Plain stage||Walter Generati (ITA)|
|8||25 May||Fiuggi to Terni||183 km (114 mi)||Plain stage||Olimpio Bizzi (ITA)|
|9||26 May||Terni to Arezzo||183 km (114 mi)||Plain stage||Primo Volpi (ITA)|
|10||27 May||Arezzo to Florence||91 km (57 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Olimpio Bizzi (ITA)|
|28 May||Rest day|
|11||29 May||Florence to Modena||184 km (114 mi)||Plain stage||Fausto Coppi (ITA)|
|12||30 May||Modena to Ferrara||199 km (124 mi)||Plain stage||Adolfo Leoni (ITA)|
|13||31 May||Ferrara to Treviso||125 km (78 mi)||Plain stage||Olimpio Bizzi (ITA)|
|14||1 June||Treviso to Abbazia (Now Opatija, Croatia)||215 km (134 mi)||Plain stage||Glauco Servadei (ITA)|
|15||2 June||Abbazia to Trieste||179 km (111 mi)||Plain stage||Mario Vicini (ITA)|
|3 June||Rest day|
|16||4 June||Trieste to Pieve di Cadore||202 km (126 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Mario Vicini (ITA)|
|17||5 June||Pieve di Cadore to Ortisei||110 km (68 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Gino Bartali (ITA)|
|6 June||Rest day|
|18||7 June||Ortisei to Trento||186 km (116 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Glauco Servadei (ITA)|
|19||8 June||Trento to Verona||149 km (93 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Gino Bartali (ITA)|
|20||9 June||Verona to Milan||180 km (112 mi)||Plain stage||Adolfo Leoni (ITA)|
|Total||3,574 km (2,221 mi)|
The leader of the general classification – calculated by adding the stage finish times of each rider – wore a pink jersey. This classification is the most important of the race, and its winner is considered as the winner of the Giro.
In the mountains classification, the race organizers selected different mountains that the route crossed and awarded points to the riders who crossed them first.
The winner of the team classification was determined by adding the finish times of the best three cyclists per team together and the team with the lowest total time was the winner. If a team had fewer than three riders finish, they were not eligible for the classification. The group classification was decided in the same manner, but the classification was exclusive to the competing groups.
The rows in the following table correspond to the jerseys awarded after that stage was run.
||Mountains classification||Team classification||Group classification|
|1||Vasco Bergamaschi||Olimpio Bizzi||not awarded||?||?|
|2||Gino Bartali||Osvaldo Bailo|
|4||Adolfo Leoni||Pierino Favalli|
|6||Glauco Servadei||Gloria||Cicli Viscontea|
|8||Olimpio Bizzi||Enrico Mollo||U.S. Azzini-Universal|
|10||Olimpio Bizzi||Primo Volpi|
|11||Fausto Coppi||Fausto Coppi||Fausto Coppi|
|18||Glauco Servadei||Gino Bartali & Fausto Coppi|
|19||Gino Bartali||Gino Bartali|
|Final||Fausto Coppi||Gino Bartali||Gloria||U.S. Azzini-Universal|
|Denotes the winner of the General classification|
|1||Fausto Coppi (ITA)||Legnano||107h 31' 10"|
|2||Enrico Mollo (ITA)||Olympia||+ 2' 40"|
|3||Giordano Cottur (ITA)||Lygie||+ 11' 45"|
|4||Mario Vicini (ITA)||Bianchi||+ 16' 27"|
|5||Severino Canavesi (ITA)||Gloria||+ 16' 50"|
|6||Ezio Cecchi (ITA)||Gloria||+ 22' 30"|
|7||Walter Generati (ITA)||Gloria||+ 25' 03"|
|8||Giovanni De Stefanis (ITA)||Dop. Azzini Bamberg||+ 27' 50"|
|9||Gino Bartali (ITA)||Legnano||+ 46' 09"|
|10||Settimio Simonini (ITA)||U.S. Azzini-Universal||+ 48' 37"|
|1||Gino Bartali (ITA)||Legnano||25|
|2||Fausto Coppi (ITA)||Legnano||21|
|3||Enrico Mollo (ITA)||Olympia||13|
|4||Ezio Cecchi (ITA)||Gloria||13|
|5||Mario Vicini (ITA)||Bianchi||12|
|6||Giordano Cottur (ITA)||Lygie||7|
|Primo Volpi (ITA)||U.S. Azzini-Universal|
|8||Giovanni De Stefanis (ITA)||Dop. Azzini Bamberg||5|
|9||Diego Marabelli (ITA)||GS Battisti-Aquilano||2|
|Walter Diggelmann (ITA)||Olympia|
|1||U.S. Azzini-Universal||327h 34' 59"|
|2||Cicli Viscontea||+ 16' 41"|
|3||Dopolavoro Az. Vismara||+ 33' 41"|
|4||G.S. Battisti-Aquilano||+ 1h 15' 37"|
- Cicli Viscontea was also known as Comando Generale M.V.S.N. or M.V.S.N.-Viscontea.
- In 1940, there was no distinction in the rules between plain stages and mountain stages; the icons shown here indicate that the tenth, sixteenth, seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth stages included major mountains.
- "I corridori che hanno punzonato" [Runners who punched]. Il Littoriale (in Italian). 17 May 1940. p. 1. Archived from the original on 7 February 2015. Retrieved 7 July 2013.
- Bill and Carol McGann. "1940 Giro d'Italia". Bike Race Info. Dog Ear Publishing. Archived from the original on 12 July 2013. Retrieved 10 July 2012.
- Laura Weislo (13 May 2008). "Giro d'Italia classifications demystified". Cycling News. Future Publishing Limited. Archived from the original on 17 June 2014. Retrieved 13 July 2013.
- "L'ultima tappa in una immensa cornice di folla e la vittoria di Leoni" [The final step in a huge frame of the crowd and the victory of Leoni]. Il Littoriale (in Italian). Milan, Italy. 10 June 1940. p. 2. Archived from the original on 14 May 2014. Retrieved 7 July 2013.
- "Con la vittoria d'un nuovo "asso,,: Fausto Coppi e con l'irresistibile volata di Adolfo Leoni il 28 Giro d'Italia ha avuto epilogo all'Arena" [With the victory of a new "ace,: Fausto Coppi and the irresistible sprinter Adolfo Leoni on the 28th Tour of Italy had epilogue Arena]. Il Littoriale (in Italian). Milan, Italy. 10 June 1940. p. 1. Archived from the original on 14 May 2014. Retrieved 7 July 2013.
- "Gino Bartali vince il Gran Pr. della Montagna "Martini e Rossi"" [Gino Bartali won the Mountains Classification "Martini and Rossi"]. Il Littoriale (in Italian). Milan, Italy. 10 June 1940. p. 2. Archived from the original on 14 May 2014. Retrieved 7 July 2013.