Open main menu

Wikipedia β

List of elected and appointed female heads of state and government

Map showing countries that have had women appointed or elected as heads of state (counting Governors-General as heads of state, but excluding monarchs):
  Female head of government
  Female head of state[1]
  Female head of state/government (combined)
  Female head of state and female head of government
Three former sovereign states (East Germany, Tannu Tuva, and Yugoslavia) have also had a female Head of State or Head of Government.

This is a list of women who have been elected or appointed head of state or government of their respective countries since the mid-20th century. The list does not include female monarchs, however it does include female heads of government who are not concurrently head of state, such as prime ministers.

To date, the country with most female Heads of State is San Marino (16, with three of them serving two non-consecutive terms), followed by Switzerland with seven. Among countries with only a single person in the position, Haiti has had the most female heads of state or government, with four.

Included are women who have been appointed representatives of heads of state, such as female governors-general and French representatives of Andorra. As governors-general are appointed representatives of the monarch of the Commonwealth realms (currently Elizabeth II) and the French Representatives of Andorra are appointed representatives of the French Co-Prince of Andorra (currently Emmanuel Macron), they act as heads of state and carry out on a regular basis the functions and duties associated with such a role in the Commonwealth realms (excluding the United Kingdom, which has no governor-general, as the monarch of the Commonwealth realms primarily resides there) and Andorra, respectively.

Also included in the list are eleven women who have held an office styled either as Prime Minister or State Counsellor during periods when Guyana (since 1980), Sri Lanka (since 1978), Namibia (since 1990), South Korea (since 1987), Peru (since 1993) and Myanmar (since 2016) had an executive presidency and the prime minister (or a similar position) was not legally and constitutionally the head of government, but rather a deputy to the president who was the combined head of state and head of government.

Contents

List of female heads of state or governmentEdit

  Denotes incumbent head of state or government
  • Italics denotes an acting head of state and states that are either de facto (with limited to no international recognition) or defunct.
Name Image Country Office Mandate start Mandate end Term length Head of state or government
Khertek Anchimaa-Toka     Tannu Tuva Chairperson of the Presidium of the Little Khural 6 April 1940 11 October 1944 4 years, 188 days Head of state
Sükhbaataryn Yanjmaa     Mongolia Acting Chairperson of the Presidium of the State Great Khural 7 September 1953 7 July 1954 303 days Head of state
Sirimavo Bandaranaike     Ceylon Prime Minister 21 July 1960 27 March 1965 4 years, 249 days Head of government
Indira Gandhi     India Prime Minister 24 January 1966 24 April 1977 11 years, 90 days Head of government
Soong Ching-ling     China Acting Co-Chairperson 31 October 1968 24 April 1972 3 years, 176 days Head of state
Golda Meir     Israel Prime Minister 17 March 1969 3 June 1974 5 years, 78 days Head of government
Sirimavo Bandaranaike     Ceylon/
  Sri Lanka
Prime Minister 29 May 1970 23 July 1977 7 years, 55 days Head of government
Isabel Martínez de Perón     Argentina President 1 July 1974 24 March 1976 1 year, 267 days Head of state and government
Elisabeth Domitien     Central African Republic Prime Minister 2 January 1975 7 April 1976 1 year, 96 days Head of government
Margaret Thatcher     United Kingdom Prime Minister 4 May 1979 28 November 1990 11 years, 208 days Head of government
Maria de Lourdes Pintasilgo     Portugal Prime Minister 1 August 1979 3 January 1980 186 days Head of government
Lidia Gueiler Tejada     Bolivia Acting President 16 November 1979 17 July 1980 244 days Head of state
Indira Gandhi     India Prime Minister 15 January 1980 31 October 1984 4 years, 290 days Head of government
Dame Eugenia Charles     Dominica Prime Minister 21 July 1980 14 June 1995 14 years, 328 days Head of government
Vigdís Finnbogadóttir     Iceland President 1 August 1980 1 August 1996 16 years, 0 days Head of state
Gro Harlem Brundtland     Norway Prime Minister 4 February 1981 14 October 1981 252 days Head of government
Maria Lea Pedini-Angelini     San Marino Captain Regent 1 April 1981 1 October 1981 183 days Head of state and government
Soong Ching-ling     China Honorary President 16 May 1981 28 May 1981 12 days Head of state
Dame Elmira Minita Gordon     Belize Governor-General 21 September 1981 17 November 1993 12 years, 57 days Head of state
Agatha Barbara     Malta President 15 February 1982 15 February 1987 5 years, 0 days Head of state
Milka Planinc     Yugoslavia Prime Minister 16 May 1982 15 May 1986 3 years, 364 days Head of government
Gloriana Ranocchini     San Marino Captain Regent 1 April 1984 1 October 1984 183 days Head of state and government
Jeanne Sauvé     Canada Governor General 14 May 1984 29 January 1990 5 years, 260 days Head of state
Carmen Pereira     Guinea-Bissau Acting President 14 May 1984 16 May 1984 2 days Head of state
Elisabeth Kopp      Switzerland Member of the Swiss Federal Council 21 October 1984 12 January 1989 4 years, 83 days Head of state and government
Corazon Aquino     Philippines President 25 February 1986 30 June 1992 6 years, 126 days Head of state and government
Gro Harlem Brundtland     Norway Prime Minister 9 May 1986 16 October 1989 3 years, 160 days Head of government
Benazir Bhutto     Pakistan Prime Minister 2 December 1988 6 July 1990 1 year, 216 days Head of government
Gloriana Ranocchini     San Marino Captain Regent 1 October 1989 1 April 1990 182 days Head of state and government
Ertha Pascal-Trouillot     Haiti Acting President 13 March 1990 7 February 1991 331 days Head of state
Kazimira Prunskienė     Lithuania Prime Minister 17 March 1990 10 January 1991 299 days Head of government
Sabine Bergmann-Pohl     East Germany President of the People's Chamber 5 April 1990 2 October 1990 180 days Head of state
Violeta Chamorro     Nicaragua President 25 April 1990 10 January 1997 6 years, 260 days Head of state and government
Dame Nita Barrow     Barbados Governor-General 6 June 1990 19 December 1995 5 years, 196 days Head of state
Gro Harlem Brundtland     Norway Prime Minister 3 November 1990 25 October 1996 5 years, 357 days Head of government
Mary Robinson     Ireland President 3 December 1990 12 September 1997 6 years, 283 days Head of state
Dame Catherine Tizard     New Zealand Governor-General 13 December 1990 21 March 1996 5 years, 99 days Head of state
Khaleda Zia     Bangladesh Prime Minister 27 February 1991 30 March 1996 5 years, 32 days Head of government
Édith Cresson     France Prime Minister 15 May 1991 2 April 1992 323 days Head of government
Edda Ceccoli     San Marino Captain Regent 1 October 1991 1 April 1992 183 days Head of state and government
Hanna Suchocka     Poland Prime Minister 11 July 1992 25 October 1993 1 year, 106 days Head of government
Ruth Dreifuss      Switzerland Member of the Swiss Federal Council 1 April 1993 31 December 2002 9 years, 296 days Head of state and government
Patrizia Busignani     San Marino Captain Regent 1 April 1993 1 October 1993 183 days Head of state and government
Tansu Çiller     Turkey Prime Minister 13 June 1993 6 March 1996 2 years, 267 days Head of government
Kim Campbell     Canada Prime Minister 25 June 1993 4 November 1993 132 days Head of government
Sylvie Kinigi     Burundi Prime Minister 10 July 1993 27 October 1993 109 days Head of government
Agathe Uwilingiyimana     Rwanda Prime Minister 18 July 1993 7 April 1994 263 days Head of government
Benazir Bhutto     Pakistan Prime Minister 19 October 1993 5 November 1996 3 years, 17 days Head of government
Sylvie Kinigi     Burundi Acting President 27 October 1993 5 February 1994 101 days Head of state
Chandrika Kumaratunga     Sri Lanka Prime Minister 19 August 1994 12 November 1994 85 days Head of government
Chandrika Kumaratunga     Sri Lanka President 12 November 1994 19 November 2005 11 years, 7 days Head of state
Sirimavo Bandaranaike     Sri Lanka Prime Minister 14 November 1994 9 August 2000 5 years, 269 days Head of government
Reneta Indzhova     Bulgaria Acting Prime Minister 17 October 1994 25 January 1995 100 days Head of government
Claudette Werleigh     Haiti Prime Minister 7 November 1995 27 February 1996 112 days Head of government
Sheikh Hasina     Bangladesh Prime Minister 12 June 1996 15 July 2001 5 years, 33 days Head of government
Ruth Perry     Liberia Chairperson of the Council of State 3 September 1996 2 August 1997 333 days Head of state and government
Rosalía Arteaga Serrano     Ecuador Acting President 9 February 1997 11 February 1997 2 days Head of state and government
Mary McAleese     Ireland President 11 November 1997 10 November 2011 13 years, 364 days Head of state
Jenny Shipley     New Zealand Prime Minister 5 December 1997 5 December 1999 2 years, 0 days Head of government
Janet Jagan     Guyana Prime Minister 17 March 1997 22 December 1997 280 days Head of government
Dame Pearlette Louisy     Saint Lucia Governor-General 17 September 1997 Incumbent 20 years, 34 days Head of state
Janet Jagan     Guyana President 19 December 1997 11 August 1999 1 year, 235 days Head of state
Anne Enger Lahnstein     Norway Acting Prime Minister 30 August 1998 23 September 1998 24 days Head of government
Ruth Metzler      Switzerland Member of the Swiss Federal Council 1 January 1999 31 December 2003 4 years, 364 days Head of state and government
Rosa Zafferani     San Marino Captain Regent 1 April 1999 1 October 1999 183 days Head of state and government
Irena Degutienė     Lithuania Acting Prime Minister 4 May 1999 18 May 1999 14 days Head of government
Vaira Vīķe-Freiberga     Latvia President 8 July 1999 8 July 2007 8 years, 0 days Head of state
Nyam-Osoryn Tuyaa     Mongolia Acting Prime Minister 22 July 1999 30 July 1999 8 days Head of government
Mireya Moscoso     Panama President 1 September 1999 1 September 2004 5 years, 0 days Head of state and government
Adrienne Clarkson     Canada Governor General 7 October 1999 27 September 2005 5 years, 324 days Head of state
Irena Degutienė     Lithuania Acting Prime Minister 27 October 1999 3 November 1999 7 days Head of government
Helen Clark     New Zealand Prime Minister 5 December 1999 19 November 2008 8 years, 350 days Head of government
Tarja Halonen     Finland President 1 March 2000 1 March 2012 12 years, 0 days Head of state
Maria Domenica Michelotti     San Marino Captain Regent 1 April 2000 1 October 2000 183 days Head of state and government
Gloria Macapagal Arroyo     Philippines President 20 January 2001 30 June 2010 9 years, 161 days Head of state and government
Mame Madior Boye     Senegal Prime Minister 3 March 2001 4 November 2002 1 year, 246 days Head of government
Dame Sian Elias     New Zealand Administrator of the Government (Acting Governor-General) 22 March 2001 4 April 2001 13 days Head of state
Dame Silvia Cartwright     New Zealand Governor-General 4 April 2001 4 August 2006 5 years, 122 days Head of state
Megawati Sukarnoputri     Indonesia President 23 July 2001 20 October 2004 3 years, 89 days Head of state and government
Khaleda Zia     Bangladesh Prime Minister 1 October 2001 29 October 2006 5 years, 28 days Head of government
Chang Sang     South Korea Acting Prime Minister 11 July 2002 31 July 2002 20 days Head of government
Dame Ivy Dumont     The Bahamas Governor-General 11 November 2001 30 November 2005 4 years, 19 days Head of state
Monica Dacon     Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Acting Governor-General 3 June 2002 2 September 2002 91 days Head of state
Maria das Neves     São Tomé and Príncipe Prime Minister 3 October 2002 18 September 2004 1 year, 351 days Head of government
Micheline Calmy-Rey      Switzerland Member of the Swiss Federal Council 1 January 2003 31 December 2011 8 years, 364 days Head of state and government
Anneli Jäätteenmäki     Finland Prime Minister 17 April 2003 24 June 2003 68 days Head of government
Beatriz Merino     Peru Prime Minister 28 June 2003 15 December 2003 170 days Head of government
Valeria Ciavatta     San Marino Captain Regent 1 October 2003 1 April 2004 183 days Head of state and government
Nino Burjanadze     Georgia Acting President 23 November 2003 25 January 2004 63 days Head of state
Luísa Diogo     Mozambique Prime Minister 17 February 2004 16 January 2010 5 years, 333 days Head of government
Barbara Prammer     Austria Co-acting President 6 July 2004 8 July 2004 2 days Head of state
Radmila Šekerinska     Macedonia Acting Prime Minister 12 May 2004 12 June 2004 31 days Head of government
Radmila Šekerinska     Macedonia Acting Prime Minister 3 November 2004 15 December 2004 42 days Head of government
Yulia Tymoshenko     Ukraine Prime Minister 24 January 2005 6 September 2005 225 days Head of government
Fausta Morganti     San Marino Captain Regent 1 April 2005 1 October 2005 183 days Head of state and government
Cynthia Pratt     Bahamas Acting Prime Minister 4 May 2005 6 June 2005 32 days Head of government
Maria do Carmo Silveira     São Tomé and Príncipe Prime Minister 8 June 2005 21 April 2006 317 days Head of government
Michaëlle Jean     Canada Governor General 27 September 2005 1 October 2010 5 years, 4 days Head of state
Angela Merkel     Germany Chancellor 22 November 2005 Incumbent 11 years, 333 days Head of government
Ellen Johnson Sirleaf     Liberia President 16 January 2006 Incumbent 11 years, 278 days Head of state and government
Michelle Bachelet     Chile President 11 March 2006 11 March 2010 4 years, 0 days Head of state and government
Portia Simpson-Miller     Jamaica Prime Minister 30 March 2006 11 September 2007 1 year, 165 days Head of government
Han Myeong-sook     South Korea Prime Minister 19 April 2006 7 March 2007 322 days Head of government
Doris Leuthard      Switzerland Member of the Swiss Federal Council 1 August 2006 Incumbent 11 years, 81 days Head of state and government
Dame Sian Elias     New Zealand Administrator of the Government (Acting Governor-General) 4 August 2006 23 August 2006 19 days Head of state
Dalia Itzik     Israel Acting President 25 January 2007 15 July 2007 171 days Head of state
Emmanuelle Mignon     Andorra Representative of the French Co-Prince 6 June 2007 24 September 2008 1 year, 110 days Head of state
Dame Louise Lake-Tack     Antigua and Barbuda Governor-General 17 July 2007 13 August 2014 7 years, 27 days Head of state
Pratibha Patil     India President 25 July 2007 25 July 2012 5 years, 0 days Head of state
Nino Burjanadze     Georgia Acting President 25 November 2007 20 January 2008 56 days Head of state
Cristina Fernández de Kirchner     Argentina President 10 December 2007 9 December 2015 7 years, 364 days Head of state and government
Yulia Tymoshenko     Ukraine Prime Minister 18 December 2007 3 March 2010 2 years, 75 days Head of government
Eveline Widmer-Schlumpf      Switzerland Member of the Swiss Federal Council 1 January 2008 31 December 2015 7 years, 364 days Head of state and government
Rosa Zafferani     San Marino Captain Regent 1 April 2008 1 October 2008 183 days Head of state and government
Zinaida Greceanîi     Moldova Prime Minister 31 March 2008 14 September 2009 1 year, 167 days Head of government
Michèle Pierre-Louis     Haiti Prime Minister 5 September 2008 11 November 2009 1 year, 67 days Head of government
Dame Quentin Bryce     Australia Governor-General 5 September 2008 28 March 2014 5 years, 204 days Head of state
Ivy Matsepe-Casaburri     South Africa Acting President 24 September 2008 25 September 2008 14 hours[2][3] Head of state and government
Assunta Meloni     San Marino Captain Regent 1 October 2008 1 April 2009 182 days Head of state and government
Sheikh Hasina     Bangladesh Prime Minister 6 January 2009 Incumbent 8 years, 288 days Head of government
Jóhanna Sigurðardóttir     Iceland Prime Minister 1 February 2009 23 May 2013 4 years, 111 days Head of government
Rose Francine Rogombé     Gabon Acting President 10 June 2009 16 October 2009 128 days Head of state
Jadranka Kosor     Croatia Prime Minister 6 July 2009 23 December 2011 2 years, 170 days Head of government
Dalia Grybauskaitė     Lithuania President 12 July 2009 Incumbent 8 years, 101 days Head of state
Cécile Manorohanta     Madagascar Acting Prime Minister 18 December 2009 20 December 2009 2 days Head of government
Roza Otunbayeva     Kyrgyzstan President 7 April 2010 1 December 2011 1 year, 238 days Head of state
Laura Chinchilla     Costa Rica President 8 May 2010 8 May 2014 4 years, 0 days Head of state and government
Kamla Persad-Bissessar     Trinidad and Tobago Prime Minister 26 May 2010 9 September 2015 5 years, 106 days Head of government
Mari Kiviniemi     Finland Prime Minister 22 June 2010 22 June 2011 1 year, 0 days Head of government
Julia Gillard     Australia Prime Minister 24 June 2010 27 June 2013 3 years, 3 days Head of government
Iveta Radičová     Slovakia Prime Minister 8 July 2010 4 April 2012 1 year, 271 days Head of government
Simonetta Sommaruga      Switzerland Member of the Swiss Federal Council 1 November 2010 Incumbent 6 years, 354 days Head of state and government
Dilma Rousseff     Brazil President 1 January 2011 31 August 2016
Suspended 12 May 2016
5 years, 243 days
5 years, 132 days
Head of state and government
Rosario Fernández     Peru Prime Minister 19 March 2011 28 July 2011 131 days Head of government
Maria Luisa Berti     San Marino Captain Regent 1 April 2011 1 October 2011 183 days Head of state and government
Cissé Mariam Kaïdama Sidibé     Mali Prime Minister 3 April 2011 22 March 2012 354 days Head of government
Atifete Jahjaga     Kosovo President 7 April 2011 7 April 2016 5 years, 0 days Head of state
Yingluck Shinawatra     Thailand Prime Minister 3 July 2011 7 May 2014 2 years, 308 days Head of government
Dame Sian Elias     New Zealand Administrator of the Government (Acting Governor-General) 23 August 2011 31 August 2011 8 days Head of state
Helle Thorning-Schmidt     Denmark Prime Minister 3 October 2011 28 June 2015 3 years, 268 days Head of government
Portia Simpson-Miller     Jamaica Prime Minister 5 January 2012 3 March 2016 4 years, 58 days Head of government
Adiato Djaló Nandigna     Guinea-Bissau Acting Prime Minister 10 February 2012 12 April 2012 62 days Head of government
Monique Ohsan Bellepeau     Mauritius Acting President 31 March 2012 21 July 2012 112 days Head of state
Slavica Đukić Dejanović     Serbia Acting President 5 April 2012 31 May 2012 56 days Head of state
Joyce Banda     Malawi President 7 April 2012 31 May 2014 2 years, 54 days Head of state and government
Sylvie Hubac     Andorra Representative of the French Co-Prince 15 May 2012 5 January 2015 2 years, 235 days Head of state
Sandra Mason     Barbados Acting Governor-General 30 May 2012 1 June 2012 2 days Head of state
Denise Bronzetti     San Marino Captain Regent 1 October 2012 1 April 2013 182 days Head of state and government
Park Geun-hye     South Korea President 25 February 2013 10 March 2017
Suspended 9 December 2016
4 years, 13 days
3 years, 288 days
Head of state
Alenka Bratušek     Slovenia Prime Minister 20 March 2013 18 September 2014 1 year, 182 days Head of government
Antonella Mularoni     San Marino Captain Regent 1 April 2013 1 October 2013 183 days Head of state and government
Dame Cécile La Grenade     Grenada Governor-General 7 May 2013 Incumbent 4 years, 167 days Head of state
Sibel Siber     Northern Cyprus Prime Minister 13 June 2013 2 September 2013 81 days Head of government
Tatiana Turanskaya     Transnistria Prime Minister 10 June 2013 13 October 2015 2 years, 125 days Head of government
Aminata Touré     Senegal Prime Minister 1 September 2013 8 July 2014 310 days Head of government
Anna Maria Muccioli     San Marino Captain Regent 1 October 2013 1 April 2014 182 days Head of state and government
Erna Solberg     Norway Prime Minister 16 October 2013 Incumbent 4 years, 5 days Head of government
Laimdota Straujuma     Latvia Prime Minister 22 January 2014 11 February 2016 2 years, 20 days Head of government
Catherine Samba-Panza     Central African Republic Acting President 23 January 2014 30 March 2016 2 years, 67 days Head of state
Michelle Bachelet     Chile President 11 March 2014 Incumbent 3 years, 224 days Head of state and government
Valeria Ciavatta     San Marino Captain Regent 1 April 2014 1 October 2014 183 days Head of state and government
Marie-Louise Coleiro Preca     Malta President 4 April 2014 Incumbent 3 years, 200 days Head of state
Dame Marguerite Pindling     The Bahamas Governor-General 8 July 2014 Incumbent 3 years, 105 days Head of state
Ana Jara     Peru Prime Minister 22 July 2014 2 April 2015 254 days Head of government
Ewa Kopacz     Poland Prime Minister 22 September 2014 16 November 2015 1 year, 55 days Head of government
Florence Duperval Guillaume     Haiti Acting Prime Minister 20 December 2014 16 January 2015 27 days Head of government
Kolinda Grabar-Kitarović     Croatia President 19 February 2015 Incumbent 2 years, 244 days Head of state
Saara Kuugongelwa     Namibia Prime Minister 21 March 2015 Incumbent 2 years, 214 days Head of government
Monique Ohsan Bellepeau     Mauritius Acting President 29 May 2015 5 June 2015 7 days Head of state
Ameenah Gurib     Mauritius President 5 June 2015 Incumbent 2 years, 138 days Head of state
Natalia Gherman     Moldova Acting Prime Minister 22 June 2015 30 July 2015 38 days Head of government
Vassiliki Thanou     Greece Acting Prime Minister 27 August 2015 21 September 2015 25 days Head of government
Lorella Stefanelli     San Marino Captain Regent 1 October 2015 1 April 2016 183 days Head of state and government
Maya Parnas     Transnistria Acting Prime Minister 13 October 2015 30 November 2015 48 days Head of government
Bidhya Devi Bhandari       Nepal President 29 October 2015 Incumbent 1 year, 357 days Head of state
Beata Szydło     Poland Prime Minister 16 November 2015 Incumbent 1 year, 339 days Head of government
Tatiana Turanskaya     Transnistria Prime Minister 30 November 2015 2 December 2015 2 days Head of government
Maya Parnas     Transnistria Acting Prime Minister 2 December 2015 23 December 2015 21 days Head of government
Hilda Heine     Marshall Islands President 28 January 2016 Incumbent 1 year, 266 days Head of state and government
Aung San Suu Kyi     Myanmar State Counsellor 6 April 2016 Incumbent 1 year, 198 days Head of government
Tsai Ing-wen     Taiwan President 20 May 2016 Incumbent 1 year, 154 days Head of state
Doris Bures     Austria Co-Acting President 8 July 2016 26 January 2017 202 days Head of state
Theresa May     United Kingdom Prime Minister 13 July 2016 Incumbent 1 year, 100 days Head of government
Dame Sian Elias     New Zealand Administrator of the Government (Acting Governor-General) 31 August 2016 28 September 2016 28 days Head of state
Dame Patsy Reddy     New Zealand Governor-General 28 September 2016 Incumbent 1 year, 23 days Head of state
Kersti Kaljulaid     Estonia President 10 October 2016 Incumbent 1 year, 11 days Head of state
Mimma Zavoli     San Marino Captain Regent 1 April 2017 1 October 2017 183 days Head of state and government
Vanessa D'Ambrosio     San Marino Captain Regent 1 April 2017 1 October 2017 183 days Head of state and government
Ana Brnabić     Serbia Prime Minister 29 June 2017 Incumbent 114 days Head of government
Halimah Yacob     Singapore President 14 September 2017 Incumbent 37 days Head of state
Mercedes Aráoz     Peru Prime Minister 17 September 2017 Incumbent 34 days Head of government
Julie Payette     Canada Governor General 2 October 2017 Incumbent 19 days Head of state
Jacinda Ardern     New Zealand Prime Minister-designate designate Head of government

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit