Governor-General of Barbados

The governor-general of Barbados is the representative of the Barbadian monarch (presently Queen Elizabeth II). Under the government's Table of Precedence for Barbados, the governor-general of Barbados is regarded as being the most important of all personnel of the Barbados government.[2]

Governor-General of Barbados
Barbados Coat of Arms.svg
Coat of Arms of Barbados
Standard of the Governor-General of Barbados.svg
Sandra Mason at Remembrance Day Parade and Service 20191110.jpg
Incumbent
Dame Sandra Mason
GCMG, DA, QC

since 8 January 2018
Viceroy
StyleHer Excellency
ResidenceGovernment House, Barbados
AppointerMonarch of Barbados
Term lengthAt Her Majesty's pleasure
Formation30 November 1966
First holderSir John Montague Stow
Salary220,998 BBD annually[1]

The office is accorded legitimacy by Chapter IV of the Constitution of Barbados.[3] The Governor-General is appointed by the Queen on the advice of the Prime Minister of Barbados.[4][5] The governor-general exercises executive powers and who assents to bills in the monarch's name before they can become promulgated into law.[6] The Barbados constitution limits the powers of the governor-general (known as a constitutional monarchy system of governance).[7] This effectively limits the powers of the Queen, as it does the governor-general, who, in most instances, exercises authority on the advice of the prime minister or other persons or bodies within Barbados .[8]. Governor General Dame Mason will be the first president.

The office of the governor-general was established when Barbados gained independence in 1966. Since the colonization of Barbados by the British, Barbados has had 68 governors and subsequently 8 governors-general. On 30 November 2021, Barbados will become a republic and the office of governor-general will be abolished.

DutiesEdit

The queen, on the advice of the prime minister, appoints a governor-general to be her representative in Barbados.[9][10] Both the queen and the governor-general hold much power in the country, though it is rarely used unilaterally; it is usually only used in such a way in emergencies and in some cases war.[11]

The governor-general represents the queen on ceremonial occasions such as the opening of parliament and the presentation of honours and military parades. Under the constitution, the governor-general is given authority to act in some matters; for example, in appointing and disciplining officers of the civil service,[12] granting "any person convicted of any offence against the laws of Barbados a pardon",[13] and in proroguing parliament. But, in only a few cases is the Governor-General empowered to act entirely on his / her own discretion.

The governor-general of Barbados also chairs the Privy Council of Barbados.

List of Governors-General of BarbadosEdit

On 30 November 1966, Barbados gained independence from the United Kingdom.

Symbols

^† Died in office.
  Denotes Acting Governors-General
No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Monarch
(Reign)
Took office Left office Time in office
1 Sir John Montague Stow
(1911–1997)
30 November
1966
18 May
1967
169 days Elizabeth II
 
(1966–present)
2 Sir Arleigh Winston Scott
(1900–1976)
18 May
1967
9 August
1976[†]
9 years,

82 days

Sir William Douglas
(1921–2003)
Acting Governor-General
9 August
1976
17 November
1976
100 days
3 Sir Deighton Lisle Ward
(1909–1984)
17 November
1976
9 January
1984[†]
7 years,

53 days

Sir William Douglas
(1921–2003)
Acting Governor-General
10 January
1984
24 February
1984
45 days
4 Sir Hugh Springer
(1913–1994)
24 February
1984
6 June
1990
6 years,

104 days

5 Dame Nita Barrow
(1916–1995)
6 June
1990
19 December
1995[†]
5 years,

195 days

Sir Denys Williams
(1929–2014)
Acting Governor-General
19 December
1995
1 June
1996
165 days
6 Sir Clifford Husbands
(1926–2017)
1 June
1996
31 October
2011
15 years,

151 days

  Sir Elliott Belgrave
(b. 1931)
Acting Governor-General
1 November
2011
30 May
2012
211 days
  Dame Sandra Mason
(b. 1949)
Acting Governor-General
30 May
2012
1 June
2012
2 days
7   Sir Elliott Belgrave
(b. 1931)
1 June
2012
30 June
2017
5 years,

29 days

Sir Philip Greaves
(b. 1931)
Acting Governor-General
1 July
2017
8 January
2018
191 days
8   Dame Sandra Mason
(b. 1949)
8 January
2018
Incumbent 3 years, 290 days


Official oath of officeEdit

According to the First Schedule section of the Constitution of Barbados, the official Oath of office for the Governor-General of Barbados is as follows:

I, _________________________, do swear that I will well and truly serve Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II, Her Heirs and Successors, in the office of Governor-General. So help me God.

FutureEdit

The monarchy of Barbados and the governor-general's position will be abolished and replaced with a ceremonial president, akin to that of the president of Trinidad and Tobago.[14] Incumbent governor-general, Dame Sandra Mason was elected president on 20 October 2021.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Government Printing Department. "SCHEDULES OF PERSONAL EMOLUMENTS 2016 – 2017" (PDF). barbadosparliament.com.
  2. ^ Table of Precedence for Barbados - July, 2008
  3. ^ Constitution, Chapter IV
  4. ^ Constitution, Chapter IV, Section 28(1)
  5. ^ Constitution, Chapter IV, Section 32
  6. ^ Constitution, Chapter V, Section 58(1)
  7. ^ Constitution, Chapter IV, Section 32
  8. ^ Constitution, Chapter IV, Section 32
  9. ^ "Queen's role in Barbados". The Monarchy Today: Queen and State. The Barbadian Monarchy. Retrieved 2 June 2010.
  10. ^ Constitution, Chapter VI, Part 1; Section 28
  11. ^ Constitution, Chapter III, Part 15; Section 25(1)(a)
  12. ^ The role of GG is not just ceremonial, says Arthur
  13. ^ Constitution, Chapter VI, Part 2; Section 78(1)(a)
  14. ^ Madden, Marlon, ed. (17 September 2020). "Wickham predicts Barbados' republic model to mirror Trinidad's". Top Featured Article. Barbados Today. Retrieved 4 June 2021. As Barbados prepares to ditch the Queen as its Head of State and become a republic, a prominent political scientist is predicting that Prime Minister Mia Mottley will follow the Trinidad and Tobago model. What's more, Peter Wickham has shot down any idea of the Barbados Labour Party administration holding a referendum on the matter, saying that to do so would be a "mistake". "There is no need to and I don't think it makes a lot of sense. We had a situation where since 1999 this [political party] indicated its desire to go in the direction of a republic. The Opposition has always supported it.... So, I think there is enough cohesion in that regard to go with it," he said.

External linksEdit