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Sahle-Work Zewde (Amharic: ሳህለወርቅ ዘውዴ; born 21 February 1950) is an Ethiopian politician and diplomat who is the current President of Ethiopia and the first woman to hold the office. She was elected president unanimously by members of the Federal Parliamentary Assembly on 25 October 2018.[1]

Sahle-Work Zewde
ሳህለወርቅ ዘውዴ
Sahle-Work Zewde.jpg
President of Ethiopia
Assumed office
25 October 2018
Prime MinisterAbiy Ahmed Ali
Preceded byMulatu Teshome
Under Secretary-General of the United Nations to the African Union
In office
27 June 2018 – 25 October 2018
Appointed byAntónio Guterres
Preceded byHaile Menkerios
Director-General of the United Nations Office at Nairobi
In office
2011–2018
Appointed byBan Ki-moon
António Guterres
Preceded byAchim Steiner
Succeeded byHanna Tetteh
Personal details
Born (1950-02-21) 21 February 1950 (age 69)
Addis Ababa, Ethiopian Empire (present day Ethiopia)
Political partyIndependent
EducationUniversity of Montpellier

Sahle-Work was previously Special Representative of United Nations Secretary-General António Guterres to the African Union and Head of the United Nations Office to the African Union at the level of Under-Secretary-General of the United Nations.[2]

Contents

Early life and educationEdit

Born in Addis Ababa,[3] Sahle-Work attended elementary and secondary school at Lycée Guebre-Mariam in Addis Ababa, after which she studied natural science at the University of Montpellier, France.[4][5] She is fluent in Amharic, French, and English.[6]

CareerEdit

Diplomatic careerEdit

Sahle-Work was only the second woman to be appointed an ambassador in Ethiopia's history (Ambassador Yodit Emiru was the first woman to hold an ambassadorship).[7][8]

A veteran in the Ethiopian foreign service, Sahle-Work served as Ambassador to Senegal,[9] with accreditation to Mali, Cape Verde, Guinea-Bissau, Gambia and Guinea, from 1989 to 1993.[7] From 1993 to 2002, she was Ambassador to Djibouti and Permanent Representative to the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD).[10][11] She later served as Ambassador to France,[9] Permanent Representative to the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) and was accredited to Tunisia and Morocco from 2002 to 2006.[12]

Sahle-Work subsequently held other high level positions including Permanent Representative of Ethiopia to the African Union and the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (ECA) and Director-General for African Affairs in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ethiopia.[12]

Career with the United NationsEdit

Until 2011, Sahle-Work served as Special Representative of United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon and Head of the United Nations Integrated Peace-building Office in the Central African Republic (BINUCA).[13]

In 2011, Ban appointed Sahle-Work as Director-General of the United Nations Office at Nairobi (UNON).[14] Under Sahle-Work, the Nairobi office became a more important UN center for East and Central Africa, according to the 2012 Africa Yearbook.[15]

In June 2018, Secretary-General António Guterres appointed Sahle-Work as his Special Representative to the African Union and Head of the United Nations Office to the African Union (UNOAU) at the level of Under-Secretary-General of the United Nations.[12] She was the first woman to hold the post.[14]

President of EthiopiaEdit

Sahle-Work was appointed as President of Ethiopia on 25 October 2018, the first woman to serve in the role[16] and the fourth president since the ruling Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF) coalition was elected in the newly-established Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia in 1995.[17][18] She replaced Mulatu Teshome, who resigned in unclear circumstances, and Sahle-Work is expected to serve two six-year terms.[6] As of 25 March 2019, Sahle-Work's appointment makes her Africa's only serving female head of state, and the first female Ethiopian head of state since Empress Zewditu.[6]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Ethiopia gets first female president". BBC. 25 October 2018. Archived from the original on 25 October 2018. Retrieved 25 October 2018.
  2. ^ Secretary-General Appoints Sahle-Work Zewde of Ethiopia his Special Representative, Head of United Nations Office to African Union Archived 7 July 2018 at the Wayback Machine United Nations, press release of 27 June 2018.
  3. ^ Gebreselassie, Elias (27 October 2018). "Who is Sahle-Work Zewde, Ethiopia's first female president?". Al Jazeera. Archived from the original on 29 October 2018.
  4. ^ "Sahle-Work Zewde poised to be Ethiopia's first female president". borkena.com. Retrieved 25 October 2018.
  5. ^ "Ethiopia appoints career diplomat Sahle-Work Zewde as Africa's only female president". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 25 October 2018.
  6. ^ a b c "Sahle-Work Zewde named Ethiopia's first woman president". Al Jazeera. 25 October 2018. Archived from the original on 25 October 2018. Retrieved 26 October 2018.
  7. ^ a b "Celebrating Ethiopian Women: Ambassador Sahle-work Zewde". Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Ethiopia). 22 March 2018. Archived from the original on 26 October 2018. Retrieved 29 October 2018.
  8. ^ Haslach, Patricia (18 March 2015). "Remarks by U.S. Ambassador to Ethiopia Patricia M. Haslach at the Opening of the Second Annual Career Day on Women in Diplomacy". Embassy of the United States in Ethiopia. Archived from the original on 6 September 2018. Retrieved 29 October 2018.
  9. ^ a b Schemm, Paul (25 October 2018). "Ethiopia appoints first female president in its modern history in latest reform". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on 26 October 2018. Retrieved 26 October 2018.
  10. ^ "News Alert: Ambassador Sahlework Zewde to become Ethiopia's president". Addis Standard. 24 October 2018. Archived from the original on 26 October 2018. Retrieved 26 October 2018.
  11. ^ Ms. Sahle-Work Zewde of Ethiopia – Special Representative to the African Union and Head of the United Nations Office to the African Union (UNOAU) Archived 25 October 2018 at the Wayback Machine United Nations, press release of 27 June 2018.
  12. ^ a b c "Ms. Sahle-Work Zewde of Ethiopia – Special Representative to the African Union and Head of the United Nations Office to the African Union (UNOAU)". United Nations. 27 June 2018. Archived from the original on 25 October 2018. Retrieved 26 October 2018.
  13. ^ Tchounand, Ristel (25 October 2018). "Sahle-Work Zewde devient la première femme chef d'Etat de l'Ethiopie". La Tribune (in French). Retrieved 26 October 2018.
  14. ^ a b Dahir, Abdi Latif (25 October 2018). "Ethiopia elects female president Sahle-Work Zewde". Quartz. Archived from the original on 25 October 2018. Retrieved 26 October 2018.
  15. ^ Mehler, Andreas; Melber, Henning; van Walvaren, Klaas (2012). Africa Yearbook Volume 8: Politics, Economy and Society South of the Sahara in 2011. Brill Publishers. p. 17. ISBN 9789004241787.
  16. ^ "Ethiopia's parliament approves Sahle-Work Zewde as president". Reuters. Retrieved 25 October 2018.
  17. ^ George Obulutsa (25 October 2018), Ethiopia's parliament approves Sahle-Work Zewde as first female president Archived 25 October 2018 at the Wayback Machine, Reuters.
  18. ^ "Sahle-Work Zewde Becomes First Ethiopian Woman President". Al Bawaba. 25 October 2018. Retrieved 27 March 2019.

External linksEdit

Political offices
Preceded by
Mulatu Teshome
President of Ethiopia
2018–present
Incumbent