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List of heads of state of Mongolia

The Constitution of Mongolia adopted in 1992 states that the President of Mongolia is the "head of state and embodiment of the unity of the Mongolian people".[1]

Mongolia declared its independence from the Qing dynasty in 1911, under the Bogd Khan (the 8th Jebtsundamba Khutuktu). From 1911 to 1924, the head of state of Mongolia was nominally the Bogd Khan. During 1924 to 1992, during the Mongolian People's Republic, the official title of the head of state underwent several changes, including Chairman of the State Great Khural, Chairman of the Presidium of the State Little Khural, Chairman of the Presidium of the State Great Khural, and finally, Chairman of the Presidium of the People's Great Khural.

Contents

Heads of State of Mongolia (1924–present)Edit

(Dates in italics indicate de facto continuation of office)

Bogd Khaanate of Mongolia (1911–1924)Edit

Name Birth–Death Reign start Reign end Religious title
Khagan of Mongolia
1 Bogd Khan   1869–1924 29 December 1911 20 May 1924 The 8th Jebtsundamba Khutuktu
Name Birth–Death Took office Left office Political Party
Acting Head of State
Balingiin Tserendorj   1868–1928 20 May 1924 28 November 1924 Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party

Mongolian People's Republic (1924–1992)Edit

Name Birth–Death Took office Left office Political Party
Chairman of the State Great Khural
2 Navaandorjiin Jadambaa 1900–1939 28 November 1924 29 November 1924 Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party
Chairman of the Presidium of the State Little Khural
3 Peljidiin Genden   1892–1937 29 November 1924 15 November 1927 Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party
4 Jamtsangiin Damdinsüren 1898–1938 16 November 1927 23 January 1929 Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party
5 Khorloogiin Choibalsan   1895–1952 24 January 1929 27 April 1930 Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party
6 Losolyn Laagan 1887–1940 27 April 1930 2 July 1932 Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party
7 Anandyn Amar   1886–1941 2 July 1932 22 March 1936 Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party
8 Dansranbilegiin Dogsom   1884–1941 22 March 1936 9 July 1939 Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party
Vacant (9 July 1939 – 6 July 1940)
9 Gonchigiin Bumtsend   1881–1953 6 July 1940 5 January 1946 Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party
Outer Mongolia was de jure part of the Republic of China until 5 January 1946, when the ROC officially recognized its de facto independence (following the referendum held on 20 October 1945). The head of state of Mongolia is legal from that time.
(9) Gonchigiin Bumtsend   1881–1953 5 January 1946 6 July 1951 Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party
Chairman of the Presidium of the State Great Khural
Gonchigiin Bumtsend   1881–1953 6 July 1951 23 September 1953 Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party
Sükhbaataryn Yanjmaa
Acting Chairwoman
  1893–1963 23 September 1953 7 July 1954 Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party
10 Jamsrangiin Sambuu   1895–1972 7 July 1954 7 July 1960 Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party
Chairman of the Presidium of the People's Great Khural
Jamsrangiin Sambuu   1895–1972 7 July 1960 21 May 1972 Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party
Tsagaanlamyn Dügersüren
Acting Chairman
  1914–1986 21 May 1972 29 June 1972 Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party
Sonomyn Luvsan
Acting Chairman
  1912–1986 29 June 1972 11 June 1974 Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party
11 Yumjaagiin Tsedenbal   1916–1991 11 June 1974 23 August 1984 Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party
Nyamyn Jagvaral
Acting Chairman
  1919–1987 23 August 1984 12 December 1984 Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party
12 Jambyn Batmönkh   1926–1997 12 December 1984 21 March 1990 Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party
13 Punsalmaagiin Ochirbat   1942– 21 March 1990 3 September 1990 Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party
President of the People's Republic
Punsalmaagiin Ochirbat   1942– 3 September 1990 12 February 1992 Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party

Mongolia (1992–present)Edit

Presidents
(13) Punsalmaagiin Ochirbat   1942– 12 February 1992 20 June 1997 Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party
(until 1993)
Mongolian Social Democratic Party
14 Natsagiin Bagabandi   1950– 20 June 1997 24 June 2005 Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party
15 Nambaryn Enkhbayar   1958– 24 June 2005 18 June 2009 Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party
16 Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj   1963– 18 June 2009 10 July 2017 Democratic Party
17 Khaltmaagiin Battulga   1963– 10 July 2017 Incumbent Democratic Party

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit