Maria do Carmo Silveira

Maria do Carmo Trovoada Pires de Carvalho Silveira (born 14 February 1961) is a former Prime Minister of São Tomé and Príncipe who served from 8 Jun 2005 to 21 Apr 2006.[1]

Maria do Carmo Silveira
Maria do Carmo Silveira.jpg
Maria do Carmo Silveira at the Community of Portuguese Language Countries meeting in 2017, Brasília
7th Executive Secretary of the
Lusophone Commonwealth
In office
9 January 2017 – 31 December 2018
Preceded byMurade Isaac Murargy
Succeeded byFrancisco Ribeiro Telles
13th Prime Minister of
São Tomé and Príncipe
In office
8 June 2005 – 21 April 2006
PresidentFradique de Menezes
Preceded byDamião Vaz d'Almeida
Succeeded byTomé Vera Cruz
Personal details
Born (1961-02-14) 14 February 1961 (age 59)
São Tomé and Príncipe
Political partySocial Democratic Party
Alma materDonetsk National University


She was educated as an economist at the Donetsk National University (Ukraine), Master of Public Administration from the National School of Administration in Strasbourg[2] and was the third governor of São Tomé and Príncipe's Central Bank from 1999 to 2005, she succeeded Carlos Quaresma Batista de Sousa and was succeeded by Arlindo Afonso Carvalho[3] and again from 2011 to 2016 as the sixth governor succeeding Luís Fernando Moreira de Sousa.[4]

Prime ministerEdit

She served as Prime Minister and Minister of Planning and Finance São Tomé and Príncipe from 8 June 2005 to 21 April 2006.

Silveira, the country's second female Prime Minister, is a member of the Movement for the Liberation of São Tomé and Príncipe-Social Democratic Party (MLSTP-PSD) and was a member of the party executive board.[3]

Silveira declared that macroeconomic stability was her priority and made her mark by among others resolving the wage dispute with the unions in the public sector, securing assistance from the IMF and obtaining an agreement with Angola on cooperation in the oil sector.[5]


Her term as Prime Minister ended after the 2006 parliamentary elections, when the opposition defeated the MLSTP-PSD,[3] and she was succeeded as Prime Minister by Tomé Vera Cruz in 2006.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "At-a-glance: Women Prime Ministers". SBS News. 23 Aug 2013. Retrieved 2014-08-04. Cite has empty unknown parameter: |coauthors= (help)
  2. ^ "Maria do Carmo Silveira". Retrieved 2019-12-02.
  3. ^ a b c Jane S. Jensen (2008). Women Political Leaders. Palgrave Macmillan. pp. 58–59. ISBN 9780230616851. Cite has empty unknown parameter: |coauthors= (help)
  4. ^ "Banco Central de S.Tomé e Príncipe".
  5. ^ Skard, Torild (2014) "Maria do Carmo Silveira" in Women of power female presidents and prime ministers worldwide, Bristol: Policy Press, ISBN 978-1-44731-578-0, pp. 300-01
Government offices
Preceded by
Carlos Quaresma Batista de Sousa
Governor of the Central Bank of São Tomé and Príncipe
Succeeded by
Arlindo Afonso Carvalho
Preceded by
Arlindo Afonso Carvalho
Governor of the Central Bank of São Tomé and Príncipe
Political offices
Preceded by
Damião Vaz d'Almeida
Prime Minister of São Tomé and Príncipe
Succeeded by
Tomé Vera Cruz