Sophie Wilmès Stone (French: [sɔfi wilmɛs]; born 15 January 1975) is a Belgian politician serving as Minister of Foreign Affairs since 2020. She was Prime Minister of Belgium from 2019 to 2020. A member of the Reformist Movement, she is the first woman to hold either position.
|Deputy Prime Minister of Belgium|
Minister of Foreign Affairs
|Assumed office |
1 October 2020
|Prime Minister||Alexander De Croo|
|Preceded by||Philippe Goffin|
|Prime Minister of Belgium|
27 October 2019 – 1 October 2020
Alexander De Croo
Didier Reynders (2019)
|Preceded by||Charles Michel|
|Succeeded by||Alexander De Croo|
|Minister of Budget|
1 October 2015 – 27 October 2019
|Prime Minister||Charles Michel|
|Preceded by||Hervé Jamar|
|Succeeded by||David Clarinval|
|Born||15 January 1975|
Ixelles, Brussels, Belgium
|Political party||Reformist Movement|
|Parent(s)||Philippe Wilmès (father)|
|Education||Saint-Louis University, Brussels|
Wilmès was elected to the Chamber of Representatives in 2014, and served as budget minister in the first and second governments of Charles Michel from 2015 to 2019. In the aftermath of the 2019 Belgian federal election, Philippe of Belgium appointed Wilmès to lead a caretaker government (the Wilmès I Government) before she formed an executive government (the Wilmès II Government) in March 2020 to handle the COVID-19 pandemic.
Sophie Wilmès was born in Ixelles, Brussels on 15 January 1975. Her father, Philippe Wilmès, was a banker and economics professor at the Université catholique de Louvain who had been active in liberal politics and had served as chef de cabinet to Jean Gol of the Liberal Reformist Party (Parti Réformateur Libéral, PRL). Her paternal grandparents were killed in the bombing of Limal during World War II. Her mother is an Ashkenazi Jew who lost several relatives in the Holocaust and had worked in the office of Mieke Offeciers between 1992 and 1993 during her term as Minister of Budget. Sophie Wilmès grew up in the town of Grez-Doiceau, Walloon Brabant.
In 2000, Wilmès became a councillor in Uccle. From 2007 to 2014 Wilmès was First Alderman in charge of Finance, Budget, Francophone Education, Communication and Local Businesses for the town of Sint-Genesius-Rode. From 2014 to 2015 she was a provincial councillor for the province of Flemish Brabant.
In September 2015, minister of the budget Hervé Jamar announced that he would resign on 1 October 2015 because he was selected as the governor of the province of Liège. Wilmès was selected to succeed him in the Michel I Government. In December 2018 she became Minister of Budget, Civil Service, National Lottery and Scientific Policy in the Michel II Government.
On 27 October 2019, Wilmès became the first female Prime Minister of Belgium, succeeding Charles Michel. She led a caretaker government while negotiations proceeded to form a new coalition government. On 16 March 2020, with negotiations still underway after 15 months, all major parties agreed to grant full legislative powers to the Wilmès government in order to fight the COVID-19 pandemic. Under the terms of the agreement, Wilmès was granted special powers to deal with the pandemic's economic and social impact. These powers were to last for three months, though they could be renewed once for an additional three months. Wilmès was officially nominated as prime minister by King Philippe later on 16 March,  and her reshuffled executive government was sworn in the day after.
On 1 October 2020 Wilmès was appointed deputy prime minister and foreign minister in the new government formed under Alexander De Croo, becoming the first female foreign minister in Belgian history. For a time beginning on 22 October 2020, she managed the country's foreign relations from her intensive care hospital bed as she suffered from COVID-19. It was noted by Deutsche Welle that "Wilmes tested positive for coronavirus" prior to 17 October "after attending an EU summit with her counterparts" at the Europa building in Luxembourg on 12 October and 13 October. Her Austrian counterpart, Alexander Schallenberg, has also since had a positive test.
In May 2009, Wilmès married Chris Stone, an Australian businessman and former footballer. They have three daughters: Victoria, Charlotte, and Elizabeth. Stone has a son, Jonathan, from a previous relationship.
Shortly after the end of her term as Prime Minister, on 17 October 2020, she tweeted that she was COVID-19-positive. On 22 October, she was admitted to intensive care in stable condition. She was released from hospital on 30 October.
- Marine Strauss (1 October 2020),Finally, a government after 652 days: New Belgian PM debuts at EU summit Reuters.
- VRT NWS (16 March 2020). "Premier Sophie Wilmès (MR) vraagt morgen het vertrouwen in de Kamer". vrtnws.be (in Dutch). Retrieved 17 March 2020.
- Nizet, Pierre (28 October 2019). "Qui est vraiment Sophie Wilmès, notre nouvelle Première ministre" (in French). Sud-Info. Retrieved 17 November 2020.
- Figaro, Madame (27 October 2019). "Sophie Wilmès : une ministre modèle devient la première femme à diriger la Belgique". Madame. Le Figaro. Retrieved 17 November 2020.
- "Décès de Philippe Wilmès". L'Echo (in French). 25 May 2010. Retrieved 16 February 2020.
- "Belgium names first ever Jewish, female prime minister". Israel-Hayom. JNS. 31 October 2019. Retrieved 17 November 2020.
- "Who Am I?". Sophie Wilmes. 13 November 2019. Retrieved 17 March 2020.
- "UK immigration officials sent to Zeebrugge in crackdown against organised smuggling". The Brussels Times. 29 October 2019. Retrieved 29 October 2019.
- Rankin, Jennifer (28 October 2019). "Belgium gets first female PM as Sophie Wilmès takes office". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 29 October 2019.
- "Belgium hands powers to caretaker PM to fight Covid-19 after 15-month stalemate". The Guardian. 16 March 2020. Retrieved 18 March 2020.
- Boffey, Daniel (22 October 2020). "Belgium's deputy PM in intensive care with coronavirus". The Guardian. Retrieved 22 October 2020.
- "Belgian Foreign Minister Sophie Wilmes in intensive care with COVID-19". Deutsche Welle. 21 October 2020.
- "FOREIGN AFFAIRS COUNCIL Luxembourg, 12 October 2020" (PDF). European Council. 12 October 2020.
- "GENERAL AFFAIRS COUNCIL Luxembourg, 13 Octobre 2020" (PDF). European Council. 13 October 2020.
- Nizet, Pierre (28 October 2019). "Qui est vraiment Sophie Wilmès, notre nouvelle Première ministre" (in French). Sud Info. Retrieved 4 December 2019.
- La Libre 30-10-20 à 12h19 "Sophie Wilmès est sortie de l'hôpital: elle poursuivra sa convalescence à son domicile"
- Media related to Sophie Wilmès at Wikimedia Commons