Flemish Brabant (Dutch: Vlaams-Brabant [ˌvlaːmz ˈbraːbɑnt] ;[a] French: Brabant flamand [bʁabɑ̃ flamɑ̃] ) is a province of Flanders, one of the three regions of Belgium. It borders on (clockwise from the North) the Belgian provinces of Antwerp, Limburg, Liège, Walloon Brabant, Hainaut and East Flanders. Flemish Brabant also surrounds the Brussels-Capital Region. Its capital is Leuven. It has an area of 2,118 km2 (818 sq mi) which is divided into two administrative districts (arrondissementen in Dutch) containing 65 municipalities. As of January 2019, Flemish Brabant had a population of 1,146,175.[2]

Flemish Brabant
Flag of Flemish Brabant
Coat of arms of Flemish Brabant
Location of Flemish Brabant
Coordinates: 50°55′N 04°35′E / 50.917°N 4.583°E / 50.917; 4.583
Country Belgium
Region Flanders
(and largest city)
 • GovernorJan Spooren
 • Total2,118 km2 (818 sq mi)
 (1 January 2019[2])
 • Total1,146,175
 • Density540/km2 (1,400/sq mi)
 • Total€51.731 billion (2021)
ISO 3166 codeBE-VBR
HDI (2021)0.949[4]
very high · 4th of 11

Flemish Brabant was created in 1995 by the splitting of the former province of Brabant into three parts: two new provinces, Flemish Brabant and Walloon Brabant; and the Brussels-Capital Region, which no longer belongs to any province. The split was made to accommodate the eventual division of Belgium in three regions (Flanders, Wallonia and the Brussels-Capital Region).

The province is made up of two arrondissements. The Halle-Vilvoorde Arrondissement surrounds Brussels and is mainly a residential area, though it also contains large industrial zones and has Belgium's main airport. It is joined by the Leuven Arrondissement, centered on Leuven, the province's capital and largest city. Products of Flemish Brabant include Belgian beers.

The official language of Flemish Brabant is Dutch, as in the rest of Flanders. A few municipalities are to a certain extent allowed to use French to communicate with their citizens; these are called the municipalities with language facilities. Other such special municipalities can be found along the border between Flanders and Wallonia, and between Wallonia and the German-speaking area of Belgium. Halle-Vilvoorde mostly surrounds Brussels, which is officially bilingual but whose inhabitants mostly speak French.



The Governor is the representative or "commissioner" of the federal and Flemish governments in Flemish Brabant. He is appointed by the Flemish government, on the unanimous advice of the Federal Council of Ministers. From the creation of Flemish Brabant in 1995, as a result of the division of the Province of Brabant into Flemish- and French-speaking provinces, until his retirement in 2020, the Governor was Lodewijk De Witte. He was succeeded by Jan Spooren.

The Governor is responsible for supervising the local authorities, ensuring that laws and decrees are observed, maintaining public order and security, and coordinating the response to a disaster which has occurred in his province. He also presides over the Deputation, however, he does not have the right to vote in the Deputation except in those cases where the Deputation exercises a judicial function.

Flemish Brabant is the only province that has a Deputy Governor as well. The Deputy Governor is appointed by the Flemish Government on the unanimous advice of the Federal Council of Ministers and must have a considerable knowledge of both the Dutch and the French language. He is responsible for ensuring that the language legislation is observed in the peripheral municipalities of Flemish Brabant.

The Provincial Council of Flemish Brabant consists of 72 members (84 members until 2012) elected for a term of office of 6 years. The last election was held on Sunday 14 October 2012. Seven political parties have seats in the Provincial Council:

The current President of the Provincial Council is An Hermans (CD&V). She is assisted by a Bureau which consists of two Vice-Presidents, four Secretaries, three Quaestors and the floor leaders of the fractions in the Provincial Council.

The governing majority in the Provincial Council for 2013–2018 is formed by CD&V, Open VLD, sp.a and Groen. These parties together have a majority of 43 out of 72 seats.

The Deputation is the executive organ responsible for the daily administration of the province. It consists of the Governor and six Deputies elected by the Provincial Council from among its midst. For the 2013–2018 legislative term, the Deputies are divided among the majority parties as follows: two for CD&V, two for Open Vld, one for sp.a and one for Groen.



The Gross domestic product (GDP) of the province was 49.8 billion € in 2018. GDP per capita adjusted for purchasing power was 38,600 € or 128% of the EU27 average in the same year.[5]



According to the International Social Survey Programme 2008: Religion III by the Association of Religion Data Archives,[6] 73.9% of Flemish Brabant's population identified themselves as Catholics, 23.1% as non-religious, and 3% adhered to other religions.

Religion in Flemish Brabant (2008)[6]

  Roman Catholicism (73.9%)
  Protestantism (1.1%)
  Non-religious (23.1%)
  Other religion (1.9%)



Flemish Brabant has 65 municipalities: 35 in the Arrondissement of Halle-Vilvoorde and 30 in Leuven.

Map showing the location of the Arrondissement of Halle-Vilvoorde
Halle-Vilvoorde arrondissement: Leuven arrondissement:

See also



  1. ^ Vlaams in isolation is pronounced [vlaːms].


  1. ^ "be.STAT". bestat.statbel.fgov.be. Archived from the original on 13 July 2019. Retrieved 11 January 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Structuur van de bevolking | Statbel". statbel.fgov.be. Archived from the original on 18 February 2018. Retrieved 11 January 2020.
  3. ^ "EU regions by GDP, Eurostat". Archived from the original on 27 February 2023. Retrieved 18 September 2023.
  4. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". Archived from the original on 29 July 2021. Retrieved 2 October 2021.
  5. ^ "Regional GDP per capita ranged from 30% to 263% of the EU average in 2018". Eurostat. Archived from the original on 9 October 2022. Retrieved 6 March 2020.
  6. ^ a b "Analysis | International Social Survey Programme 2008: Religion III | Data Archive | The Association of Religion Data Archives". www.thearda.com. Archived from the original on 2 August 2021. Retrieved 17 April 2017.