Province of Brabant

The Province of Brabant (/brəˈbænt/, US also /brəˈbɑːnt, ˈbrɑːbənt/,[1][2][3] Dutch: [ˈbraːbɑnt] (listen)) was a province in Belgium from 1830 to 1995. It was created in 1815 as South Brabant, part of the United Kingdom of the Netherlands.[4] In 1995, it was split into the Dutch-speaking Flemish Brabant, the French-speaking Walloon Brabant and the bilingual Brussels-Capital Region.[5]

Province of Brabant
Former province of Belgium
(Netherlands until 1830)
1815–1995
Flag of Brabant
Flag
Province of Brabant in Belgium 1963-1995.svg
CapitalBrussels
DemonymBrabantian
History
History 
• Established
1815
• Disestablished
1995
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Dyle (department)
Walloon Brabant
Flemish Brabant
Brussels-Capital Region
Map of the Low Countries including Brabant (yellow). The border between the Northern and the Southern Netherlands is marked in red

HistoryEdit

United Kingdom of the NetherlandsEdit

After the defeat of Napoleon in 1815, the United Kingdom of the Netherlands was created at the Congress of Vienna, consisting of territories which had been added to France by Napoleon: the former Dutch Republic and the Southern Netherlands. In the newly created kingdom, the former French département of Dyle became the new province of South Brabant, distinguishing it from Central Brabant (later Antwerp province); and from North Brabant (now part of the Netherlands), all named after the former Duchy of Brabant.

History of the Low Countries
Frisii Belgae
Cana-
nefates
Chamavi,
Tubantes
Gallia Belgica (55 BC – 5th c. AD)
Germania Inferior (83 – 5th c.)
Salian Franks Batavi
unpopulated
(4th–5th c.)
Saxons Salian Franks
(4th–5th c.)
Frisian Kingdom
(6th c.–734)
Frankish Kingdom (481–843)Carolingian Empire (800–843)
Austrasia (511–687)
Middle Francia (843–855) West
Francia

(843–)
Kingdom of Lotharingia (855– 959)
Duchy of Lower Lorraine (959–)
Frisia

 
Frisian
Freedom

(11–16th
century)
 
County of
Holland

(880–1432)
 
Bishopric of
Utrecht

(695–1456)
 
Duchy of
Brabant

(1183–1430)
 
Duchy of
Guelders

(1046–1543)
 
County of
Flanders

(862–1384)
 
County of
Hainaut

(1071–1432)
 
County of
Namur

(981–1421)
 
P.-Bish.
of Liège


(980–1794)

Duchy of
Luxem-
bourg

(1059–1443)
   
Burgundian Netherlands (1384–1482)
 
Habsburg Netherlands (1482–1795)
(Seventeen Provinces after 1543)
 
 
Dutch Republic
(1581–1795)
 
Spanish Netherlands
(1556–1714)
 
   
Austrian Netherlands
(1714–1795)
   
United States of Belgium
(1790)
 
R. Liège
(1789–'91)
     
 
Batavian Republic (1795–1806)
Kingdom of Holland (1806–1810)
 
associated with French First Republic (1795–1804)
part of First French Empire (1804–1815)
   
 
Princip. of the Netherlands (1813–1815)
 
United Kingdom of the Netherlands (1815–1830)  
Gr D. L.
(1815–)


Kingdom of the Netherlands (1839–)
 
Kingdom of Belgium (1830–)
Gr D. of
Luxem-
bourg

(1890–)

The provincial governors during this time were:

BelgiumEdit

 
Diagram of the Belgian Province of Brabant, which was divided into Flemish Brabant (bright yellow), Walloon Brabant (bright red), and the Brussels-Capital Region (orange).

After the Belgian Revolution of 1830, the Southern Netherlands (including South and Central Brabant) became independent as Belgium and later also Luxembourg. The province was then renamed simply Brabant and became the central province of Belgium, with its capital city Brussels. The province contained three arrondissements: Brussels, Leuven and Nivelles.

In 1961–1963, the language border was established, from which the province was divided into a Dutch-speaking region, a French-speaking region and the bilingual Brussels. The Brussels arrondissement was split to this end. In 1989, Brussels-Capital Region was created, but the region was still part of the province of Brabant. In 1995, the province of Brabant was split into the Dutch-speaking Flemish Brabant, the French-speaking Walloon Brabant and the bilingual Brussels-Capital Region. The Brussels-Capital Region exercises the powers of a Province on its own territory.

DemographicsEdit

As comparison, the current two provinces of Brabant, together with Brussels, had 2,621,275 inhabitants in January 2011.

Number of inhabitants x 1000

  • Source: NIS
  • 1806 till 1970: census
  • 1980 and 1990: number of inhabitants on 1 January
  • 1994: number on 31 December

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Brabant". Collins English Dictionary. HarperCollins. Retrieved May 29, 2019.
  2. ^ "Brabant" (US) and "Brabant". Lexico UK English Dictionary. Oxford University Press. Archived from the original on 2020-09-29.
  3. ^ "Brabant". Merriam-Webster Dictionary. Retrieved May 29, 2019.
  4. ^ Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Brabant (province)" . Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
  5. ^ "Administratief Arrondissement Brussel-Hoofdstad". Archived from the original on 2016-08-29. Retrieved 2011-09-17.

Coordinates: 50°47′N 4°38′E / 50.783°N 4.633°E / 50.783; 4.633