Hainaut Province

Hainaut (/ˈn/, also US: /hˈ-, ɛˈ-/, UK: /ˈ(h)n/,[4][5][6] French: [ɛno]; Dutch: Henegouwen [ˈɦeːnəɣʌuə(n)] (listen); Walloon: Hinnot; Picard: Hénau), historically also known as Heynowes in English, is a province of Wallonia and Belgium.

Hinnot  (Walloon)
Hénau  (Picard)
Flag of Hainaut
Coat of arms of Hainaut
Location of Hainaut
Coordinates: 50°30′N 3°55′E / 50.5°N 3.92°E / 50.5; 3.92Coordinates: 50°30′N 3°55′E / 50.5°N 3.92°E / 50.5; 3.92
Country Belgium
Region Wallonia
Largest cityCharleroi
 • GovernorTommy Leclercq
 • Total3,813 km2 (1,472 sq mi)
 (1 January 2019)[2]
 • Total1,344,241
 • Density350/km2 (910/sq mi)
HDI (2018)0.888[3]
very high · 11th of 11

To its south lies the French department of Nord, while within Belgium it borders (clockwise from the North) on the Flemish provinces of West Flanders, East Flanders, Flemish Brabant and the Walloon provinces of Walloon Brabant and Namur.

Its capital is Mons (Dutch Bergen) and the most populous city is Charleroi, the province's urban, economic and cultural hub, the financial capital of Hainaut and the fifth largest city in the country by population. Hainaut has an area of 3,831 km2 (1,479 sq mi) and as of January 2019 a population of 1,344,241.[7]


Historical map of the County of Hainaut, with in red the current French-Belgian border.

The province derives from the French Revolutionary Jemmape department, formed in 1795 from part of the medieval County of Hainaut, the small territory of Tournai and the Tournaisis, a part of the county of Namur (Charleroi), and also a small part of the Prince-Bishopric of Liège (Thuin). (A large part of the historical county of Hainaut is now within France and sometimes referred to as French Hainaut.)


Hainaut province is divided into 7 administrative districts (arrondissements), subdivided into a total of 69 municipalities. It has an area of 3,831 square kilometres (1,479 sq mi).

Map no. Municipality Arrondissement
1 Aiseau-Presles Charleroi
2 Anderlues Thuin
3 Antoing Tournai
4 Ath Ath
5 Beaumont Thuin
6 Belœil Ath
7 Bernissart Ath
8 Binche Thuin
9 Boussu Mons
10 Braine-le-Comte Soignies
11 Brugelette Ath
12 Brunehaut Tournai
13 Celles Tournai
14 Chapelle-lez-Herlaimont Charleroi
15 Charleroi Charleroi
16 Châtelet Charleroi
17 Chièvres Ath
18 Chimay Thuin
19 Colfontaine Mons
20 Comines-Warneton Mouscron
21 Courcelles Charleroi
22 Dour Mons
23 Écaussinnes Soignies
24 Ellezelles Ath
25 Enghien Soignies
26 Erquelinnes Thuin
27 Estaimpuis Tournai
28 Estinnes Thuin
29 Farciennes Charleroi
30 Fleurus Charleroi
31 Flobecq Ath
32 Fontaine-l'Evêque Charleroi
33 Frameries Mons
34 Frasnes-lez-Anvaing Ath
35 Froidchapelle Thuin
36 Gerpinnes Charleroi
37 Ham-sur-Heure-Nalinnes Thuin
38 Hensies Mons
39 Honnelles Mons
40 Jurbise Mons
41 La Louvière Soignies
42 Le Rœulx Soignies
43 Lens Mons
44 Les Bons Villers Charleroi
45 Lessines Soignies
46 Leuze-en-Hainaut Tournai
47 Lobbes Thuin
48 Manage Charleroi
49 Merbes-le-Château Thuin
50 Momignies Thuin
51 Mons Mons
52 Mont-de-l'Enclus Tournai
53 Montigny-le-Tilleul Charleroi
54 Morlanwelz Thuin
55 Mouscron Mouscron
56 Pecq Tournai
57 Péruwelz Tournai
58 Pont-à-Celles Charleroi
59 Quaregnon Mons
60 Quévy Mons
61 Quiévrain Mons
62 Rumes Tournai
63 Saint-Ghislain Mons
64 Seneffe Charleroi
65 Silly Soignies
66 Sivry-Rance Thuin
67 Soignies Soignies
68 Thuin Thuin
69 Tournai Tournai



The Gross domestic product (GDP) of the province was 34.2 billion € in 2018, accounting for 7.4% of Belgium's economic output. GDP per capita adjusted for purchasing power was 22,500 € or 75% of the EU27 average in the same year. Hainaut is the province with the second lowest GDP per capita.[8]


The patron saint of the province Hainaut is Saint Waltrude.[9]


  1. ^ "Be.STAT".
  2. ^ "Structuur van de bevolking | Statbel".
  3. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab".{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  4. ^ "Hainaut". The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language (5th ed.). HarperCollins. Retrieved 17 April 2019.
  5. ^ "Hainaut" (US) and "Hainaut". Oxford Dictionaries UK English Dictionary. Oxford University Press. n.d. Retrieved 17 April 2019.
  6. ^ "Hainaut". Merriam-Webster Dictionary. Retrieved 17 April 2019.
  7. ^ "Structuur van de bevolking | Statbel".
  8. ^ "Regional GDP per capita ranged from 30% to 263% of the EU average in 2018". Eurostat.
  9. ^ St. Waltrude at saints.sqpn.com. Retrieved 26.March 2013.

External linksEdit