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Université catholique de Louvain

The Université catholique de Louvain (also known as the Catholic University of Louvain, the English translation of its French name, and the University of Louvain, its official English name[2]) is Belgium's largest French-speaking university. It is located in Louvain-la-Neuve, which was expressly built to house the university, and Brussels, Charleroi, Mons, Tournai and Namur. Since September 2018, the university has used the branding UCLouvain, replacing the acronym UCL, following a merger with Saint-Louis University, Brussels.

University of Louvain
Université catholique de Louvain
Sedessapientiae1993.svg
Latin: Universitas Catholica Lovaniensis
Former name
Université catholique de Belgique
Motto
Sedes Sapientiae (Latin)
Motto in English
Seat of Wisdom, Seat of Knowledge
TypeFree university (state funded)
Established1425,A 1834, 1968
Religious affiliation
Roman catholicism
Endowment1.1 billion[1][not in citation given]
RectorVincent Blondel
Administrative staff
5,815
Students31,611
5,088
Location,
CampusPlanned community
ColorsBlue and white          
NicknameWolves
AffiliationsGuild of European Research-Intensive Universities
CEMS
CESAER
CLUSTER
Coimbra Group
IMCC
TIME
MascotWoulfy
Websitewww.uclouvain.be
UCLouvain logo.svg
Data as of 2011

The original University of Louvain (Universitas Lovaniensis) was founded at the centre of the historic town of Leuven (or Louvain) in 1425, making it the first university in Belgium and the Low Countries. After being closed in 1797 during the Napoleonic period, the Catholic University of Leuven was "re-founded" in 1834, and is frequently, but controversially, identified as a continuation of the older institution.AB In 1968 the Catholic University of Leuven split into the Dutch-language Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, which stayed in Leuven, and the French-language Université catholique de Louvain, which moved to Louvain-la-Neuve in Wallonia, 30 km southeast of Brussels. Since the 15th century, Leuven/Louvain, as it is still often called, has been a major contributor to the development of Catholic theology. The UCLouvain is often ranked among the world's top 50 institutions for the study of philosophy and top 20 institutions for theology and religious studies.[3],[4],[5],[6]

Contents

HistoryEdit

The Catholic University of Leuven, based in Leuven ("Louvain" in French), 30 km east of Brussels, provided lectures in French from its refounding in 1835, and in Dutch from 1930. In 1968, the Dutch-language section became the independent Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, which remained in Leuven, while the French-speaking university was moved to a greenfield campus and town, Louvain-la-Neuve, 30 km south-east of Brussels, in a part of the country where French is the official language. This separation also entailed dividing existing library holdings between the two new universities.

With the democratization of university education already stretching existing structures, plans to expand the French-speaking part of the university at a campus in Brussels or Wallonia were quietly discussed from the early 1960s, but it was not anticipated that the French-speaking section would become an entirely independent university and lose all of its buildings and infrastructure in Leuven. The first stone of the new campus at Louvain-la-Neuve was laid in 1971, and the transfer of faculties to the new site was completed in 1979.

 
The Halles universitaires in Louvain-la-Neuve

According to a 2007 agreement, the University of Louvain was to absorb three smaller French-speaking catholic colleges: the Facultés universitaires Notre-Dame de la Paix (FUNDP) located in Namur, the Facultés universitaires Saint-Louis (FUSL) located in Brussels (now called Saint-Louis University, Brussels) and the Catholic university of Mons (FUCaM) located in Mons and Charleroi. The negotiations for a full merger aborted by an insufficient vote by the general assembly of the FUNDP in December 2010. The result was a merger between the University of Louvain and the FUCaM in Mons, effective from September 15, 2011. The Mons campus is denoted UCLouvain FUCaM Mons. The three universities still collaborate in consortium, the Académie Louvain. Within this group, member universities have coordinated their masters programmes in the fields of economics, management, political sciences and sciences as well as the doctoral programmes in all disciplines.

In September 2018, the University of Louvain (or UCL until then) and Saint-Louis University, Brussels de facto merged, founding the UCLouvain, a denomination they currently share.

ChronologyEdit

In 1425, Dukes of Brabant created the University of Louvain[7] (Université de Louvain), which was suppressed under Joseph II, reopened in 1790, and was finally closed under the French Republic in 1797.[8]

In 1817, the State University of Louvain (Université de l'Etat de Louvain) was founded, which closed 15 August 1835.[9]

In 1834, the Catholic bishops of Belgium created the Catholic University of Belgium (Université catholique de Belgique), also known as the Catholic University of Malines (Université catholique de Malines).

A law passed on 27 September 1835 stated that there would be only one university funded by the State of Belgium in Louvain. The same year, shortly after the suppression of the State University, the Catholic University of Belgium moved to Louvain.[10]. It took advantage of the reputation of the city as an ancient university centre and adopted a new name: Catholic University of Louvain (Université catholique de Louvain).

In a Catholic spirit inspired by Pope Gregory XVI,[11] the promoter and first rector of the university, Monseigneur de Ram, wanted to create a shield that would repulse religion's enemies and block every doctrine weakening the base of Catholic society.

The pharmacy school was founded in 1845 and the engineering school in 1865.

In 1884 the Catholic University of Louvain celebrated its fiftieth anniversary.[12]

In 1968, as a result of linguistic issues, the university was divided into two different universities: one French speaking, which moved to the province of Brabant Wallon, and one Dutch speaking, which remained in the same location.

In 1970, these two universities were established by law as the Katholieke Universiteit Leuven and Université catholique de Louvain.

In 1971, the first foundation stone was laid in Louvain-la-Neuve, a new city constructed for the French-speaking university.

Faculties and schoolsEdit

 
The Montesquieu square in Louvain-la-Neuve, where the Faculty of Law and Criminology is located.

Sector of Human Sciences (SSH)Edit

As an independent university, the faculties of Philosophy, Arts and Human Sciences, Economic, Social, Political and Communication Sciences (ESPO), Law (DROI), the Institute for European Studies (IEE) and the Marie-Haps Faculty of Translating and Interpreting of the UCLouvain Saint-Louis - Bruxelles are not attached to the corresponding faculties of UCLouvain.

 
The garden of medicinal plants on campus UCLouvain Bruxelles Woluwe.

Sector of Health Sciences (SSS)Edit

Sector of Science and TechnologyEdit

CampusesEdit

While the main campus of the University of Louvain is based in Louvain-la-Neuve, it also comprises a campus in Brussels, UCLouvain Brussels Woluwe, in Woluwe-Saint-Lambert, which until recently was called "Louvain-en-Woluwe" hosting the university's sector of medical science and primary academic hospital (8000 students), a campus in Mons called UCLouvain FUCaM Mons (2300 students), a minor installation in Charleroi with 133 students (as of 2011) at UCLouvain Charleroi, an architectural school in Tournai, UCLouvain Tournai, with 540 students (as of 2011), and an architectural school in Brussels, UCLouvain Bruxelles Saint-Gilles, with 570 students (as of 2011). With the merger with Saint-Louis University, it also comprises of an independent campus specialized in education and research of social and human sciences in the center of the City of Brussels, UCLouvain Saint-Louis - Bruxelles and the Marie-Haps Faculty of Translating and Interpreting in Ixelles' European quarter, next to the European Parliament (4150 students).

Hospitals[13]Edit

UCLouvain's main medical implementation is in UCLouvain Brussels Woluwe, Woluwe-Saint-Lambert, Brussels, where the faculty of medicine is installed.

Museums and collectionsEdit

The UCLouvain hosts Belgium's largest university museum in Louvain-la-Neuve; the Musée L. It exhibits part of the university's 32,000 piece wide collection of art and scientific objects including works of Dürer, Van Dyck, Goya, Rodin, Picasso, Magritte or Alechinski,[14] sculptures,[15] archaeological and ethnographic objects or specimens of natural history.[16]

The UCLouvain FUCaM Mons campus also owns the extended collection of the Convent of the Black Sisters in the city-center of Mons, where the university has placed its Ateliers des FUCaM campus.[17]

UCLouvain Saint-Louis - Brussels also owns a classical and modern art collection, primarily paintings recovered from its original campus in Mechelen.

RankingsEdit

University rankings
National
ARWU[18] 3 (2017)
Global
ARWU[19] 101-150 (2017)
QS[20] 153 (2017)
Times[21] 128 (2017)

The University of Louvain educates around 27,261 students from 127 nationalities[22] in all areas of studies at its different campuses. It has educated a large part of Belgium's elite and is still considered, with its Dutch-speaking sister, as a centre of excellence in many fields. In 2006, it was ranked 76th in the world universities ranking established by the Times Higher Education supplement (24th in Europe).

In the 2011 QS World University Rankings[23] the University of Louvain was ranked 125th overall in the world, moving up one place from its position of joint 126th in the 2009 THE–QS World University Rankings (in 2010 Times Higher Education World University Rankings and QS World University Rankings parted ways to produce separate rankings).[24] An overview of the THE-QS Rankings:

QS World University Rankings

Year Overall Rank (Change) Theology Philosophy Economics Statistics Social Sciences Medicine
2015 149 (  5) 31 45 29
2016 146 43 51-100 47
2017 154 17 33 51-100 51-100 84 105
2018 153 12 32 51-100 51-100 122 124
2019 165

Student activitiesEdit

CerclesEdit

Cercles are Student Societies or Fraternities based around each faculty. The Cercles, along with the Régionales (which are based around their respective regions of origin) coordinate and manage most of the students' animation and nightlife. Most Cercles run small bars to fund their activities, and also jointly operate a larger nightclub, "La Casa".

Cercles and Régionales are run exclusively by member students known as the Committee. These members are elected every year, usually by voting from all members (active or otherwise) wishing to participate, although some Cercles restrict the number of possible voters in some cases.

Aside from promoting student folklore and coordinating student animation, Cercles also offer academic aid to students in their respective faculties and organize more cultural activities, such as visits to museums and/or other cities, conferences, and low-cost trips for students (for example skiing in the Alps during the Winter Break).

Every Cercle and Régionale has its own customs and traditions, but some are practiced by all:

The Baptême (French: baptism) is a hazing ceremony used by most to induct new members, who then participate in a number of trials and activities involving eggs and other foodstuff, paint, demeaning chants etc. Baptized members (les Baptisés) are among the most common type of members, and some Cercles and Régionales try to only accept new members this way, although "it is in no way an obligation to be baptized in order to be a part of the Cercle or to frequent them".

The calotte is a Belgian student cap worn by students attending Catholic universities. They are emblems of student folklore dating back to the late 19th century. Nowadays, most calottes are passed by way of a ceremony known as the coronae. How they are passed and what must be known or done to deserve it depends on the Cercle or Régionale. One thing that is universally known, is that there is a lot of singing involved.

Cercles are notorious for their generally high output of alcohol (especially beer) and low level of cleanliness. Students tend to wear old clothes that they don't mind damaging or dirtying as a consequence, and the overall ambiance is more akin to a rave or a frat-party than a nightclub or sports bar.

KotsEdit

Student accommodation in Belgium comes in the form of a "kot", a term having Belgian Dutch origin. A "kot" can be translated as den or hut. The French way to form the plural of "kot" is "kots" (in Dutch, the plural of "kot" is "koten"). In the bilingual region of Brussels, where there are both Dutch- and French-speaking universities and their students, it is common that "for rent" signs are in French only, with the French plural of "kot".

Kot-à-projetEdit

Unique to UCLouvain a Kot-à-projet (kap) is a kot whose inhabitants have similar interests and who organise activities for the general student population, they are similar to Fraternity and sorority houses, but smaller in size with only the committee living in the kot. Being small several Kots can be situated in the same, university owned, apartment building. One of them is "le kap contes", a kot promoting the art of storytelling. Another is called "Kap Délices" which suggests lots of activities as theme buffets, cooking lessons, material renting and a lot of other things related to cooking.[25]

Student UnionEdit

The AGL (General Assembly of Louvain students) is the UCLouvain's Students' union. The body comprises an executive Committee, and a legislative Council. The Committee consists of ex-officio members: President, Vice-Presidents for Education & Welfare, VP for the Medicine faculty (situated in UCLouvain Brussels Woluwe), General Secretary, Activities Officer, Communications Officer, Operations Officer, Foreign student's Officer, Cultural Officer, Editor-in-Chief & Deputy Editor-in-Chief as well as the president of the Council.[26]

PublicationsEdit

Quinzaine a University produced newsletter, La Savate produced by the AGL and the monthly l'étincelle by the Kot-à-projet KAP Etincelle. Cercles also produce publications.

24h VéloEdit

 
A fanciful bike float at the 24h vélo de Louvain-la-Neuve

The 24 Hour Cycle (24h Vélo) is, nominally, a bicycle endurance road race held in October, organised by CSE Animations (Centre Sportif Etudiant). While there is an elite race with teams of two, Student groups enter novelty themed multi-bike vehicles, in the shape of a Van or Whale for example, for prizes. The quality of these designs range in terms of artistic merit, and ability to stay intact over the duration of the race. A 240-minute race also takes place for teenagers. The event is probably best known for what happens off the track. Concurrent with the race is Belgium's largest student event, with concerts and stands lasting the full 24hrs.

Notable alumniEdit

For pre-1968 alumni see Catholic University of Louvain.

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

A.^ The Old University of Leuven (1425) is the oldest university in the low countries, and the Catholic University of Leuven (1834) is sometimes, controversially, identified as a continuation of it. Belgium's highest court, the Court of Cassation has ruled that the (1834) Catholic University of Leuven cannot be regarded as continuing the old (1425) University of Leuven.[27] See Old University of Leuven#History.
B.^ This is a relatively recent phenomenon. In 1884, the university celebrated its 50th anniversary, acknowledging its actual date of foundation.[28] Only in 1968 did the new Catholic university add the date 1425 to its neo-gothic seal (created in 1909).

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Une nouvelle spin-off.
  2. ^ "University of Louvain - EUTM file information". European Union Intellectual Property Office. 2017. Retrieved May 16, 2018.
  3. ^ "Université catholique de Louvain". RUR. Retrieved 23 January 2019.
  4. ^ "Catholic University of Louvain". ARWU.
  5. ^ "Ranking by subject: philosophy". QS World University Rankings. Retrieved 23 January 2019.
  6. ^ "Ranking by subject: Theology, Divinity & Religious Studies". QS World University Rankings. Retrieved 23 January 2019.
  7. ^ Universalis, Encyclopædia. "UNIVERSITÉ DE LOUVAIN". Encyclopædia Universalis. Retrieved 2016-02-23.
  8. ^ V. Brants (1910). University of Louvain. Catholic Encyclopedia. Robert Appleton Company. Retrieved 12 January 2019 – via New Advent.
  9. ^ Graffart, Arlette (1987). La matricule de l'Universite de Louvain (1817-1835). Bruxelles: Album de Carlos Wyffels. p. 181.
  10. ^ Encyclopedie theologique (1863). Dictionnaire de l'histoire universelle de l'Eglise. Paris: J.P. Migne.
  11. ^ Ndaywel è Nziem, Isidore (2010). Les annees Lovanium. Paris: L'Harmattan. p. 19.
  12. ^ Descamps, E. (1887). Universite Catholique de Louvain: Liber Memorialis: 1834-1884. Louvain: Peeters. pp. V.
  13. ^ "Establishments of the Université catholique de Louvain". economie.fgov.be. Retrieved 2017-12-15.
  14. ^ "Musée L". Bulletin communal d'Ottignies-Louvain-la-Neuve. 209: 27. November 2017.
  15. ^ "Louvain-La-Neuve's university museum". Wallonia Belgium Tourism.
  16. ^ "Musée L". University of Louvain. 2017.
  17. ^ "Exposition Les Soeurs Noires". Ateliers des FUCaM (in French). 2004.
  18. ^ "Academic Ranking of World Universities 2018: USA". Shanghai Ranking Consultancy. Retrieved November 19, 2018.
  19. ^ "Academic Ranking of World Universities 2018". Shanghai Ranking Consultancy. 2018. Retrieved November 19, 2018.
  20. ^ "QS World University Rankings® 2018". Quacquarelli Symonds Limited. 2017. Retrieved November 19, 2018.
  21. ^ "World University Rankings 2019". THE Education Ltd. Retrieved November 19, 2018.
  22. ^ "UCL - En quelques chiffres". Uclouvain.be. 28 June 2012. Archived from the original on 6 December 2012. Retrieved 2 December 2012.
  23. ^ "QS World University Rankings". Topuniversities. Archived from the original on 27 December 2012. Retrieved 2 December 2012.
  24. ^ "QS World University Rankings". Top Universities. Archived from the original on 25 January 2010. Retrieved 2 December 2012.
  25. ^ "Kap Délices | Accueil". Kapdelices.net. Retrieved 2012-12-02.
  26. ^ "Comité AGL — AGkiosk". Archived from the original on 11 October 2017. Retrieved 11 October 2017.
  27. ^ Ruling of the Cour de Cassation of Belgium of 26 November 1846: "The Catholic University of Leuven can not be regarded as continuing the old University of Leuven", in, Table générale alphabétique et chronologique de la Pasicrisie Belge contenant la jurisprudence du Royaume de 1814 à 1850, Brussels, 1855, p. 585, column 1, alinea 2. See also: Bulletin Usuel des Lois et Arrêtés, 1861, p.166
  28. ^ In the year 1887, the Catholic University of Louvain, has celebrated his 50th anniversary.... E. Descamps, in : Université Catholique de Louvain : Liber Memorialis : 1834-1884, Louvain : Peeters, 1887, p. V : "les fêtes du cinquantième anniversaire de l'Université catholique de Louvain ont eu un brillant éclat et un immense retentissement".

External linksEdit