Woluwe-Saint-Lambert (French pronunciation: [wolywe sɛ̃ lɑ̃bɛːʁ]) or Sint-Lambrechts-Woluwe (Dutch, pronounced [sɪnt ˈlɑmbrɛxts ˈʋoːlyʋə] (listen)) is one of the nineteen municipalities in the Brussels-Capital Region of Belgium. It is a prosperous residential area, with a mixture of flats and detached, semi-detached and terraced houses, often compared with Uccle (Ukkel in Dutch), another affluent Brussels municipality, and the 14th or 17th arrondissement in Paris.
Avenue de Broqueville
|• Mayor||Olivier Maingain (FDF)|
|• Total||7.22 km2 (2.79 sq mi)|
(1 January 2017)
|• Density||7,600/km2 (20,000/sq mi)|
In common with all the Brussels municipalities, it is legally bilingual (French–Dutch). In French it is often spelt Woluwé-Saint-Lambert with an acute accent on the first 'e' to reflect the Frenchified pronunciation of what was originally a Dutch place name, but the official spelling is without an accent.
The neighbouring municipality of Woluwe-Saint-Pierre also lies within the Brussels-Capital Region, while the former municipality of Sint-Stevens-Woluwe (Woluwe-Saint-Etienne in French) has been merged with three other municipalities (Zaventem, Nossegem and Sterrebeek) to form the municipality of Zaventem, which is in the province of Flemish Brabant in Flanders.
Woluwe hosts the medical faculties of the University of Louvain (UCLouvain) and its hospital, the Cliniques universitaires Saint-Luc on the UCLouvain Brussels Woluwe campus, and several shopping areas, notably the Avenue Georges Henri (Georges Henrilaan) and the Woluwe Shopping Centre. Some of the municipality's major roads are named after prominent 20th-century Belgian statesmen, such as the prestigious Avenue de Broqueville/de Broquevillelaan and Avenue Paul Hymans/Paul Hymanslaan. Line 1 (formerly line 1B) of the Brussels metro runs under these roads.
The Woluwe River flows through the municipality.
Several archaeological finds on the territory of Woluwe-Saint-Lambert show traces of human activity during the Bronze Age. The first historical mention of the village, however, dates from the 11th century, when some of the forested land near the Woluwe River was cleared for farming. A church was built and dedicated to Saint Lambert, the 7th-century bishop of Maastricht who was martyred in Liège. At the end of the 12th century, the rights to the parish of Saint Lambert were given to the canons of the chapter of St. Michael and Gudula in Brussels. Various charitable organizations and hospitals then started acquiring land in this area. Throughout the Middle Ages, Woluwe was part of the Duchy of Brabant, governed under the usual feudal arrangement of those times. Among the Dukes' vassals were some powerful local lords and landowners. Some of Woluwe's territory also belonged to the powerful Forest Abbey (Vorst in Dutch) and Park Abbey.
16th century to presentEdit
Up until recently, the village was mostly rural, focusing mainly on agriculture. Starting in the 16th century, affluent nobles and clergymen from Brussels built châteaux in Woluwe, some of which are still visible today. True urbanization, however, started only around 1900. Well-to-do neighbourhoods, which included some of the novel architectural styles of the Belle Epoque such as Art Nouveau then Art Deco, straddled the newly built Boulevard Brand Whitlock/Brand Whitlocklaan.
The population of the municipality increased very quickly at this time. It rose from 1,649 inhabitants in 1880 to 8,883 inhabitants 30 years later. By 1960 there were 36,960 people in the municipality, and since 1970 the population has been stable at around 47,000.
Today, Woluwe-Saint-Lambert is still mostly a residential area, attracting rich and poor inhabitants from neighbouring Brussels.
- The surroundings of the Woluwe River have been laid out as park areas, such as Woluwe Park (in neighbouring Woluwe-Saint-Pierre) and Park Malou. Older historical buildings, such as the Lindekemale watermill (now a restaurant), the Hof ter Musschen farm (now a seminar centre), and the 16th-century Slot castle (now a chain restaurant), also tend to be found near the river.
- The Saint-Lambert church has a 12th-century Romanesque tower.
- The Marie la Misérable chapel (14th century).
- The municipality's Art Deco Town Hall, built in the 1930s, is located above the Tomberg metro station.
- The Wolubilis cultural village and theatre, located at Cours Paul Henri Spaak/Henri-Spaak promenade 1 (formerly Avenue Paul Hymanslaan 251), were inaugurated in 2006.
- The neoclassic Château Malou, built in 1776.
Woluwe-Saint-Lambert has many shopping streets around the Tomberg and Gribaumont metro stations. Around Roodebeek station is one of Brussels' largest shopping centres, the Woluwe Shopping Centre. The shopping centre opened in 1968 and has 2 floors and a surface area of around 97000 m2. Woluwe Shopping Centre serves most of East Brussels
Woluwe-Saint-Lambert is served by the Brussels Metro Line 1 and is served by the following stations: Josephine-Charlotte, Gribaumont, Tomberg, Roodebeek, Vandervelde, Alma and Crainhem/Kraainem. Despite not having any rail connections, the E40 Motorway runs through the commune as well as many bus routes. Works to extend the tram line 94 up from the Musée du Tram to Roodebeek to link up with the metro and shopping centre as well are under way since 2016.
In 1974, following the Leuven crisis, the University of Louvain (UCLouvain) moved the faculties of its Sector of Medical Sciences to the commune, creating Brussels' second largest campus, UCLouvain Bruxelles Woluwe, with more than 14,000 students. It also founded a new hospital on site, the Cliniques universitaires Saint-Luc. The site includes a number of other educational institutions, like the Haute école Léonard de Vinci or the EPHEC.
- European School of Brussels II
- Don Bosco Middle School
- Athenée Royale de Woluwe-Saint-Lambert
Famous people born in Woluwe-Saint-LambertEdit
- Prince Amedeo, Princess Maria Laura and Prince Joachim, born at Cliniques Universitaires Saint-Luc in 1986, 1988 and 1991 respectively.
- Princess Louise of Belgium and twins Prince Nicolas of Belgium and Prince Aymeric of Belgium, born at Cliniques Universitaires Saint-Luc in 2004 and 2005, respectively.
- Vincent Debaty, French rugby union footballer (b. 1981).
- Twins Jonathan Borlée and Kevin Borlée, and their younger sister Olivia Borlée, athletes.
- Population per municipality as of 1 January 2017 (XLS; 397 KB)
- Joseph Warnier (February 2000). "Parlons des origines du site de Louvain-en Woluwe" (pdf) (in French). p. 2. Retrieved 2009-06-13.
- Tram 94: Projet et documents officiels. (in French)(in Dutch)
- "Fusion en vue pour l'UCL et l'Université Saint-Louis". La Libre. 4 July 2016. Retrieved 4 August 2016.