List of split up universities

This is a list of universities which were split into more than one new institution. Over the history numerous higher education institutions were split up or some scholars left already established institutions and established new ones. Some of the oldest medieval universities were established when students or faculty moved en masse from one town to another.[1] Many of those splits were rampant, motivated by ideological, political or identity concerns. Among others, they include politically motivate mass breakup of French universities in the aftermath of protests of 1968 when in 1971 the total of fifteen universities was split up into 56 new ones[2][3][4] or linguistic and communitarian breakup of Belgian universities.[5]

Following the split up, new institutions may either all be new independent legal entities, one may legally continue earlier institution in some capacity, or the rump institution may stay in place without seceded units. Some initiatives to split up universities were faced with protests or questions on the viability of new institutions.[6][7]

Africa edit

Botswana edit

Libya edit

Madagascar edit

Mali edit

South Africa edit

  • University of South Africa was the degree-granting institution for a number of constituent colleges in South Africa. From 1946 onward, the constituent colleges became separate autonomous universities, and the University of South Africa became a distance education institution.

Asia edit

Georgia edit

Laos edit

Sri Lanka edit

Europe edit

Belgium edit

Bosnia and Herzegovina edit

Croatia edit

France edit

Germany edit

Ireland edit

Italy edit

Kosovo edit

United Kingdom edit

North America edit

United States edit

Oceania edit

New Zealand edit

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ Moore, John C. (2019). A Brief History of Universities. Cham: Springer Science+Business Media. p. 18. ISBN 978-3-030-01318-9.
  2. ^ Vulbeau, Janoé (2017). "Villes et universités" [Cities and universities]. Histoire urbaine. 50 (3): 179–184. doi:10.3917/rhu.050.0179.
  3. ^ "How France created a university to rival MIT". The Economist. 29 August 2020. Retrieved 22 September 2021.
  4. ^ Walter Rüegg, ed. (2011). A History of the University in Europe: Volume 4, Universities since 1945. Cambridge University Press. p. 106. ISBN 978-0-521-36108-8.
  5. ^ Moens, Frédéric (2007). "Dans le pré du voisin. Evolution de l'enseignement supérieur en Communauté française de Belgique" [In the neighbor's meadow. Evolution of higher education in the French Community of Belgium]. Pyramides - Revue du Centre d'études et de recherches en Administration publique (17): 13–30.
  6. ^ Grove, Jack (1 May 2018). "Protests over plans to split up Turkish universities". Times Higher Education. Retrieved 30 August 2021.
  7. ^ Langa, Patricio (8 February 2019). "Mergers and splits – Are we creating pseudo-universities?". University World News. Retrieved 22 September 2021.
  8. ^ "University of Tripoli". Times Higher Education. Retrieved 29 August 2021.
  9. ^ Chapin Metz, Helen, ed. (1994). "Education". Madagascar: A Country Study. Washington D. C.: Government Publishing Office. Retrieved 29 August 2021.
  10. ^ "Université de Bamako (Mali) Divided into Four New Universities". Educational Credential Evaluators. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
  11. ^ "Catholic University of Leuven". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
  12. ^ "ULB and VUB: a Shared Past and Future Closely Bound Up With Their Urban Region". Usquare. 30 November 2017. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
  13. ^ "Univerzitet u Istočnom Sarajevu". EduInfo. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
  14. ^ Sito-Sucic, Daria (2 April 2012). "Mostar: one family, three armies, a divided city". Reuters. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
  15. ^ "Paris-Sorbonne University – Paris 4". Times Higher Education. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
  16. ^ "Free University of Berlin". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
  17. ^ "Strong Partners Global challenges call for shared solutions". Berlin University Alliance. November 2011. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
  18. ^ "University of Padua". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
  19. ^ Sovrlic, Sanja (18 December 2017). "The University of Pristina that's not in Prishtina". Prishtina Insight. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
  20. ^ "The road to independence 1881-1967". University of Dundee. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
  21. ^ "'Failing' Easton and Otley College to be split up". Pitch Care. Retrieved 7 September 2021.
  22. ^ "History of the University of Auckland". University of Auckland. Retrieved 29 August 2021.

External links edit